• Title, Summary, Keyword: marriage-based immigrant women

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The Case Study on Marriage Immigrant Women' Child Birth Intention (결혼 이민자 여성의 자녀 출산 의향에 관한 사례 연구)

  • Cho, Yoon Joo
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.631-643
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    • 2015
  • In that marriage immigrant women' birth rate are higher than those of Korea women, they were selected to suggest pronatalism in Korea. The purpose of this study is to explore the child birth intention of marriage immigrant women. One of qualitative study, case study was used in methodology. Participants were 10 marriage immigrant women, depth interview were conducted. The major results were categorized facilitators and inhibitors. Facilitators were 'number of origin family members', 'absence or weakness of family planning', 'successful experience of the first child birth', 'no difficulty in childbearing', 'recommendation of mother-in-law', 'child' positive effect in Korea life adjustment'. Inhibitors were 'insufficient economic condition', 'husband' old age and the opposite of mother-in-law', 'dissatisfaction with marriage life', 'lack of government' support'. Based on this results, practical implications and interventions were suggested.

The Structure and Pathway in which Perceived Social Support, Coping Strategy and Acculturative Attitude of Marriage-based Immigrant Women influences Acculturative Stress (결혼이주여성의 지각된 사회적지지, 대처전략, 문화적응태도가 문화적응스트레스에 영향을 미치는 구조와 경로)

  • Han, Suk-Woo;Kim, Ji-Woon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.10
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    • pp.55-63
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    • 2018
  • This study was intended to identify path structures through pathway analysis with an emphasis on the cognitive elements that influence the acculturative stress of marriage-based immigrant women. The results of the study were designed to establish a foundation for practical measures and policies to support marriage-based immigrant women to adjust their lives in the culture. This study has established research model on the path structure according to the psychological stress theory as to how social support, coping strategy, and acculturative attitude recognized as a cognitive element of marriage-based immigrant women on the acculturative stress and implement practical verification. In addition, control variables for the use of ages, education level, period of marriage, and income level of socio-demographic variables were analyzed. To obtain data for the study, convenience sampling and snowball sampling of marriage-based immigrant women that resided in the area of C and J were conducted simultaneously through surveys and applied to the analysis of 204 cases. Analysis of the path structure of influence of social support, coping strategies, and acculturative attitudes that were perceived as a cognitive element of marriage-based immigrant women influencing acculturative stress revealed that these factors were specifically weighted towards acculturative. Moreover, comprehensive acculturative attitude was identified as a crucial variable reducing the effects of acculturative stress during the acculturative procedures of marriage-based immigrant women. This assumes that establishing and performing policies supporting co-existence of homeland cultures of marriage-based immigrant women and Korean cultures might be an efficient action for dealing with acculturative stress rather than forcing them to adjust to Korean culture.

Influence of Self-Differentiation and Acculturation on Marriage Satisfaction Among Immigrant Women by Residential Area (거주지역에 따른 결혼이민자 여성의 자아분화 및 문화적응이 결혼만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Young-Boon;Lee, Yu-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.145-157
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    • 2010
  • This is a study that explores the influence of self-differentiation and acculturation among married immigrant women on their feelings of marriage satisfaction by residential area. The aim was to verify the level of self-differentiation and acculturation that married immigrant women secure from multicultural marriage. To achieve this objective, the study widely distributed a questionnaire that targeted women who were participating in education and other services at health and family support centers, multi-cultural family support centers, general social welfare centers, immigrant women shelters, and Korean language classrooms which are located in Seoul, Gyeonggi, Chungcheong, Jeolla, and Gyeongsang. Data analysis involved frequency analysis, descriptive statistics, one-way-Anova, and multiple regression analysis. Based on the results of descriptive statistics, two factors, namely, (1)interpersonal-relation differentiation, a sub-scale of self-differentiation, and (2)marginalization, a sub-scale of acculturation, had the lowest average. In verifying its various hypotheses, the study achieved the following results. Firstly, among demographic characteristics, there was difference of the mean in the marriage period, average monthly income, the frequency of meetings with the married woman´s parents-in-law and her own parents, and the average cost of supporting the woman's parents-in-law and her own parents. Secondly, among demographic characteristics, the variable of influencing marriage satisfaction showed negative influence in the case of women dwelling in farming and fishing villages. This shows that women residing in cities whether small, medium or large have higher marriage satisfaction. Also, as a result of verifying whether self-differentiation has influence on marriage satisfaction, the element of interpersonal-relations differentiation had a negative influence on marriage satisfaction. Thirdly, as for influence of acculturation upon marriage satisfaction, the study showed that just integration, which is a sub-scale of acculturation had positive effect on marriage satisfaction. In other words, the study showed that the interpersonal-relation differentiation among the sub-scales of self-differentiation among married immigrant women had a negative influence, and that integration among the sub-scales in acculturation had a positive influence on marriage satisfaction. Based on these results, in order to increase interpersonal-relation differentiation, as well as marriage satisfaction among immigrant women, the study suggests the integration of the women's families with the nuclear and extended families in the communities where the women reside.

Grounded Theory Study on the Social Enterprises Work Experience of Marriage Immigrant Women (결혼이주여성의 사회적기업 근무경험에 관한 근거이론연구)

  • Lee, Hyun Ju
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.68 no.4
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    • pp.25-51
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the social enterprises work experience of marriage immigrant women. In-depth interviews with 10marriage immigrant women who were work at social enterprises in 'C' city were performed and analyzed by grounded theory method to configured 113 concepts and classified into 28 sub-categories 13 categories. The Central phenomenon was 'The resurgence of existence'and the Core category was 'Through the encounters of the institutional opportunities of social enterprise, experiencing a resurgence of existence and extending their presence as a Korean'. Also, Work experience of immigrant women working in social enterprises has been classified as a piggyback type, self-expandable type, co-prosperity type and situational model was presented. Based on the result, practical and policy proposal for marriage immigrant women's social enterprise employment were suggested.

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The Effects of Social Support of Married Immigrant Women on Marriage Satisfaction : Focusing on the Mediating Effect of Self-Efficacy (결혼이주여성의 사회적 지지가 결혼만족도에 미치는 영향 : 자기효능감의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Park, Hyun-Sik;Choi, Mi-Young;Rhee, Ok-Jin
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.61-74
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to verify the mediating effect of self-efficacy in relation to marriage satisfaction and the social support of immigrant women. The research data for the analysis were collected from those who using multi-cultural family support centers in Siheung of Gyeonggi-do and Ansan from September 30 to October 21, 2017, and a total of 223 people were used in the final analysis. The analysis methods examined the characteristics of the subjects through frequency analysis and technical statistics, and a hierarchical regression analysis was performed to verify the effectiveness of mediator effects. The statistical program used SPSS 22.0. The analysis showed that social support and self-efficacy of married immigrant women had a significant impact on marital satisfaction. In addition, self - efficacy had a partial mediating effect on the relationship between the social support of married immigrant women and marital satisfaction. Based on these results, we discussed practical implications for social support and self-efficacy to improve marriage satisfaction of married immigrant women.

The Effects of Korean Ability and Self-Esteem on Acculturative Stress of Marriage-Based Immigrant Women: Focused on Vietnamese, Filipino, and Chinese Women in Daegu (한국어 능력, 자아존중감이 결혼이주여성의 문화적응스트레스에 미치는 영향: 대구지역 베트남, 필리핀, 중국여성을 중심으로)

  • Kwon, Bok-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.61 no.2
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    • pp.5-32
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    • 2009
  • This study investigates the effect of self-esteem and Korean ability on acculturative stress of marriage-based immigrant Asian women in Korea. It also attempts to find out whether self-esteem has any mediating effect between Korean ability and acculturative stress. By using purposive sampling method, 280 samples were collected among Vietnamese, Filipino, and Chinese women in Daegu from Oct. 12th to Nov. 3rd, 2008. The results are as follows: The higher the score of self-esteem and that of Korean ability is, the lower the score of acculturative stress is respectively. It is proved that self-esteem has mediating effect between Korean ability and acculturative stress. Therefore it is emphasized that programs which can improve self-esteem should be provided to marriage-based immigrant women, especially to those who do not have sufficient Korean ability. Sending money to home country shows both direct and indirect effects and subjective economic evaluation shows direct effects on acculturative stress score. For the purpose of the study acculturative stress scale has been modified based on Sandhu and Asrabadi(1994), which turns out to be useful to measure acculturative stress of marriage-based immigrant Asian women in Korea because it reflects their life circumstances quite well. Some practical implications of social work are suggested through discussion.

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An Exploratory Study on Dispute Resolution Pattern of Vietnamese and Cambodian Marriage Immigrant Women in Multi-Cultural Family (다문화가족 결혼이주여성의 분쟁해결방식에 대한 탐색적 연구: 베트남·캄보디아 출신여성을 중심으로)

  • Chung, Yongkyun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.127-138
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    • 2020
  • This study examines dispute resolution patterns which Vietnamese and Cambodian marriage-immigrant women have utilized in their lives of South Korea. We implement two independent studies using quantitative and qualitative study based on interview method. Our findings show that first, most of marriage immigrant women from Vietnam and Cambodia adopt conflict avoidance method to resolve their disputes. Second, most of respondents tend to consult with people from mother countries in dispute resolution. Third, multi-cultural family support center may play an important role for consulting disputes of cross-border marriage women.

A Study about Factors Influencing the Social Isolation Experienced by Marriage Immigrant Women (결혼이주여성의 사회적 고립감에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Jeong, Hye-Won
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.9
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    • pp.589-603
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this research is to 'know what causes the social isolation felt by marriage immigrant women'. Thus, a total of 253 cases of marriage immigrant women who use Multi-cultural Family Support Center in D city have been analyzed. The findings reveal that the factors influencing the sense of isolation in the social environment, experienced by immigrant women married to Koreans are: social support, family relationships, self-esteem, household income and economic activity. In other words, their strong sense of isolation from society will be lessened when they get more social support, are happy with their family relationships, have their improved self-esteem, earn higher household incomes and don't take part in undesirable economic activities. Based on the research results, this study makes suggestions, on both a political and practical level, to solve the above problem of social isolation faced by marriage immigrant women through their financial stability, desirable economic activities, healthy family relationships, the enhancement of self-esteem and the provision of generous social support for them.

A Qualitative Study of the Adaptation Process of Dietary Education Program for Marriage Immigrant Women using the Normalization Process Theory (일상화 과정 이론에 근거한 결혼이주여성 대상 식생활 교육 프로그램 일상화 과정에 대한 질적 연구)

  • Kim, In Seon;Hwang, Ji-Yun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.325-333
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    • 2019
  • This study was a qualitative investigation of the process of adaptation of nutrition education programs by marriage immigrant women who completed education programs for training of food citizen leaders. Focus group interviews of seven marriage immigrant women from Vietnam, China, Mongolia and Russia were conducted and analyzed based on the Normalization Process Theory (NPT). Participants were aware of the purpose of the education program (coherence) and their confidence in organizing and reconstructing the knowledge of nutrition was increased after education (reflexive monitoring). However, they had difficulties attending long-term education programs (cognitive participation) and overcoming language barriers (collective action). Although the program was beneficial for the participants in that they could apply acquired nutrition knowledge to their everyday life as food citizen leaders, the continuous monitoring and feed-back system (management), customized application, and consideration of personal and social factors need to be developed and facilitated. In addition, various programs targeting marriage immigrant women may increase economic independence of these women. The NPT proved beneficial in conceptualizing the barriers and facilitators to implementing nutrition education. The successful implementation of nutrition intervention needs special support to overcome barriers to cognitive participation and collective action.

Comparative Analysis of Residential Demand of Multi-culture Families by Their Nationality - with a Focus on Immigrants by Marriage from China, Vietnam and Cambodia Living in Jeonju-si - (다문화가정의 국적별 주거요구 비교분석 - 전주시 중국, 베트남, 캄보디아 결혼이주여성을 중심으로 -)

  • Li, Hong-Cheng;Lee, Yeun-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2013
  • Recently international marriage has been increasing steadfastly in Korea and its diversity of nationality has been expanding also. Korean government and academic circles are actively studying on such trends in population to find out proper measures to cope with such social changes. But their studies on improving the residential environment that is the base of the essential three factors of life, clothing, food and housing are not sufficient enough. Therefore it is necessary to study in depth and diversity about the residential environments of multi-culture families that are the base of their life. It is necessary to comparatively study the residential status and demands of these immigrants by marriage. The purpose of this study is to comparatively study the residential status and demand of immigrant women by marriage according to their nationalities. The objects of this study are the immigrant women by marriage from China, Vietnam and Cambodia who take the high portion of immigrant women in Jeonju-si and survey was used as study method. The result of this study revealed that the general characteristics, residential status and demands of immigrant women showed certain differences and the direction of residential plans for them in future based on these differences was proposed. This study is meaningful as basic information to improve the residential conditions of the multi-culture families in order to enhance their quality of life in preparation for the coming society of multi-culture.