• Title, Summary, Keyword: masa

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Effect of Neck Exercise with PNF for Dysphagia and Pain of Neck in Patients with Stroke (PNF를 이용한 경부 운동이 뇌졸중 환자의 연하기능과 경부 통증에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Chang-Heon
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.169-174
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the effect of neck exercises using proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) on dysphagia and neck pain in stroke patients. Methods: This study included 20 patients with stroke who performed the following neck exercises using PNF: flexion, lateral flexion, and rotation. The PNF technique was repeated under the guidance of verbal commands from a physical therapist. The exercise program consisted of 5 times, 30-minute sessions each week for four weeks. The Mann Assessment of Swallowing Ability (MASA) and the visual analogue scale (VAS) were used to evaluate the patients before and after the training. Swallowing ability was evaluated using MASA, and the patients' pain was evaluated using VAS. All data were analyzed using SPSS 21.0. Results: Significant differences were observed for the MASA and VAS in the subjects: MASA was significantly improved (p<0.00) and VAS was significantlyincreased (p<0.00). Conclusion: The neck is a very important part of the body in stroke patients. Neck exercises using PNF are effective for improving dysphagia and decreasing neck pain in patients with stroke. Thus, neck exercises using PNF are very effective for stroke patients, and this approach would be effective in clinical practice.

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Integrating the Mechanisms of Agricultural Reservoir and Paddy Cultivation to the HSPF-MASA-CREAMS-PADDY System (농업용 저수지와 논 경작을 고려한 HSPF-MASA-CREAMS-PADDY 연계 시스템 개발)

  • Lee, Do Gil;Song, Jung-Hun;Ryu, Jeong Hoon;Lee, Jaenam;Choi, Soon-Kun;Kang, Moon Seong
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.60 no.6
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2018
  • The objectives of this study were to develop a system linking hydrologic and water quality models considering the mechanisms of agricultural reservoir and paddy cultivation and to evaluate whether the developed system simulates hydrologic and water quality processes better than a hydrologic model that do not consider the mechanisms. The system consisted of Hydrological Simulation Program-Fortran (HSPF) as a watershed model, Module-based hydrologic Analysis System for Agricultural watersheds (MASA) as reservoir water balance model, and Chemical, Runoff and Erosion from Agricultural Management System-Paddy (CREAMS-PADDY) as a hydrologic and water quality model for paddy fields. This study carried out on the Seolseong-Cheon watershed in Icheon, and the water level and water quality had been monitored for two years at the outlet of the watershed. According to the results of this study, the performance of the simulation using HSPF-MASA-CREAMS-PADDY system was better than others, but they did not show a statistically significant difference. This seemed to be due to the uncertainty of the farming data and the water quality data of the reservoir. Therefore, if accurate input data for the system is obtained, HSPF-MASA-CREAMS-PADDY system could be used to model an agricultural watershed to obtain more realistic results. The results of this study could be utilized to the modeling of agricultural watersheds in Korea where paddy rice cultivation is dominant.

Properties of High Amylose Maize Varieties for Use in Alkaline-Cooked Foods

  • Lee, Jae-Kwon
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.179-184
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    • 2003
  • The use of high amylose maize varieties significantly affected the alkaline-cooking process and characteristics of alkaline-processed food products, such as masa and tortilla chips. High amylose maize varieties had softer endosperm textures with move tightly attached pericarps than normal maize. Masa prepared from high amylose mutant maize was less cohesive than that of normal maize due to insufficient dispersion of amylopectin and excessive retrogradation of starches. Tortilla chips prepared from amylose-extender dull (ae du), amylomaize V, and Ⅶ had slightly increased oil absorption, while tortilla chips from dull (du) and amylose-extender sugary-2 (ae su-2) had oil contents similar to that of control chips. Increased oil absorption of the tortilla chips was due to their increased surface area. Tortilla chips produced from high amylose mutant maize had darker color than control chips, presumably due to the pigmented pericarp tissues, higher levels of reducing sugars, and phenolic compounds present in the kernel.

Utilization of Korean Maizes in Prodction of Alkaline Processed Snack Foods

  • Lee, Jae-Kwon
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.11-16
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    • 1997
  • Alkaline cooking and processing properties of domestic maize were evaluated by comparing to those of imported control maize(Asgrow 404). Domestric maize varieties were hydrated more rapidly and had lower dry matter losses during alkaline cooking than control maize due to softer endosperm texture and incomplete removal of pericarps. Domestic maize varieties produced masas with proper handling properties when nixtamals had 50~52% moisture. However, masas produced from domestic maizes were puffed dur-ing baking and frying process due to the release of more free starch granules in the masa than control masa. Tortilla chips prepared from domestic maizes absorbed more oil during frying and had slightly higher water content with darker color than tortilla chips prepared from control maize. Among the domestic maize hybrids, KS42/Fla2BT113 had more acceptable kernel characteristics of tortilla chips than other varieties.

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A Study on the Cutting of Eucommia ulmoides $O_{LIV.}$ (I) -Effects of the Bed Soil on Rooting- (두중(杜仲) 삽목(揷木)에 관한 연구(硏究)(I) -삽토(揷土)종류가 발근(發根)에 미치는 영향(影響)-)

  • Ko, Young-Ok;Sung, Hwan-Gil
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.59-61
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    • 1976
  • The purpose of the study is to investigate the possibility of cutting of Eucommia ulmoides $O_{LIV}.$ (Eucomiaceae) by using various soils in Korea. Four different kinds of soil, such as sand, red cray, red cray plus sand and Masa soil, were used in the investigation. It was found that total length, number and rate of rooting were most prominent in the cutting cultivated in Masa soil.

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Development of an On-line Consultant Training System for Consulting-Supervision (컨설팅장학을 위한 온라인 컨설턴트 교육 시스템 개발)

  • Hong, Gak-Pyo;Rha, MinJu;Jung, Jae-Hun;Kim, Mihye;Yoo, Kwan-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.7
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    • pp.18-28
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    • 2014
  • With the reformation of organization and function of local office of education in 2010, consulting-supervision is introduced to schools as a system for education reform to improve the quality of school education. However, a dedicated on-line portal system that can provide integrated management on the functionalities of consulting-supervision has not been implemented yet. To successfully operate consulting-supervision in schools, it is also needed to provide an on-line consultant education system, that can support teachers to train themselves as a supervision-consultant. In this paper, we introduce an on-line consultant training system that provides various learning activity tools for consultant training based on Learning Activity Management System(LAMS) and Action Learning. The system consists of Management stage, Analysis stage, Solution stage, and Action stage for the empowerment of consultants' expertises, and is named as MASA. Brain-writing, SWOT(Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threads) analysis, 5Whys, decision grid, PMI(Plus, Minus, Interesting), and black chart techniques were developed in MASA as learning activity tools for consultant training.

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS OF WELDING AUTOMATION AND ROBOTICS IN SHIPBUILDING

  • Jukka, Gustafsson;Mikko, Veikkolainen
    • Proceedings of the KWS Conference
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    • pp.732-736
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    • 2002
  • The introduction of newly developed intelligent and user-friendly robotics has opened a new era in shipbuilding. Together with traditional and low-cost mechanization a record level of welding automation rate has been achieved in the construction of cruise vessels. In the paper modem applications and recent developments of welding automation and robotics in shipbuilding have been described and some forecast for the future trends are given. Development in the field of shipyards will be continued with accelerated speed and we shall have interesting prospects for the near future. New laser techniques can boost the shipyards in a revolutional way when production is rapidly changing, materials will be lighter and quality demands are becoming more strict.

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A Study on a Bycatch of the Gape Net in Jindo Area of Jeollanam-do (전남 진도지역 낭장망 어업에 있어서 혼획 연구)

  • Kim, Seong-Hun;Park, Chang-Doo;Park, Seong-Wook
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.137-145
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    • 2012
  • In order to survey the conditions of bycatch and discards for a gape net, a series of filed surveys was carried out total 10 surveys on two gape nets operated in the coastal area of Jindo during July to November 2008. The all catches in each survey were measured the body length, weight after sorted species. The analysis of catch data was conducted to separate 'first operation' and 'general operation'. In this study, the first operation defined as hauling the fishing gears that soaked over 10 hours because of setting on the previous day. The general operation means the haul of fishing gears conducted at intervals of one of or two hours after first operation. The bycatch in this study is defined as the other species except for anchovy, and bycatch rate refers to the proportion of bycatch to total catch. From the survey results, the average bycatch rates on first operations were 50% and 51% for Masa-ri and Supum-ri areas in Jindo, respectively. Also, the average bycatch rates on general operation were 2% and 3% for Masa-ri and Supum-ri areas in Jindo, respectively. The proportion of anchovy to total catch caught represented 75.5%. It needs the research on the selective fishing technology to reduce the bycatch on the gape net fishery.

ISOMORPHISMS OF A(3) ∞(i,k)

  • Jo, Young-Soo;Kang, Joo-Ho;Cho, Kyu-Min
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.233-241
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    • 1996
  • The study of non-self-adjoint operator algebras on Hilbert space was only beginned by W.B. Arveson[1] in 1974. Recently, such algebras have been found to be of use in physics, in electrical engineering, and in general systems theory. Of particular interest to mathematicians are reflexive algebras with commutative lattices of invariant subspaces.

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