• Title, Summary, Keyword: methyl salicylate

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Salicylate Poisoning After Accidental Ingestion of Chinese Medicated Oil (중국산 바르는 관절약을 복용 후 발생한 살리실레이트 중독 2례)

  • Lee, Soo-Youl;Ryu, Ji-Yeong;Cho, Gyu-Chong;You, Ji-Young
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.138-141
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    • 2007
  • Because of the ready availability of aspirin, salicylate poisoning remains a common problem in many countries. Another potential source of salicylate poisoning is medicated oil containing methyl salicylate (oil of wintergreen). Methyl salicylate poses a much greater safety threat than aspirin tablets because of its liquid, concentrated form and high lipid solubility. Because of this danger, the toxic potential of medicated oil containing methyl salicylate should be fully appreciated both by physicians and by the general public. We encountered two cases of salicylate poisoning resulting from accidental ingestion of Chinese medicated oil. We report these cases along with a review of the literature.

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A Study on the Methyl Salicylate Dispersion in the Vicinity of Obstacles by Wind Tunnel Test (아음속 풍동을 이용한 구조물 형상 변화에 따른 살리실산메틸 확산 유동 연구)

  • Hong, Chang-Ki;Uhm, Han-Sup;Choi, Seung-Ki;Kim, Youn-Jea
    • The KSFM Journal of Fluid Machinery
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.69-73
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    • 2014
  • To predict flow fields and chemical agent dispersion in urban area, wind tunnel experiments was performed. The agent was adopted MS (methyl salicylate) because the real chemical agent is unsafe. The exact concentration of methyl salicylate was generated by the commercial gas generator (STI-2500) and three different obstacle shapes were applied (i.e., rectangular, cylinder and pyramid). The concentration was measured with the qualified ion mobility sensor and gas chromatography. The data necessary for virtual test method of the real chemical agent were obtained.

Determination of Salicylate by Selective Poly(vinylchloride) Membrane Electrode Based on N,N'-1,4-Butylene Bis(3-methyl salicylidene iminato) Copper(II)

  • Mazloum Ardakani, M.;Jamshidpoor, M.;Naeimi, H.;Heidarnezhad, A.
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.27 no.8
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    • pp.1127-1132
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    • 2006
  • A new salicylate-selective electrode based on the complex N,N'-1,4-butylene bis(3-methyl salicylidene iminato) copper(II) as the membrane carrier was developed. The electrode exhibits a good Nernstian slope of 59.1 ${\pm}$ 1.0 mV/decade and a linear range of $1.0\;{\times}\;10^{-6}$-1.0 M for salicylate. The limit of detection was $5.0\;{\times}\;10^{-7}$ M. It has a fast response time 10 s and can be used for more than three months. The selective coefficients were determined by the fixed interference method (FIM) and could be used in the pH range 4.5-10.5. It was employed as an indicator electrode for direct determination of salicylate in pharmaceutical samples.

Evidence for Volatile Memory in Plants: Boosting Defence Priming through the Recurrent Application of Plant Volatiles

  • Song, Geun Cheol;Ryu, Choong-Min
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.41 no.8
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    • pp.724-732
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    • 2018
  • Plant defence responses to various biotic stresses via systemic acquired resistance (SAR) are induced by avirulent pathogens and chemical compounds, including certain plant hormones in volatile form, such as methyl salicylate and methyl jasmonate. SAR refers to the observation that, when a local part of a plant is exposed to elicitors, the entire plant exhibits a resistance response. In the natural environment, plants are continuously exposed to avirulent pathogens that induce SAR and volatile emissions affecting neighbouring plants as well as the plant itself. However, the underlying mechanism has not been intensively studied. In this study, we evaluated whether plants "memorise" the previous activation of plant immunity when exposed repeatedly to plant defensive volatiles such as methyl salicylate and methyl jasmonate. We hypothesised that stronger SAR responses would occur in plants treated with repeated applications of the volatile plant defence compound MeSA than in those exposed to a single or no treatment. Nicotiana benthamiana seedlings subjected to repeated applications of MeSA exhibited greater protection against Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci and Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum than the control. The increase in SAR capacity in response to repeated MeSA treatment was confirmed by analysing the defence priming of the expression of N. benthamiana Pathogenesis-Related 1a (NbPR1a) and NbPR2 by quantitative reverse-transcription PCR compared with the control. We propose the concept of plant memory of plant defence volatiles and suggest that SAR is strengthened by the repeated perception of volatile compounds in plants.

The Vasodilator Effect of a Cream Containing 10% Menthol and 15% Methyl Salicylate on Random-Pattern Skin Flaps in Rats

  • Dolen, Utku Can;Sungur, Nezih;Koca, Gokhan;Ertunc, Onur;Bosi, Ayse Tulay Bagci;Kocer, Ugur;Korkmaz, Meliha
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.42 no.6
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    • pp.695-703
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    • 2015
  • Background It is still difficult to prevent partial or full-thickness flap necrosis. In this study, the effects of a cream containing menthol and methyl salicylate on the viability of random-pattern skin flaps were studied. Methods Forty female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into two equal groups. Caudally based dorsal random-pattern skin flaps were elevated, including the panniculus carnosus. In the study group, 1.5 mL of a cream containing menthol and methyl salicylate was applied to the skin of the flap, and saline solution (0.9%) was used in the control group. Upon completion of the experiment, flap necrosis was analyzed with imaging software and radionuclide scintigraphy. Histopathological measurements were made of the percentage of viable flaps, the number of vessels, and the width of the panniculus carnosus muscle. Results According to the photographic analysis, the mean viable flap surface area in the study group was larger than that in the control group (P=0.004). According to the scintigrams, no change in radioactivity uptake was seen in the study group (P>0.05). However, a significant decrease was observed in the control group (P=0.006). No statistically significant differences were observed between the groups in terms of the percentage of viable flaps, the number of vessels, or the width of the panniculus carnosus muscle (P>0.05). Conclusions Based on these results, it is certain that the cream did not reduce the viability of the flaps. Due to its vasodilatory effect, it can be used as a component of the dressing in reconstructive operations where skin perfusion is compromised.

Sodium Salicylate Activates p38MAPK Though a Specific-Sensing Mechanism, Distinct from Pathways Used by Oxidative Stress, Heat Shock, and Hyperosmotic Stress

  • Kim, Jung-Mo;Oh, Su-Young;Kim, Min-Young;Seo, Myoung-Suk;Kang, Chi-Duk;Park, Hye-Gyeong;Kang, Ho-Sung
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.241-248
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    • 2003
  • Sodium salicylate, a plant stress hormone that plays an important role(s) in defenses against pathogenic microbial and herbivore attack, has been shown to induce a variety of cell responses such as anti-inflammation, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in animal cells. p38MAPK plays a critical role(s) in the cell regulation by sodium salicylate. However, the signal pathway for sodium salicylate-induced p38MAPK activation is yet unclear. In this study, we show that although sodium salicylate enhances reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, N-acetyl-L-cysteine, a general ROS scavenger, did not prevent sodium salicylate-induced p38MAPK, indicating ROS-independent activation of p38MAPK by sodium salicylate. Sodium salicylate-activated p38MAPK appeared to be very rapidly down-regulated 2 min after removal of sodium salicylate. Interestingly, sodium salicylate-pretreated cells remained fully responsive to re-induction of p38MAPK activity by a second sodium salicylate stimulation or by other stresses, $H_2O$$_2$ and methyl jasmonate (MeJA), thereby indicating that sodium salicylate does not exhibit both homologous and heterologous desensitization. In contrast, pre-exposure to MeJA, $H_2O$$_2$, heat shock, or hyperosmotic stress reduced the responsiveness to subsequent homologous stimulation. Sodium salicylate was able to activate p38MAPK in cells desensitized by other heterologous p38MAPK activators. These results indicate that there is a sensing mechanism highly specific to sodium salicylate for activation of p38MAPK, distinct trom pathways used by other stressors such as MeJA, $H_2O$$_2$ heat shock, and hyperosmotic stress.

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Methyl salicylate and trans-anethole affect the pheromonal activity of homofarnesal, the female sex pheromone of azuki bean beetle

  • CHILUWAL, Kashinath;KIM, Junheon;BAE, Soon Do;ROH, Gwang Hyun;PARK, Chung Gyoo
    • Entomological Research
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    • v.48 no.5
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    • pp.354-361
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    • 2018
  • Plant essential oils (EOs) exhibit an array of biological activities against insect pests. However, their negative influences on the pheromonal activity of azuki bean beetle (ABB), Callosobruchus chinensis L. have not received research attentions. ABB is a field-to-storage pest of legumes, and its female produces the sex pheromone known as homofarnesal with two isomeric components: 2E- and 2Z-homofarnesal, (2E,6E)-7-ethyl-3,11-dimethyl-2,6,10-dodecatrienals and (2Z,6E)-7-ethyl-3,11-dimethyl-2,6,10-dodecatrienals. We evaluated the effects of three EOs and their two major components on the attractiveness of male ABBs to synthetic homofarnesal (2E-:2Z-homofarnesal = 6:4) using Y-tube olfactometry in laboratory and rocket traps in the semi-open polyhouse. Y-tube olfactometry showed the significant negative effect of EOs of Illicium verum, Croton anisatum at 10 and 100 ng, and Gaultheria fragrantissima at 100 ng against homofarnesal (100 ng) in attracting male ABBs. Similarly trans-anethole (at 10 and 100 ng) and methyl salicylate (at 100 ng) also ascertained significant negative effect against homofarnesal (100 ng) in Y-tube olfactometry. When 10 mg of each of trans-anethole and methyl salicylate was released at the downstream of 30 mg homofarnesal lure in rocket traps, highly significant effect was achieved against attractiveness of homofarnesal to ABB males. This study ascertained significant level of negative effect of the tested EOs and their major components to homofarnesal, tracing out a new opportunity of integrating them in ABB management programs both in field and storage.

Honeycomb Monolith Coated with Mo(VI)/ZrO2 as a Versatile Catalyst System for Liquid Phase Transesterification

  • Thimmaraju, N.;Pratap, S.R.;Senthilkumar, M.;Mohamed Shamshuddin, S.Z.
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.56 no.5
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    • pp.563-570
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    • 2012
  • Solid acid Mo(VI)/$ZrO_2$ with 2-10% Mo(VI) was coated on honeycomb monoliths by impregnation method. These catalytic materials were characterized by BET, $NH_3$-TPD/n-butylamine back titration, PXRD and SEM techniques. Phenyl salicylate (Salol) was synthesized via transesterification of methyl salicylate and phenol over these catalytic materials. An excellent yield (91.0%) of salol was obtained under specific reaction conditions. The effect of poisoning of acid sites of the catalytic material by adsorbing different bases and its effect on total surface acidity, powder XRD phases and catalytic activity was studied. A triangular correlation between the surface acidity, powder XRD phases and catalytic activity of Mo(VI)/$ZrO_2$ was observed. The thermally regenerated catalytic material was reused repeatedly with a consistent high yield of salol.

AN INFRA-RED SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC STUDY OF THE REACTION IN CALCIUM HYDROXIDE DENTAL CEMENT (치과용(齒科用) 수산화(水酸化)칼슘 시멘트의 경화반응(硬化反應)에 관(關)한 적외선분석학적(赤外線分析學的) 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Choong-Jong;Min, Byung-Soon;Choi, Ho-Young;Park, Sang-Jin
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.71-83
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    • 1984
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the transmission spectrum of the set calcium hydroxide dental cement (Dycal, L.D. Caulk Co. Milford, Del.) Cement was prepared for A T R spectra at a low powder-to-liquid ratio of 3.0gm/ml in order to retard the reaction and facilitate the manipulation of loading the cement into the cell. Spectra were recorded on an I R Spectrophotometer (MX-1, FT) at an agle of incidence of 55. The A T R cell was a RIIc Model TR5 with a hemisperical KRS-5 (Thallium-Bromide-Iodide). A spectrum was recorded within 3 minutes. Further spectra were recorded after 5,10,30 minutes and 1,5,24, 72 hours. The results were as follows; 1. The setting reaction between acid paste and base past would take place fastly within 10 minutes after mix, and that would be slow until 72 hours after mix. 2. In the set cements, some methyl salicylate and calcium hydroxide remained unreacted until 72 hours after mix. 3. The setting reaction and the reaction rate occuring at the surface and in the bulk cements were similar. 4. The chelates were bound together between calcium hydroxide and methyl salicylate.

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