• Title, Summary, Keyword: malignant pleural effusion

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New Prognostic Significance of Malignant Pleural Effusion In Patients with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (비소세포폐암의 예후 결정에 있어 악성 흉수의 새로운 의의)

  • Kim, So-Young;Park, Seong-Hoon;Shin, Jeong-Hyun;Shin, Seong-Nam;Kim, Dong;Lee, Mi-Kung;Lee, Sam-Youn;Choi, Soon-Ho;Kim, Hak-Ryul;Jeong, Eun-Taik;Moon, Sun-Rock;Lee, Kang-Kyu;Yang, Sei-Hoon
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.710-714
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    • 2009
  • Several studies showed that the survival rate of stage IIIB disease with malignant pleural effusion is worse than stage IIIB disease without malignant effusion. But, malignant pleural effusion was considered T4. To analyze changes the survival time for malignant pleural effusion, in the seventh revision of TNM classification for lung cancer. The records of all patients had to have either a histological or cytological diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), who were admitted to Wonkwang university hospital between January 2004 and December 2006 were reviewed retrospectively. We evaluated the survival time of 187 patients with advanced lung cancer with and without malignant pleural effusion. This included the pleural effusion or nodule M1 a (pleural dissemination, currently classified as T4), nodule(s) in the other lung M1 a (contralateral lung nodule, currently classified as M1), nodule(s) with the same lobe as the primary tumor T3 (currently classified as T4), other T4 factors T4 (T4 MO anyN), and extrathoracic sites of disease M1b (distant metastasis, currently classified M1). Among the 187 patients, T4anyNMO was 57 patients in the current TNM classification. In the next edition of the TNM classification, T4MOanyN-T4 (excluding same lobe nodules) was 12 patients, pleural dissemiantion-M1a was 45 patients, contralateral lung nodule(s)-M1a was 7 patients, and metastatic disease-M1b was 55 patients. We compared the survival time for these groups. Survival time was 11 months, 8 months, 11 months, and 4 months. The survival time of malignant pleural effusion was shorter than other T4 factors without pleural effusion. But, there was no remarkable difference in statistics due to small cases (p=0.23). We strongly suggest that malignant pleural effusion in advanced NSCLC will be categorized with metastatic disease.

Treatment of Malignant Effusion with Intracavitary OK-432 Chemical Pleurodesis (악성흡수에 OK-432를 이용한 흉막유착술)

  • 김맹호;이헌재
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.414-419
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    • 1996
  • To determine the efficacy of OK-432 as pleural sclerosant, we examined the outcomes in 81 patients (age : 27 to 82 years) with malignant pleural effusion and the outcomes in 64 patients ecieving OK-432 3-10KE(1 Klinische Einheit unit) through a chest tube for malignant pleural effusions. Of 81 patients with malignant pleural effusion, 40 patients had lung cancer. Lung cancer is the most frequent cause of malignant pleural effusion in men and women, in which 57 oyo of it was adenocarcinoma. Eighty seven percent of patient had respiratory symptom. Of the 64 patients with intracavitary injection of OK-432 for malignant pleural effusion, 59 patients had a complete short-term response (no fluid reaccumulation during 1 month after intracavitary injection of OK-432). Five patiens of the non-responders had partial control of effusion, with improvement in respiratory symptoms and these patients underwent thoracentesis. Of the 51 patients who survived longer than 1 month, 48 patients did not have re- accumulation of the fluid during follow up. Fever after intracavitary injection of OK-432 was a majors side effect although but that was easily controlled with non-steroidal anti inflammatory drug therapy, Thus the efficacy of intracavitary OK-4)2 injection for malignant pleural effusion was very helpful.

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Clinical Evaluation of Pleural Biopsy in the Intrathoracic Lesion with Pleural Effusion (흉막 생검법에 대한 임상적 고찰)

  • 안광수
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.298-302
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    • 1993
  • The 40 patients who admitted with chief complaints of pleural effusion and were performed closed thoracostomy and pleural biopsy at the same time with only one incision during the period from Mar,1990. To Feb. 1992. At the department of Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery; HanYang University were reviewed retrospectively and the results are as follows: 1. The age of patients ranged from 16 to 73-years old [Mean 44.3-years old]. The peak incidence was fifth decade [25 %] and the next was third decades [22.5 %]. 2. 28 patients were male and 12 patients were female with male preponderance[More than 2 times]. 3. The etiologic of pleural effusion were 25 cases of pulmonary tuberculosis[62.5 %], 8 cases of empyema [20 %], and 7 cases of malignant diseases [17.5 %]. 4. The most common chief complaints were dyspnea[21 cases:29.2%], chest discomfort[16 cases:22.2%], and the coughing with sputum [12 cases: 16.7 %]. 5. The duration of symptom were varied from 3 days to lyear [Mean 3.2 weeks]. 6. The amounts of drained pleural effusion after closed thoracostomy were ranged from 100ml to 2,400 ml [Mean 650 ml], but the amounts in case of malignant pleural effusion were varied from 400ml to 1,700ml [Mean 950ml]. 7. The diagnostic rate was 84.6 % with routine examination of tuberculous pleural effusion [Lymphocyte predominance] and the same rate was acquired by pleural biopsy. 8. The diagnostic rate by pleural biopsy in case of malignant pleural effusion was 57.1% and lower than tuberculous pleural effusion. 9. The etiology of malignant pleural effusion were squamous cell carcinoma [3 cases:42.8 %], adenocarcinoma [2 cases:28.6 %] and metasiatic breast cancer [1 case:14.3%].

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Identification of 10 Candidate Biomarkers Distinguishing Tuberculous and Malignant Pleural Fluid by Proteomic Methods

  • Lee, Chang Youl;Hong, Ji Young;Lee, Myung-Goo;Suh, In-Bum
    • Yonsei Medical Journal
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    • v.58 no.6
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    • pp.1144-1151
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: Pleural effusion, an accumulation of fluid in the pleural space, usually occurs in patients when the rate of fluid formation exceeds the rate of fluid removal. The differential diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy and malignant pleural effusion is a difficult task in high tuberculous prevalence areas. The aim of the present study was to identify novel biomarkers for the diagnosis of pleural fluid using proteomics technology. Materials and Methods: We used samples from five patients with transudative pleural effusions for internal standard, five patients with tuberculous pleurisy, and the same numbers of patients having malignant effusions were enrolled in the study. We analyzed the proteins in pleural fluid from patients using a technique that combined two-dimensional liquid-phase electrophoresis and matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight-mass spectrometry. Results: We identified a total of 10 proteins with statistical significance. Among 10 proteins, trasthyretin, haptoglobin, metastasisassociated protein 1, t-complex protein 1, and fibroblast growth factor-binding protein 1 were related with malignant pleural effusions and human ceruloplasmin, lysozyme precursor, gelsolin, clusterin C complement lysis inhibitor, and peroxirexdoxin 3 were expressed several times or more in tuberculous pleural effusions. Conclusion: Highly expressed proteins in malignant pleural effusion were associated with carcinogenesis and cell growth, and proteins associated with tuberculous pleural effusion played a role in the response to inflammation and fibrosis. These findings will aid in the development of novel diagnostic tools for tuberculous pleurisy and malignant pleural effusion of lung cancer.

Diagnostic Value of Adenosine Deaminase(ADA) and its Isoenzyme in Pleural Effusion (흉수의 감별진단에서 Adenosine Deaminase (ADA) 및 동종효소의 유용성)

  • Kim, Keun-Youl;Kweon, Suk-Hoe;Park, Jae-Seuk;Jee, Young-Koo;Lee, Kye-Young;Kim, Youn-Seup;Chun, Yong
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.388-396
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    • 1998
  • Background: Etiologic diagnosis of pleural effusion is usually made by clinical characteristics, pleural fluid analysis and pleural biopsy. But, despite careful diagnostic study, the cause of pleural effusion cannot be found in about 20 percent of patients, especially in loculated pleural effusions. Tuberculous pleurisy is one of the most common cause of pleural effusion in Korea. But, pleural fluid culture for Mycobacterium tuberculosis are positive in only 20 to 30 percent of patients and typical pleural biopsy finding in less than 50 percent of patients with this disease. In recent studies, adenosine deaminse(ADA) and its isoenzymes were proposed to be a useful diagnostic tool for differential diagnosis of pleural effusion. We investigated the pattern of ADA and its iscenzyme activities in various cause of pleural effusions to evaluate the diagnostic value of measuring ADA and its isoenzymes. Method: We measured total ADA and its isoenzyme activities in pleural fluid and serum from 54 patients with pleural effusion(25 tuberculous pleural effusion, 10 parapneumonic effusion, 14 malignant pleural effusion, 5 transudative pleural effusion), including 5 loculated tuberculous pleural effusions and 6 loculated parapneumonic effusions. Total ADA activity was measured by the spectrophotometric method and ADA2 isoenzyme activity was measured with same method using EHNA, potent inhibitor of ADA1 isoenzyme activity. Result: Total ADA activity of tuberculous pleural effusion was higher than malignant pleural effusion(p<0.01), but no significant difference was found between tuberculous pleural effusion and parapneumonic effusion(tuberculous pleural effusion: $148.9{\pm}89.9IU/L$, parapneumonic effusion: $129.0{\pm}119.4IU/L$, malignant pleural effusion: $48.7 {\pm}39.7IU/L$). Percentage of ADA2 activity to total ADA activity(ADA2%) of pleural effusion of tuberculous pleurisy was higher than parapneumonic effusion(p<0.05). but no significant difference was found between tuberculous pleural effusion and malignant pleural effusion(tuberculous pleural effusion: $57.2{\pm}10.7%$, parapneumonic effusion: $35.9{\pm}17.8%$, malignant pleural effusion: $60.7{\pm}4.1%$). In loculated pleural effusion, ADA2% of tuberculous pleural effusion was higher than parapneumonic effusion(tuberculous pleural effusion: $53.3{\pm}3.9%$, parapneumonic effusion: $27.8{\pm}7.9%$). Conclusion: Measurement of ADA isoenzyme activity is useful for differentiating tuberculous pleural effusion from parapneumonic effusion, especially in loculated pleural effusion.

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Intracavitary Carboplatin Chemotherapy in a Malignant Mesothelioma Dog (개의 악성중피종의 흉강내 Carboplatin 투여 증례)

  • 홍성혁
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.167-169
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    • 2001
  • A 10-year-old castrated male Siba dog was presented for signs referable to pleural effusion associated with neoplasm of the thoracic cavity. The pleural effusion fluid consisted of blood and tumor cells by thoracocentesis. Histopathological examination of the sedimentary tumor cells revealed malignant mesothelioma. Intracavitary carboplatin was administered at 300 mg/$m^2$ every 5 weeks for 3 treatment and pleural effusion was disappeared after 3 treatments. The dog had recurrence of pleural effusion at 515 days but intracavitary carboplatin chemotherapy had no effect. It would be thought that the intracavitary carboplatin treatment was quite a useful method to control a canine malignant mesothelioma with minimal toxicity.

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A Case Report of a Stage IV Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Patient Treated with Modified Yieum-jeon Showing Improvement in Malignant Pleural Effusion and other Respiratory Symptoms (비소세포성 폐암 4기 환자의 악성흉수로 인한 증상이 이음전가미방으로 호전된 1례)

  • Park, So-Jung;Kang, Hwi-Joong;Lee, Yeon-Weol;Cho, Chong-Kwan;Yoo, Hwa-Seung
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.366-372
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: This is a report of a case of a stage IV non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patient whose malignant pleural effusion & respiratory symptoms have been relieved with Korean medicinal prescription, modified Yieum-jeon. Methods: A 56-year-old male diagnosed with stage IV NSCLC suffering malignant pleural effusion with complaints of cough, sputum, bilateral leg edema, dysphagia, post neck and left scapular pain was treated with modified Yieum-jeon and acupuncture during 16days. After treatment, blood lab and chest X-ray were used to follow the condition of malignant pleural effusion & pulmonary symptoms. Results: Malignant pleural effusion and pulmonary symptoms were improved with modified Yieum-jeon intake without any related adverse side effects. Conclusions: This study suggests Yieum-jeon may play a positive role in improving the malignant pleural effusion symptoms in advanced lung cancer cases.

Massive Pleural Effusion as the First Manifestation of Malignant Melanoma Metastasis (흉수로 발현한 전이성 악성 흑색종 1예)

  • Kim, Hee Gu;Ryu, Jeong Seon;Kwak, Seung Min;Lee, Hong Lyeol;Kim, Lucia;Cho, Jae Hwa
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.57 no.3
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    • pp.289-291
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    • 2004
  • Malignant melanoma develops from melanocytes and frequently metastases to other organs. Common metastatic sites are other skin, lymph nodes, lung, liver, brain and bone in decreasing order of frequency. Malignant pleural effusion is less frequent manifestation of thoracic metastasis. We experienced a 57-year-old man with pleural effusion who received radical resection with local flap on left foot due to acral lentiginous melanoma 3 years ago. He had progressive chest pain and left massive pleural effusion. The pleural cytology and biopsy showed malignant melanoma. After closed thoracostomy and talc pleurodesis, he refused further immunotherapy and chemotherapy and discharged.

Intrapleural or Intraperitoneal Lobaplatin for Treatment of Patients with Malignant Pleural Effusion or Ascites

  • Huang, Xin-En;Wei, Guo-Li;Huo, Jie-Ge;Wang, Xiao-Ning;Lu, Yan-Yan;Wu, Xue-Yan;Liu, Jin;Xiang, Jin;Feng, Ji-Feng
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.2611-2614
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    • 2013
  • Aims: To explore efficacy and side effects of intrapleural or intraperitoneal lobaplatin for treating patients with malignant pleural or peritoneal effusions. Methods: Patients in Jiangsu Cancer Hospital and Research Institute with cytologically confirmed solid tumors complicated with malignant pleural effusion or ascites were enrolled into this study. Lobaplatin (20-30 $mg/m^2$) was intrapleurally or intraperitoneally infused for patients with malignant pleural effusion or ascites. Results: From 2012 to 2013, intrapleural or intraperitonea lobaplatin was administered for patients with colorectal or uterus cancer who were previous treated for malignant pleural effusion or ascites. Partial response was achieved for them. Main side effects were nausea/vomiting, and bone marrow suppression. No treatment related deaths occurred. Conclusion: Intrapleural or intraperitoneal infusion of lobaplatin is a safe treatment for patients with malignant pleural effusion or ascites, and the treatment efficacy is encouraging.

Successful Treatment of Pleural Effusion in Small Cell Lung Cancer Patient with Gunreyngtang-gagambang

  • Yun, Hen-Ja
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.117-121
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    • 2011
  • Objectives: We report one patient with pleural effusion and effusion-related symptoms in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) successfully treated with Gunreyngtang-gagambang. Methods: Gunreyngtang-gagambang was administered at 30 minutes after mealtime, three times a day, for two months. Except for herbal medicine, the patient did not take any treatment including pharmaceutical or non pharmaceutical for effusion. Result: Two months later, the symptoms and the pleural effusion had disappeared from chest X-ray. Conclusion: Gunreyngtang-gagambang was effective for treatment of malignant pleural effusion due to small cell lung cancer.