• Title, Summary, Keyword: mesoporous materials

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Preparation and Characterization of Mesoporous Ceramic Materials (메조기공 세라믹 소재의 형성과 특성 분석)

  • Ha, Tae-Jung;Park, Hyung-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.25 no.8
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    • pp.593-601
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    • 2012
  • Ordered mesoporous oxide films have been focused because of their low density, high interior specific surface area, and high thermal insulation. Specially, the ordered mesoporous oxide films prepared by self-assembly has many advantages due to easy process and high reproducibility. In this work, ordered mesoporous $SiO_2$, $Al_2O_3$, and $TiO_2$ films were synthesized by control of composition and processing parameter. Also, their structural, thermal, and mechanical properties were characterized variously. In conclusion, ordered mesoporous oxides will be one of core materials in new technology due to their excellent and unique properties.

Pretreatment Effect on CO Oxidation over Highly Ordered Mesoporous Silver Catalyst

  • Shon, Jeong-Kuk;Park, Jung-Nam;Hwang, Seong-Hee;Jin, Mingshi;Moon, Ki-Young;Boo, Jin-Hyo;Han, Tae-Hee;Kim, Ji-Man
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.415-418
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    • 2010
  • Highly ordered mesoporous silver material was successfully synthesized from a mesoporous silica template (KIT-6) with 3-D channel structure using the nano-replication method. The effects of $H_2$ or $O_2$ pretreatments on the catalytic performance of the mesoporous silver were investigated using a temperature programmed CO oxidation technique in a fixed bed reactor. The mesoporous silver material that was pretreated with $H_2$ exhibited an excellent catalytic activity compared to the as-prepared and $O_2$-pretreated catalysts. Moreover, this present mesoporous silver material showed good catalytic stability. For the CO oxidation, the apparent activation energy of the $H_2$-pretreated mesoporous silver catalyst was $61{\pm}0.5\;kJ\;mol^{-1}$, which was also much lower than the as-prepared ($132{\pm}1.5\;kJ\;mol^{-1}$) and $O_2$-pretreated ($124{\pm}1.4\;kJ\;mol^{-1}$) catalysts.

Mesoporous Thin Films with Accessible Pores from Surfaces

  • Lee, U-Hwang;Kim, Min-Hye;Kwon, Young-Uk
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.808-816
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    • 2006
  • Among the many forms of mesoporous materials, thin films are important for the potential applications of this class of materials. Compared with the powder forms, however, there has been relatively little work done on thin films probably because of the lack of suitable and generalized synthetic mechanisms established. In this account, we will review the issues on mesoporous thin films with emphasis on the necessity of forming films with accessible pores from the film surfaces and on mesoporous thin films with metal oxides other than silica. Various methods that have been tried to utilize mesoporous thin films with accessible pores as templates for the synthesis of nanostructured materials are reviewed with the emphasis on the advantages of the electrochemical deposition technique.

Mesoporous Assembly of Layered Titanate with Well-Dispersed Pt Cocatalyst

  • Jung, Tae-Sung;Kim, Tae-Woo;Hwang, Seong-Ju
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.449-453
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    • 2009
  • A mesoporous assembly of layered titanate with well-dispersed Pt cocatalysts has been synthesized via a restacking of exfoliated titanate nanosheets and a simultaneous adsorption of Pt nanoparticles. According to powder X-ray diffraction analysis, the obtained mesoporous assembly shows amorphous structure corresponding to the disordered stacking of layered titanate crystallites. Field emission-scanning electron microscopy and $N_2$ adsorption-desorption isotherm measurement clearly demonstrate the formation of mesoporous structure with expanded surface area due to the house-of-cards type stacking of the titanate crystallites. From high resolution-transmission electron microscopy and elemental mapping analyses, it is found that Pt nanoparticles with the size of ~2.5 nm are homogeneously dispersed in the mesoporous assembly of layered titanate. In comparison with the protonated titanate, the present mesoporous assembly of layered titanate exhibits better photocatalytic activity for the photodegradation of organic molecules. This finding underscores that the restacking of exfoliated nanosheets is quite useful not only in creating mesoporous structure but also in improving the photocatalytic activity of titanium oxide.

Preparation and Optical Characterization of Mesoporous Silica Films with Different Pore Sizes

  • Bae, Jae-Young;Choi, Suk-Ho;Bae, Byeong-Soo
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.27 no.10
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    • pp.1562-1566
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    • 2006
  • Mesoporous silica films with three different pore sizes were prepared by using cationic surfactant, non-ionic surfactant, or triblock copolymer as structure directing agents with tetramethylorthosilicate as silica source in order to control the pore size and wall thickness. They were synthesized by an evaporation-induced self-assembly process and spin-coated on Si wafer. Mesoporous silica films with three different pore sizes of 2.9, 4.6, and 6.6 nm and wall thickness ranging from $\sim$1 to $\sim$3 nm were prepared by using three different surfactants. These materials were optically transparent mesoporous silica films and crack free when thickness was less than 1 m m. The photoluminescence spectra found in the visible range were peaked at higher energy for smaller pore and thinner wall sized materials, consistent with the quantum confinement effect within the nano-sized walls of the silica pores.

Synthesis of Mesostructured Conducting Polymer-Carbon Nanocomposites and Their Electrochemical Performance

  • Choi, Moon-Jung;Lim, Byung-Kwon;Jang, Jyong-Sik
    • Macromolecular research
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.200-203
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    • 2008
  • A conducting polymer layer was introduced into the pore surface of mesoporous carbon via vapor infiltration of a monomer and subsequent chemical oxidative polymerization. The polypyrrole, conducting polymer has attracted considerable attention due to the high electrical conductivity and stability under ambient conditions. The mesoporous carbon-polypyrrole nanocomposite exhibited the retained porous structure, such as mesoporous carbon with a three-dimensionally connected pore system after intercalation of the polypyrrole layer. In addition, the controllable addition of pyrrole monomer can provide the mesoporous carbon-polypyrrole nanocomposites with a tunable amount of polypyrrole and texture property. The polypyrrole layer improved the electrode performance in the electrochemical double layer capacitor. This improved electrochemical performance was attributed to the high surface area, open pore system with three-dimensionally interconnected mesopores, and reversible redox behavior of the conducting polypyrrole. Furthermore, the correlation between the amount of polypyrrole and capacitance was investigated to check the effect of the polypyrrole layer on the electrochemical performance.

메조기공 유기실리케이트 제조에 대한 템플레이트의 영향

  • 차국헌;조은범;김상철;조휘랑
    • Proceedings of the Korea Crystallographic Association Conference
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    • pp.49-49
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    • 2002
  • A strategy for the synthesis of more stable and large periodic mesoporous organo-silica materials has been developed for the 2D hexagonal mesoporous organosilica by the core-shell approach using nonionic PEO-PLGA-PEO triblock copolymer templates. The BET surface area of the solvent-extracted hexagonal mesoporous organosilica is estimated to be 1,016 ㎡/g and the pore volume, pore diameter, and wall thickness are 1.447 ㎤/g, 65 Å, and 43 Å, respectively. More hydrophobic PLGA block than the PPO block used for templates of mesoporous silica proves to be quite effective in confining the organosilicates within the PEO phase. Reaction temperature and acid concentration of an initial solution as well as the chemical nature of the bloc k copolymer templates also demonstrate to be important experimental parameters for ordered organosilica mesophase. Moreover, the mesoporous organosilicas prepared with the PEO-PLGA-PEO block templates maintain their structural integrity for up to 25 days in boiling water at 100℃. The mesoporous materials with large pores and high hydrothermal stability prepared in this study has a potential for many applications.

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Fabrication of Mesoporous Carbon Nanofibers for Electrical Double-Layer Capacitors (전기 이중층 커패시터용 메조 다공성 탄소 나노섬유의 제조)

  • Lee, Do-Young;An, Geon-Hyoung;Ahn, Hyo-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.27 no.11
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    • pp.617-623
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    • 2017
  • Mesoporous carbon nanofibers as electrode material for electrical double-layer capacitors(EDLCs) are fabricated using the electrospinning method and carbonization. Their morphologies, structures, chemical bonding states, porous structure, and electrochemical performance are investigated. The optimized mesoporous carbon nanofiber has a high sepecific surface area of $667m^2\;g^{-1}$, high average pore size of 6.3 nm, and high mesopore volume fraction of 80 %, as well as a unifom network structure consiting of a 1-D nanofiber stucture. The optimized mesoporous carbon nanofiber shows outstanding electrochemical performance with high specific capacitance of $87F\;g^{-1}$ at a current density of $0.1A\;g^{-1}$, high-rate performance ($72F\;g^{-1}$ at a current density of $20.0A\;g^{-1}$), and good cycling stability ($92F\;g^{-1}$ after 100 cycles). The improvement of the electrochemical performance via the combined effects of high specific surface area are due to the high mesopore volume fraction of the carbon nanofibers.

Improved Mesoporous Structure of High Surface Area Carbon Nanofiber for Electrical Double-Layer Capacitors

  • Lee, Young-Geun.;An, Geon-Hyoung;Ahn, Hyo-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.192-198
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    • 2017
  • Carbon nanofiber (CNF) is used as an electrode material for electrical double layer capacitors (EDLCs), and is being consistently researched to improve its electrochemical performance. However, CNF still faces important challenges due to the low mesopore volume, leading to a poor high-rate performance. In the present study, we prepared the unique architecture of the activated mesoporous CNF with a high specific surface area and high mesopore volume, which were successfully synthesized using PMMA as a pore-forming agent and the KOH activation. The activated mesoporous CNF was found to exhibit the high specific surface area of $703m^2g^{-1}$, total pore volume of $0.51cm^3g^{-1}$, average pore diameter of 2.9 nm, and high mesopore volume of 35.2 %. The activated mesoporous CNF also indicated the high specific capacitance of $143F\;g^{-1}$, high-rate performance, high energy density of $17.9-13.0W\;h\;kg^{-1}$, and excellent cycling stability. Therefore, this unique architecture with a high specific surface area and high mesopore volume provides profitable synergistic effects in terms of the increased electrical double-layer area and favorable ion diffusion at a high current density. Consequently, the activated mesoporous CNF is a promising candidate as an electrode material for high-performance EDLCs.

Reduced Titania Films with Ordered Nanopores and Their Application to Visible Light Water Splitting

  • Shahid, Muhammad;Choi, Seo-Yeong;Liu, Jingling;Kwon, Young-Uk
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.34 no.8
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    • pp.2271-2275
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    • 2013
  • We report on the photoelectrochemical properties of partially reduced mesoporous titania thin films. The fabrication is achieved by synthesizing mesoporous titania thin films through the self-assembly of a titania precursor and a block copolymer, followed by aging and calcination, and heat-treatment under a $H_2$ (1 torr) environment. Depending on the temperature used for the reaction with $H_2$, the degree of the reduction (generation of oxygen vacancies) of the titania is controlled. The oxygen vacancies induce visible light absorption, and decrease of resistance while the mesoporosity is practically unaltered. The photoelectrochemical activity data on these films, by measuring their photocurrent-potential behavior in 1 M NaOH electrolyte under AM 1.5G 100 mW $cm^{-2}$ illumination, show that the three effects of the oxygen vacancies contribute to the enhancement of the photoelectrochemical properties of the mesoporous titania thin films. The results show that these oxygen deficient $TiO_2$ mesoporous thin films hold great promise for a solar hydrogen generation. Suggestions for the materials design for improved photoelectrochemical properties are made.