• Title, Summary, Keyword: macrophage, splenocyte

Search Result 67, Processing Time 0.103 seconds

Immunosuppressive Effect of Prodigiosin on Murine Splenocyte and Macrophages

  • Huh, Jung-Eun;Koo, Hyun-Jung;Kim, Kyung-Ho;Yim, Joung-Han;Lee, Hong-Kum;Sohn, Eun-Wha;Pyo, Suhk-Neung
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
    • /
    • v.16 no.4
    • /
    • pp.351-355
    • /
    • 2008
  • Prodigiosin was isolated from marine bacteria Hahella chejuensis which has been recently discovered from Marado, Cheju Island, Republic of Korea. Immunosuppressive properties have been reported for prodigiosin members such as undecylprodigiosin, metacycloprodigiosin, prodigiosin, and its synthetic analogue PNU156804 (PNU). However, the effect of this agent on the function of macrophage and splenocyte has not been characterized in detail. In the present study, we examined the effects of prodigiosin for its ability to alter the function of murine macrophage and NK cell, and the proliferation of splenocytes. When thioglycollate-elicited macrophages pre-exposed to prodigiosin (1-50 ng/ml) were stimulated with LPS/IFN-$\gamma$, pretreatment with prodigiosin resulted in the inhibition of tumoricidal activity of macrophage in a concentration-dependent manner. Tumoricidal activity of NK cell was also inhibited by prodigiosin. Moreover, we found that prodigiosin was able to cause a dose-dependent inhibition of murine lymphocyte responsiveness to Con A and LPS although T-mitogenic response was the more sensitive one. Taken together, the present results point out that prodigiosin has a suppressive effect on the mitogen-induced proliferation of murine lymphocytes and the function of macrophage and NK cell.

Suppression of Primary Splenocyte Proliferation by Artemisia capillaris and Its Components

  • Lee, Hye Eun;Yang, Gabsik;Choi, Jae Sue;Lee, Joo Young
    • Toxicological Research
    • /
    • v.33 no.4
    • /
    • pp.283-290
    • /
    • 2017
  • The host immune system is the first line of host defense, consisting mainly of innate and adaptive immunity. Immunity must be maintained, orchestrated, and harmonized, since overactivation of immune responses can lead to inflammation and autoimmune diseases, while immune deficiency can lead to infectious diseases. We investigated the regulation of innate and adaptive immune cell activation by Artemisia capillaris and its components (ursolic acid, hyperoside, scopoletin, and scopolin). Macrophage phagocytic activity was determined using fluorescently labeled Escherichia coli, as an indicator of innate immune activation. Concanavalin A (ConA)- and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced splenocyte proliferation was analyzed as surrogate markers for cellular and humoral adaptive immunity, respectively. Neither A. capillaris water extract (WAC) nor ethanol extract (EAC) greatly inhibited macrophage phagocytic activity. In contrast, WAC suppressed ConA- and LPS-induced proliferation of primary mouse splenocytes in a dose-dependent manner. Similarly, EAC inhibited ConA- and LPS-induced splenocyte proliferation. Oral administration of WAC in mice decreased ConA- and LPS-induced splenocyte proliferation, while that of EAC suppressed LPS-induced splenocyte proliferation. Repeated administration of WAC in mice inhibited ConA- and LPS-induced splenocyte proliferation. Ursolic acid, scopoletin, and scopolin reduced ConA- and LPS-induced primary mouse splenocyte proliferation, while hyperoside did not show such activity. These results indicate that A. capillaris and its components, ursolic acid, scopoletin, and scopolin, suppress ConA- and LPS-induced adaptive immune cell activation. The results suggest that A. capillaris is useful as a regulator of adaptive immunity for diseases involving excessive immune response activation.

Immunostimulation Effects of Cell Wall Components Isolated from Lactobacillus plantarum

  • TAE BOO CHOE;KANG, KWAN YUEB;SUNG HO PARK
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.4 no.3
    • /
    • pp.195-199
    • /
    • 1994
  • Immunostimulation effects of the cell wall components isolated from Lactobacillus plantarum were investigated by studying the macrophage s tumorcidal activity, splenocyte proliferation, anticomplementary activity and the inhibition of peritoneal tumor cell growth measured with ICR mice inoculated with sarcoma 180. The immunopotentiating cell wall components were a complex of peptidoglycan and exopolysaccharides. The tumorcidal activity of macrophage against Yacl and B16 tumor cells was enhanced when the cell wall components were added into the macrophage s culture medium. They also stimulated splenocytes to proliferate up to the same level as when the concanavalin A was added into the splenocyte's culture medium. The complementary activity was inhibited by 50% when the cell wall components were incubated with the sheep red blood cells treated with hemolysin and guinea pig complement. This result confirmed that the cell wall components had an antitumor effect, because the anticomplementary activity is usually accompanied by an antitumor activity at the same time. This fact was confirmed again by the inhibition of the growth of sarcoma 180 when the cell wall components were injected intraperitoneally into ICR mice inoculated with sarcoma 180. As a result, it is concluded that the cell wall components isolated from Lactobacillus plantarum had multifunctional immunostimulation effects in vitro and in vivo.

  • PDF

Regulation of Cytokine Production by Exogenous Nitric oxide in Murine Splenocyte and Peritoneal Macrophage

  • Eun, Jae-Soon;Suh, Yong-Hoon;Kim, Dae-Keun;Jeon, Hoon
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
    • /
    • v.23 no.5
    • /
    • pp.531-534
    • /
    • 2000
  • Nitric oxide (NO), products of activated macrophages, have a great impact on the regulation of cytokine production. The role of NO in non-specific host cells is commonly accepted. On the contrary, its role as an immuno-regulatory molecule is still controversial. In this study, we have investigated the effect of NO on the production of cytokines from murine splenocytes and macrophages. S-nitroso-L-glutathione inhibited the release of both interferone-$\gamma$ and interleukin-2 produced by Th1 cells and tumor necrosis factor-$\alpha$ and interleukin-1$\beta$ produced by macrophages, but did not affect the release of interleukin-4 and interleukin-10 produced by Th2 cells. These results suggest that NO exerts a down-regulatory effect on the secretion of cytokines from Th1 cells and macrophages which are implicated in immune response. Thus, NO may have an important role as an immune-modulatory as well as effector molecule in the immune system.

  • PDF

Immunomodulating Activity of the Exopolymer from Submerged Mycelial Culture of Phellinus pini

  • Jeong, Sang-Chul;Cho, Sung-Pill;Yang, Byung-Keun;Jeong, Yong-Tae;Ra, Kyung-Soo;Song, Chi-Hyun
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.14 no.1
    • /
    • pp.15-21
    • /
    • 2004
  • The immunomodulating activities and chemical characteristics of a water-soluble exopolymer from submerged mycelial culture of Phellinus pini were studied. Anticomplementary activity of this polymer was found to be $73.2\%$, and its activation system occurred through both classical and alternative pathways, where the classical pathway was detected to be the major one by crossed immunoelectrophoresis. Nitric oxide (NO) release ability and acid phosphatase activity of macrophage were increased by 1.6-fold ($100{\mu}g/ml$) and 3.4-fold ($500{\mu}g/ml$), respectively, and splenocyte proliferation in mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) was also increased by 2.6-fold ($200{\mu}g/ml$), compared to the control. The molecular weight of this polymer, determined by HPLC, was under 5 kDa. Total sugar and protein contents were 89.7 and 10.3%, respectively. Both sugar and amino acid compositions of the exopolymer were also analyzed.

Effects of a Corn Extract on Mouse Splenocyte and Cytokine Production by Peritoneal Macrophages (4주 동안의 옥수수 추출물 투여가 마우스 비장세포와 대식세포 생성에 미치는 영향)

  • Ryu, Hye-Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.24 no.1
    • /
    • pp.65-70
    • /
    • 2011
  • This study was performed to investigate the in vitro effect of a corn water extract on immune function. Splenocyte proliferation was determined by the MTT(3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyl terazolium bromide) assay after preparing asingle cell suspension. Production of macrophage-secreted interleukin(IL)-$1{\beta}$, IL-6, and interferon(IFN)-${\gamma}$, was detected by ELISA using a cytokine assay kit. After a 48-hr incubation with mitogens(ConA or lipopolysaccharide), mice splenocyte proliferation increased with the addition of a corn water extract supplement at 10, 50, 100, 250, 500, or $1,000\;{\mu}g/m\ell$. Production of IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-6, and IFN-${\gamma}$ increased in treatments supplemented with the corn water extract. In an in vitro study, splenocyte proliferation increased when $50\sim1,000\;{\mu}\ell/m\ell$ corn water extract was added. In an ex vivo experiment, the highest production of cytokines by activated peritoneal macrophages was observed in mice orally administered 500 mg/kg body weight/day.

Enhancing Effect of Acanthopanax senticosus Extracts on Mouse Spleen and Macrophage Cells Activation (가시오가피 물 추출물에 의한 마우스 비장세포 및 대식세포 활성의 항진효과)

  • Ryu, Hye-Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.28 no.2
    • /
    • pp.253-257
    • /
    • 2015
  • Acanthopanax senticosus is an herb that has been used as a traditional remedy and medicine source. Its anti-inflammatory and, anti-oxidative effects have been reported in previous studies. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Acanthopanax senticosus water extracts on mouse macrophage cell in vitro. Mouse splenocyte proliferation increased after application of Acanthopanax senticosus water extract supplement of 5, 10, 50, 100, 250, 500, $1,000{\mu}g/mL$ after 48 h pre-treatment with a mitogen (ConA or LPS). The production of cytokines secreted by LPS and non LPS stimulated macrophages was detected by ELISA assay using a cytokine kit. Cytokine production (IL-2, IFN-${\gamma}$, and TNF-${\alpha}$) increased after water extract supplementation. The result of this in vitro study, showed that splenocyte proliferation and cytokine production by activated peritoneal macrophages were increased after Acanthopanax senticosus water extract in the range of $500{\sim}1,000{\mu}L/mL$. Thus, it is suggested that supplementation with Acanthopanax senticosus water extracts may enhance immune function by regulating splenocyte proliferation and enhancing cytokine production by activated macrophage.

Enhancing Effect of Sorghum bicolor L. Moench (Sorghum, su-su) Extracts on Mouse Spleen and Macrophage Cell Activation (수수 추출물에 의한 마우스 비장세포 및 대식세포 활성의 항진 효과)

  • Ryu Hye-Sook;Kim Jin;Kim Hyun-Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.19 no.2
    • /
    • pp.176-182
    • /
    • 2006
  • Sorghum bicolor L. Moench(Sorghum, Su-Su) is a major cereal food crop used in many parts of the world. It is used as a human food resource and folk medicines in Asia and Africa. The stem of sorghum has been used as a digestive aid and an anti-diarrheal agent. Sorghum hybrids contain high levels of diverse phenolic compounds that may provide health benefits. High levels of polyflavanols, anthocyanins, phenolic acids, and other antioxidant compounds have been reported in sorghums, which have also been shown to possess various biological activities such as anti-mutagenic, anti-carcinogenic, and HMG-CoA reductase inhibitory activities. In an in vitro experiment, we examined mice splenocyte proliferation and production of three types of cytokine($IL-1{\beta},\;IL-6,\;TNF-{\alpha}$) by peritoneal macrophages cultured with ethanol and water extracts of Sorghum bicolor L. Moench. A single cell suspension of splenocytes was prepared and the cell proliferation of the splenocytes was examined by MTT assay. The splenocyte proliferation was increased when water extracts of Sorghum bicolor L. Moench were used as supplements in all concentrations investigated. The production of cytokine($IL-1{\beta},\;IL-6,\;TNF-{\alpha}$) by activated peritoneal macrophage was detected by ELISA using the cytokine kit. $IL-1{\beta},\;IL-6,\;and\;TNF-{\alpha}$ production by activated macrophages were increased by supplementation with Sorghum bicolor L. Moench water extracts. This study suggests that supplementation of with Sorghum bicolor L. Moench water extracts may enhance immune function by regulating the splenocyte proliferation and enhancing the cytokine production by activated macrophages in vitro.

Effects of IGF-I Rich Fraction from Bovine Colostral Whey on Immune Activity of Mouse In Vitro (젖소 초유로부터 분리한 Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 분획이 In Vitro에서 마우스의 면역 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • Hwang Hyung-A;Yang Hee-Jin;Lee Soo-Won
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
    • /
    • v.26 no.1
    • /
    • pp.113-120
    • /
    • 2006
  • Insulin-like growth factor-I(IGF-I) rich fraction, which was obtained molecules ranged between 30 and 1 kDa, was fractionated by ultrafiltration from bovine colostral whey. IGF-I rich fraction was confirmed by SDS-PACE and western blotting and then the quantity of IGF-I was measured by sandwich ELISA. ICF-I concentration in IGF-I rich fraction was 10 ng/mg proteins. IGF-I rich fraction, standard IGF-I and colostral whey weie treated to murine peritoneal macrophages. And then we experimented that effect of immune activity on macrophage and splenocyte. As a result, in group treated with IGF-I rich fraction $1{mu}g/mL$, production of interleukin-6 and nitric oxide were 9.85 ng and $17.17{\mu}M$ and production of phagocytosis, tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}\;and\;H_{2}O_{2}$ were 78.3, 34.5 and 6% compared to the control group. In splenocyte immune response, B cell and T cell proliferation and NK cell activity were 103, 126 and 22.2% in group treated with IGF-I rich fraction $1{\mu}g/mL$ to compared to the control, respectively.

Effect of Daidzein and Genistein on Immune Function in Mice (Daidzein과 Genistein이 생쥐의 면역 기능에 미치는 영향)

  • Eun, Jae-Soon;Cho, Sun-Kyung;Kwon, Jin;Suh, Eun-Sil;Jeon, Hoon;Yum, Jung-Yul
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
    • /
    • v.44 no.2
    • /
    • pp.182-188
    • /
    • 2000
  • High soy consumption leading to high exposures of soy isoflavones has been associated with a reduced risk of cancers at many sites. As part of a study focusing on the chemopreventive mechanisms, we have investigated the modulating effects of daidzein and genistein, a prominent and more bioavailable isoflavone in soy foods, on murine immune function. Daidzein (50 mg/kg) or genistein (50 mg/kg) was administered p.o. once a day for 7 days in BALB/c mice. Daidzein decreased the mitogen-stimulated proliferation of murine splenocyte, but genistein increased it. Daidzein stimulated the secretion of interleukin-4, but inhibited the secretion of ${\gamma}$-interferon, interleukin-2 and tumor necrosis factor-$\alpha$. Genistein stimulated the secretion of ${\gamma}$-interferon, interleukin-2 and tumor necrosis factor-$\alpha$, but inhibited the secretion of interleukin-4. Daidzein and geiustein inhibited the production of nitric oxide and enhanced the phagocytic activity in peritoneal macrophage. These results suggest that cancer preventive effects of daidzein is partly concerned with the secretion of $T_{H}$2 cells cytokine and the activation of macrophage phagocytosis, and genistein is partly concerned with the secretion of $T_{H}$l cells cytokine, tumor necrosis factor-$\alpha$ and the activation of macrophage phagocytosis.sis.

  • PDF