• Title, Summary, Keyword: metal catalyst

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Hydrogen Production by Autothermal Reforming Reaction of Gasoline over Ni-based Catalysts and it Applications (Ni계 촉매상에서 가솔린의 자열 개질반응에 (Autothermal Reforming)의한 수소제조 및 응용)

  • Moon, Dong Ju;Ryu, Jong-Woo;Yoo, Kye Sang;Lee, Byung Gwon
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.274-282
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    • 2004
  • This study focused on the development of high performance catalyst for autothermal reforming (ATR) of gasoline to produce hydrogen. The ATR was carried out over MgO/Al2O3 supported metal catalysts prepared under various experimental conditions. The catalysts before and after reaction were characterized by N2-physisorption, CO-chemisorption, SEM and XRD. The performance of supported multi-metal catalysts were better than that of supported mono-metal catalysts. Especially, it was observed that the conversion of iso-octane over prepared Ni/Fe/MgO/Al2O3 catalyst was 99.9 % comparable with commercial catalyst (ICI) and the selectivity of hydrogen over the prepared catalyst was 65% higher than ICI catalyst. Furthermore, it was identified that the sulfur tolerance of prepared catalyst was much better than ICI catalyst based on the ATR reaction of iso-octane containing sulfur of 100 ppm. Therefore, Ni/Fe/MgO/Al2O3 catalyst can be applied for a fuel reformer, hydrogen station and on-board reformer in furl cell powered vehicles.

Synthesis and Characterization of CNTs/Metal/Al2O3 Nanocomposite Powders by Thermal CVD (열 CVD법에 의한 CNTs/Metal/Al2O3 나노복합분말의 합성 및 특성)

  • Choa Yong-Ho;Yoo Seung-Hwa;Yang Jae-Kyo;Oh Sung-Tag;Kang Sung-Goon
    • Journal of Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.146-150
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    • 2005
  • An optimum route to synthesize $Al_2O_3$-based composite powders with homogeneous dispersion of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) was investigated. CNTs/Metal/$Al_2O_3$ nanocomposite powders were fabricated by thermal chemical vapor deposition of $C_2H_2$ gas over metal/$Al_2O_3$ nanocomposite catalyst prepared by selective reduction of metal oxide/$Al_2O_3$ powders. The FT-Raman spectroscopy analysis revealed that the CNTs have single- and multi-walled structure. The CNTs with the diameter of 25-43 nm were homogeneously distributed in the metal/$Al_2O_3$ powders, and their characteristics were strongly affected by a kind of metal catalyst and catalyst size. The experimental results show that the composite powder with required size and dispersion of CNTs can be realized by control of synthesis condition.

Practical Usage of Low-Temperature Metal Catalyst for the Destruction of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) (휘발성 유기화합물(VOCs) 제거를 위한 저온금속촉매 실용화에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Sung-Chul;Lee, Seung-Hwan
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.397-405
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    • 2012
  • In this study, performance evaluation of newly developed technology for the economical and safe removal of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) coming out from electronic devices washing operation and offensive odor induction materials was made. Metal oxidization catalyst has shown 50% of removal efficiency at the temperature of $220^{\circ}C$. Composite metal oxidization catalyst applied in this study has shown that the actual catalysis has started at the temperature of $100^{\circ}C$. Comprehensive analysis on the catalyst property using Mn-Cu metal oxidization catalyst in the pilot-scale unit was made and the removal efficiency was variable with temperature and space velocity. Full-scale unit developed based on the pilot-scale unit operation has shown 95% of removal efficiency at the temperature of $160^{\circ}C$. Optimum elimination effective rates for the space velocity was found to be $6,000hr^{-1}$. The most appropriate processing treatment range for the inflow concentration of VOCs was between 200 ppm to 4,000 ppm. Catalyst control temperature showed high destruction efficiency at $150{\sim}200^{\circ}C$ degrees Celsius in 90~99%. External heat source was not necessary due to the self-heat reaction incase of VOCs inflow concentration is more than 1,000 ppm. Equipment and fuel costs compared to the conventional RTO/RCO method can be reduced by 50% and 75% respectively. And it was checked when there was poisoning for sulfide and acid gas.

A Study on the Possibility of Using of Spent RHDS Catalyst as a SCR Catalyst wash-coated on the metal corrugated substrate (폐 RHDS 촉매재생 후 메탈 코로게이트 지지체상에서 워시코팅에 의한 NOx 저감 SCR 촉매에 관한 연구)

  • Na, Woo-jin;Cha, Eunji;Kang, Dae-hwan;Go, Young-ju;Cho, Ye-ji;Choi, Eun-young;Park, Hea-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.723-732
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    • 2020
  • The spent RHDS (Residue HydroDeSulfurization) catalyst is deactivated mainly by deposition of various contaminants such as coke, sulfur and vanadium on the surface of catalyst. To eliminate those contaminants, the following remanufacturing process was conducted. The first, heavy oil on the surface of the spent RHDS catalyst was removed by kerosene and dehydrated. The second, the high temperature incineration was carried out to eliminate coke and sulfur components deposited on the surface of spent RHDS catalyst. The third, the excessive quantity of Vanadium deposited on the surface of catalyst was removed by leaching process as follows: ultrasonic agitation was carried out at 50℃, for 10 seconds with 0.5% and 1% oxalic acid solution. The purpose of this process is to find out regenerated RHDS catalyst can be used as SCR catalyst for NOx reduction by controlling the vanadium residual content of the regenerated RHDS catalyst through leaching process. The composition of regenerated RHDS catalyst was analyzed by XRF and the NOx reduction efficiency was also measured by continuous catalytic fixed bed reactor. As the result, regenerated catalyst, with 0.5% oxalic acid, ultrasonic agitation in 10 seconds, showed the most stable NOx reduction efficiency. Also, in comparison with commercial SCR catalyst, the NOx reduction performance of regenerated catalyst was similar to that of commercial SCR catalyst at the temperature 375℃ and higher whereas was lower than commercial SCR catalyst at the temperature range between 200~250℃. Therefore, it was confirmed that the regenerated catalyst as powder form wash coated on the surface of metal corrugated substrate can be used for commercial SCR catalyst.

Dependence of Molecular Recognition for a Specific Cation on the Change of the Oxidation State of the Metal Catalyst Component in the Hydrogel Network

  • Basavaraja, Chitragara;Park, Do-Young;Choe, Young-Min;Park, Hyun-Tae;Zhao, Yan Shuang;Yamaguchi, Tomohiko;Huh, Do-Sung
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.805-810
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    • 2007
  • Molecular recognition for a specific cation depending on the change of the oxidation state of the metal catalyst component contained in the hydrogel network has been studied in a self-oscillating hydrogel. The selfoscillating hydrogels are synthesized by the copolymerization of N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAAm), lead methacrylic acid (Pb(MAA)2), and Ru(bpy)3 2+ monomer as a metal catalyst component. The recognition for a specific cation (in this study, Ca2+ has been used) is characterized by the adsorbed amount of Ca2+ into the gel. The recognition of the gels for Ca2+ is higher at the temperature below the LCST, and also higher at the oxidized state than at reduced state of the metal catalyst component which corresponds to a more swollen state. Moreover, a propagating wave induced by a periodic change of the oxidation state with the diffusion phenomena in the oscillating hydrogel shows a possibility for temporal and site-specific molecular recognition due to the local swelling of the gel.

Catalyst-aided Regeneration of Amine Solvents for Efficient CO2 Capture Process

  • Bhatti, Umair H.;Sultan, Haider;Cho, Jin Soo;Nam, Sungchan;Park, Sung Youl;Baek, Il Hyun
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.8-12
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    • 2019
  • Thermal amine scrubbing is the most advanced CO2 capture technique but its largescale application is hindered due to the large heat requirement during solvent regeneration step. The addition of a solid metal oxide catalysts can optimize the CO2 desorption rate and thus minimize the energy consumption. Herein, we evaluate the solvent regeneration performance of Monoethanolamine (MEA) and Diethanolamine (DEA) solvents without and with two metal oxide catalysts (TiO2 and V2O5) within a temperature range of 40-86℃. The solvent regeneration performance was evaluated in terms of CO2 desorption rate and overall amount of CO2 desorbed during the experiments. Both catalysts improved the solvent regeneration performance by desorbing greater amounts of CO2 with higher CO2 desorption rates at low temperature. Improvements of 86% and 50% in the CO2 desorption rate were made by the catalysts for MEA and DEA solvents, respectively. The total amount of the desorbed CO2 also improved by 17% and 13% from MEA and DEA solvents, respectively. The metal oxide catalyst-aided regeneration of amine solutions can be a new approach to minimize the heat requirement during solvent regeneration and thus can remove a primary shortfall of this technology.

Noble metal catalysts for water gas shift reaction and their effectiveness factor (귀금속 계열 촉매의 수성가스전환반응특성과 유효인자)

  • Lim, Sung-Kwang;Bae, Joong-Myeon;Kim, Ki-Hyun
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.514-517
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    • 2008
  • Water gas shift(WGS) is an important step in fuel process for fuel cells, and improperness of commercial WGS catalysts for use in fuel cell systems has prompted numerous researches on noble metal catalysts. A selected noble metal catalyst for water gas shift reaction(WGS) was prepared with various metal loadings. The prepared catalysts were tested under two feeding conditions. At moderate residence time, carbon monoxide conversion was much higher on the noble metal catalysts as compared to commercial high-temperature shift catalyst. Effects of metal loading were examined by activity tests at short residence time. Higher metal loading effected higher reaction rate. The kinetic data was fitted to simple reaction equations and effectiveness factor was estimated. The results suggest the necessity of a structural design for the highly active noble metal catalysts.

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A Study on the Recovery of Zinc ion from Metal-Plating Wastewater by Using Spent Catalyst (酸化鐵 廢觸媒에 의한 도금폐수중 아연이온 回收에 관한 基礎硏究)

  • 이효숙;오영순;이우철
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Resources Recycling
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.23-28
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    • 2001
  • Zinc ion could be recovered from metal plating wastewater with the spent iron oxide catalyst which was used in the plant of Styrene Monomer(SM) production. The zinc was recovered more than 98.7% at higher than pH 2.0. The saturation magnetization of the spent catalyst is enough high as 59.4 emu/g to apply in the solid-liquid separation after treating the wastewater. The mechanism of zinc recovery with the iron oxide catalyst could be a electro-chemical adsorption at pH 3.0~8.5, and a precipitation as $Zn(OH)_2$ at higher than pH 8.5.

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Optimal Metal Dose of Alternative Cathode Catalyst Considering Organic Substances in Single Chamber Microbial Fuel Cells

  • Nam, Joo-Youn;Moon, Chungman;Jeong, Emma;Lee, Won-Tae;Shin, Hang-Sik;Kim, Hyun-Woo
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.145-150
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    • 2013
  • Optimal preparation guidelines of a cathode catalyst layer by non-precious metal catalysts were evaluated based on electrochemical performance in single-chamber microbial fuel cells (MFCs). Experiments for catalyst loading rate revealed that iron(II) phthalocyanine (FePc) can be a promising alternative, comparable to platinum (Pt) and cobalt tetramethoxyphenylporphyrin (CoTMPP), including effects of substrate concentration. Results showed that using an optimal FePc loading of $1mg/cm^2$ was equivalent to a Pt loading of $0.35mg/cm^2$ on the basis of maximum power density. Given higher loading rates or substrate concentrations, FePc proved to be a better alternative for Pt than CoTMPP. Under the optimal loading rate, it was further revealed that 40 wt% of FePc to carbon support allowed for the best power generation. These results suggest that proper control of the non-precious metal catalyst layer and substrate concentration are highly interrelated, and reveal how those combinations promote the economic power generation of single-chamber MFCs.

$NH_3$ oxidation using Ag-Cu/$Al_2O_3$ composite catalyst at low temperature (Ag-Cu/$Al_2O_3$ 복합촉매를 이용한 저온에서의 $NH_3$ 산화)

  • Lim, Yun-Hui;Lee, Ju-Yeol;Park, Byung-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.313-319
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    • 2014
  • This study was performed to obtain high conversion efficiency of $NH_3$ and minimize generation of nitrogen oxides using metal-supported catalyst with Ag : Cu ratio. Through structural analysis of the prepared catalyst with Ag : Cu ratio ((10-x)Ag-xCu ($0{\leq}x{\leq}6$)), it was confirmed that the specific surface area was decrease with increasing metal content. A prepared catalysts showed Type II adsorption isotherms regardless of the ratio Ag : Cu of metal content, and crystalline phase of $Ag_2O$, CuO and $CuAl_2O$ was observed by XRD analysis. In the low temperature($150{\sim}200^{\circ}C$), a conversion efficiency of AC_10 recorded the highest(98%), whereas AC_5 (Ag : Cu = 5 : 5) also showed good conversion efficiency(93.8%). However, in the high temperature range, the amounts of by-products(NO, $NO_2$) formed with AC_5 was lower than that of AC_10. From these results, It is concluded that AC_5 is more environmentally and economically suitable.