• 제목, 요약, 키워드: metal catalyst

검색결과 747건 처리시간 0.223초

수소제조를 위한 다공성 FeCrAl 금속 합금 Foam의 NiO 촉매 담지 및 미세구조 분석 (Synthesis and Microstructure Analysis of NiO Catalysts Coated on the FeCrAl Metal Alloy Foam for Hydrogen Production)

  • 이유진;안건형;박만호;이창우;최상현;정주용;조성종;이근재;안효진
    • 한국재료학회지
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    • v.24 no.8
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    • pp.393-400
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    • 2014
  • NiO catalysts were successfully coated onto FeCrAl metal alloy foam as a catalyst support via a dip-coating method. To demonstrate the optimum amount of NiO catalyst on the FeCrAl metal alloy foam, the molar concentration of the Ni precursor in a coating solution was controlled, with five different amounts of 0.4 M, 0.6 M, 0.8 M, 1.0 M, and 1.2 M for a dip-coating process. The structural, morphological, and chemical bonding properties of the NiO-catalyst-coated FeCrAl metal alloy foam samples were assessed by means of field-emission scanning electron microscopy(FESEM), scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive spectroscopy(SEM-EDS), X-ray diffraction(XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(XPS). In particular, when the FeCrAl metal alloy foam samples were coated using a coating solution with a 0.8 M Ni precursor, well-dispersed NiO catalysts on the FeCrAl metal alloy foam compared to the other samples were confirmed. Also, the XPS results exhibited the chemical bonding states of the NiO phases and the FeCrAl metal alloy foam. The results showed that a dip-coating method is one of best ways to coat well-dispersed NiO catalysts onto FeCrAl metal alloy foam.

촉매의 휘발법에 의한 이산화규소 나노와이어의 성장 (Growth of SiO2 Nanowire by Catalyst Evaporation Method)

  • 노대호;김재수;변동진;이재훈;양재웅;김나리
    • 한국재료학회지
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.189-194
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    • 2005
  • [ $SiO_2$ ] nanowires were synthesized using the catalyst evaporation method. Grown nanowires had different shapes by kind of used metal catalyst. Mean diameters of grown $SiO_2$ nanowire were about 30 nm. The kind of catalysts affected microstructure of grown $SiO_2$ nanowire because of its typical growth reactions through the liquid state metal catalysts. Optical property were measured by photoluminescence spectroscopy. Relatively broad peak was obtained and mean peak positioned at 450 nm.

알칼리 및 알칼리 토금속에 의한 SCR 촉매 비활성 거동 (The deactivation behavior of SCR catalyst by alkali and alkali earth metal)

  • 한승윤;신민철;이희수
    • 한국결정성장학회지
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.238-242
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    • 2016
  • 알칼리(토)금속이 SCR(Selective Catalytic Reduction) 촉매 비활성화에 미치는영향을 미세구조, 촉매 비표면적, 기공 부피 변화, 탈질 성능 분석을 통해 규명하였다. 신촉매를 $350^{\circ}C$에서 6시간 동안 $H_3PO_4$, $K_2CO_3$, $Na_2CO_3$, $Ca(CH_3COO)_2{\cdot}H_2O$, $C_4H_6MgO_4{\cdot}4H_2O$ 수용액을 분사 시켜, 모사 피독된 SCR 촉매를 제조하였다. 피독 촉매 표면의 미세구조는 신촉매와 거의 유사한 형태를 보이지만, 비표면적과 기공 부피 변화를 신촉매와 비교하였을 때, Na < Mg < K < Ca < P 순으로 감소하는 것으로 나타났다. 특히 Na에 의해 피독된 촉매는 비표면적은 $10.20m^2/g$, 기공부피는 $0.061cm^2/g$ 정도 감소하였다. $150{\sim}450^{\circ}C$에서 신촉매 및 피독 촉매의 탈질성능을 평가한 결과, 알칼리 금속(K, Na)에 피독된 SCR 촉매가 가장 낮은 탈질효율을 보였으며, 알칼리 토금속(Ca, Mg)에 피독된 SCR 촉매는 알칼리 금속(K, Na)에 피독된 촉매에 비해 상대적으로 높은 탈질 효율을 보였으며, 인(P)에 의해 피독된 촉매는 SCR 신촉매와 거의 유사한 탈질 성능을 나타내는 것을 확인하였다. 이러한 결과는 SCR 촉매 비표면적이나 기공 부피 감소에 따른 물리적인 비활성화가 SCR 촉매 탈질 성능에 영향을 미치는 것으로 보인다.

귀금속계열 WGS 촉매 연구 (Noble metal catalysts for Water Gas Shift reaction)

  • 임성광;배중면;김선영
    • 대한기계학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.2228-2231
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    • 2007
  • Water gas shift reactor in fuel processing is an important part that converts carbon monoxide into hydrogen. Fuel processing system for PEMFC usually has two stages of WGS reactors, which are high temperature and low temperature shifter. In this study we prepared noble metal catalysts and compared their performances with that of a commercial iron chromium oxide catalyst. Noble metal catalysts and the commercial catalyst showed quite different temperature dependence of carbon monoxide conversion. The conversion of carbon monoxide at the commercial catalyst was very low at medium temperature(${\sim}300^{\circ}C$) and increased rapidly as temperature increased while the conversion at noble metal catalysts was high in the medium temperature range and decreased as temperature increased, which is thermodynamically expected. Their characteristics agreed well with the literature published, and we are accomplishing further study for improvement of the noble metal catalysts.

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Metal organic framework derived Cu-carbon composite: An efficient non-noble metal catalyst for reduction of hexavalent chromium and pendimethalin

  • Hasan, Zubair;Cho, Jinwoo;Rinklebe, Jorg;Ok, Yong Sik;Cho, Dong-Wan;Song, Hocheol
    • Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
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    • v.52
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    • pp.331-337
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    • 2017
  • A Cu-carbon composite was facilely synthesized via one step calcination of a Cu-based metal organic frameworks (MOF), HKUST-1, under $N_2$ atmosphere. Physicochemical characteristics of the composite were examined with a series of spectroscopy and surface analyzer. The composite was used as a catalyst in the reduction of Cr(VI) and pendimethalin using HCOOH and $NaBH_4$ as reductants, respectively. The composite was very efficient in both reduction reactions, completing the reactions in several minutes. The composite also exhibited a robust reusability in the completion of four repeated Cr(VI) reduction cycles, demonstrating its potential utility as an alternative to noble-metal catalysts.

Development of Micro-Tubular Perovskite Cathode Catalyst with Bi-Functionality on ORR/OER for Metal-Air Battery Applications

  • Jeon, Yukwon;Kwon, Ohchan;Ji, Yunseong;Jeon, Ok Sung;Lee, Chanmin;Shul, Yong-Gun
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.57 no.3
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    • pp.425-431
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    • 2019
  • As rechargeable metal-air batteries will be ideal energy storage devices in the future, an active cathode electrocatalyst is required with bi-functionality on both oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) during discharge and charge, respectively. Here, a class of perovskite cathode catalyst with a micro-tubular structure has been developed by controlling bi-functionality from different Ru and Ni dopant ratios. A micro-tubular structure is achieved by the activated carbon fiber (ACF) templating method, which provides uniform size and shape. At the perovskite formula of $LaCrO_3$, the dual dopant system is successfully synthesized with a perfect incorporation into the single perovskite structure. The chemical oxidation states for each Ni and Ru also confirm the partial substitution to B-site of Cr without any changes in the major perovskite structure. From the electrochemical measurements, the micro-tubular feature reveals much more efficient catalytic activity on ORR and OER, comparing to the grain catalyst with same perovskite composition. By changing the Ru and Ni ratio, the $LaCr_{0.8}Ru_{0.1}Ni_{0.1}O_3$ micro-tubular catalyst exhibits great bi-functionality, especially on ORR, with low metal loading, which is comparable to the commercial catalyst of Pt and Ir. This advanced catalytic property on the micro-tubular structure and Ru/Ni synergy effect at the perovskite material may provide a new direction for the next-generation cathode catalyst in metal-air battery system.

고분자 전해질 다층박막을 이용한 과산화수소 직접제조 반응 중 활성금속 용출 억제 방법 (A Method for Suppression of Active Metal Leaching during the Direct Synthesis of H2O2 by Using Polyelectrolyte Multilayers)

  • 정영민
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.53 no.2
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    • pp.262-268
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    • 2015
  • 본 연구에서는 일반적인 귀금속 담지법과 담체 위에 형성한 고분자 전해질 다층 박막 내에 귀금속을 내포시키는 방법으로 촉매를 제조하고, 과산화수소 직접제조 반응에 적용하여 촉매의 제조 방법이 과산화수소 생산성 및 촉매 수명에 미치는 영향을 조사하였다. 촉매의 활성은 제조 방법에 상관없이 담체의 산세기에 크게 의존하였으며, 사용한 담체들 중 산세기가 가장 강한 HBEA(SAR=25)를 사용한 경우가 활성이 가장 우수하였다. 단순 귀금속 담지 촉매는 고분자 전해질 다층 박막을 도입한 촉매보다 과산화수소 생산성은 우수하였으나, 반응 중 활성 금속인 Pd의 용출로 인해 재사용 횟수가 증가할 때마다 활성이 급격히 감소하였다. 한편, 고분자 전해질 다층 박막의 도입은 산성 담체의 역할을 약화시켜 촉매 활성은 감소하고 과산화수소 분해능은 증가하여 전체적으로 과산화수소의 생산성이 감소되는 결과를 가져왔다. 하지만, 5회에 걸친 재사용 동안에도 촉매 활성이 유지되었으며, 이러한 비약적인 촉매 수명의 향상은 담체 위에 고분자 전해질 다층 박막을 도입하는 것이 반응 중 활성 금속의 용출 억제 측면에서 매우 효과적이라는 것을 시사한다.

The Influence of a Second Metal on the Ni/SiC Catalyst for the Methanation of Syngas

  • Song, Lanlan;Yu, Yue;Wang, Xiaoxiao;Jin, Guoqiang;Wang, Yingyong;Guo, XiangYun
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.52 no.5
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    • pp.678-687
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    • 2014
  • The catalytic performance of silicon carbide supported nickel catalysts modified with or without second metal (Co, Cu and Zn) for the methanation of CO has been investigated in a fixed-bed reactor using a feed consisting of 25% CO and 75% $H_2$ without any diluent gas. It has been found that the introduction of Co species can clearly improve the catalytic activity of Ni/SiC catalyst, whereas the addition of Cu or Zn can result in a significant decrease in the catalytic activity. The characterizations by means of XRD, TEM, XPS, CO-TPD and $H_2$-TPR indicate that the addition of Co could decrease the particle size of active metal, increase active sites on the surface of methanation catalyst, improve the chemisorption of CO and enhance the reducibility of methanation catalysts. Additionally, the special interaction between Co species and Ni species is likely favorable for the dissociation of adsorbed CO on the surface of catalyst, and this may also contribute to the high activity of 5Co-Ni/SiC catalyst for CO methanation reaction. For 5Cu-Ni/SiC catalyst and 5Zn-Ni/SiC catalyst, Cu and Zn species could cover partial nickel particles and decrease the chemisorption amount of CO. These could be responsible for the low methanation activity. In addition, a 150h stability test under 2 MPa and $300^{\circ}C$ showed that 5Co-Ni/SiC catalyst was very stable for CO methanation reaction.

고분자 전해질 연료전지용 촉매 소재 개발을 위한 원자층증착법 연구 동향 (Recent Research Progress on the Atomic Layer Deposition of Noble Metal Catalysts for Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell)

  • 한정환
    • 한국분말야금학회지
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.63-71
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    • 2020
  • It is necessary to fabricate uniformly dispersed nanoscale catalyst materials with high activity and long-term stability for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells with excellent electrochemical characteristics of the oxygen reduction reaction and hydrogen oxidation reaction. Platinum is known as the best noble metal catalyst for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells because of its excellent catalytic activity. However, given that Pt is expensive, considerable efforts have been made to reduce the amount of Pt loading for both anode and cathode catalysts. Meanwhile, the atomic layer deposition (ALD) method shows excellent uniformity and precise particle size controllability over the three-dimensional structure. The research progress on noble metal ALD, such as Pt, Ru, Pd, and various metal alloys, is presented in this review. ALD technology enables the development of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells with excellent reactivity and durability.

Ru/Al2O3/메탈폼 촉매를 이용한 친환경 액체추진제 분해 (Decomposition of Eco-friendly Liquid Propellants over Ruthenium/Al2O3/metal foam Catalysts)

  • 유달산;전종기
    • 청정기술
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.256-262
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    • 2019
  • Hydroxylammonium nitrate (HAN) 기반 액상 추진제는 발암물질이 아니며 연소가스 또한 독성이 거의 없어서 환경 친화적인 추진제로 주목을 받고 있다. 추력기에서 HAN 기반 액체추진제를 분해하는데 사용되는 촉매는 저온 활성 및 고내열성을 동시에 보유하고 있어야 한다. 본 연구의 목적은 metal foam 표면에 alumina slurry를 wash coating 방법으로 담지한 후, 루테늄(ruthenium) 전구체를 그 위에 담지하여 Ru/alumina/metal foam 촉매를 제조하고, 이 촉매의 HAN 수용액 분해 활성을 평가하는 것이다. Wash coating 방법으로 metal foam 지지체에 알루미나를 담지시키는 과정에서 wash coating 반복 횟수가 alumina/metal foam의 물리적 특성에 미치는 영향을 분석하였다. 알루미나 wash coating 횟수가 증가할수록 약 7 nm의 직경을 갖는 메조기공이 지속적으로 발달하여 표면적과 기공 부피가 증가하는데, metal foam에 알루미나를 코팅하는 과정을 12 회 반복하는 것이 최적이라고 판단하였다. 이 지지체에 Ru을 담지한 Ru/alumina/metal foam 촉매의 표면에도 메조기공이 잘 발달하였다. 활성금속과 알루미나를 담지하지 않은 metal foam 자체만으로도 HAN 수용액의 분해반응을 촉진할 수 있음을 알 수 있었다. Ru/alumina/metal foam-550촉매의 경우는 열분해 반응에 비해서 분해개시온도를 큰 폭으로 낮추었고, ${\Delta}P$를 크게 증가시킬 수 있어서, HAN 수용액 분해 반응에서 우수한 활성을 보였다. 그러나 이 촉매를 $1,200^{\circ}C$에서 소성하면 반응 활성이 저하되는데 이는 촉매의 표면적과 기공 부피가 급격하게 감소하고 Ru이 소결되기 때문이다. 추가적인 연구를 통해서 Ru/alumina/metal foam의 내열성을 개선할 필요성이 있다.