• Title, Summary, Keyword: manufacturing industry

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Accident Characteristics and Safety Management Policy in the Small Manufacturing Industry (중소 제조업의 재해 특성 및 안전관리 정책에 관한 연구)

  • Jeong, Byung-Yong;Shin, Yun-Bong
    • IE interfaces
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.595-601
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    • 1999
  • Accident analyses are used to identify common factors contributing to occupational accidents and to give recommendations for accident prevention. This study concerns with the accident characteristics and safety management in the small manufacturing industry. To investigate the accident characteristics, we used workers' compensation reports and employers' accident analysis reports. Two hundred and thirty injury accidents which results in more than 4 days absence were surveyed from the manufacturing companies with under 100 employees. The actual safety problems experienced today in the small manufacturing were also examined by interview method with safety engineers. We propose the safety management programs based on the accident characteristics and the actual safety problems. These results can be used to develop more effective occupational safety and health management policies in the small manufacturing industry.

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Analysis of the Industrial Linkage between Manufacturing and Service Industries and Its Implications: Comparison of Seoul and Busan (지역별 제조업과 서비스업의 상호 연관성 분석과 시사점: 서울과 부산의 비교)

  • Yun, Kapsik
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.77-89
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this paper is to analyze the industrial linkage between manufacturing and service industries in Seoul and Busan. In this paper, the industrial linkage between the manufacturing and the service industry is analyzed through input-output coefficient and production inducement coefficient. The results are as follows. First, the linkage of the service industry to the manufacturing in Seoul was higher than that of Busan. Second, Busan had a low input proportion of the service industry supplied by its own area to the manufacturing, so that the effect of the growth of Busan manufacturing on the regional economy is limited. Third, the linkage of manufacturing to service industry in Busan was found to be higher than that of Seoul. Finally, policy directions for improving the industrial linkage between manufacturing and service industries were suggested based on the results.

The study of the relationship of the defense industry-specific factors effect the innovation of manufacturing technology and the market share. (방위산업의 시장구조 결정요인이 기술혁신과 시장지배에 미치는 영향)

  • Chung, Young-Hyun
    • The Journal of Military Studies
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    • pp.241-280
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    • 2007
  • This study examines the relationship of the industry-specific factors that effect innovation of manufacturing technology and the market share within the defense industry. Since the establishment of the basic defense industry framework in 1973, there were numerous interactions of the industry-specific factors of the defense industry structure with the technological innovation and market organization of the defense industry. During last three decades, the domestic defense industry has achieved the considerable level but the framework of the basic system has not developed much in areas of the military science and the defense manufacturing technology. Industry-specific factors were formed in the process and appeared in a variety of behavioral characteristics as subsystems. Currently, there IS a growing trend where the management of defense industry is gradually deteriorating due to limitation of the domestic industry-specific factor (e.g. defense technologies, amount of demand, etc.). If there is a prominent imbalance of the industry-specific factors. it can trigger the potential problem of conflict, lack of cooperation and control, slowing the growth of the manufacturing technology thereby diminishing the market and deteriorating the defense supply/demand relationship. In a research conducted by Joe S. Bain, Bain analyzed the relationship of the traditional industrial organization where industry-specific factor(S) not only impacts the conductor(C). And, conductor(C) influences the shaping of the performance(P) of relationship of the traditional industrial organization. Consequently, the researcher has identified the demand monopoly, barriers to entry, and market competition with comparison of defense industry issues. These defense issues were three industry-specific factors identified, which are 1) The demand monopoly and The entry barriers to new market competition, 2) the industrial technical factor to a production technical competitiveness and a market sharing competitiveness, 3) the probability factor to revolution for military affairs(RMA) and a R&D production. According to baseline with these factors, the following research model is established from the special companies group(Group A), the systematization companies group(Group B), and the general companies group(Group 0. The hypothesis is that if there are more industry-specific factors, then there will be more relationships of defense industry relation statutes. This research is an empirical study on the relationship that the industry specific factors effects the innovation of manufacturing technology and the shaping of the market in the defense industry. Moreover, the existing models to evaluate the industry specific factors of the defense industry IS much to be desired with the controlled statistical analysis of the result. It is vital to study on current situation with suggesting alternative strategy to the efficient strategy. The descriptive analysis approach analysis is conducted with SPSSWIN to conduct reliability test, factor analysis, correlation analysis, cross-tabulation analysis, one-way ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis. However, there were some limitations of the survey such as the rigidity of concept about the technical factors and various market management factors. The wishes is that the decision-maker could be utilized these defence industrial factors to formulate efficient defence policy and strategy in the future.

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Design of Manufacturing Data Analysis System using Data Mining Techniques (데이터마이닝 기법을 이용한 생산데이터 분석시스템 설계)

  • Lee H.W.;Lee G.A.;Choi S.;Park H.K.;Bae S.M.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.611-612
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    • 2006
  • Many data mining techniques have been proved useful in revealing important patterns from large data sets. Especially, data mining techniques play an important role in a customer data analysis in a financial industry and an electronic commerce. Also, there are many data mining related research papers in a semiconductor industry and an automotive industry. In addition, data mining techniques are applied to the bioinformatics area. To satisfy customers' various requirements, each industry should develop new processes with more accurate production criteria. Also, they spend more money to guarantee their products' quality. In this manner, we apply data mining techniques to the production-related data such as a test data, a field claim data, and POP (point of production) data in the automotive parts industry. Data collection and transformation techniques should be applied to enhance the analysis results. Also, we classify various types of manufacturing processes and proposed an analysis scheme according to the type of manufacturing process. As a result, we could find inter- or intra-process relationships and critical features to monitor the current status of the each process. Finally, it helps an industry to raise their profit and reduce their failure cost.

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The Shift to the Service Economy and the Characteristic of the Structural Change since Financial Crisis in Korea -Focused on the Analysis of Manufacturing and Service Industry using Productivity Decomposition Methodology and International Comparison- (외환위기 이후 한국경제의 서비스화와 구조변화의 특징 - 생산성 분해를 통한 제조업과 서비스업 업종별 분석과 국제비교를 중심으로 -)

  • Ban, Ga Woon
    • Journal of Labour Economics
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.85-107
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    • 2010
  • In this article, since the financial crisis, Korean employment movement to service market, productivity gap between manufacturing and service industry was significant compared with other countries. The results from productivity decomposition show that negative structural changes, which employment increase is contrary to the productivity, have been intensified since the financial crisis. It is caused from a different developing pattern. While the proportion of employment was reduced, productivity has improved in manufacturing industry. While the developing was due to the high increase of the employment proportion in service industry, productivity was not improved significantly. This tendency is clearly revealed in international comparisons. In Korea the negative trend of structural changes in service industry are intensified compared to manufacturing industry after the financial crisis.

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An Exploratory Study on the Difference between Recognition and Planning of Green Business/IT:Focus on Korean Manufacturing Industry (그린 비즈니스/IT도입시 인식에 따른 실행계획 차이에 대한 탐색적 연구:한국 제조기업을 중심으로)

  • Hwang, Young Hwan;Kim, Soung Hie;Jo, Hyeon
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.289-305
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    • 2013
  • Recently, Green Business/IT becomes very important for management of company, because there are many new regulations about the environment protection, especially to reduce green house effect. The purpose of this research is to investigate present situation of Korean manufacturing industry about the Introduction of Green Business/IT. For the people who is in charge of the decision whether to Introduce Green Business/IT or not, this paper aim to provide some useful findings. We made a research framework consisting of 5Ps (Philosophy, Partner, Process, Product, Public) from literature review, then we found that almost all of the companies in manufacturing industry prepare for the regulations by introducing and using Green Business/IT concepts. There are some differences between production goods industry and consumer's goods industry. Also we found that there are a lot of relationships with recognition level and planning level. The higher the level of profitability, the lower the level of preparing social responsibility. This means there are two opposite perspectives(profitability, social responsibility). Therefore organizations who are adopting Green Business IT/should strive for harmony of sight.

Developing a Data Model of Product Manufacturing Flow for an IC Packaging WIP System

  • Lin, Long-Chin;Chen, Wen-Chin;Sun, Chin-Huang;Tsai, Chih-Hung
    • The Asian Journal on Quality
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.70-94
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    • 2005
  • The IC packaging industry heavily relies on shop floor information, necessitating the development of a model to flexibly define shop floor information and timely handle manufacturing data. This study presents a novel data model of product manufacturing flow to define shop floor information to effectively respond to accelerated developments in IC package industry. The proposed data model consists of four modules: operation template setup, general process setup, enhanced bill of manufacture (EBOMfr) setup, and work-order process setup. The data model can flexibly define the required shop floor information and decision rules for shop floor product manufacturing flow, allowing one to easily adopt changes of the product and on the shop floor. However, to handle floor dynamics of the IC packaging industry, this work also proposes a WIP (i.e. work-in-process) system for monitoring and controlling the product manufacturing flow on the shop floor. The WIP system integrates the data model with a WIP execution module. Furthermore, an illustrative example, the MIRL WIP System, developed by Mechanical Industrial Research Laboratories of Industrial Technology Research Institute, demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed model.

The Effect of Quality Management on Business Performances in Fundamental Manufacturing Industry (국내 뿌리산업에서 품질경영활동이 경영성과에 미친 영향)

  • Koo, Il Seob;Kim, Tae Sung
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.269-278
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    • 2013
  • Recently, fundamental manufacturing industry such as casting foundry, plasticity, welding etc. is rise to concerned. This study is the analysis of using structural equation method in order to verify the significant activation factor of quality management activities and the effect on business performance in fundamental manufacturing industry. To perform this research, we surveyed CEOs, managers, workers working for manufacturing business. We analysed valid 357 questionnaires that we could use for this research using SPSS 15.0 and AMOS 18.0. The results through this research is following. First, we verified the relationship between organizational supports and employee's participation to quality management activity, we could get the result that positive influence on to interrelation. Second, we analysed that organizational supports had a meaningful effect on not process performance but business performance. Third, we found that employee's participation to quality management activity had a significant to business performance, and process performance had a meaningful effect to business performance.

Design and Implementation of an Ubiquitous Manufacture Execution System based on RFID/USN (RFID/USN 기반의 유비쿼터스 제조실행시스템 설계 및 구현)

  • Jung, Se Hoon;Kim, Kyung Jong;Sim, Chun Bo
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Digital Industry and Information Management
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.21-31
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    • 2010
  • A manufacturing execution system in the process according to automation system of installation management has been growing interest about effective system design and effective system manage. In this paper, we propose an ubiquitous Manufacturing Execution System based on RFID/USN for checkup monitoring and history management of installation in manufacturing execution systems. For this, we design and implement installation history and statistics management system based on RFID grafting RFID for efficient installation equipment history and statistics management of ubiquitous Manufacturing Execution System, and was implemented checkup monitoring system based on USN using temperature sensor, humidity sensor, hydraulic pressure sensor for failure prevention of ubiquitous Manufacturing Execution System. And proposed ubiquitous Manufacturing Execution System is implemented based on JSP for access through Web in real time.

The Role of Communication in Linking IT and Logistics Service (IT와 물류서비스 관계에서 커뮤니케이션의 역할에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Min-Ho
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.301-317
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    • 2008
  • Product-related services in manufacturing industry are different from typical services in service industry. Product-related services ensure proper product functioning, provide additional repurchase, and offer attractive margin Product-related services in manufacturing industry are not core activity but taking supporting roles, while services in typical service industry are core parts. The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of communication in linking IT and product-related logistics service in manufacturing industry. The relationships among IT, communication, logistics service and business performance are explored using a path analysis. The empirical research reveals that higher degree of IT usability leads to increased communication, and in turn, communication affects logistics service, and ultimately business performance. In addition, this study shows communication plays an intermediate role in linking IT to logistics service.