• Title, Summary, Keyword: low-dose irradiation

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Adaptive Response Induced by Low Dose Ionizing Raditation in Human Cervical Carcinoma Cells

  • Kim, Jeong -Hee;Lee, Kyung -Jong;Cho, Chul -Koo;Yoo, Seong -Yul;Kim, Tae -Hwan;Ji, Young -Hoon;Kim, Sung -Ho
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.410-414
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    • 1995
  • Adaptive response induced by low dese .gamma.-ray irradiation in human cervical carcinoma cells was examined. Cells were exposured to low dose of .gamma.-ray irradiation in human cervical carcinoma cells was examined. Cells were exposured to low dose of .gamma.-ray (1-cGy) followed by high doses of r-ray irradiation (0,1,2,3,5,7 and 9Gy for chlnogenic assay or 1.5Gy for micronucleus assay) with various time intervals. Survival fractions of cells in both low dose-irradiated and unirrated groups were analyzed by clonogenic assay. Surviva fractions of low dose-irradiated in cell survival was maximum when low and high dose irradiation time interval was 4 hr. Frequencies of micronuclei which is an indicative of chromosome aberration were also enutained from survival fractions analyzed by clonogenic assay, maximum when low and high dose irradiation time interval was 4hr. Frequencies of micronuclei which is an indicative of chromosome aberration were also enumerated in both low dose-irradiated and unirradiated groups. In consiststent with the result obtained from survival fractions analyzed by clonogenic assay, maximum reduction in frquencies of micronuclei was observed when low dose radiation was given 4 hr prior to high response to subsequent high dose .gamma.-ray irradiation in human cervical carcinomal cells. Our data suggest that one of the possible mechanisms of adaptive response induced by low dose rediation is the increase in repair of DNA double strand breaks in low dose radiation-adapted cells.

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Mechanism of Radioresistance Induced by Low-Dose Irradiation (저준위 방사선에 의해 유도된 방사선저항의 기전)

  • Park, Sang-Hee;Cho, Chul-Koo;Yoo, Seong-Yul;Lee, Yeon-Hee
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.99-105
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    • 1996
  • After high-dose irradiation(8 Gy). the viability of lymphocyte with a prior low-dose irradiation was 3.7-fold higher than that without a prior low-dose irradiation The viability could be increased by the reduction of oxygen radicals or the removal of damaged molecules-DNA, protein. lipid membrane. or the removal of damaged cells. In this paper. we studied the radioresistance mechanism in lymphocytes and lymphoma cells by examining the activities of radical scavengers(catalase. peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase), and a radical protector(glutathione). Different enzymes were induced in lymphocyte and lymphoma with low-dose irradiation. The activity of peroxidase increased most(133.3%) in lymphoma while the enzymes increased most in lymphocyte were superoxide dismutase (138.5%), glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (122.4%) and glutathione(120.8%). The activities of these enzymes were highest when the interval was 7 hours between low-dose and high-dose irradiation.

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Low-Dose Gamma Irradiation as Means of Isolating Carotenoid-Hyperproducing Yeast Mutant

  • Sun, Nam-Kyu;Lee, Seung-Hee;Ahn, Gil-Hwan;Won, Mi-Sun;Song, Kyung-Bin
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.1010-1012
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    • 2002
  • In order to isolate carotenoid-hyperproducing yeast, low-dose gamma irradiation was used as means of mutagenesis. Phaffia rhodozyma was treated by gamma irradiation of less than 10 kGy, which is considered to be a wholesome irradiation condition established by the Food and Drug Administration. Through repeated rounds of gamma irradiation and visual screening, mutant 3A4-8 was obtained. It produced a $3,824{\mu}g$ carotenoid/g yeast, 69% higher content than $2,265{\mu}g/g$ yeast of the unirradiated one. This result indicates that low-dose gamma irradiation could be used as means of mutagenesis to obtain carotenoid-hyperproducing strain of Phaffia rhodozyma, since only carotenoid-hyperproducing yeast survived gamma irradiation by scavenging oxygen radicals generated by radiolysis of water.

CHANGING OF RGS TRANSCRIPTS LEVELS BY LOW-DOSE-RATE IONIZING RADIATION IN MOUSE TESTIS

  • Kim, Tae-Hwan;Baik, Ji Sue;Heo, Kyu;Kim, Joong Sun;Lee, Ki Ja;Rhee, Man Hee;Kim, Sung Dae
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.187-193
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    • 2015
  • Deleterious effects of high dose radiation exposure with high-dose-rate are unarguable, but they are still controversial in low-dose-rate. The regulator of G-protein signaling (RGS) is a negative regulator of G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling. In addition, it is reported that irradiation stress led to GPCR-mediated mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and phosphotidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-k) signaling. The RGS mRNA expression profiles by whole body radiation with low-dose-rate has not yet been explored. In the present study, we, therefore, examined which RGS was modulated by the whole body radiation with low-dose-rate ($3.49mGy{\cdot}h^{-1}$). Among 16 RGS expression tested, RGS6, RGS13 and RGS16 mRNA were down-regulated by low-dose-rate irradiation. This is the first report that whole body radiation with low-dose-rate can modulate the different RGS expression levels. These results are expected to reveal the potential target and/or the biomarker proteins associated with male testis toxicity induced by low-dose-rate irradiation, which might contribute to understanding the mechanism beyond the testis toxicity.

Pretreatment of Low Dose Radiation Reduces Radiation-Induced Apoptosis in Mouse Lymphoma (EL4) cells

  • Kim, Jeong-Hee;Hyun, Soo-Jin;Yoon, Moon-Young;Jioon, Young-Hoon;Cho, Chul-Koo;Yoo, Seong-Yul
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.212-217
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    • 1997
  • Induction of an adaptive response to ionizing radiation in mouse lymphoma (EL4) cells was studied by using cell survival fraction and apoptotic nucleosomal DNA fragmentation as biological end points. Cells in early log phase were pre-exposed to low dose of ${\gamma}$-rays (0.01 Gy) 4 or 20 hrs prior to high dose ${\gamma}$-ray (4, 8 and 12 Gy for cell survival fraction analysis; 8 Gy for DNA fragmentation analysis) irradiation. Then cell survival fractions and the extent of DNA fragmentation were measured. Significant adaptive response, increase in cell survival fraction and decrease in the extent of DNA fragmentation were induced when low and high dose .gamma.-ray irradiation time interval was 4 hr. Addition of protein or RNA synthesis inhibitor, cycloheximide or 5,6-dichloro-1-.betha.-d-ribofuranosylbenzimidazole (DRFB), respectively during adaptation period, the period from low dose ${\gamma}$-ray irradiation to high dose ${\gamma}$-ray irradiation, was able to inhibit the induction of adaptive response, which is the reduction of the extent DNA fragmentation in irradiated EL4 cells. These data suggest that the induction of adaptive response to ionizing radiation in EL4 cells required both protein and RNA synthesis.

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Effect of a Serial Irradiation of Low Dose Gamma Rays on the Growth and Photosynthesis of Red Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) Plants

  • Kim, Jin-Hong;Chung, Byung Yeoup;Wi, Seung Gon;Baek, Myung-Hwa;Lee, Myung Chul;Kim, Jae-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.537-542
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    • 2004
  • To reveal the relationship between the changes in the growth and photo- synthesis induced by low dose radiation, red pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) plants were serially irradiated three times with gamma rays of 0.5, 1, 2, 3, and 4 Gy. The plant growth was monitored by the fresh weight, the stem length, and the leaf length & width. All the irradiation groups (0.5-4 Gy) were stimulated in growth at 1 day after the $1^{st}$ irradiation (DA1I), but rather inhibited at 3 days after the $3^{rd}$ irradiation (DA3I). The maximum photochemical efficiency (Fv/Fm), the photochemical quenching (qP), the non-:photochemical quenching (NPQ) and the apparent rate of the photosynthetic electron transport (ETR) were used to represent the changes in the photosynthesis by the serial irradiation. The irradiation groups except 0.5 Gy had higher Fv/Fm values at 3 DA3I than the control one. After the 3$^{rd}$ irradiation, the qP values appeared to be a little lower in the 1-4 Gy groups than in the control and 0.5 Gy ones. In contrast, the NPQ values were rather higher in the irradiation groups except 0.5 Gy. During the whole experimental period, the ETRs decreased in the control group but remained relatively constant in the 4-Gy one. In conclusion, the results obtained indicate that the stimulatory effect of ionizing radiation on the plant growth was determined by the incident dose of the single irradiation rather than by the cumulative one of the serial irradiation. They also demonstrate that the growth stimulation induced by a low dose radiation could not be positively correlated with an alteration in the photosynthesis. Additionally, we discuss in text that an ionizing radiation may partly protect the leaf senescence by delaying the development of the plants.

Effects of low dose irradiation on the calcific nodule formation in MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cell line (저선량 방사선이 MC3T3-E1 골모세포주의 석회화결절 형성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim Kyung-A;Koh Kwang-Joon
    • Imaging Science in Dentistry
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.137-144
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: To investigate the effects of low dose irradiation on the calcium content and calcific nodule formation of the MC3T3-El osteoblastic cell line. Materials and Methods: Cells were irradiated with a single dose of 0.2, 0.4 and 0.6 Gy at a dose rate of 5.38 Gy/min using Cs-137 irradiator. After irradiation, the calcium content and calcific nodule formation were examined on the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th week. Results: We did not find any significant difference of total calcium content after irradiation of 0.2, 0.4 and 0.6 Gy when compared with the unirradiated control group. There was no significant difference of total calcium content between 0.2, 0.4 and 0.6 Gy irradiated groups. We found an increased tendency of the calcific nodule formation after irradiation of 0.2, 0.4 and 0.6 Gy when compared with the unirradiated control group without significant difference of calcific nodule formation between 0.2, 0.4 and 0.6 Gy irradiated groups. Conclusion : The results showed an increased tendency of the calcific nodule formation after low dose irradiation. However, this tendency did not increase with the increase of irradiation dose.

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Dose Distribution of Rectum and Bladder in Intracavitary Irradiation (자궁경부암 강내 방사선 조사장치에 의한 직장 및 방광의 피폭선량 평가)

  • Chu S. S.;Oh W. Y.;Suh C. O.;Kim G. E.
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.261-270
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    • 1984
  • The intrauterine irradiation is essential to achieve adequate tumor dose to central tumor mass of uterine malignancy in radiotherapy. The complications of pelvic organ are known to be directly related to radiation dose and physical parameters. The simulation radiation and medical records of 203 patients who were treated with intrauterine irradiation from Feb. 1983 to Oct. 1983, were critically analized. The physical parameters to include distances between lateral walls of vaginal fornices, longitudinal and lateral angles of tandem applicator to the body axis, the distance from the external os of uterine cervix to the central axis of ovoids were measured for low dose rate irradiation system and high dose rate remote control afterloading system. The radiation doses and dose distributions within cervical area including interesting points and bladder, rectum, according to sources arrangement and location of applicator, were estimated with personal computer. Followings were summary of study results ; 1. In distances between lateral walls of vaginal fornices, the low dose rate system showed as $4\~7cm$ width and high dose rate system showed as $5\~6cm$. 2. In horizontal angulation of tandem to body axis, the low dose rate system revealed mid position$64.6\%$, left deviation $19.2\%$and right deviation $16.2\%$. 3. In longitudinal angulation of tandem to body axis, the mid position was $11.8\%$ and anterior angulation $88.2\%$ in low dose rate system but in high dose rate system, anterior angulation was $98.5\%$. 4. Down ward displacement of ovoids below external os was only $3\%$ in low dose rate system and $66.7\%$ in high dose rate system. 5. In radiation source arrangement, the most activities of tandem and ovoid were 35 by 30 in low dose rate system but 50 by 40 in high dose rate system. 6. In low and high dose rate system, the total doses an4 TDF were 50, 70 Gy and 141, 123, including 40 Gy external irradiation. 7. The doses and TDF in interesting points Co, B, were 93, 47 Gy and 230, 73 in high dose rate system but in low doss rate system, 123, 52 Gy and 262, 75 respectively. 8. Doses and TDF in bladder and rectum were 70, 68 Gy and 124, 120 in low dose rate system, but in high dose rate system, 58, 64 Gy 98, 110 respectively, and then grades of injuries in bladder and rectum were 25, $30\%$ and 18, $23\%$ respectively.

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Photosynthetic activity and photoinhibition in seedlings of red pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) grown from low dose $\gamma$-irradiated seeds

  • Kim, Jae-Sung;Lee, Young-Keun;Lee, Hae-Youn;Baek, Myung-Hwa;Park, Youn-Il
    • Journal of Photoscience
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.397-399
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    • 2002
  • The seedling height, leaf width and leaf length of pepper increased in plants grown from seeds irradiated with the low dose of 4 Gy. The $O_2$ evolution in the 4 Gy irradiation group was 1.5 times greater than the control. Pmax was decreased with increasing illumination time by 20% in the control, while hardly decreased in the 4 Gy irradiation group. Fv/Fm was decreased with increasing illumination time by 50% after 4 hours, while Fv/Fm in the 4 Gy irradiation group was decreased by 37% of inhibition, indicating that the low dose $\gamma$ radiation increased resistance of plants to photoinhibition.

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Effects of low dose $\gamma$-ray on the early growth of tomato and the resistance to subsequent high doses of radiation (저선량 $\gamma$선 조사가 토마토의 초기생육과 후속고선량 $\gamma$선 저항성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jae-Sung;Kim, Jin-Kyu;Back, Myung-Hwa;Kim, Dong-Hee
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.123-129
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    • 1999
  • Tomato (Lycopericum esculentum $M_{ILL}$ cv. Seokwang and cv. Housemomotaro) seeds were irradiated with the doses of $1{\sim}20$ Gy from $^{60}Co$ $\gamma$-ray source to investigate the effect of the low dose $\gamma$-ray radiation on the early growth and resistance to subsequent high dose of radiation. Germination rate of seeds irradiated with low dose $\gamma$-ray was enhanced in Seokwang cultivar but not in Housemomotaro cultivar. Seedling height increased in 4 Gy and 8 Gy irradiation group of both cultivars. Plant height of Seokwang cultivar was depressed in low dose irradiation group but fresh weight was increased in 2 Gy and 4 Gy irradiation group. In Housemomotaro cultivar, plant height increased in 12 Gy and 20 Gy irradiation group and fresh weight increased in 4 Gy and 20 Gy irradiation group. Growth inhibition of tomato plants by high dose radiation was noticeably reduced by pre-irradiation of low dose radiation. Resistance to subsequent high dose of radiation was enhanced in 2 Gy and 8 Gy Irradiation group of Seokwang cultivar and in 2 Gy and 12 Gy irradiation group of Housemomotaro cultivar.

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