• Title, Summary, Keyword: magnesium sulfate

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Effect of Magnesium Sulfate on Sisomicin Fermentation (Sisomicin 발효에 대한 Magnesium Sulfate의 영향)

  • 한상헌;신철수
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.213-218
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    • 1992
  • Fermentation patterns were changed by adding magnesium sulfate to the fermentation broth and its effect on enhancement of sisomicin production was investigated. When cell growth was expressed by DNA content, trophophase and idiophase were separated, but not by dry cell weight. On the other hand, addition of magnesium sulfate had the antibiotic accumulated inside the cells be liberated into the outside, and this effect resulted in improving the final antibiotic yield. The maximum antibrotic yield was obtained when 100 mM magnesium sulfate was added after one day of cultivation, and enhanced more than three times compared to that of the control to which it was not added.

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Effect of Mg-Sulfate and Mg-Hydroxide on Growth of Chinese Cabbage (배추에 대한 황산고토와 수산화고토의 비효 비교)

  • Lee, Sang-Jo;Lee, Sung-Ho;Shin, Hyun-Jin;Cho, Hyun-Jong;Kim, Bok-Jin;Chung, Jong-Bae
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.218-224
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    • 2003
  • Magnesium hydroxide, which recently registered as a Mg fertilizer, is greatly different from magnesium sulfate in its solubility and effect on soil pH. In this study, the effects of magnesium hydroxide and magnesium sulfate on growth of chinese cabbage were compared at the application rate of $300kg\;MgO\;ha^{-1}$ in a Gyeongsan clay loam soil. Although magnesium hydroxide was effective in increasing number of leaf and fresh weight, overall effects of magnesium hydroxide and magnesium sulfate on the growth of chinese cabbage were not significantly different ($p{\leq}0.05$). Comparing the two magnesium fertilizer treatments, magnesium content of chinese cabbage was relatively higher in the magnesium sulfate treatment in the early stage of growth, but it was higher in the magnesium hydroxide treatment at harvest. Contents of Ca, P, and K in chinese cabbage were relatively higher in the magnesium hydroxide treatment than those in magnesium sulfate treatment. But, the differences in nutrient uptakes by chinese cabbage between the treatments were not significant ($p{\leq}0.05$). Therefore, magnesium hydroxide is expected to be used with nearly the same effects on crops as magnesium sulfate at the same application rate of Mg. Soil pH in the treatment of magnesium sulfate was lower than that of control treatment, but magnesium hydroxide could increase pH. Magnesium hydroxide can be used preferentially in acid and/or sandy soils, where magnesium sulfate can induce further soil acidification and leaching loss of Mg is often a severe problem.

Durability of CFRP strengthened RC beams under wetting and drying cycles of magnesium sulfate attack

  • Rahmani, Hamid;Alipour, Soha;Mansoorkhani, Ali Alipour
    • Advances in concrete construction
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.39-45
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    • 2019
  • Durability of strengthened reinforced concrete (RC) beams with CFRP sheets under wetting and drying cycles of magnesium sulfate attack is investigated in this research. Accordingly, 18 RC beams were designed and made where 10 of them were strengthened by CFRP sheets at their tension side. Magnesium sulfate attack and wetting and drying cycles with water and magnesium sulfate solution were considered as exposure conditions. Finally, flexural performance of the beams was measured before and after 5 months of exposure. Results indicated that the bending capacity of the strengthened RC beams was reduced about 10% after 5 months of immersion in the magnesium sulfate solution. Wetting and drying cycles of magnesium sulfate solution reduced the bending capacity of the strengthened RC beams about 7%. Also, flexural capacity reduction of the strengthened RC beams in water and under wetting and drying cycles of water was negligible.

Magnesium Sulfate Induced Toxicity in Vitro in AGS Gastric Adenocarcinoma Cells and in Vivo in Mouse Gastric Mucosa

  • Zhang, Xulong;Bo, Agula;Chi, Baofeng;Xia, Yuan;Su, Xiong;Sun, Juan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.71-76
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    • 2015
  • Magnesium sulfate is widely used as a food additive and as an orally administered medication. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible cytotoxicity of magnesium sulfate on AGS human gastric adenocarcinoma cells and gastric mucosa in mice. A trypan blue exclusion assay was used to determine the reduction in viability of AGS cells exposed to magnesium sulfate, and then effects on cell proliferation were quantified. The role of magnesium sulfate-mediated pro-inflammatory cytokine production in AGS cells was also investigated. mRNA expression for IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-${\alpha}$ was determined by RT-PCR, and secretion of these cytokines was measured by ELISA. Immunohistochemical evaluation of IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-6, and TNF-${\alpha}$ expression was conducted in mouse gastric mucosa. Addition of 3 to 50 mM magnesium sulfate to AGS cells inhibited both cell proliferation and cell viability in a dose-dependent manner. Magnesium sulfate had little effect on production of IL-$1{\beta}$ or IL-6 but significantly inhibited production of IL-8. The animal model demonstrated that magnesium sulfate induced production of IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-6, and TNF-${\alpha}$. These preliminary data suggest that magnesium sulfate had a direct effect on the stomach and initiates cytotoxicity in moderate concentrations and time periods by inhibiting viability a nd proliferation of AGS cells and by regulating expression and/or release of pro-inflammatory cytokines.

Precipitation of Magnesium Sulfate from Concentrated Magnesium Solution for Recovery of Magnesium in Seawater (해수 중 마그네슘 회수를 위한 마그네슘 농축액으로부터 황산마그네슘의 석출)

  • Cho, Taeyeon;Kim, Myoung-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Resources Recycling
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.32-41
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    • 2016
  • The precipitation test, which is the last step of magnesium recovery process consisting of three processes (pre-precipitation, selective dissolution of magnesium, precipitation) is performed to obtain magnesium sulfate powder from seawater. In the study, we succeed in precipitating the magnesium sulfate by adding acetone into the solution of magnesium over 4 times concentrated from seawater. The yield efficiency of magnesium sulfate increases with increasing pH and the ratio of added acetone. More than 99% of magnesium is obtained as magnesium sulfate hydrate ($MgSO_4{\cdot}6H_2O$) under the following conditions; pH 1.0 ~ 1.5, and the ratio of solution and acetone 1 : 1.5 (v:v). The acetone used in the precipitation process is recovered by the fractional distillation.

Effect of Sulfate Source on Removal Efficiency in Electrokinetic Bioremediation of Phenanthrene-Contaminated Soil (Pnenanthrene-오염토양의 동전기 생물학적복원에서 제거효율에 대한 황산염원의 영향)

  • Kim, Sang-Joon;Park, Ji-Yeon;Lee, You-Jin;Yang, Ji-Won
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.428-432
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    • 2006
  • This study investigated the effect of sulfate source on removal efficiency in electrokinetic bioremediation which needs sulfate to degrade contaminants by an applied microorganism. The representative contaminant and the applied microorganism were phenanthrene and Sphingomonas sp. 3Y, respectively. When magnesium sulfate was used, the magnesium ion combined with hydroxyl ion electrically-generated at cathode to cause the decrease of electrolyte pH, and then the microbial activity was inhibited by that. When ammonium sulfate and disodium sulfate were used to solve the pH control problem, the pH values of electrolyte and soil solution were maintained neutrally, and also the high microbial activity was observed. With the former sulfate source, however, ammonium retarded the phenanthrene degradation, and so the removal efficiency decreased to 12.0% rather than 21.8% with magnesium sulfate. On the other hand, the latter improved the removal efficiency to 27.2%. This difference of removal efficiency would be outstanding for an elongated treatment period.

Intravenous caffeine citrate vs. magnesium sulfate for reducing pain in patients with acute migraine headache; a prospective quasi-experimental study

  • Baratloo, Alireza;Mirbaha, Sahar;Kasmaei, Hossein Delavar;Payandemehr, Pooya;Elmaraezy, Ahmed;Negida, Ahmed
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.176-182
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    • 2017
  • Background: Current evidence suggests that intravenous magnesium sulfate might be effective for reducing migraine pain. In a recent pilot study, we showed that intravenous caffeine citrate could reduce the severity of migraine headache. The objective of this study is to investigate the efficacy of intravenous caffeine citrate vs. magnesium sulfate for management of acute migraine headache. Methods: We conducted a prospective quasi-experimental study from January until May 2016 in two educational medical centers of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences (Shoahadaye Tajrish Hospital and Imam Hossein Hospital), Tehran, Iran. The study included patients who were referred to the emergency department and met the migraine diagnosis criteria of the International Headache Society. Patients were allocated into 2 groups receiving either 60 mg intravenous caffeine or 2 g intravenous magnesium sulfate. The pain scores, based on the visual analog scale, were recorded on admission, as well as one and two hours after receiving the drug. A Chi-Square test and student t-test were used for analysis of baseline characteristics. A Mann-Whitney U test and Wilcoxon singed rank test were used to analyze differences in the visual analogue scale (VAS) score between and within the groups respectively. Results: In total, 70 patients (35 patients in each group) with the mean age of $33.1{\pm}11.3years$ were included (64.3% female). For the Caffeine citrate group, the median pain score decreased from 9.0 (2.0) to 5.0 (4.0) after one hour and to 3.0 (4.0) after two hours. For the magnesium sulfate group, the pain score decreased from 8.0 (2.0) to 2.0 (2.0) after one hour and to 0.0 (1.0) after two hours. Both intravenous caffeine citrate and intravenous magnesium sulfate reduced pain scores significantly but the magnesium sulfate group showed more improvement than the Caffeine citrate group after one hour (P < 0.001) and after two hours (P < 0.001). Conclusions: It is likely that both intravenous caffeine and intravenous magnesium sulfate can reduce the severity of migraine headache. Moreover, intravenous magnesium sulfate at a dose of 2 g might be superior to intravenous caffeine citrate 60 mg for the short term management of migraine headache in emergency departments.

Magnesium Sulfate Attack and Deterioration Mode of Metakaolin Blended Cement Matrix (메타카올린 혼합 시멘트 경화체의 황산마그네슘 침식 및 성능저하 모드)

  • Lee, Seung-Tae
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.21-27
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    • 2009
  • In this study, experimental findings on the resistance to magnesium sulfate attack of portland cement mortar and paste specimens incorporating metakaolin (MK) are presented. Specimens with four replacement levels of metakaolin (0, 5, 10 and 15% of cement by mass) were exposed to solutions with concentrations of 0.424% and 4.24% as $MgSO_4$ at ambient temperature. The resistance of mortar specimens was evaluated through visual examination and linear expansion measurements. Additionally, in order to identify the products formed by magnesium sulfate attack, microstructural analyses such as XRD, DSC and SEM/EDS were also performed on the paste samples incorporating metakaolin. Results confirmed that mortar specimens with a high replacement level of metakaolin exhibited lower resistance to a higher concentration of magnesium sulfate solution. It was found that the negative effect of metakaolin on the magnesium sulfate attack is partially attributed to the formation of gypsum and thaumasite. Conclusively, it is necessary to pay a special attention when using metakaolin in concrete structures, particularly under highly concentrated magnesium sulfate environment.

Microstructural Investigation on the Deterioration of Silica Fume Blended Cement Matrix Under Magnesium Sulfate Attack (황산마그네슘 침식을 받은 실리카 퓸 혼합 시멘트 경화체의 성능저하에 대한 미세구조적 관찰)

  • Lee, Seung-Tae
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.55-62
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    • 2008
  • This paper reports the effect of replacement levels of silica fume on the resistance to magnesium sulfate attack. Mortar specimens incorporating silica fume were exposed to 5% magnesium sulfate solution for 360 days at ambient temperature. The main variable was the replacement levels of silica fume(0, 5, 10 and 15% of cement by mass). The resistance of mortar specimens incorporating silica fume against magnesium sulfate attack was regularly monitored by measuring compressive strength and expansion. In addition, in order to investigate the reactants formed by magnesium sulfate attack, various instrumental analyses such as XRD, SEM and DSC were used. Results demonstrated that the formation of gypsum, thaumasite and brucite led to a significant deterioration due to magnesium sulfate attack in cement matrix incorporating silica fume.

Resistance on the Magnesium Sulfate Attack of Mortars with Silica Fume (실리카흄 혼합 모르타르의 황산마그네슘 저항성)

  • 문한영;이승태;유지훈;최강식
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.379-384
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    • 2002
  • The deterioration of concrete due to sulfate ions in various sulfate environments such as groundwater, soil and seawater is one of important factors degrading the durability of concrete structure. The aim of this paper is to evaluate on the magnesium sulfate alttack resistance of mortars with silica fume. In this study, compressive strength loss and length change of prismatic mortars, containing silica fume, immersed in 5% magnesium sulfate solution for 270 days were investigated. Additionally, paste powders with same binder were used to observe reactants of cement matrices through the instrumental analysis such as XRD, SEM and MIP. Results obtained from this study indicate that the greater damaging effects of the magnesium soulution are due to the decomposition of the C-S-H gel to M-C-S-H.

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