• Title, Summary, Keyword: mRNA Expression

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IL-6 mRNA Expression in Mouse Peritoneal Macrophages and NIH3T3 Fibroblasts in Response to Candida albicans

  • Lee, Young-Sun;Kim, Hee-Sun;Kim, Sung-Kwang;Kim, Sang-Dal
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.8-15
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    • 2000
  • Despite extensive investigation, the mechanisms of immune responses to Candida albicans infection remain poorly understood. Using RT-PCR and Northern blot analysis, this study demonstrates the pattern of IL-6 mRNA expression in thioglycollate-elicited mouse peritoneal macrophages and NIH3T3 fibroblasts (NIH3T3) in response to C. albicans. The expression of IL-6 mRNA was detectable in both cell types. However, IL-10 mRNA was only expressed in the macrophages, and IL-4 mRNA was not expressed in neither of the two cell types. Although the phagocytic function of the macrophages was inhibited by Cytochalasin D, these macrophages could still induce the expression of IL-6mRNA. These findings indicated that the phagocytosis of C. albicans is not pivotal in the induction of IL-6 mRNA expression. A Northern blot analysis was used to investigate the dose effects of C. albicans and time-course kinetics of IL-6 mRNA expression at various time points. IL-6 mRNA was expressed in a dose-independent manner, and was detectable as early as 30min after C. albicans stimulation. It was evenly sustained up to 4h. These results can contribute to understanding the mechanism of IL-6 mRNA expression in macrophages and NIH3T3 cells in response to C, albicans.

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Effect of Leptin on the Expression of Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Chemokine KC mRNA in the Mouse Peritoneal Macrophages

  • Lee, Dong-Eun;Kim, Hyo-Young;Song, In-Hwan;Kim, Sung-Kwang;Seul, Jung-Hyun;Kim, Hee-Sun
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.722-729
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    • 2004
  • Leptin is an adipocyte-secreted hormone and its plasma levels correlate with total body fat mass, however, it also plays a regulatory role in immunity, inflammation, and hematopoiesis. Chemokine is known as a chemoattractant cytokine in inflammatory reaction, but its role in leptin reaction has not been well studied. In this study, the direct effect of leptin on the expression of chemokine mRNAs and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced chemokine KC mRNA in mouse peritoneal macrophages was investigated. Leptin did not induce the expression of lymphotactin, RANTES, eotaxin, MIP-1$\beta$, MIP-1$\alpha$, MIP-2, MCP-1, IP-10, TCA-3, and KC mRNA in mouse peritoneal macrophages, and had no direct effect on the expression of these LPS-induced chemokine mRNAs except KC mRNA. The synergistic effect of leptin on the expression of LPS-induced KC mRNA occurred late in the time course of response to LPS. The increased expressions of Ob-Rb mRNA and leptin receptor protein were detected during the LPS treatment. Leptin produced a substantial increase in the stability of the LPS-induced KC mRNA, and the synergistic effect of leptin on LPS-induced KC mRNA expression was further augmented by cycloheximide (CHX). Pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) did not block the synergistic effect of leptin on LPS-induced KC mRNA expression in mouse peritoneal macrophages. These data suggest that although leptin has no direct effect on the expression of lymphotactin, RANTES, eotaxin, MIP-1$\beta$, MIP-1$\alpha$, MIP-2, MCP-1, IP-10, TCA-3, and KC mRNA in mouse peritoneal macrophages, the synergistic effect of leptin on the expression of LPS-induced KC mRNA has the possibility that LPS might induce the expression of the Ob-Rb receptor or an unknown gene(s) that sensitizes macrophages to the synergistic function of leptin. Therefore, further studies are necessary to examine leptin as a regulatory factor of chemokine production.

Environmental stress-related gene expression and blood physiological responses in olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) exposed to osmotic and thermal stress

  • Choi, Cheol-Young
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.17-23
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    • 2010
  • We isolated warm temperature acclimation-related protein 65-kDa (Wap65) cDNA from the liver of olive flounder and investigated the mRNA expression of Wap65 and HSP70 in olive flounder exposed to osmotic (17.5, 8.75, and 4 psu) and thermal stress (25 and $30^{\circ}C$). The mRNA expression of Wap65 and HSP70 was increased by thermal stress. The mRNA expression of HSP70 was also increased by osmotic stress, whereas no significant change in Wap65 expression was detected. These results indicate that Wap65 mRNA expression occurs specifically in response to increases in water temperature, but not in response to osmotic stress. Plasma cortisol levels were also increased by osmotic and thermal stress. We also utilized the stress hormone cortisol to examine whether Wap65 expression is thermal-stress-specific. Cortisol treatment increased HSP70 mRNA expression in vitro, but had no significant effect on Wap65 mRNA expression. Thus, thermal stress, but not osmotic stress, induces Wap65 expression.

Effects of different target sites on antisense RNA-mediated regulation of gene expression

  • Park, Hongmarn;Yoon, Yeongseong;Suk, Shinae;Lee, Ji Young;Lee, Younghoon
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.47 no.11
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    • pp.619-624
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    • 2014
  • Antisense RNA is a type of noncoding RNA (ncRNA) that binds to complementary mRNA sequences and induces gene repression by inhibiting translation or degrading mRNA. Recently, several small ncRNAs (sRNAs) have been identified in Escherichia coli that act as antisense RNA mainly via base pairing with mRNA. The base pairing predominantly leads to gene repression, and in some cases, gene activation. In the current study, we examined how the location of target sites affects sRNA-mediated gene regulation. An efficient antisense RNA expression system was developed, and the effects of antisense RNAs on various target sites in a model mRNA were examined. The target sites of antisense RNAs suppressing gene expression were identified, not only in the translation initiation region (TIR) of mRNA, but also at the junction between the coding region and 3' untranslated region. Surprisingly, an antisense RNA recognizing the upstream region of TIR enhanced gene expression through increasing mRNA stability.

Effects of Chaperones on mRNA Stability and Gene Expression in Escherichia coli

  • Yoon, Hyun-Jin;Hong, Ji-Young;Ryu, Sang-Ryeol
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.228-233
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    • 2008
  • Effects of chaperones on mRNA stability and gene expression were studied in order to develop an efficient Escherichia coli expression system that can maximize gene expression. The stability of mRNA was modulated by introducing various secondary structures at the 5'-end of mRNA. Four vector systems providing different 5'-end structures were constructed, and genes encoding GFPuv and endoxylanase were cloned into the four vector systems. Primer extension assay revealed different mRNA half-lives depending on the 5'-end secondary structures of mRNA. In addition to the stem-loop structure at the 5'-end of mRNA, coexpression of dnaK-dnaJ-grpE or groEL-groES, representative heat-shock genes in E. coli, increased the mRNA stability and the level of gene expression further, even though the degree of stabilization was varied. Our work suggests that some of the heat-shock proteins can function as mRNA stabilizers as well s protein chaperones.

STUDY ON THE EXPRESSION OF mRNA OF TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR-α AND INTERLEUKIN-6 IN THE CELL LINES OF SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA (구강 편평상피세포암종 세포주에서 Tumor Necrosis Factor-α와 Interleukin-6의 mRNA 발현에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn, Jin-Su;Kim, Kyung-Wook;Lee, Jae-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.535-542
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the mRNA levels of TNF-${\alpha}$ and IL-6 in the cell lines of normal oral keratocyte and oral squamous cell carcinoma. Total RNA was extracted from these cell lines, observed under UV light, developed by radiographic films of PCR products via reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR) amplication, and measured with densitometer. Each mRNA level of these cell lines divided by ${\beta}$-actin mRNA level was compared to that of normal control group. The results were as follows: 1. Higher mRNA expression of TNF-${\alpha}$ than IL-6 in the normal oral epithelial cell line. 2. In general, expression of mRNA of IL-6 appeared 3-4 times more in tumor cell lines than in control group. 3. mRNA expression of TNF-${\alpha}$ showed variable expression in tumor cell lines, unlike normal cell line. 4. There are no special connections between differentiation of oral cancer cell lines and mRNA expression of TNF-${\alpha}$ and IL-6. From the above results, expression of mRNA of IL-6 in the cell lines of squamous cell carcinoma used in this study has higher than the normal oral epithelial cell line, but there are no relationship between the differentiation of oral cancer cell lines and the expression of mRNA of TNF-${\alpha}$ and IL-6.

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Regulation of c-Fos and c-Jun Gene Expression by Lipopolysaccharide and Cytokines in Primary Cultured Astrocytes: Effect of PKA and PKC Pathways

  • Suh Hong-Won;Choi Seong-Soo;Lee Jin-Koo;Lee Han-Kyu;Han Eun-Jung;Lee Jongho
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.396-401
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    • 2004
  • The effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and several cytokines or the c-fos and c-jun mRNA expression were examined in primary cultured astrocytes. Either LPS (500 ng/mL) or inter-feron-$\gamma$ (IFN-$\gamma$ 5 ng/mL) alone increased the level of c-fos mRNA (1 h). However, tumor necro-sis factor-$\alpha$ (TNF-$\alpha$; 10 ng/mL) or interleukin-4 (IL-1$\beta$: 5 ng/mL) alone showed no significant induction of the level of c-fos mRNA. TNF-$\alpha$ showed a potentiating effect in the regulation of LPS-induced c-fos mRNA expression, whereas LPS showed an inhibitory action against IFN-Y-induced c-fos mRNA expression. LPS, but not TNF-$\alpha$, IL-1$\beta$ and IFN-$\gamma$, increased the level of c-jun mRNA (1 h). TNF-$\alpha$ and IFN-$\gamma$ showed an inhibitory action against LPS-induced c-jun mRNA expression. Both phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA; 2.5 mM) and forskolin (FSK, 5 mM) increased the c-fos and c-jun mRNA expressions. In addition, the level of c-fos mRNA was expressed in an antagonistic manner when LPS was combined with PMA. When LPS was co-treated with either PMA or FSK, it showed an additive interaction for the induction of c-jun mRNA expression. Our results suggest that LPS and cytokines may be actively involved in the regulation of c-fos and c-jun mRNA expressions in primary cultured astrocytes. Moreover, both the PKA and PKC pathways may regulate the LPS-induced c-fos and c-jun mRNA expressions in different ways.

The Increment of Purine Specific Sodium Nucleoside Cotransporter mRNA in Experimental Fibrotic Liver Induced by Bile Duct Ligation and Scission

  • Lee, Sung-Hee;Chae, Keon-Sang;Nan, Ji-Xing;Sohn, Dong-Hwan
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.613-619
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    • 2000
  • We investigated the expression profiles of rat fibrotic liver induced by bile duct ligation and scission (BDL/S) using the 3'-directed cDNA libraries. The possibility that the 3'-directed cDNA library represents the mRNA population faithfully was examined by northern blots. During the northern analysis based on fibrotic liver expression profile, we found for the first time that purine specific sodium nucleoside cotransporter (SPNT) was upregulated in BDL/S-induced fibrotic liver. To determine whether the accumulation of bile juice could affect the expression of SPNT mRNA or not, we examined the change of SPNT mRNA expression at 3, 14, 28 days after BDL/S operation. No change in SPNT expression was observed in rat liver at 3 days after surgery. In contrast, there were significant increases in SPNT expression at 14 and 28 days after surgery. We also examined whether chronic liver damage affected SPNT mRNA expression. SPNT mRNA level was significantly increased in BDL/S-induced fibrotic rat liver, whereas no significant change was obserbed in fibrotic livers chronically exposed to carbon tetrachloride or dimethylnitrosamine. From the above results, although further study might be needed, it was considered that the increment of SPNT mRNA in BDL/S liver morphological compatibility to human was remarkable.

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Interrelationship between Cell Differentiation and Expression of mRNA for Transferrin in HL-60 Leukemia Cell Line

  • Lee, Soo-Young;Chi, Chung-Hee;Kim, You-Mie
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.308-311
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    • 2000
  • The interrelationship between the differentiation and expression of mRNA for transferrin in the HL-60 leukemia cell line was studied. Transferrin mRNA was expressed in HL-60 leukemia cells and the amount was 50% of that in the positive control cell line, HepG-2 cells. The expression of $T_f$ mRNA in HL-60 cells was not regulated by IL-1, IL-6 and $TNF-{\alpha}$, respectively. The expression of $T_f$ mRNA in the differentiated cells into a granulocyte lineage by DMSO, or all-trans RA, was up-regulated (160-170% of control cells); whereas, the expression was not regulated in the differentiated cells into a macrophage lineage by PMA. These results suggest that the differentiation to a granulocyte lineage of HL-60 leukemia cells appear to be related with the upregulation of transferrin mRNA expression.

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The Gene Expression Level Differences associated with Exercise in the Mouse Brain exposed to Radiofrequency Radiation (전자파에 노출된 생쥐에서 운동량에 따른 뇌의 유전자 변화)

  • Lee, Min Sun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.241-247
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    • 2020
  • The effect of radiofrequency radiation (RF) exposure on mouse associated with the exercise was investigated in the brain at the molecular level. The expression of tyrosine hydroxylase(TH), FoxO3a, AMPKα and mRNA was investigated by real-time RT-PCR in striatum and the hypothalamus. In the striatum, TH mRNA expression was decreased in the exercise and RF exposure group. FoxO3a mRNA expression was significantly increased in the spontaneous exercise group and a significant decrease was observed in the RF exposure and spontaneous exercise group. In the hypothalamus, TH mRNA expression was significantly decreased in the RF exposure and spontaneous exercise group. But, FoxO3a mRNA expression was significantly increased in the RF exposure and spontaneous exercise group. We will further investigate the expression of protein molecules in the hippocampus of the brain to reveal the effects of RF radiation on memory.