• Title, Summary, Keyword: mitogenic activity

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Molecular Characterization and Mitogenic Activity of a Lectin from Purse Crab Philyra Pisum

  • Na, Jong-Cheon;Park, Byung-Tae;Chung, Woo-Hyuk;Kim, Ha-Hyung
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.241-244
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    • 2011
  • A lectin from the hemolymph of purse crab, Philyra pisum, was found to have anti-proliferative activity on human lung cancer cells by our laboratory. In this study, P. pisum lectin (PPL) was molecularly characterized including molecular mass, amino acid sequences, amino acid composition, and the effects of metal ions, temperature, and pH on the activity. We found that PPL showed mitogenic activity on human lymphocytes and BALB/c mouse splenocytes. The mitogenic activity (maximum stimulation index, $SI=9.57{\pm}0.59$) of PPL on human lymphocytes was higher than that of a standard well-known plant mitogen, concanavalin A (maximum $SI=8.80{\pm}0.59$). The mitogenic activity mediated by PPL is required for optimum dosing, and higher or lower concentrations caused decreases in mitogenic response. PPL also induced mitogenic activity on mouse splenocytes, however, the maximum SI ($1.77{\pm}0.09$) on mouse splenocytes of PPL was lower than that ($2.14{\pm}0.15$) of concanavalin A. In conclusion, PPL is a metal ion-dependent monomer lectin with mitogenic activity, and could be used as a lymphocyte or splenocyte stimulator.

EFFECT OF GROWTH FACTORS ON THE MITOGENIC ACTIVITY OF PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT CELLS (수종의 growth factor가 치주인대세포의 유사분열에 미치는 영향)

  • Bak, Jung-Gyu;Kim, Sung-Jo;Choi, Jeom-Il
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.572-580
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of platelet - derived growth factor(PDGF) - BB and insulin - like growth factor(IGF) - 1, Centella Asiatica, and Zea Mays L. on the mitogenic activity of PDL cells from healthy and RPP patients. Combination of PDGF - BB and IGF - 1, Centella Asiatica, and Zea Mays L. were treated on PDL cells and the mitogenic effects were meaured by quantitative assay of methyl - $^3H$ - thymidine incorporation during DNA synthesis. Combination of PDGF - BB and IGF - 1 enhenced the mitogenic effects of both healthy and RPP PDL cells, however, the effect was less pronounced on RPP PDL cells. In cases of Centella Asiatica and Zea Mays L., no mitogenic effect on healthy PDL cells could be noticed.

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Isolation and Characterization of an Immunopotentiating Factor from Lactobacillus plantarum in Kimchi: Assessment of Immunostimulatory Activities

  • Lee, Jong-Hwa;Kweon, Dae-Hyuk;Lee, Seung-Cheol
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.877-883
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    • 2006
  • The immunostimulatory activities of Lactobacillus plantarum, the major microorganism in kimchi fermentations were investigated. Five strains of L. plantarum exhibited weak immunopotentiating activity, but L. plantarum PS-21 showed as strong a mitogenic activity as Bifidobacterium adolescentis M101-4, a known positive strain. It is of interest that, L. plantarum PS-21 stimulated proliferation of Peyer's patch cells, one of the most important tissues in the gut-associated lymphoreticular system. Cell' wall fractions from L. plantarum PS-21 also showed strong mitogenic activity compared with the soluble cytoplasmic fraction. A peptidoglycan fraction (PG) extracted from the cell wall of L. plantarum PS-21 was identified as an active mitogenic component when used in murine lymph node and spleen cell test systems. PG showed dose-dependent mitogenic activity and significantly enhanced antibody production in lymph node cells when studied in vitro. The lysosomal enzyme activity of murine peritoneal macrophages was increased when analyzed following injection of PG to the host animal. Furthermore, PG enhanced the production of cytokines such ($TNF-{\alpha}$ and IL-6) in the in vitro culture of RAW 264.7 macrophage cells.

Isolation of Mitogenic Glycophosphopeptides from Cheese Whey Protein Concentrate (유청 단백질에서 유도되는 생리활성 펩타이드에 관한 연구)

  • Yun, Sung-Seob
    • Journal of Dairy Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.33-44
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    • 1997
  • We investigated the immunological function of cheese whey protein concentrate (CWPC), which is a by-product of cheese production, using mitogenic activity in murine splenocytes as an index. A fraction isolated by gel filtration and anion exchange chromatography of CWPC showed high mitogenic activity, comparable to the activity of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The fraction was detected as a single band on SDS-PAGE. It contained calcium, inorganic phosphorus, and carbo-hydrate, indicating the active component to be a glycophosphopeptide (GPP) Since pronase digestion of GPP did not reduce its mitogenic activity, carbohydrate rather than peptide may be important in the activity, When applied on an anti-${\beta}$-caseinophosphopeptide (${\beta}$-CPP ) antibody affinity column, the GPP was separated into two components, one with affinity to ${\beta}$-CPP and the other without such affinity. Both the components contained N-linked oligosaccharide chains and had the mitogenic activity. These results demonstrate that cheese whey contains a GPP having strong mitogenic activity

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Partial Purification and Characterization of a Glycoprotein Factor from Fresh Ginseng

  • Kong, Yun-Cheung;Fong, Wing-Ping;Song, Myung-Eun;Ng, Kam-Hung;Ho, Dan-Dan;Ng, Ping-Chung
    • Proceedings of the Ginseng society Conference
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    • pp.79-85
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    • 1990
  • The aqueous extract of fresh ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) contains a macromolecular fraction that showed mitogenic and comitogenic activities in human peripheral blood Iymphocytes. Purification of the crude extract by size (ultrafiltration, Sephadex G-200) and charge (DEAE-cellulose. DEAE-Sepharose) yielded a semi-purified fraction (DS-3). This fraction contains at least three subgroups of anionic macromolecules with apparent molecular weight greater than 600 kilodaltons. It is a glycoprotein with a large amount of glucuronic acid. It acts as a mitogen in both T and B cells of human peripheral blood lymphocytes. It could also potentiate the mitogenic action of Concanavalin A in Iymphocyte T cells. Such potentiation is not due to increased binding of Concanavalin A to the cell surface. Its mitogenic and co-mitogenic effects do depend on the presence of extracellular Ca2+.

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Studies on the Immunological Characteristic of Cervi cornu Extract (녹각 추출액의 면역학적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Huyn-Sik;Huh, In-Hoi;Lee, Sang-Joon;Ann, Hyung-Soo
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.806-813
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    • 1994
  • These experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of Cervi cornu extract on lymphocyte blastogenesis in spleen, thymus, lymph node, born marrow cells of Balb/c mouse, haemagglutination reaction against sheep red blood cell (SRBC), plaque forming cell (PFC) assay against SRBC and IL-2 production. Lymphocyte blastogenesis was determined by $[^3H]-thymidine$ incorporation. According to the lymphcoyte blastogenesis test on the immune cell. Ceriv cornu extrat was showed a potent mitogenic activity on the spleen and lymph node cells, but had mild mitogenic activity on the thymus and born marrow cells. Mitogenic active component of Crevi cornu extract was identified to be materials where molecular weights are higher than 5,000 by membrane filteration method. Cervi cornu extrat was shown to increase mitogenic effect on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated spleen cells significantly, but decrease mitogenic effect on the Con A stimulated spleen cell at the concentration 0.3%, 1% and 3%. Ceriv cornu extract didn't show to be haemagglutination reaction and showed to inhibit the Con A-induced haemagglutination reaction against SREC. Result of SRBC-PEC test. Ceriv cornu extract significantly increase the number of PEC at the concentration of 0.1% and 1%. When IL-2 or IL-4 production was determined by proliferation of CTLL-2 cells. Ceriv cornu extract was not shown to stimulate the production of IL-2. From the above results, it is shown that Ceriv cornu extract increased antibody production by B cells, but nor IL-2 production by helper T cells.

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Partial Purification and Characterization of a Glycoprotein Factor from Fresh Ginseng (수삼으로부터 당단백질 인자의 부분정제와 특성연구)

  • Kong, Yun-Cheung;Fong, Wing-Ping;Song, Myung-Eun;Ng, Kam-Hung;Ho, Dan-Dan;Ng, Ping-Chung
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.221-227
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    • 1990
  • The aqueous extract of fresh ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) contains a macromolecular fraction that showed mitogenic and co-mitogenic activities in human peripheral blood lymphocytes. Purification of the crude extract by size (ultrafiltration, Sephadex G-200) and charge (DEAE-cellulose, DEAE-Sepharose) yielded a semi.purified fraction (DS-3). This fraction contains at least three subgroups of anionic macromolecules with apparent molecular weight greater than 600 kilodaltons. It is a glycoprotein with a large amount of glucuronic acid. It acts as a mitogen in both T and B cells of human peripheral blood lymphocytes. It could also potentiate the mitogenic action of Concanavalin A in lymphocyte T cells. Such potentiation is not due to increased binding of Concanavalin A to the cell surface. Its mitogenic and co-mitogenic effects do depend on the presence of extracellular Ca2+.

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Study on Atitumor and Immunomodulating Acivities of Polysaccharide Fractions from Panax ginseng : Comparison of effects of neutral and acidic polysaccharide fraction

  • Kim, Young-Sook;Kang, Kyu-Sang;Kim, Shin-Il
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.330-337
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    • 1990
  • The crude polysaccharide from Panax ginseng prepared by hot water extration and precipiation with ethanol was further fractionated into neutral and acidic fractions by DEAE- cellulose ion exchange chromatography. The chemical compositions were 85.0% carbohydrorate and 15.0% protein for the neutral fraction, and 28.4% carbohydrate, 10.0% protein and 29.0% uronic acid for the acidic fraction. The acidic fraction was more effective in increasing of the ratio of spleen to body weight, the number of antibody secreting cells to SRBC and phagocytic activity of reticuloendothelial system, as well as antitumor activity against the solid form of sarcoma 180 in ICR mice than the neutral fraction. All polysaccharide fractions were mitogenic to cultured spleen cells of C57BL/6 mice. However, FA was different from FN in the co-mitogenicities with lectin mitogens. Both crude and acidic fractions potentiated remarkably the mitogenic activity of PHA-P or LPS in dose-dependent manner but neutral fraction enhanced only that of LPS. Three polysaccharide fractions had no effect on that of Con A. These results suggest that the acidic fraction may stimulate B and Td cells as well as macrophages while the neutral fraction may simulate only B cells and macropages.

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Comparison between Immunostimulatory Activity and Molecular Structure of Different Polysaccharides (인삼다당체 진산과 유사구조 다당체의 면역증강활성작용)

  • Shim, Ji-young;Jung, In-Sung;Kim, Chan-Wha;Yun, Yeon-Sook;Song, Jie-Young
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.94-99
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    • 2004
  • Background: We previously reported that ginsan, a polysaccharide extracted from Panax ginseng had an immunostimulatory activity such as mitogenic activity, activation of macrophages and killer cells, and production of a variety of cytokines which resulted in antitumor and antiseptic effects. We further purified $\alpha$-(1$\longrightarrow$6)-glucan and $\beta$-(2$\longrightarrow$6)-fructan from the ginsan with size exclusion and ion-exchange column chromatography successively. In this study, we performed the structure-based activity of ginsan by comparison with known polysacchrides such as $\beta$-glucan, curdlan, laminarin, levan, dextran, lentinan and OK-432. Methods: To investigate the immunostimulatory activity of several polysaccharide compounds, we investigated the stimulation of lymphocytes proliferation, the generation of activated killer cells and the secretion of nitrites from activated macrophages. Results: Of polysaccharides tested, curdlan and ginsan stimulated lymphocyte proliferation, suggesting that the molecular weight and composition of polysaccharide are dependent on the mitogenic activity. The production of nitric oxide was significantly increased in curdlan, levan, ginsan and its fraction, indicating that fructan has also capacity to activate macrophages and may devote to kill pathogens. In addition, the activation of macrophages was seemed to be independent of molecular weight of polysaccharide. The generation of AK cells was exhibited in order of curdlan, OK-432> F1, ginsan, F3> levan> etc. The AK activity may be dependent on molecular weight and composition of polysaccharides. Conclusion: Unfortunately, purified polysaccharide from ginsan were less active on immunostimulatory activity than mixed compounds of polysaccharides. From the viewpoint of structure and activity relationships, we found several characteristic features.

Chemical Synthesis and Determination of Biological Activity of the Epidermal Growth Factor-Like Domain of Mouse Betacellulin

  • Shin, Song-Yub;Kang, Shin-Won;Ha, Jong-Myung
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.87-93
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    • 1995
  • To investigate the biological functions of the EGF-like domain of mouse betacellulin (BTC), mouse BTC(33-80), a 48-residue peptide corresponding to the EGF-like domain, was synthesized by stepwise solidphase methods using a 9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl (Fmoc) strategy. The homogeneity of synthetic mouse BTC(33-80) was confirmed by analytical reversed phase (RP)-HPLC, amimo acid analysis, and fast atom bombardment mass spectrometer (FAB-MS). Three disulfide bond pairings of synthetic mouse BTC(33-80) were established by amino acid analysis of cysteine-containing fragments derived from thermolytic digestion. These were consistent with the pairings of EGF and transforming growth factor ($TGF-{\alpha}$). The EGF-Iike domain of mouse BTC showed equipotent activity in both EGF-receptor binding on A-431 epidermoid carcinoma cells, and mitogenesis on NIH-3T3 fibroblast cells, as compared with authentic h-EGF. Results suggest that the EGF-Iike domain of BTC plays a significant role in mitogenic activity with an EGF-receptor mediated system.

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