• Title/Summary/Keyword: meaning

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A Study on 'An-Band' It's Meaning and Practical Use Mentioned in Novel (소설에 나타난 안방의 의미와 용도에 관한 연구)

  • 오혜경;김대년;서귀숙;신화경;최경실
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • no.18
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    • pp.81-86
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study is to find out to meaning and practical use of 'Anbang' of which unique roles and function has not been changed till now since Chosun dynasty. The Study has been carried out by selecting 27 novels in which the word 'Anbang' mentioned frequently and analyzing the sentences with 'Anbang' . The major finding were summarized as follows: 1. Since Chosun dynasty till now, 'Anbang' in most important space for Korean in residential area its meaning and practical use had not been changed. 2. The meaning of Anbang could be categorized into two parts; One was general symbolic meaning which was perceived mentally in general and the other was specific symbolic meaning which was varied by uses. In case of general symbolic meaning 'Anbang' implied a space with light turned on late at night, a very special space from the point of interior decoration and size, a space to keep very important stuffs and a space to deal with very important business. In case of specific symbolic meaning during Chosun dynasty, 'Anbang' was used as a pronoun to imply a mistress as major occupant was a mistress. Since then, gradually, 'Anbang' was used as a pronoun to imply married couple as married couple becomes major occupant. 3. The practical use of 'Anbang' cold be categorized into two; One was routine usage and the other was exceptional usage. The typical routine use were sleeping, dining family gathering, visitor greeting, clothes changing and sewing. The exceptional use were a Sebae(new year's bow), Pyebaek(make a deep bow and offer her gifts to her parents-in-law) and patient curing.

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Effect of Gratitude Enhancement Program on Meaning of Life and Subjective Well-Being of Female Colleges (감사증진 프로그램이 여대생의 삶의 의미와 주관적 안녕감에 미치는 영향)

  • Heo, Jeong-Cheol
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.774-784
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    • 2016
  • The aim of this study is to identify the effects a gratitude promotion program has on the meaning of life and the subjective sense of well-being in female college students. As a result, it was discovered that of the sub-areas of the meaning of life in female college students, the meaning of finding and the meaning of pursuit showed a significant difference. It was also discovered that satisfaction in life of the sub-areas of positive subjective sense of well-being in female college students, love and joy of the sub-areas of subjective sense of well-being, and shame and sorrow of the sub-areas of negative emotional area had statistically significant differences. Such results suggest that the gratitude promotion program has a significant effect on the meaning of life and the subjective sense of well-being in female college students. For higher meaning of life and subjective sense of well-being in female college students, further studies on organized gratitude promotion programs and their usability should be performed.

The Meaning of Pain in Labor (분만 동통의 의미)

  • 이미라;조정호
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.41-49
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    • 1991
  • From of old, labor has been accompanied by pain and much effort has been mode to eliminate or diminish the amounts of pain during labor. Little concern has yet been given to the subjective meaning of pain in labor. Recently, rates of cesarean section in Korea and in some other nations have increased rapidly and some investigators are reporting negative reactions such as anger, disappointment and feeling of loss due to lack of control over labor and its pain. These findings are thought to suggest that control of labor and its pain gives some meaning to the laboring woman. Thus the investigators sought to discover the meaning of pain during labor for Korean women. Specific objectives of this study were to explore the meaning of pain in labor to the mothers, their reactions to the experience of labor add their preference for delivery method. The subjects of this study were 95 mothers who delivered their babies in hospital from September 989 to May 1990 : 45 gave birth by vaginal delivery, and 50 by cesarean section. Data were gathered through direct interviews by the investigators, and questions were focused on five areas i.e. mothers' feelings about delivery and their babies, their feelings about of having more children, the most difficult aspect about this labor and delivery, and what they thought the differences were between vaginal delivery and cesarean section. After interview, mothers' answers were summarized, and classified according to the degree of positive or negative attitude. To ascertain the difference in meaning of labor pains and reaction to delivery experience between mothers delivered vaginally and by cesarean section a Median test was done using an SAS. Results were as follows. 1. More mothers who had delivered vaginally realized that they “have became a mother” than those who had a cesarean section(X$^2$=8.409, df=3, p=0.038). 2. Immediate reaction to their delivery experience was more positive for mothers who had a cesarean section. 3. These Korean mothers expressed preference for vaginal delivery. Suggestions for further research on the meaning for mothers of their experience of labor, and on the meaning of pain for mothers who have a cesarean section were made.

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Meaning in Life Among the Elderly (노인의 생애의 의미에 대한 연구)

  • ;Patricia M. Burbank
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.259-271
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    • 2000
  • This study was attempted to explore meaning in life and it's relationship to problematic life events, health status and depression among older people. 198samples of elderly were over the age 60 (mean age=70.06) conveniently selected in Seoul, Korea. The data were collected through questionaires by interview with subjects from April, 1, 1999 to May 30, 1999. The research instuments were the main framework in the experiment. They involved meaning fulfillment and problematic life events which were developed by Burbank (1988) and short form geriatric depression scale(Sheikh & Yesavage, 1986). The data were analysed by SAS Program. The results are followed; 1. 172 lists were given out and had objects that would bring meaning to one's life. They were categrized as wishing for offsprings' prosperity, their relation with their grand-children, marriage of their offspring, health of family members, strong family ties, caring for the family, relation with husband, health for self, religious activity, helping others, individual hobbies, needs for growth such as writing, education, relationships with friends and personal achievements. In the end, 50% of total list dealt with in the relationship with their family members. 2. The mean fulfillment of the subjects was 38.31(SD=13.58) with a range of 12-60. The degree fulfillment varied according to the subjects' characteristics such as age group(F=4.44, 0P=.0008), education status (F=6.44, P=.0001), economic status (F=10.27, P=.0001), marrital status (F=9.12, P=.0002) and religious background (F=3.68, P=.006). 3. According to the pearson correlation, analysis significant variables were found between meaning fulfillment and health(r=.47, P=.0001), depression and the number of problematic life events for a life time (r=.147, P=.04), the stress score of problamatic life events for the past one year and the stress score of problematic life events for a life time was r=.43, P=.002, meaning fulfillment and the stress score of problamatic life events r=-.26, P=.04, depression and meaning fulfillment r=-.70, P=.0001 and depression and health r=-.521, P=.0001. 4. According to multiful regression analysis, depression was found as a most predictable variable for health(F=12.51, P=.001).

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전통적 교구에 숨어있는 수의 재해석

  • 고상숙
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.27-44
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    • 2003
  • The article is to understand the meaning of numbers on the cuboctahedron which was used in the United Shilla and to find the way to apply it into our current school curriculum. We want to reinterpret the meaning of tile numbers on this cuboctahedron. Also, we introduce this meaning to Symbols and Expressions in the 7th-grade math and expand it to Operations of Polynomials.

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Factors Influencing the Meaning of Life for Middle-aged Women (중년여성의 삶의 의미와 영향요인)

  • Park, Geum-Ja
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.232-243
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to examine factors influencing the meaning of life for middle-aged women. The subjects for the study were 190 middle-aged women who live in Busan. Data were collected from May 25 to June 20, 1999. The instruments for this study were as follows : the meaning of life scale developed by Jung D. R(1978) ; the self-esteem scale developed by Ro, E. Y, Kwon, J. H.(1997) ; the volunteer activity scale developed by Park G. J.(1999), the marital satisfaction scale developed by Choi G. Y.(1999) ; and the health status scale developed by Kim S. Y. (1991). SPSS PC+ was utilized for data analysis. Data were analysed according to frequency and percentage, mean and standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Sheffe' s test and Pearson' s correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression. The reliability of the tools was tested by Cronbach's $\alpha$ : and it showed reliability scores of 0.88(for the meaning of life tool), 0.81(for the self-esteem tool), 0.94(for the marital satisfaction tool) and 0.78(for the health status tool). The results were as follows: 1) The scores showed that middle-aged women had a moderate level of meaning of life, with a mean of 30.31 and standard deviation of 6.24 (with values ranging from 12.00 to 48.00). The scores showed that middle-aged women had a moderate levels of self-esteem, with a mean of 28.92 and standard deviation of 4.67 (with values ranging from 10.00 to 40.00). The scores showed that middle-aged women had a very low level of volunteer activity, with a mean of 0.87 and standard deviation of 0.93(with values ranging from 0.00 to 1.00). The scores showed that middle-aged women had a moderate level of satisfaction in their marriages, with a mean of 31.99 and standard deviation of 7.84(with values ranging from 12.00 to 48.00). The scores showed that middle-aged women had a moderate level of health status, with a mean of 6.63 and standard deviation of 1.57(with values ranging from 3.00 to 9.00). 2) There was a statistically significant difference of the meaning of life of middle-aged women according to their religion(F=8.930, p=.000), christian ($31.94{\pm}5.96$) had more meaning th life than buddhists ($28.40{\pm}6.23$). 3) There was a statistically significant correlations between the subject' s self-esteem and the her meaning of life(r=0.477, p=0.000), the subject' s level of volunteer activity and meaning of life(r=.428, p=.000), her level of marital satisfaction and meaning of life(r=.417, p=.000), and her level of health status and meaning of life(r=.261, p=.000) among these middle-aged women. 4) Self- esteem was the highest factor influencing the level of meaning of life in middle-aged women. 40.0% of the total variance of levels of meaning of life by was dependent on self-esteem, volunteer activity, marital satisfaction and health status. In conclusion, the higher the self-esteem and levels of volunteer activity, marital satisfaction, and health status of middle-aged women, the higher the meaning of life for them. Therefore, it is necessary to elevate levels of the self-esteem and volunteer activity, marital satisfaction and health status in order to help middle-aged women have more meaning of life.

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Pre-service Teachers' Observational Experience From Post-modernsist Perspective (포스트 모더니즘적 관점에서 살펴본 예비교사의 관찰 실습경험)

  • Ahn, Hyo-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.197-211
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    • 2012
  • This purpose of this study was to explore the meaning and significance of experiences encountered by preservice teachers' during their observational practicum at day care centers. This study involved one cohort of 32 junior students who were majoring in early childhood education at a 4-year university. Data was analyzed using qualitative research methodology. The findings were as follows: 1) the meaning and significance of students'experiences related to observing children was to develop a trusting relationship with children and a cooperative relationship with teachers in an unfamiliar context. 2) the meaning and significance of students'experiences in observing children was to understand the children and their circumstance. 3) the meaning and significance of students'experience in observing children was to understand the importance of listening in child-teacher spoken interaction.

An Educational Consideration on the Condition that Four Points lie on a Circle (네 점이 한 원 위에 있을 조건에 관한 교육적 고찰)

  • Kang, Jeonggi
    • The Mathematical Education
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    • v.55 no.2
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    • pp.233-249
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    • 2016
  • In this study, we extracted the background meaning of the condition that four points lie on a circle, analyzed textbooks critically and proposed the orientation to improve the content in the textbook. As results, the condition has a realistic background meaning which is 'mathematical modeling of finding a fair location'. The condition has a mathematical background meanings which are 'a first complex situation distinguished from two points and three points', 'the condition described in the perspective of side and angle in order to overcome the disadvantages of the perpendicular bisectors context' and 'being possible to transfer more than five points'. However it is difficult to understand the reason why the condition is on four points in the current textbook. In addition, it is difficult to recognize the connectivity of a circumcenter of triangle. To overcome these problems, we proposed five orientations to improve the content in the textbook.

A Study of the ambiguity of coordinations in English (영어 등위구조의 중의성 연구)

  • Park, Chan-Kyu
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.173-192
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this paper is to analyze the semantic ambiguity of coordination connected by 'and' in English and show a clear explanation for the meaning of the sentence. Two sentences which are connected by 'and' can be divided into the symmetric conjunction and the asymmetric conjunction according to its meaning. Especially, in order to explain the different meaning in the asymmetric conjunctions, we introduce the theory of presupposition and entailment, which provides the solution to the ambiguity in meaning. It can be said that presupposition and entailment can logically explain the meaning of natural language.

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The Meaning of Breastfeeding in Korean Mothers

  • Kim, Shin-Jeong;Jeong, Geum-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.1042-1048
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    • 1999
  • The Purpose of this study was to explore the meaning of breastfeeding using a phenomenological research methodology The sample consisted of 9 primiparous mothers who had breastfed their babies at least for 3 consecutive months. Data were collected from January 10 to February 28, 1998 through interviewing. The research question was “What was the meaning of breastfeeding to breastfeeding mothers\ulcorner” Responses to non-structured open-ended question was audio-recorded during the interview. Data were analyzed using the phenomenological method of Colazzi. From the protocols, significant statements about meaning of breastfeeding were clustered into 8 themes. Mothers perceived meaning of breastfeeding as feeling of unification through tie, expression of love, gift, nutritional supplement, duty as a mother, nurturing. mystery, and identity. From the results of this study, breastfeeding mothers perceived breastfeeding positively, so nurses need to encourage mothers to breastfeed her baby and develop program which can promote successful breastfeeding.

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