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A Comparative Study on Parents' and Female Teachers' Perceptions of Male Teachers in Early Childhood Education and Care Centers (남자유아교사에 대한 교사와 학부모의 인식 비교)

  • Choi, Ji-Hoon;Lim, Won-Shin
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.165-183
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    • 2012
  • This was a comparative study, focusing on the perceptions of male teachers in early childhood educational settings on the part of both parents and female teachers at such institutions. The results of the research are as follows. First, regarding the question of whether it is necessary or not to employ qualified male teachers in early childhood education institutes, both the female teachers and the parents responded positively in general. Second, when analyzing the perceptions of the role of male teachers, both teachers and parents believed that male teachers would be able to help children to develop their potential. Third, the female teachers indicated that they believed that the male teachers may need to develop a stronger sense of vocation, fairness, and sincerity when engaging in early childhood education. According to the parents, female teachers generally show greater affection and magnanimity towards children. Fourth, when examining the female teachers' perceptions of the male teachers' teaching capabilities, the findings indicated that their opinions were generally that the capabilities of male teachers depend on their training and educational level. Fifth, when examining the parent's perceptions of the male teacher's teaching capabilities, the results revealed that those parents who have experience of male teachers gave higher ratings regarding their capabilities than those parents who had no previous experience of male teachers. Finally, it was observed that, when comparing the teacher group with the parent-group, the teacher-group assessed the male teachers' teaching abilities higher than the parent-group did.

A Study on Body Composition of the Male Elderly and Female Elderly (남.여 노인의 신체조성에 관한 연구)

  • Um, Ki-Mai;Yang, Yoon-Kwon
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.475-482
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference of body composition between male elder and female elder. This study consisted of elder male(n=48) and elder female(n=90). The average age of elder male and female was 73.81, 71.38 years. The data were analyzed with t-test, using SPSS PC+ program. Body composition was measured using Inbody 2.0(seoul, korea) of segmental multi-frequn-cy impedance analyzer technique. The result of this study were the following: 1. The difference of Body composition 1) The muscle mass(kg) of elder male was significantly(P<.00) higher than elder female by 8.30kg. 2) The %fat of elder female was significantly(P<.00) higher than elder male by 8.65%. 3) The WHR(%) elder female was no significantly higher than elder male by 0.01%. 4) The free fat mass(kg) of elder male was significantly(P<.00) higher than elder female by 8.67kg. 5) The TBW(l) of elder male was significantly(P<.00) higher than elder female by 6.081 The factor of significant difference of between elder male and female was muscle mass(kg), %fat, free fat mass(kg), total body water(l).

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A Comparison of School Uniform Image Preferences and Modifications of School Uniform in Male and Female High School Students (남녀 고등학생의 교복이미지 선호와 교복 변형행동의 비교 연구)

  • Hwang, Jin-Sook;Ahn, Myung-Hwa;Yong, Yu-Jin;Yu, Seung-Yeon
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.243-247
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    • 2002
  • The purposes of this study were 1) to investigate school uniform image preferences and the uniform modifications of male and female high school students, and 2) to find the differences between male and female students in the uniform image preferences and uniform modifications. The subjects used for the study were 195 male and 201 female high school students. The uniform image preferences consisted of three factors: comfortable & simple, unique & individual, and intelligent & classic. The uniform modifications were measured by the modifications in jacket width, sleeve length, shoulder width, slacks(skirt) length, slacks(skirt) width, and slacks(skirt) waist length. The results showed that male and female students were different in regard to uniform image preference; male students preferred unique image than did female students in their school uniforms. In addition, male and female students differed concerning uniform modifications. Generally, female students modified uniforms more than did male students. Finally, the study compared male and female students in regard to the relationships between uniform image preferences and the uniform modifications. For male and female students, the unique image preference was significantly related to the modifications in different parts of uniform.

Factors Affecting Female Nurse's Image of Male Nurses (여자간호사가 인식하는 남자간호사에 대한 이미지 영향요인)

  • Lee, Eunsu;Kwon, Hyukso;Lee, Yang Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.336-344
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine job recognition of female nurses and perceived image of male nurses, and to investigate predictive factors affecting this perceived image. Methods: A survey was conducted between September and October 2015 with 143 female clinical nurses who worked at hospitals. Data were analyzed using the SPSS 21.0 correlation and multiple regression analyses. Results: The findings of this study were as follows : Female nurses recognition had positive correlations with images of male nurses. Social image(r=.41, p<.001), professional image(r=.45, p<.001), and nursing job prospects(r=.49, p<.001) were significantly correlated with perceived image of male nurses. Nursing job prospect(${\beta}=.193$, p=.049), perception that male nurses were suitable for their jobs(${\beta}=.329$, p<.001), mass media experience related to male nurses(${\beta}=.244$, p<.001), social image(${\beta}=.225$, p=.009) and professional image(${\beta}=.191$, p=.021) explained 42.7% of the variance in image of male nurses. Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest that nursing education and research should find concrete ways to improve perceived image of male nurses. It will enhance the quality of nursing service by improving male nurses' communication and collaboration with female nurses.

The Study on Fashion Beauty Design and Emotional Image by External Image Type of Korean Male Idol Stars

  • Kim, Joo-Mee;Shin, Se-Yeong
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.71-84
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    • 2011
  • This study is purposed to categorize external image types of Korean male idol stars, and to understand characteristics of fashion and beauty design for each type and through such, the study is meant to identify the various types of male image and to provide data of image making. As part of the empirical study, it selected well-known 15 groups of male idol stars who were active during February of 2008 and August of 2010, categorized the image types by their photographic data, and analyzed characteristics of fashion and beauty design for each type. In order to measure the degree of image types, a survey was also conducted. The image types of male idol stars, which were classified through a workshop by a group of image-related experts, were categorized with 6 types that are Elite, Urban Chic, Charisma, Rebellious child, Toy boy, and Homme Fatale. The six types of male idol stars have a great relation with the modern male trends and images, and that the male idol stars have been leading the trends and presenting the image by the public preference. In addition, as shown the above, the recent male image appears as a mixed image of femininity and masculinity, showing a complex aspect that does not dominates with one image, and that it was found out to constantly be changing in the flow of times.

Men, Work, and Mental Health: A Systematic Review of Depression in Male-dominated Industries and Occupations

  • Roche, Ann M.;Pidd, Ken;Fischer, Jane A.;Lee, Nicole;Scarfe, Anje;Kostadinov, Victoria
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.268-283
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    • 2016
  • Among men, depression is often unrecognised and untreated. Men employed in male-dominated industries and occupations may be particularly vulnerable. However, efforts to develop tailored workplace interventions are hampered by lack of prevalence data. A systematic review of studies reporting prevalence rates for depression in male dominated workforce groups was undertaken. Studies were included if they were published between 1990 - June 2012 in English, examined adult workers in male-dominated industries or occupations (> 70% male workforce), and used clinically relevant indicators of depression. Twenty studies met these criteria. Prevalence of depression ranged from 0.0% to 28.0%. Five studies reported significantly lower prevalence rates for mental disorders among male-dominated workforce groups than comparison populations, while six reported significantly higher rates. Eight studies additionally found significantly higher levels of depression in male-dominated groups than comparable national data. Overall, the majority of studies found higher levels of depression among workers in male-dominated workforce groups. There is a need to address the mental health of workers in male-dominated groups. The workplace provides an important but often overlooked setting to develop tailored strategies for vulnerable groups.

A Study on the Image of Male Flight Attendant on Customer Satisfaction

  • Kim, Min-Ji;Park, Hye-Yoon;Park, So-Yeon
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.15 no.8
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    • pp.37-46
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    • 2017
  • Purpose - Many studies have shown the effects of the external images of female flight attendants on the customers' satisfaction. Recently, the perception of male flight attendants has become more important and positive, and airlines are hiring a significant number of male flight attendants every year. Due to the lack of research on the male flight attendant, however, the images of male flight attendants were investigated for this study. Research, design, data and methodology - Using survey techniques with 204 respondents, this study used analytical data based their resulting analysis. Results - The study examined whether the image of the male flight attendant affects the cognitive and emotional perceptions of customers. The focus of the present study is the external image of the male flight attendant, and the following image-component divisions were formed: hairstyle, body type, uniform, speech, and facial expression. Conclusions - The study purpose sought to determine whether the image of the male flight attendant exert effects on the emotional and cognitive images of airlines, and if these images have a positive effect on the customers' satisfaction and loyalty for an airline, so that airlines can use the external image of the male flight attendant to help with its own image reinforcement.

Female Peer Nurse's Experiences Working with the Male Nurses (남자간호사와 근무하는 여자 동료간호사의 간호현장 경험)

  • Suh, Yeonok;Lee, Kyungwoo
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.33-44
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of female nurses who are working with the male nurse as a colleague in the clinical settings. Methods: Eleven female nurses who were working with a male nurse over six months were interviewed, and the data were analyzed by using the Giorgi's phenomenological method. Results: Six main meanings and nineteen themes emerged through this study. The six main meanings were as follows; prejudice against male nurses' roles, difficulties in establishing collaboration and trust as a peer, deficit of intimacy due to inappropriate attitude, weakening stereotypes ideas about male nurses, permissive mind of gender difference and individuality, expectations to the male nurses' contributions to nursing profession. Conclusion: These results could be utilized in the development of effective strategies to improve the male nurses' adaptation to the nursing clinical settings.

Genetic association study of a single nucleotide polymorphism of kallikrein-related peptidase 2 with male infertility

  • Lee, Sun-Hee;Lee, Su-Man
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.6-9
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    • 2011
  • Objective: To investigate a kallikrein-related peptidase 2 (KLK2) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in relation to male infertility because of its role in semen processing. We investigated the genetic association of the KLK2+255G>A genotype with male infertility. Methods: We genotyped the SNP site located in intron 1 (+255G>A, rs2664155) of KLK2 from 218 men with male infertility (cases) and 220 fertile males (controls). Pyrosequencing analysis was performed for the genotyping. Results: The SNP of the KLK2 gene had a statistically significant association with male infertility (p<0.05). The odds ratio for the minor allele (+255A) in the pooled sample was 0.47 (95% confidence intervals, 0.26-0.85) for rs2664155. Conclusion: The relationship of KLK2 SNP to male infertility is statistically significant, especially within the non-azoospermia group. Further study is needed to understand the mechanisms associated with male infertility.

Aphrodisiac Evaluation in Sexually Naive Male Mice after Chronic Administration of Eurycoma longifolia Jack

  • Ang, Hooi Hoon;Sim, Meng-Kwoon
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.58-61
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    • 1998
  • Eurycoma longifolia Jack was evaluated for aphrodisiac property on sexually naive male mice using the electrical copulation cage. Optimum condition was provided for this study and the male mice were treated with 500 mg/kg of either chloroform, methanol, water or n-butanol fractions from E. longifolia Jack. However, the mice in the yohimbine and control groups received 30 mg/kg and 3 ml/kg of yohimbine and normal saline respectively. The male mice were then conditioned to seek either an estrous female, sexually vigorous male or no mouse, a measurement of right, wrong or no choice respectively. Besides this, hesitation time which was the time spent before the sexually naive male mice crossed the electrical grid (maintained at 0.12 mA) was also determined. Results showed that E. longifolia Jack possesses aphrodisiac property on the sexually naive male mice as shown by the slow and transient reduction in hesitation time and also a similar manner in the increase in the % of sexually naive male mice scoring right choice throughout the investigation period. Hence, this further supports the folkuse of this plant as aphrodisiac.

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