• Title, Summary, Keyword: melting current

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A Study on the Characteristics Analysis of Strands Melted by Over Current (과전류에 의해 용단된 소선의 특성해석에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Chung-Seog;Kim, Hyang-Kon;Kim, Dong-Ook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.60-65
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    • 2004
  • The PVC insulated flexible cords are used mainly as power supply cords of electric appliance. This electric wire is a stranded wire consisted of dozens of strands. In case stranded wires are disconnected by mechanical stress, it weakens electrically. Finally, the over current flows through stranded wires, and electrical fire occurs. In this study, we analyzed the melting properties of strands by over current, such as melting process, melting current and melting time. And we analyzed that quantity of heat for melting, a cross sectional structure, and surface structure by optical microscope and SEM. As analysis results, melting time decreased as melting current increased. And quantity of heat for melting was low, too. From the cross sectional structure of melted wire, when a melting current low and melting time long, it was found that the dendrite structure grew. However, the dendrite structure is hard to grow because growing time is not enough when a melting current high and melting time short.

Design of Low-Melting Metal Fuse Elements of Current Sensing Type Protection Device for Large Capacity Secondary Battery Protection System (대용량 이차전지 보호 시스템용 전류 감지 동작형 보호소자의 저융점 금속 가용체 설계)

  • Kim, Eun Min;Kang, Chang yong
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.427-432
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    • 2018
  • High-capacity secondary batteries can cause explosion hazards owing to microcurrent variations or current surges that occur in short circuits. Consequently, complete safety cannot be achieved with general protection that is limited to a mere current fuse. Hence, in the case of secondary batteries, it is necessary for the protector to limit the inrush current in a short circuit, and to detect the current during microcurrent variations. To serve this purpose, a fuse can be employed for the secondary battery protection circuit with current detection. This study aims at designing a protection device that can stably operate in the hazardous circumstances associated with high-capacity secondary batteries. To achieve the said objective, a detecting fuse was designed from an alloy of low melting point elements for securing stability in abnormal current states. Experimental results show that the operating I-T and V-T characteristic constraints can be satisfied by employing the proposed current detecting self-contained low melting point fuse, and through the resistance of the heating resistor. These results thus verify that the proposed protection device can prevent the hazards of short circuit current surges and microcurrent variations of secondary batteries.

Fabrication of BSCCO Superconductor Tube for Current Lead Application (전류인입선 응용을 위한 BSCCO 초전도 튜브의 제조)

  • Choi, Jung-Suk;Jun, Byung-Hyuk;Hyun, Ok-Bae;Kim, Chan-Joong
    • Progress in Superconductivity
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.103-107
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    • 2009
  • $Bi_2Sr_2Ca_1Cu_2O_x$(BSCCO 2212) superconductors for current lead were fabricated by centrifugal melting process(CMP). BSCCO 2212 powder was melted at $1200^{\circ}\C$ in a resistance furnace using a Pt crucible and poured in a rotating cylindrical mold preheated at $550^{\circ}\C$ for 2 hour. The solidified BSCCO-2212 samples were heat-treated by partial melting process in oxygen atmosphere. The current-voltage curves at 77 K of the samples were obtained by transport measurement, and the microstructure was investigated by scanning electron microscope. The $J_c$ values at 77 K of the tubes partially melted at $840^{\circ}C,\;860^{\circ}C\;and\;880^{\circ}C$ were 492, 430 and 398 $A/cm^2$, respectively. It was observed that the plate-like grains in BSCCO 2212 tube was more developed in the sample heat-treated at $840^{\circ}C$. It was found that the critical current of the BSCCO 2212 samples was dependent on the partial melting schedule regarding the grain shape and size of the BSCCO 2212.

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An Experimental Study on Melting Characteristics of Low-voltage Miniature Cartridge Fuse (저압용 소형 관형퓨즈의 용단 특성에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Ji, H.K.;Kim, J.P.;Song, J.Y.;Choi, Y.W.;Park, C.S.;Park, N.K.;Kil, G.S.
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.15-20
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    • 2013
  • This paper dealt with melting characteristics of low-voltage miniature cartridge fuse used for 220 V electronic equipment. The experimental sample is low-voltage miniature cartridge fuse with rating of 250 V(3A) and size of $5{\times}20$ mm. In order to evaluate melting and scattering characteristics of the fuse, we applied to 8/20 ${\mu}s$ surge current, overload current and external thermal stress such as flame of fire. From the experimental results, the fuse element was melted and scattered by applied surge current(above 0.79 kA) and overload current(above 4.5 A). It was also attached to the inner surface of the fuse tube. The fuse element was attached as a thin film on inner surface of fuse tube when large surge current was applied. It was confirmed, however, the fuse element was not changed by external thermal stress such as flame and hot-air.

Developing a fault diagnosis algorithm on a high current cable of arc furnace (전기로 High Current Cable 고장진단 알고리즘 개발)

  • Choi, Seong-Jin;Jang, Yu-Jin;Kim, Sang Woo
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.573-575
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    • 2005
  • In the steel industry, a steel melting electric arc furnace is used to produce both carbon and alloy steels. Steel scrap which is charged into the furnace is heated by means of electric arc between graphite electrodes and the scrap. In this melting process, current is supplied to the furnace through HCC(high current cable) which connect the furnace and transformer. Four HCCs are assigned to each phase in our system to divide the current. Since a sudden cable breaking result in the shutdown of melting process, an aging detection of HCC is very important for both an improvement of productivity and cost reduction. In this paper, the aging of the HCC is estimated by using the current ratio between four HCCs.

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Development of a Fault Diagnosis Algorithm on a High Current Cable of Arc Furnace (전기로 대전류 케이블 고장진단 알고리즘 개발)

  • Kim, Sang-Woo;Jang, Yu-Jin
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers D
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    • v.55 no.3
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    • pp.115-118
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    • 2006
  • In the steel industry, a steel melting electric arc furnace is used to produce both carbon and alloy steels. Steel scrap which is charged into the furnace is heated by means of electric arc between graphite electrodes and the scrap. In this melting process, current is supplied to the furnace through HCC(high current cable) which connect the furnace and transformer. Four HCCs are assigned to each phase in our system to divide the current. Since a sudden cable breaking result in the shutdown of melting process, an aging detection of HCC is very important for both an improvement of productivity and cost reduction. In this paper, the aging of the HCC is estimated by using the current ratio between four HCCs.

Design of Fuse Elements of Current Sensing Type Protection Device for Portable Secondary Battery Protection System (휴대용 이차전지 보호 시스템용 전류 감지 동작형 보호소자의 퓨즈 가용체 설계)

  • Kang, Chang-Yong;Kim, Eun-Min
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.67 no.12
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    • pp.1619-1625
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    • 2018
  • Portable electronic devices secondary batteries can cause fire and explosion due to micro-current change in addition to the situation of short-circuit inrush current, safety can not be secured with a general operation limited current fuse. Therefore, in secondary battery, it is necessary for the protector to satisfy both the limit current type operation in the open-short-circuit inrush current and the current detection operation characteristic in the micro current change situation and for this operation, a fuse for the current detection type secondary battery protection circuit can be applied. The purpose of this study is to design a protection device that operates stably in the hazardous situation of small capacity secondary battery for portable electronic devices through the design of low melting fuse elements alloy of sensing type fuse and secures stability in abnormal current state. As a result of the experiment, I-T and V-T operation characteristics are satisfied in a the design of the alloy of the current sensing type self-contained low melting point fuse and the resistance of the heating resistor. It is confirmed that it can prevent accidents of short circuit over-current and micro current change of secondary battery.

The Effects of Melting Temperature and Holding Time on Critical Characteristics of HTSC Fabricated by Melting Method (용융온도와 유지시간이 용융법으로 제작한 고온초전도체의 임계특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Sung-Hun;Han, Tae-Hee;Park, Kyung-Kuk;Yim, Seong-Woo;Cho, Dong-Eon;Han, Byoung-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.154-161
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    • 1998
  • The effects of melting temperature and holding time on the critical current density($J_c$) of $YBa_2Cu_3O_x$ based superconducting bulk fabricated by MPMG process were investigated. The amount of the formed $Y_2BaCuO_5$ phases increased with the melting temperature. However, the value of critical current density was highest at 1120 $^{\circ}C$. With this proper melting temperature, the effect of holding time on the critical characteristics was also investigated. In the case of Ag addition, the volume of the formed $Y_2BaCuO_5$ phase when the amount of Ag addition was 10 wt% and 20 wt% was observed to be highest at 20 minute and 40 minute respectively. But in the specimen without Ag, volume of $Y_2BaCuO_5$ phase increased as the holding time increased. The proper melting temperature and the holding time obtained were 1120 $^{\circ}C$ and 20 minute. The long holding time was not effective for the $J_c$ improvement as well as the formation of $Y_2BaCuO_5$.

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Development of Evaluating Technology for the Capability of Carrying Short-Circuit Current at Electrical Contacts in EHV Disconnecting Switches (초고압 단로기 접점의 단락전류 통전성능 평가기술 개발)

  • Oh, Yeon-Ho;Song, Ki-Dong;Chong, Jin-Kyo
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.57 no.1
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    • pp.46-51
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    • 2008
  • Extra-high voltage(EHV) disconnecting switch(DS) consists of the electrical contacts and mechanical parts which actuate the contacts. When the short-circuit condition occurs, a large amount of current flows through the electrical contact in disconnecting switches and this causes considerable temperature rise due to Joule heating. If the temperature rise is higher than the melting point of contact material, the DS contact becomes melting and cannot be usable anymore. For this reason, the analysis for capability of carrying short-circuit current in DS contacts must be performed at a design stage. Here, we proposed a numerical technique for evaluating the capability of carrying short-circuit current at electrical contacts in EHV DS. In this numerical approach, the mechanical and thermal analyses were simulated to check the capability of carrying short-circuit current. First, the applied pressure at contact parts was analyzed considering the mechanical properties, and then contact resistance was calculated by an empirical equation. Finally, thermal analysis was performed with resistance variation at electrical contacts. To verify these numerical results, the distributions of temperature in DS were experimentally measured and compared with each other. The results from experiments were agreed well with those from the proposed numerical simulations.