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Types of Male College of Nursing Students' Adaptation to Their Academic Department (남자 간호대학생의 학과 적응 유형)

  • Lee, Eun-Ju
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.108-117
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the types and characteristics of male college nursing students' adaptation to their academic department. Methods: Q methodology was applied to determine the subjectivity of the male nursing students' adaptation to their academic department. Fifty male nursing students were asked to select and answer questions among a set of 36 Q-statements using a 9-point scale. The collected data were analyzed using the PC QUANL program. Results: Three types of male students' adaptation to the department of nursing were identified. Type I was termed 'resilience-acceptance', Type II, 'inner-conflict', and Type III, 'goal-oriented'. Conclusion: The study results can be used as the basic data needed to develop nursing interventions suitable to the types of male college nursing students' adaptation to their academic department.

Varietal Resistance of Rice to the BPH Biotypes 1, 2, 3 and their Hybrid Progenies, Nilaparvata lugens $St{\aa}l$ (I) (벼멸구 생태형(生態型)의 교잡종(交雜種)에 대(對)한 수도품종(水稻品種)의 저항성(抵抗性)에 관(關)하여(I))

  • Kim, Jeong-Wha;Youn, Sang-Won
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.63-69
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    • 1987
  • This study was performed to evaluate the resistance of three different rice cultivars to the BPH biotypes 1, 2, 3 and their hybrid progenies, Nilaparvata lugens STAL. The rice cultivars tested were Chucheongbyeo, Cheongcheongbyeo and Milyang 63. The following characteristics of hybrid progenies were compared with these of their parents: Seedling response, Host preference, feeding amount, Esterase polymorphism of the brown rice. According to the responses of rice seedlings to the three BPH biotypes and their crosses progenies nymph, Chucheongbyeo was shown highly susceptible to their nymphs. The Cheongcheongbyeo was susceptible to the biotypes 2 and the Milyang 63 was susceptible to the biotype 3. The Cheongchengbyeo and the Milyang 63 were moderate to the biotypes 2(female)${\times}$3(male) and 3(female)${\times}$2(male). The preference in feeding and oviposition of three BPH biotypes and their hybrid progenies to Chucheongbyeo were shown higher than to another cultivars. The two preference were not only shown highly in Cheongcheongbyeo by the biotypes 2,2(female)${\times}$3(male) and 3(female)${\times}$2(male) but also in Milyang 63 by the biotypes 3,2(female)${\times}$3(male) and 3(femlae)${\times}$2(male). The feeding amount of female adult was much on three BPH biotypes and their hybrid progenies in Chucheongbyeo and on the biotypes 2 and 3(female)${\times}$2(male) in Cheongcheongbyeo, On the biotypes 3 and 3(female)${\times}$2(male) in Milyang 63 were as same as the above. The esterase bands of Est ${\alpha}-1,\;{\beta}-4,\;{\beta}-5\;and\;{\beta}-I$ were detected on brown rice of all the tested cultivars. The bands of Est ${\beta}-2\;and\;{\alpha}-I$ were detected on Cheongcheongbyeo (Bph 1 gene for resistance) and Milyang 63 (bph 2 gene for resistance). The Est ${\beta}-3\;and\;{\beta}-1$ of esterase bands were detected on Chucheongbyeo.

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BIOLOGICAL STUDIES ON THE FRESHWATER SHRIMPS OF KOREA 1. Relative Growth of Macrobrachium nipponensis (de Haan) (한국산 민물 새우류에 관한 생물학적 연구 1. 징거미의 상대 성장)

  • Chung Kyung-Suk
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.71-76
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    • 1970
  • The freshwater shrimp, Macrobrachium nipponensis is one of the largest species as well as one of the Important types of food. It can be found widely in rivers and swamps from Che-ju island in the south to Chung-ju in the north. The larval development of these shrimps was studied by Yu (1966) and CHUN and YU (1967), but they didn't provide any other features. Shrimps for the present study were collected from the Ntk-Dong River, near Pusan, once each month from March to December 1963. The following is a summary of the results. 1. The relationship between the carapace length (X) and the body length (Y) is: Y=2.68996X+1.14784 in female. Y=2.73121X+1.10827 in male. 2. The relationship between the carapace length(X)_ and tile basipodite length of the 2nd pereiopode (Y) is: Y=0.16910X-0.06422 in female Y=0.19410X-0.06075 in male. 3. The relationship between the carapace length (X) and the ischiorodite length of the 2nd pereiopode (Y) is: Y= 0.48524X-0.10812 in female. Y= 0.69052X-0.28616 in male. 4. The relationship between the carapace length(X) and the meropodite length of the End pereiopode (Y) is: Y=0.51217X-0.04088 in female. Y= 1.9792X-0.98258 in male. 5. The relationship between the carapace length (X) and the carpopodite length of the 2nd pereiopode (Y) is: Y=0.87701X-0.33919 in female. Y=2.00091X-1.64116 in male. 6. The relationship between the carapace length (X) and the propodite length of the 2nd pereiopode (Y) is: Y= 1.04672 X-0.50727 in female. Y=2.67663X-2.40488 in male. 7. The relationship between the carapace length (X) and the dactylopodite length of the 2nd pereiopode (Y) is: Y=0.26366 X+0.15743 in female. Y=1.04866 X-0.67781 in male.

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Comparative Health Status of Rural Urban and Aged Perosons by Some Screening Tests (농촌 및 대도시의 노인건강진단에 있어서의 검사치 비교 고찰)

  • Han, In-Soo;Hong, Kwang-Sun;Park, Sun-Ju;Rim, Han-Jong
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.5-15
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    • 1989
  • To compare the health status of rural and urban aged persons(over 65 years old) by an abnormality of a hematologic and some biochemical values as well as urinalysis and chest X-ray, following examinations were done on 8,756(male : 4,339: female 4,417) by hemoglobin, total cholesteol, GOT, and glucose, on 9,207(male: 4,467; female : 4.740) by urinalysis and on 9,148(male : 4,426: female : 4,722) by chest X-ray. The results are as follows: 1) The proportion of outlier of normal range of the GOT(over 40 unit) showed higher in rural aged persons(5.3%) than in urban aged(2.8%). There was no significant difference in both of urban and rual female, but the rural male(7.4 showed significantly higher than the urban male(3.9% ). 2) The proportion of abnormality of the total cholesterol value(over 260 mg/dl) was 7,0% in urban and 1.7% in rural aged persons. In the male, there was no significant difference in both urban(2.2%) and rural(1.4%), however the urban female(10.5%) showed significantly higher than the rural female(2.2%). 3) In the blood glucose level, the proportion of abnormality(over 120 mg/dl) showed 17.1% in urban and 19.3% in rural aged persons. The rural aged persons in both sexes(male : 18.1% : female : 20.7%) were relatively higher abnormality rates than those of the urban aged(male : 15. 3%: female : 18.4% ) respectively. 4) The proportion of abnormality of hemoglobin level(less than 12.0 g/dl in male: less than 11.0 g/dl in female) showed 7.1% in urban and 2.6%J in rural aged persons. The urban aged persons in both sexes(male : 8.3%: female 6.3%) were relatively higher abnormality rates than those of the rural aged(male : 3.0%: female : 2.2%) 5) In the urinalysis by urine stix(Korea Green Cross Co.), the positive rates of urine protein were 1.0% in urban and 0.5% in rural aged per-sons, and there was no any significant differences in both areas by sex. 6) The positive rates of urine glucose in urban aged persons(5.8'% : male : 7.3% : female : 4.7%). showed relatively higher than those of rural aged (3.4% : male : 3.9%: female : 2.8%). 7) The positive findings of pulmonary tuberculosis by indirect X-ray examination were observed in 7.7% of aged persons in both rural and urban areas respectively. However, the positive rates of male in both areas(urban : 12.8% ; rural : 10.0%) showed higher than those of female (urban 4.2% ; rural 5.0%).

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A Study of Measurement of the Fat Contents in Korean Youths by Mean of Skinfold Methods (한국청년층(韓國靑年層)의 총지방양측정(總脂肪量測定)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Cha, Chul-Hwan;Park, Soon-Young;Cho, Kwang-Soo;Hyun, Ho-Sup;Lee, Young-Il
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.29-40
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    • 1971
  • For the measurement on the fat content if University Students, an intensive examination was conducted on a total of 3,030 students(male 2,577, female 453), from 16 to 25 years of age. The subjects were all students who had passed the written entrance examination for Seoul National University. Total Body Fat amount was measurement by skin-fold thickness with a skin-fold caliper(Manufactured by Cambridge Scientific Industrial Inc. U.S.A.) at four sites of the body, and it was calculated by Kim's and Lee's regression equation. As a result of this survey, the following conclusions were obtained; 1. Physical Measurements: i) The average of body height by anthropometric was male $167.95{\pm}4.85cm$ and female $156.03{\pm}4.56cm$. ii) The average body weight by anthropometric was male $56.42{\pm}5.65kg$ and female $51.29{\pm}5.34kg$. iii) The average of chest-girth by anthropometric was male $89.95{\pm}5.33cm$ and female $81.36{\pm}4.89cm$. iv) The average of sitting-height by anthropometric was male $91.23{\pm}4.98cm$ and female $86.18{\pm}4.15cm$. v) The average of arm circumference by anthropometric was male $23.76{\pm}2.17cm$ and female $22.39{\pm}1.79cm$. In all cases the male measurements were higher than the female. 2. The mean skin-fold thickness measured with a large skin-fold caliper was; At the sub-scapular: male $11.54{\pm}4.84mm$ and female $14.07{\pm}4.49mm$, Abdominal: male $10.36{\pm}7.09mm$ and female $14.95{\pm}5.47mm$, Lumbar; male $12.55{\pm}6.44mm$ and female $17.02{\pm}6.57mm$, Upper arm: male $6.28{\pm}3.71mm$ and female $11.62{\pm}3.99mm$, Total average: male $10.18{\pm}5.52mm$ and female $14.41{\pm}5.13mm$, in all cases the female measurements were higher than the male. 3. Data on body fat amounts according to body fat weight regression equation were: in male: Fat weight=10.56kg, Fat free weight=45.86kg, Fat weight/Total body mass(%)=18.71%, (Body fat amount %), Fat weight/Fat free weight(%)=23.02%, Fat free weight/Total body mass(%)=81.29%. in female: Fat weight=12.23kg, Fat free weight=39.06kg, Fat weight/Total body mass(%)=23.85%, Fat weight/Fat free weight(%)=31.31%, Fat free weight/Total body mass(%)=76.15%. The females value was higher than the males.

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The Comparison in Daily Intake of Nutrients, Quality of Diets and Dietary Habits between Male and Female College Students in Daejeon (대전지역 일부 대학생의 영양소 섭취상태 식사의 질과 식습관에 있어서 남녀의 차이에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Mee-Sook;Kwak, Chung-Shil
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.39-51
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    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to investigate the differences in daily nutrient intakes, dietary habits and nutrition knowledge between male and female college students. Male undergraduate students 004 subjects) and female undergraduate students (229 subjects) , enrolled at H University in Daejeon, were recruited for this study. The mean age of the subjects was 22.9 year in male and 20.4 year in female students. Daily intakes of energy and nutrients were calculated from the records of one day of dietary food intakes by 24-hour recall method, and general information, dietary habits and attitudes, food intake frequency and food preferences and knowledge for food and nutrition were surveyed through a questionnaire. About $70.1\%$ of male and $66.1\%$ of female students were in the normal range of BMI (18.5 - 23), and $25.2\%$ of male students were over-weighted in contrast to $27.7\%$ of female students were underweight. Males and females were taking $77.2\%$ and $77.9\%$ of RDA for energy, respectively, and $54.8\%$ of male and $48.0\%$ of female students were taking energy under $75\%$ of RDA. Many of them showed deficient intakes of calcium, iron, vitamin A and riboflavin. Average of MAR was 0.75 in male and 0.72 in female students. NAR for calcium, iron, vitamin A and riboflavin in male students were 0.55, 0.69,0.75 and 0.61, respectively, compared to 0.53, 0.51, 0.70 and 0.67 in female students. The nutrients, which have INQ less than 1, were calcium and riboflavin in male, compared to calcium, iron, and riboflavin in female students. There were no gender differences in meal regularity and meal skipping rates, but female students showed higher rates of skipping dinner than males (p < 0.001) About $50.8\%$ of female students were ingesting snacks 1 - 2 time/day, compared to $27.1\%$ of male students. For the food intake frequency, fruit group was significantly eating more for female than male students (p< 0.001) Though female students got higher scores for nutritional knowledge test (p < 0.001) than male students, they did not show better dietary habits or dietary attitudes than male students actually. Therefore, a more active and actual education program accustomed to the different genders and ages with focus on real changing of dietary behaviors needs to be developed and run in schools and local departments.

The Relationship among Gender Stereotype, Role Conflict and Organizational Commitment of Male nurses (남자간호사의 성 고정관념 역할갈등 및 조직몰입 간의 관계)

  • Lee, Eunjung;Park, Bohyun
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.67-81
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    • 2018
  • Purposes: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between male nurse's gender stereotype, role conflict and organizational commitment. Methodology: Data were collected from 169 male hospital nurses from August, 2016 until September. The Male nurse's gender stereotype, role conflict and organizational commitment were measured using a structured questionnaire. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS/win 23.0 for windows. Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA and Pearson's correlation were used. Findings: There were statistically significant differences in the gender stereotype by general characteristics such as age and military duty. There were statistically significant differences in the role conflict by general characteristics such as education level and position. There were statistically significant differences in the organizational commitment by general characteristics such as the hospital's location and hospital type. Gender stereotype and role conflict had no significant correlation (r=-0.050, p=.516). A statistically significant positive correlation was detected between male nurse's gender stereotype and 'continuance commitment' (r=0.272, p<.001). A statistically significant positive correlation was detected between male nurse's role conflict and 'continuance commitment' (r=0.178, p=.021). Practical implications: The result of this study indicate that to reduce role conflict of workplace environment and induce the affective commitment of male nurses within a female-centered nursing organization should be sought.

A Study of Appearance Behavior and Lifestyle of Adolescents (청소년의 외모관련행동과 라이프스타일에 관한 연구)

  • 이명희
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.27 no.9_10
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    • pp.1101-1111
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    • 2003
  • The objectives of this study were to classify the contents of lifestyle of adolescents, to investigate the relationships between lifestyles and appearance behavior, and to examine how appearance behavior was influenced by lifestyles and demographic variables of male and female adolescents. The method of the study was survey research by using questionnaires. Subjects were 414 high school students in Seoul: 176 were males and 238 females. Five dimensions of lifestyles were derived by factor analysis: ‘digital orientation', 'positive activity', 'achievement orientation', 'material orientation', and ‘frugality'. Digital orientation had, in case of the male, a positive relation with body-modification need, a positive one with appearance interest in female. Positive activity had positive relations with appearance interest and body satisfaction in both male and female. Appearance interest, weight interest, and body-modification need levels were significantly higher for female than for male, whereas body satisfaction were higher for male than for female. Appearance interest of male was influenced by positive activities and social stratification. Appearance interest of female was influenced by material orientation and positive activity. Body-modification need of male was influenced by digital orientation and frugality(-), that of female only influenced by material orientation. Fashion and brand preference of male was influenced by material orientation, frugality(-), and social stratification. In case of the female, fashion was influenced by positive activity, material orientation and frugality(-), brand preference influenced by material orientation and positive activity.

Studies on the Pulmonary Functions of College Students (대학생(大學生)의 폐기능(肺機能)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) -의과대학생(醫科大學生)을 중심(中心)으로 -)

  • Shim, Dong-Won;Yoon, Pyung-Jin
    • The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.41-43
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    • 1977
  • In pulmonary function which is important place which national physical power, in maximal grade of physical power, and end growth and development whom aged 20 years old that whole members 74 students, and taken pulmonary functions examination records, and took as the following results. 1) Frequency of breathing: Pertaining of the frequency of breathing are about form 15, to 16 times per minute at male and female students. 2) Vital capacity: Measures of vital capacity are in case of male students, whom was about 4.3 liter, and female students was about 3.6, liter which different between male and female students was more low quantity at female students with comparison male students. 3) Tidal volume: Pertaining of the volume are in case of male students, whom was 521ml, and female students was 497m1, and was slightly low quantity at female students with comparison male students, 4) Breathing holding time: Breathing holding time are in case of male students, whom was 64 sec, and female students was 55 sec, and was sbout 10 sec more high quantity at male students than female students.

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The survey of actual condition of pupils care and Knowledge of dental hygiene(II) - Centering the rural area around Booan-Kun Chollabuk-do - (국민학교 아동의 구강보건관리 및 지식에 대한 실태조사(II) - 전북 부안군 농촌지역을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Yun-Su;Kang, Seung-Gyeung
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Dental Technology
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.5-22
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    • 1989
  • We investigated 974 male and female students who are in 4th, 5th and 6th year of 8 elementary schools are located win Puan-kun, the farm area of Chollabuk-do, and the results are as follows. 1. Visiting dental clinic in order to be treated for dental caries hold the highest rate as 26.1% of male students and 30.3% of female students. 2. On fear when children visit dental clinic, first, 25.6% of male students and 35.1% of female students mark the highest rate as some what fear. Second, 23.1% of male students represent to be usual and 29.4% of female students represent to be very fear. There fore it speaks for dissimilarity in character between male and female students. 3. On reason of developing dental caries, 62.5% of male students and 55.8% of female students replied that it was developed because they frequently ate the sweet things. 4. Children who pull out decidous teeth alone mark the highest rate as 44.7% of male students and 38.6% of female students. 5. On important thing for ordinary dental health, 56.2% of male students and 58.5% of female students as the highest rate replied that they often brushed their teeth.

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