• Title, Summary, Keyword: maximum ground acceleration

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Scaling of design earthquake ground motions for tall buildings based on drift and input energy demands

  • Takewaki, I.;Tsujimoto, H.
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.171-187
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    • 2011
  • Rational scaling of design earthquake ground motions for tall buildings is essential for safer, risk-based design of tall buildings. This paper provides the structural designers with an insight for more rational scaling based on drift and input energy demands. Since a resonant sinusoidal motion can be an approximate critical excitation to elastic and inelastic structures under the constraint of acceleration or velocity power, a resonant sinusoidal motion with variable period and duration is used as an input wave of the near-field and far-field ground motions. This enables one to understand clearly the relation of the intensity normalization index of ground motion (maximum acceleration, maximum velocity, acceleration power, velocity power) with the response performance (peak interstory drift, total input energy). It is proved that, when the maximum ground velocity is adopted as the normalization index, the maximum interstory drift exhibits a stable property irrespective of the number of stories. It is further shown that, when the velocity power is adopted as the normalization index, the total input energy exhibits a stable property irrespective of the number of stories. It is finally concluded that the former property on peak drift can hold for the practical design response spectrum-compatible ground motions.

Dynamic Analysis of Ground Motion During Earthquake in the Bangkok Area (지진시 방콕지역의 지반운동에 대한 동력학적 연구)

  • 김상환
    • Geotechnical Engineering
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.13-20
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    • 1985
  • In this paper, earthquake response of the Bangkok area in Thailand was analyzed in terms of the acceleration response spectrum and maximum acceleration of the computed surface motions. The program SHAKE was employed to analyse the ground motion. With increasing the maximum acceleration and predominant period of given base rock motion, the computed maximum ground surface acceleration increases. but converges on a maximum value of about 0.39. The characteristics of earthquake response spectrum in the Bangkok area are also discussed and illustrated.

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Site specific ground motion simulation and seismic response analysis for microzonation of Kolkata

  • Roy, Narayan;Sahu, R.B.
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2012
  • The spatial variation of ground motion in Kolkata Metropolitan District (KMD) has been estimated by generating synthetic ground motion considering the point source model coupled with site response analysis. The most vulnerable source was identified from regional seismotectonic map for an area of about 350 km radius around Kolkata. The rock level acceleration time histories at 121 borehole locations in Kolkata for the vulnerable source, Eocene Hinge Zone, due to maximum credible earthquake (MCE) moment magnitude 6.2 were generated by synthetic ground motion model. Soil investigation data of 121 boreholes were collected from the report of Soil Data Bank Project, Jadavpur University, Kolkata. Surface level ground motion parameters were determined using SHAKE2000 software. The results are presented in the form of peak ground acceleration (PGA) at rock level and ground surface, amplification factor, and the response spectra at the ground surface for frequency 1.5 Hz, 3 Hz, 5 Hz and 10 Hz and 5% damping ratio. Site response study shows higher PGA in comparison with rock level acceleration. Maximum amplification in some portion in KMD area is found to be as high as 3.0 times compared to rock level.

Ductility inverse-mapping method for SDOF systems including passive dampers for varying input level of ground motion

  • Kim, Hyeong-Gook;Yoshitomi, Shinta;Tsuji, Masaaki;Takewaki, Izuru
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.59-81
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    • 2012
  • A ductility inverse-mapping method for SDOF systems including passive dampers is proposed which enables one to find the maximum acceleration of ground motion for the prescribed maximum response deformation. In the conventional capacity spectrum method, the maximum response deformation is computed through iterative procedures for the prescribed maximum acceleration of ground motion. This is because the equivalent linear model for response evaluation is described in terms of unknown maximum deformation. While successive calculations are needed, no numerically unstable iterative procedure is required in the proposed method. This ductility inverse-mapping method is applied to an SDOF model of bilinear hysteresis. The SDOF models without and with passive dampers (viscous, viscoelastic and hysteretic dampers) are taken into account to investigate the effectiveness of passive dampers for seismic retrofitting of building structures. Since the maximum response deformation is the principal parameter and specified sequentially, the proposed ductility inverse-mapping method is suitable for the implementation of the performance-based design.

Mobility and Agility of Multi-legged Walking Robot System (다족 보행 로봇 시스템의 이동성 및 민첩성)

  • Shim, Hyung-Won;Lee, Ji-Hong
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.1146-1154
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    • 2008
  • This paper presents a method for the acceleration analysis of multi-legged walking robots in consideration of the frictional ground contact. This method is based on both unified dynamic equation for finding the acceleration of a robot's body and constraint equation for satisfying no-slip condition. After the dynamic equation representing relationship between actuator torques and body acceleration, is derived from the force and acceleration relationship between foot and body's gravity center, the constraint equation is formulated to reconfigure the maximum torque boundaries satisfying no-slip condition from given original actuator torque boundaries. From application of the reconfigured torques to the dynamic equation, interested acceleration boundaries are obtained. The approach based on above two equations, is adapted to the changes of degree-of-freedoms of legs as well as friction of ground. And the method provides the maximum translational and rotational acceleration boundaries of body's center that are achievable in every direction without occurring slipping at the contact points or saturating all actuators. Given the torque limits in infinite normsense, the resultant accelerations are derived as a polytope. From the proposed method, we obtained achievable acceleration boundaries of 4-legged and 6-legged walking robot system successfully.

Study on the Improvement of Response Spectrum Analysis of Pile-supported Wharf with Virtual Fixed Point (가상고정점기법이 적용된 잔교식 구조물의 응답스펙트 럼해석법 개선사항 도출 연구)

  • Yun, Jung Won;Han, Jin Tae
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.311-322
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    • 2018
  • As a method of seismic-design for pile-supported wharves, equivalent static analysis, response spectrum analysis, and time history analysis method are applied. Among them, the response spectrum analysis is widely used to obtain the maximum response of a structure. Because the ground is not modeled in the response spectrum analysis of pile-supported wharves, the amplified input ground acceleration should be calculated by ground classification or seismic response analysis. However, it is difficult to calculate the input ground acceleration through ground classification because the pile-supported wharf is build on inclined ground, the methods to calculate the input ground acceleration proposed in the standards are different. Therefore, in this study, the dynamic centrifuge model tests and the response spectrum analysis were carried out to calculate the appropriate input ground acceleration. The pile moment in response spectrum analysis and the dynamic centrifuge model tests were compared. As a result of comparison, it was shown that the response spectrum analysis results using the amplified acceleration in the ground surface were appropriate.

Probabilistic Analysis of Liquefaction Cyclic Stress Ratio Considering Soil Variability (지반변동성을 고려한 액상화 진동전단응력비의 확률론적 해석)

  • Heo, Joon
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.60 no.2
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    • pp.95-101
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    • 2018
  • The objective of this study is to evaluate the liquefaction cyclic shear stress ratio considering the soil uncertainty. In this study, the probabilistic ground response analysis and the cyclic shear stress ratio analysis for the liquefaction potential evaluation are performed considering the soil variability. The statistical properties of input ground parameters were analyzed to investigate the parameters affecting the seismic response analysis. The Probabilistic analysis was carried out by Monte Carlo Simulation method. The ground response analysis was performed considering the soil variability and the probability distribution characteristics of the ground acceleration. The probability distribution of the peak ground acceleration by seismic characteristics was presented. The differences of liquefaction shear stress ratio results according to soil variability were compared and analyzed. The maximum acceleration of the ground by the deterministic method was analyzed to be overestimation of the ground amplification phenomenon. Also, the shear stress ratio was overestimated.

Seismic microzonation of Kolkata

  • Shiuly, Amit;Sahu, R.B.;Mandal, Saroj
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.125-144
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    • 2015
  • This paper presents the probabilistic seismic microzonation of densely populated Kolkata city, situated on the world's largest delta island with very soft alluvial soil deposit. At first probabilistic seismic hazard analysis of Kolkata city was carried out at bedrock level and then ground motion amplification due to sedimentary deposit was computed using one dimensional (1D) wave propagation analysis SHAKE2000. Different maps like fundamental frequency, amplification at fundamental frequency, peak ground acceleration (PGA), peak ground velocity (PGV), peak ground displacement (PGD), maximum response spectral acceleration at different time period bands are developed for variety of end users, structural and geotechnical engineers, land use planners, emergency managers and awareness of general public. The probabilistically predicted PGA at bedrock level is 0.12 g for 50% exceedance in 50 years and maximum PGA at surface level it varies from 0.095 g to 0.18 g for same probability of exceedance. The scenario of simulated ground motion revealed that Kolkata city is very much prone to damage during earthquake.

A Study on the Dynamic Behavior of Concrete Dam by Shaking Table Tests (진동대 시험을 이용한 콘크리트 댐의 동적거동 특성 연구)

  • Hwang, Seong-chun
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.15 no.7
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    • pp.806-812
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    • 2005
  • This paper adresses the shaking table tests with 1/100 scaled model followed similitude law for OOdam main designing section to understand nonlinear behavior characteristics of concrete dam body by ground motion. As earthquake wave, Hachinohe and El Centre waves were used and acceleration and displacements are measured to analyze behaviors of dam body. For maximum ground acceleration range $(0.3\~0.9 g)$, the results showed linear behavior regardless of maximum 9round acceleration and secured safety of structure. To analyze the behavior of dam after tension cracking, 3 cm-notch was placed at the critical section of over-flowing section. As results of applying Hachinohe wave(0.8 g), Even though tension cracks were formed at over-flowing section by Hachinohe wave(0.8 g), it showed that the dam is stable for supporting upper stream Part of water tank of dam.

Generation of critical and compatible seismic ground acceleration time histories for high-tech facilities

  • Hong, X.J.;Xu, Y.L.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.687-707
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    • 2007
  • High-tech facilities engaged in the production of semiconductors and optical microscopes are extremely expensive, which may require time-domain analysis for seismic resistant design in consideration of the most critical directions of seismic ground motions. This paper presents a framework for generating three-dimensional critical seismic ground acceleration time histories compatible with the response spectra specified in seismic design codes. The most critical directions of seismic ground motions associated with the maximum response of a high-tech facility are first identified. A new numerical method is then proposed to derive the power spectrum density functions of ground accelerations which are compatible with the response spectra specified in seismic design codes in critical directions. The ground acceleration time histories for the high-tech facility along the structural axes are generated by applying the spectral representation method to the power spectrum density function matrix and then multiplied by envelope functions to consider nonstationarity of ground motions. The proposed framework is finally applied to a typical three-story high-tech facility, and the numerical results demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed approach.