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Development of the Pants Patterns for Muscular Men (근육형 남성용 팬츠 원형 개발)

  • Jeong, Hye-Jin;Kim, So-Ra
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2010
  • Recently, young men have become more muscular, as they have become increasingly more interested in health and their physical appearances. The trend these days is to wear slim suits to accentuate their figures. Men's pants are the one of the most general clothes which men wears. While pants are an ordinary item of clothing, most muscular men have fitting problems with ready-made pants. In view of this, this study aimed at developing a prototype pants pattern for muscular men. In this study, five muscular men were selected for wearing tests. The regression formulas, in which muscular men's body measurements were adopted, were applied to unsuitable body parts, especially the body parts determined inappropriate based on the results of the existing pants pattern wearing tests. After going through the first and second pants pattern wearing tests, the final pants patterns were developed that were suitable for muscular men. The results of the study were as follows: In order to solve the problem of the insufficient of ease due to the development of the hip muscles, the crotch length was made longer, (0.08${\times}$hip circumference+17.648)+1.5cm and front crotch width and back crotch width were made wider, 1.0cm each than those of the existing pants prototype patterns. The ease of 0.5cm was added to the hip circumference/4+2.5cm because of the development of the hip and thigh muscles.

Psychosocial Factors Associated with Problematic Drinking among Middle- and Older-Aged Korean Men (중년 및 노년 남성의 문제음주 관련 요인)

  • Jeon, Gyeong-Suk;Cho, Sun-Hee;Park, So-Youn;Park, So-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.187-199
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    • 2015
  • Objectives : This study was conducted to examine social factors associated with problematic drinking among middle- and older-aged men in South Korea. Methods : The data were collected from the baseline survey of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging, and the sample consisted of 3,631 men between 45 and 64 years of age and 1,173 men aged 65 or older. This study employed variables identifying various socioeconomic features, social ties, and health-related factors. Logistic regressions were used for the data analysis. Results : Middle-aged men having frequent social relationship with close persons were significantly more likely to be problematic drinkers than those having less frequent social relationships with close persons. Lower education, unemployment, smoking, and depression were associated with problematic drinking only among middle-aged men. Conclusions : We suggest that health professionals develop specific intervention strategies that could lead to more moderate alcohol habits and better health in middle aged Korean men who are actively engaged in social networks. In addition, health professionals need to focus more on the unemployed, lower educated, depressed, and smoking groups for early detection of problematic drinking among middle-aged Korean men.

An Analysis on the Aesthetics of Men's Costume in the Renaissance Period (르네상스 시대 남성복에 나타난 미적 특성 분석)

  • Chung, Hyun Sook;Park, Kil Soon
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.531-539
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the aesthetic characteristic of men's costume in the Renaissance period. Fashion is a reflection of Zeitgeist. The ideal aesthetic values of each period create the concept of ideal beauty for that period. Costume represents the ideal beauty of a particular period. The aesthetic characteristic of men's costume in the age of Renaissance was analyzed in terms of four categories: the beauty of male body, sublime beauty, sensual beauty, and artistic beauty. First, for the beauty of male body, the men in the age of Renaissance enlarged their chests and shoulders by inserting a pad in them in order to express their masculine beauty of human body by emphasizing their sexual organ. Second, for the sublime beauty, men's costume was exaggerated by using a pad, a ruff collar and slash. In this period, men intended to represent their power and dignity through horizontal extension in their costume. Third, for the sensual beauty, erotic emphasis were made through physical elements. In order to show off sexual charms, men padded their costumes and introduced the codpiece. Last, for the artistic beauty in the age of the Renaissance, men's costume showed proportional, balanced and symmetrical beauty. And men's costume was made of rich brocades, which were embroidered and encrusted with jewels.

Risk and Protective Factors Associated With Intimate Partner Violence in a Nationally Representative Sample of Korean Men

  • Ferraresso, Riccardo
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.53 no.2
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    • pp.135-142
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: In recent years, multiple studies have investigated the issue of intimate partner violence (IPV) in Korea. However, most of those studies have focused on IPV against women, while overlooking the problem of men IPV victimization. Considering this, the current study identified risk and protective factors for IPV and examined their influence on IPV victimization among Korean men. Methods: We used a nationally representative sample of 1668 Korean men from the 2013 Korea National Survey on Domestic Violence. The associations between potential IPV risk factors and different types of IPV were investigated using univariate and multivariate logistic regression. Specifically, separate analyses were conducted of 5 types of IPV (neglect, controlling behaviors, emotional violence, economic violence, and physical violence). Results: The prevalence of IPV among Korean men and women showed only marginal gender differences. Controlling behaviors (men, 23.3%; women, 23.9%) and emotional violence (men, 16.5%; women, 18.8%) were the most common types of IPV reported, followed by neglect (men, 11.2%; women, 11.7%). Separate logistic regression analyses for the 5 subtypes of IPV revealed that mutual IPV was a strong predictor of IPV. Men who abused their wives were more likely to experience neglect (odds ratio [OR], 29.24; p<0.01), controlling behaviors (OR, 36.61; p<0.01), emotional violence (OR, 58.07; p<0.01), economic violence (OR, 18.78; p<0.01), and physical violence (OR, 38.09; p<0.01). Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest that IPV intervention strategies should particularly focus on couples whose relationship is characterized by patterns of bidirectional violence.

Men's Participation of the Market Work and the Housework - Focused on the Qualitative Analysis of the Contents in the Newspaper Articles (남성의 시장노동과 가사노동 - 신문기사 내용에 대한 질적 분석을 중심으로)

  • Cho Seong-Eun;Jeong Jee-Young;Yoon So-Young
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.129-140
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to understand the labor division between men's housework and market work and to research the change of men's contribution to housework. And it was also examined what kinds of valuables work on a change in men's market work and housework. The information about men's change in the labor division was collected from the biggest 5 news papers in Korea for last five years for this study. And either men's new participation trend to household work did. Words searched for this study were men, labor, family, home, housewife, work, household work, father etc. Korean men have experienced a overloaded breadwinner role and have worked most in the world since 1960s. But Korean men's working time was continuously decreased a little every year. As Korean Companies had fired many worker during IMP economic crisis period, Korean men had to work more than before because of decreased fellows and they should have concentrated on their work at the sacrifice of private life and family-sharing time. On the other hand, some men were started to participate to do housework as a results of long-unemployment and early retirement after this periods. 5 day working system be in forced gradually since 2003 especially make men come back home and interest on housework. So Korean men's housework participation is gradually increasing by the practical application of sex-equitable politics such as 5 day working system and men's suspension regime for baby care. father's increased participation to children education and care, men's new family-oriented life style, dual-sexuality education system, and socially changed perception to husband housemaker. These interrelated trends demands us to shape a new labor division pattern in the family that make change the breadwinner/homemaker conception by the gender role. Now, all of family, men, women, and children have to join housework. It would help women, men, and all families make more human and equitable relationship.

The Attitudes toward Divorce of Young Men and Women (청년 남녀의 이혼에 대한 태도)

  • 김성희
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.75-85
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes toward divorce of young men and women. The data were collected by questionnaire from 425 respondents who resided in Sunchon. Statistical methods for the data analysis were frequencies, one-way ANOVA, t-test. The data analysis revealed that the young men and women accepted divorce as an alternative to unhappy marriage and there were significant gender differences in the attitudes toward divorce. Women accepted divorce more positively as an alternative than men in every conditions. Men accepted divorce remarkably as an alternative to unfaithful debauchery of spouse, but women accepted divorce extremely well as an alternative to wrongdoing of spouse. Most of young men and women were worried about children, but not a few of them did not perceived themselves as child rearer. This results showed that divorce will be increased and perceived differently by gender. The young men and women who had lower conservative familism, who were younger, and who had higher education responded more positively about divorce.

A study on the Distinctive construction of Korean Men's Traditional Trousers (남자 한복바지의 구성특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Eun-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.29 no.7
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    • pp.909-917
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    • 2005
  • Based on the theory that formation of Korean Men's Traditional Trousers is related to Mobius strip, this study researches correlation between distinctive construction of Korean Men's Traditional Trousers and historical background based on old documents and restoration. Distinctive construction of Korean Men's Traditional Trousers are as follows. First, Korean Men's Traditional Trousers is manufactured just like Principle of Mobius strip that the square is twisted once, considering its materials' conditions. Second, Korean Men's Traditional Trousers, manufactured larger, feature cubic effect and twisted formative beauty because its waist and ankle parts are tightened with bands. Third, Korean Men's Traditional Trousers, composed of big Sapok and small Sapok in oblique, are suitable for active play due to its high functionality.

A Study on the Formativeness of Materials of Man′Fashion in 1990′s (1990년대 남성복 소재에 나타난 조형성에 관한 연구)

  • 이효진;류근영
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.806-821
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    • 2000
  • Each and everything named fashion together with clothes were limited in the boundary of women and men's wear has been slow and narrow in changing speed compared to women's, even there are some differences in accordance time. But maintaining the basic features, men's wear in the latter 20th century has undergone diverse change in the part of materials such as various synthetic fiber, glass, metal, artificial leather and the see-through fabric able to seeing the body wearing the clothes. Therefore, the aim and definition of this study is to present the systematic framework giving help to develop men's wear design newer and more various by considering moulding of materials which existing men's wear could not show up and by grasping material trend of men's clothes in 1990s. The results of the study were summarized as follows : (1) Material containing lustering is categorized as Velvet, Silk, Lustering materials by synthetic fiber and Lustering materials by additional substance. The Velvet generally acknowledged having something to feel womanly image shows the bisexual character coexisting feature of men and women after grafting with men'fashion. The Silk was endowed the role as means of pleasure to express beyond boundary of sex breaking the existing consciousness which men should wear male clothes, not considering differences between men and women. The lustering made by synthetic fiber expressed modern sensitivity aesthetically to the suit. The lustering materials made by additional substance is seen mixed masculine character with womanly character. (2) See-through materials are acknowledged as decadence beauty caused by expanding subjective awareness in beauty. (3) Materials by the sorts of Net is categorized as Lace, Knit The Lace expression seemed to emphases the human liberation of men and women and the humanity from liberation of subjecthood. The Knit can be felt both woman's image and man's image as bisexual image, not raising only one side sex. (4) Elastic materials offered the opportunity to approve exposure in a time when exposure of men's body was not granted ethically. (5) Leather was shown as indication of social status and inferiority and expression of collective resistance against sexual stagnation of men and women.

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A Study on the Actual State of Food Allergy and Food Behavior in Adults (성인의 식생활 태도 및 식품 알레르기 실태 조사)

  • 한재숙;이연정;최석현
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.167-175
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    • 2003
  • This study was conducted to investigate the actual state of the food allergy and food behavior in adults by using a questionnaire. The subjects of this study were consisted of 207 males and 355 females in Gyeongbuk area. The results are as follows: Among the respondents, 54.9% kept up with proper eating habits, 41.2% knew how much they would have to eat appropriately in a day, and women ate more milk and snacks than men in a day and men ate more meat than women. 58.3% of men and 46% of women were eating 3 meals a day. This finding indicated that women skipped the meal more than men. 77.2% of the respondents skipped their breakfast, 13.5% the lunch, and 9.3% the dinner. 48.5% of men and 28.8% of women evacuated over 8 times a week(p<0.001). Eczema was the allergy symptom which broke out the most highly in both male and female; 25% of men and 29.9% of women. Atopic dermatitis and pollen allergy broke out similarly in both male and female. Allergic rhinitis occurred twice more in men than in women. Asthma broke out in men about three times more than in women. 36.3% of men and 46.5% of women visited a doctor when they had an allergic reaction. 40.9% of men and 40.7% of women believed that the allergy was caused mainly by the dust in the house and mites. The other factors, which caused the allergic reaction, were thought to be the specific food and the pollution from cars and factories by men and the specific food and others by women. 35.4% of men and 44.2% of women ate homemade food to prevent allergies.

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A Study on the Purchasing Conditions of Sports Wear of the Chinese Men (중국(中國) 남성(男性)의 스포츠의류(衣類) 구매실태(購買實態)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Wee, Hye-Jung;Im, Soon;Sohn, Hee-Soon
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.113-124
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    • 2002
  • The purpose on this study identified the purchasing conditions of Sports wear of the Chinese men residing in Beijing, Shanghai, Dalian, Tianjin, Harbin and Guangzhou, so that it helped sports wear manufacturers and retailers offer the basic data. For the study, a questionnaire used as a method of measurement, the 863 Chinese men were selected as a sample, SAS(Statistical Analysis System) program was used to analyze the data. The results from the study were as follows: 1. According to the investigation, the most preferred sports of Chinese men is soccer, as a whole. Swimming, basketball and ping-pong keep rank the next to soccer. 2. Accordingly age, area, profession and income, Chinese men maintained sports suit in order of training suit, swimming suit, soccer suit, tennis suit. It is found that holding amount of high-quality sports wears as ski, golf is on a low level. 3. It is appeared that Chinese men purchased in good order as follow brand: No-bran, Nike, Lening, Adidas. And except Nike, they purchased more Lening brand than foreign sports brand. 4. As the result of researching on the item of sports wear, it is found that they purchased various kind items in a higher rank 5 brands. 5. Sports wear's color that Chinese men purchased is blue, white, black, red. 6. The purchasing price that Chinese men favored is 200$\sim$599RMB. Thus, they expend average per head for sports suit buying, 486.0RMB. 7. Chinese men purchased very often at specialty store. And, coefficient of utilization at the usual market is on a low level. 8. In purchasing satisfaction, 80 % Chinese men were satisfied with goods(sports wear) that purchased in a higher rank 5 brands. So, average satisfaction degree showed over 3.8 as a high rate. 9. According to the result of satisfaction on Chinese men, 70% Chinese men showed satisfaction. Therefore, the average of satisfaction degree appeared 3.81 as a high rate.