• 제목, 요약, 키워드: metal catalyst

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열 CVD법에 의한 CNTs/Metal/Al2O3 나노복합분말의 합성 및 특성 (Synthesis and Characterization of CNTs/Metal/Al2O3 Nanocomposite Powders by Thermal CVD)

  • 좌용호;유승화;양재교;오승탁;강성군
    • 한국분말야금학회지
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.146-150
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    • 2005
  • An optimum route to synthesize $Al_2O_3$-based composite powders with homogeneous dispersion of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) was investigated. CNTs/Metal/$Al_2O_3$ nanocomposite powders were fabricated by thermal chemical vapor deposition of $C_2H_2$ gas over metal/$Al_2O_3$ nanocomposite catalyst prepared by selective reduction of metal oxide/$Al_2O_3$ powders. The FT-Raman spectroscopy analysis revealed that the CNTs have single- and multi-walled structure. The CNTs with the diameter of 25-43 nm were homogeneously distributed in the metal/$Al_2O_3$ powders, and their characteristics were strongly affected by a kind of metal catalyst and catalyst size. The experimental results show that the composite powder with required size and dispersion of CNTs can be realized by control of synthesis condition.

휘발성 유기화합물(VOCs) 제거를 위한 저온금속촉매 실용화에 관한 연구 (Practical Usage of Low-Temperature Metal Catalyst for the Destruction of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs))

  • 정성철;이승환
    • 대한환경공학회지
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.397-405
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    • 2012
  • 본 연구는 휴대폰을 비롯한 전자제품 세척공정과 악취유발물질 등에서 배출되는 휘발성 유기화합물(VOCs)을 경제적이고 안전하게 제거하는 기술에 대한 성능평가를 위해 수행되었다. 대부분의 산업공정에서는 VOCs 제거를 위해 활성탄 흡착탑을 가장 많이 사용하고 있으나 제거효율이 낮아 악취배출시설의 허용기준을 만족할 수 없고, 고농도 유기용제 유입 시 화재위험이 있다. 지금까지 연구되어진 금속산화물 촉매는 VOCs 제거효율이 최소 $220^{\circ}C$ 근방에서 50% 이하였다. 본 연구에서는 이 보다 훨씬 낮은 온도인 $100^{\circ}C$ 이하에서 촉매산화가 시작되었고, 약 $160^{\circ}C$ 근방에서 VOCs가 95% 제거됨을 확인할 수 있었다. 적정처리가 가능한 범위는 공간속도가 $6,000hr^{-1}$ 이하일 때 최적의 제거효율을 나타내며, VOCs 유입농도가 200 ppm에서 4,000 ppm 사이, 촉매제어 온도가 $150{\sim}200^{\circ}C$에서 90~99%로 높은 제거효율을 보였고, VOCs 유입농도가 1,000 ppm 이상일 경우에는 자체반응열로 인해 외부열원이 필요 없었다. 본 저온촉매를 적용할 경우 LNG 와 LPG를 연료원으로 사용하는 RTO/RCO방식 대비 설치비는 50%, 연료비는 75% 감소되어 경제성이 높고 온실가스 발생량도 줄일 수 있었다. 그리고 황화합물과 산성가스에 대해서는 피독이 있는 것으로 확인되었다.

폐 RHDS 촉매재생 후 메탈 코로게이트 지지체상에서 워시코팅에 의한 NOx 저감 SCR 촉매에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Possibility of Using of Spent RHDS Catalyst as a SCR Catalyst wash-coated on the metal corrugated substrate)

  • 나우진;차은지;강대환;고영주;조예지;최은영;박해경
    • 한국응용과학기술학회지
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.723-732
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    • 2020
  • RHDS 촉매는 코크와 황 화합물 그리고 금속인 바나듐이 표면에 침적되어 비활성화가 된다. 이러한 오염물을 제거하기 위해서 먼저 폐 RHDS 촉매에 묻어있는 중질유분의 세정, 코크와 황 화합물을 고온 배소 처리한 후, 과량으로 침적되어 있는 바나듐의 침출량을 조절하기 위하여 0.5, 1 wt% 옥살산 수용액을 이용하여 초음파 교반기에서 50 ℃, 10 sec 동안 교반하여 NOx 저감을 위한 SCR 촉매로의 적용 가능성을 확인하고자 하였다. 재생처리 한 RHDS 촉매의 성분은 XRF 를 사용하여 분석하였고, 상압 고정층 연속 흐름 반응기 상에서 NOx 저감 성능을 측정하였다. 옥살산 수용액 0.5 wt%, 10 sec 동안 초음파 침출한 촉매가 가장 안정적인 NOx 저감 성능을 보였으며, 375 ℃ 이상의 고온에서는 상용 촉매와 동등 수준의 NOx 저감 성능을 확인할 수 있었으나 저온영역 200 ℃에서 250 ℃까지는 상용 촉매보다 낮은 NOx 저감 성능을 보였다. 따라서 폐 RHDS 촉매를 재생처리 한 후 분말로 메탈 코로게이트 지지체에 워시코팅한 촉매는 상용 SCR 촉매로서 이용 가능함을 확인하였다.

Dependence of Molecular Recognition for a Specific Cation on the Change of the Oxidation State of the Metal Catalyst Component in the Hydrogel Network

  • Basavaraja, Chitragara;Park, Do-Young;Choe, Young-Min;Park, Hyun-Tae;Zhao, Yan Shuang;Yamaguchi, Tomohiko;Huh, Do-Sung
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.805-810
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    • 2007
  • Molecular recognition for a specific cation depending on the change of the oxidation state of the metal catalyst component contained in the hydrogel network has been studied in a self-oscillating hydrogel. The selfoscillating hydrogels are synthesized by the copolymerization of N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAAm), lead methacrylic acid (Pb(MAA)2), and Ru(bpy)3 2+ monomer as a metal catalyst component. The recognition for a specific cation (in this study, Ca2+ has been used) is characterized by the adsorbed amount of Ca2+ into the gel. The recognition of the gels for Ca2+ is higher at the temperature below the LCST, and also higher at the oxidized state than at reduced state of the metal catalyst component which corresponds to a more swollen state. Moreover, a propagating wave induced by a periodic change of the oxidation state with the diffusion phenomena in the oscillating hydrogel shows a possibility for temporal and site-specific molecular recognition due to the local swelling of the gel.

Catalyst-aided Regeneration of Amine Solvents for Efficient CO2 Capture Process

  • Bhatti, Umair H.;Sultan, Haider;Cho, Jin Soo;Nam, Sungchan;Park, Sung Youl;Baek, Il Hyun
    • 에너지공학
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.8-12
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    • 2019
  • Thermal amine scrubbing is the most advanced CO2 capture technique but its largescale application is hindered due to the large heat requirement during solvent regeneration step. The addition of a solid metal oxide catalysts can optimize the CO2 desorption rate and thus minimize the energy consumption. Herein, we evaluate the solvent regeneration performance of Monoethanolamine (MEA) and Diethanolamine (DEA) solvents without and with two metal oxide catalysts (TiO2 and V2O5) within a temperature range of 40-86℃. The solvent regeneration performance was evaluated in terms of CO2 desorption rate and overall amount of CO2 desorbed during the experiments. Both catalysts improved the solvent regeneration performance by desorbing greater amounts of CO2 with higher CO2 desorption rates at low temperature. Improvements of 86% and 50% in the CO2 desorption rate were made by the catalysts for MEA and DEA solvents, respectively. The total amount of the desorbed CO2 also improved by 17% and 13% from MEA and DEA solvents, respectively. The metal oxide catalyst-aided regeneration of amine solutions can be a new approach to minimize the heat requirement during solvent regeneration and thus can remove a primary shortfall of this technology.

귀금속 계열 촉매의 수성가스전환반응특성과 유효인자 (Noble metal catalysts for water gas shift reaction and their effectiveness factor)

  • 임성광;배중면;김기현
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.514-517
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    • 2008
  • Water gas shift(WGS) is an important step in fuel process for fuel cells, and improperness of commercial WGS catalysts for use in fuel cell systems has prompted numerous researches on noble metal catalysts. A selected noble metal catalyst for water gas shift reaction(WGS) was prepared with various metal loadings. The prepared catalysts were tested under two feeding conditions. At moderate residence time, carbon monoxide conversion was much higher on the noble metal catalysts as compared to commercial high-temperature shift catalyst. Effects of metal loading were examined by activity tests at short residence time. Higher metal loading effected higher reaction rate. The kinetic data was fitted to simple reaction equations and effectiveness factor was estimated. The results suggest the necessity of a structural design for the highly active noble metal catalysts.

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酸化鐵 廢觸媒에 의한 도금폐수중 아연이온 回收에 관한 基礎硏究 (A Study on the Recovery of Zinc ion from Metal-Plating Wastewater by Using Spent Catalyst)

  • 이효숙;오영순;이우철
    • 자원리싸이클링
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.23-28
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    • 2001
  • Magnetite가 주성분인 산화철 폐촉매를 이용하여 도금폐수중 아연이온을 pH 2.0이상에서 98.7% 이상 회수하였다. 폐촉매의 포화자화값은 59.4 smug으로 폐수처리후 자기적방법에 의해 고.액분리가 가능하다. 산화철 .폐촉매에 의한 폐수중 아연이온의 회수메카니즘은 pH 3.0-8.5 범위에서는 폐촉매 표면에서 $Zn^{2+}$ 이온의 정전기적 흡착이며 pH 8.5 이상에서는 $Zn(OH)_2$의 침전이라고 생각한다.

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Optimal Metal Dose of Alternative Cathode Catalyst Considering Organic Substances in Single Chamber Microbial Fuel Cells

  • Nam, Joo-Youn;Moon, Chungman;Jeong, Emma;Lee, Won-Tae;Shin, Hang-Sik;Kim, Hyun-Woo
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.145-150
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    • 2013
  • Optimal preparation guidelines of a cathode catalyst layer by non-precious metal catalysts were evaluated based on electrochemical performance in single-chamber microbial fuel cells (MFCs). Experiments for catalyst loading rate revealed that iron(II) phthalocyanine (FePc) can be a promising alternative, comparable to platinum (Pt) and cobalt tetramethoxyphenylporphyrin (CoTMPP), including effects of substrate concentration. Results showed that using an optimal FePc loading of $1mg/cm^2$ was equivalent to a Pt loading of $0.35mg/cm^2$ on the basis of maximum power density. Given higher loading rates or substrate concentrations, FePc proved to be a better alternative for Pt than CoTMPP. Under the optimal loading rate, it was further revealed that 40 wt% of FePc to carbon support allowed for the best power generation. These results suggest that proper control of the non-precious metal catalyst layer and substrate concentration are highly interrelated, and reveal how those combinations promote the economic power generation of single-chamber MFCs.

Ag-Cu/$Al_2O_3$ 복합촉매를 이용한 저온에서의 $NH_3$ 산화 ($NH_3$ oxidation using Ag-Cu/$Al_2O_3$ composite catalyst at low temperature)

  • 임윤희;이주열;박병현
    • 한국응용과학기술학회지
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.313-319
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    • 2014
  • This study was performed to obtain high conversion efficiency of $NH_3$ and minimize generation of nitrogen oxides using metal-supported catalyst with Ag : Cu ratio. Through structural analysis of the prepared catalyst with Ag : Cu ratio ((10-x)Ag-xCu ($0{\leq}x{\leq}6$)), it was confirmed that the specific surface area was decrease with increasing metal content. A prepared catalysts showed Type II adsorption isotherms regardless of the ratio Ag : Cu of metal content, and crystalline phase of $Ag_2O$, CuO and $CuAl_2O$ was observed by XRD analysis. In the low temperature($150{\sim}200^{\circ}C$), a conversion efficiency of AC_10 recorded the highest(98%), whereas AC_5 (Ag : Cu = 5 : 5) also showed good conversion efficiency(93.8%). However, in the high temperature range, the amounts of by-products(NO, $NO_2$) formed with AC_5 was lower than that of AC_10. From these results, It is concluded that AC_5 is more environmentally and economically suitable.

디젤엔진 배기가스 정화용 산화촉매 개발 (Development of Oxidation Catalyst for Diesel Engine)

  • 최경일;최용택;유관식
    • 한국대기환경학회지
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.529-537
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    • 2000
  • Several Pt-based oxidation catalysts with different loading were prepared with various metal precursor solutions and characterized with H$_2$ chemisorption and TEM for Pt particle size. V was added to Pt-based catalyst for inhibiting SO$_2$oxidation reaction, as result, Pt-V/Ti-Si catalyst prepared by ERMS(Free Reduced Metal in Solution) method showed high enough activity and better inhibition on SO$_2$oxidation than Pt only catalyst. Optimum Pt particle size for diesel oxidation reaction turned out to be the size of around 20 nm. A prototype catalyst was prepared for light=duty diesel passenger car, and teated for the emission reduction performance with Korean regulation test mode(CVS-75 mode) on chassis dynamometer. The catalyst shows the performance reduction of 75~94% for CO, 53~67% for HC and 10~31% for PM. In the case of heavy-duty diesel catalyst, the domestic formal regulation teat mode D-13 was adopted for both Na engine and Turbo engine. The conversions of CO and THC are high enough(86% and 41%) while the reductions of NOx and PM are relatively low(3~11%).

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