• Title/Summary/Keyword: low density lipoprotein-cholesterol

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The Effects of Cirsium japonicum on Lipid Profile in Ovariectomized Rats

  • Kwon, Hyeok-Yi;Rhyu, Mee-Ra;Lee, Young-Joo
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.293-298
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    • 2008
  • Cirsium japonicum water extracts has been used to treat vascular related diseases. We have previously reported that Cirsium japonicum extracts activated estrogen receptors. It is widely known that estrogen increases the high density lipoprotein cholesterol and decrease the low density lipoprotein cholesterol on the lipid profile. But effects of Cirsium japonicum on lipid profile are not reported yet. Therefore, we have studied the effects of Cirsium japonicum on the lipid content in ovariectomized rats. Thirty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats of $210{\pm}20\;g$ were studied for 10 weeks. The rats were divided into five groups; (I) sham, no ovariectomized rats plus olive oil, (II) ovariectomized rats plus olive oil, (III) ovariectomized rats plus 0.5 mg/kg $17{\beta}$-estradiol (E2) in olive oil, (IV) ovariectomized rats plus 0.5 mg/kg Cirsium japonicum in olive oil, and (V) ovariectomized rats plus 5 mg/kg Cirsium japonicum in olive oil. Treatment with Cirsium japonicum or E2 induced significant reduction in total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol/total cholesterol, total cholesterol/high density lipoprotein cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol/high density lipoprotein cholesterol compared to control group as well as increase in uterine weight. However, changes in triglycerides levels were different. Our results suggest that Cirsium japonicum is functionally similar to E2 in vivo as well as in vitro.

Cholesterol Lowering Effect of Enzymatic Hydrolysates of Squid in Rats

  • Park, Ju-Hyun;Lee, Jung-Eun;Kim, Sang-Moo;Kwak, Hae-Soo
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.1541-1544
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    • 2009
  • This study evaluated effects of enzymatic hydrolysates of squid on cholesterol lowering in rats. Thirty male rats were blocked into 3 groups [high cholesterol diet (control), 5% normal squid, and 5% enzymatic hydrolysates of squid] and were raised for 10 weeks. Triglyceride level in enzymatic hydrolysates of squid-fed rats was lower than that in the control. Serum low density lipoprotein-cholesterol level followed in the order of control>normal squid>enzymatic hydrolysates. Serum high density lipoprotein-cholesterol level in enzymatic hydrolysates of squid-fed rats was higher than that in control rats. Liver cholesterol level in enzymatic hydrolysates of squid-fed rats was lower than that in control rats.

Analysis of the Relationship between Abdominal Ultrasound Based Kidney Stones, Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome (복부 초음파 검사 기반 신장결석과 비만 및 대사증후군 관련성 분석)

  • Kim, Ju Hee;Jang, Hyon Chol;Cho, Pyong Kon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.495-502
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    • 2020
  • Kidney stones are a common disease with an annual prevalence of about 30,000 people in Korea, and are deeply related to an increase in chronic kidney disease, high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and abdominal obesity. Therefore, in this study, 135 examinees who visited a general hospital in Dalseong-gun from May 2019 to June 2020 for a medical examination were examined. The relationship between kidney stones and factors related to obesity and metabolic syndrome were found in abdominal ultrasound. I tried to find out the relevance. As a result of the study, the risk of kidney stones in the abnormal group was increased by 4.255 times compared to the normal group in total cholesterol factor, and the risk of kidney stones in the abnormal group was increased by 2.072 times compared to the normal group in the low-density lipoprotein cholesterol factor. Total cholesterol factor and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol It was found that the factor affects the prevalence of kidney stones and metabolic syndrome. Since the risk of kidney stones is related to total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol factors, active attention should be paid to preventive purposes through health check-ups.

Relation of the Blood Pressure, Lipids and Body Mass Index by Smoking Status Among Adolescents (청소년의 흡연과 혈압, 지질 및 체질량 지수와의 관계)

  • Byeon, Young-Soon;Lee, Hea-Shoon
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.1020-1026
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: This study was to investigate the relationship between blood pressure, lipids and body mass index by smoking status among adolescents. Methods: This study was designed as a descriptive correlational study. General and smoking characteristics were collected using a questionnaire. The smoking group consisted of 42 (33%) students and the non smoking group 85 (67%) students. Blood pressure, lipids, height and weight were measured, and body mass index was calculated to $kg/m^2$. The collected data was analyzed by the n(%), ${\chi}^2-test$, t-test and Pearson correlation coefficient (SPSS 12.0). Results: 1. The smoking level was different between grade, smoking status among the family, the contentment of their relationship with their parents, school life and teachers. 2. The smoking group's systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein cholesterol and body mass index were higher than those of the non smoking group. 3. The smoking amount had a significant positive correlation between total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol. Conclusion: The result of this study offered basic data to develop intervention programs to prevent hypertension and hyperlipidemia in smoking adolescents.

Effect of Dynamic Yoga on Body Composition and Blood Lipids in Middle-aged Post-menopausal Women (8주간의 다이나믹 요가가 폐경기 중년여성의 신체조성과 혈중지질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Mi-Sook;Park, Tae-Gon;Kim, Jae-Ho;Lee, Eun-Nam
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.166-174
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a 8-week dynamic yoga program on body composition and blood lipids in middle-aged post-menopausal women. Method: Twenty participants were allocated to the yoga group (YG, n=10) or the control group (CG, n=10). They were assessed for lean body mass, percent body fat, waist to hip ratio, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride both before and after intervention. The yoga group participated in the program lasting $50{\sim}60$ minutes, five times a week for 8 weeks. Results: Unlike the control group, the yoga group showed a significant decrease in total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, percent body fat, and waist hip ratio after the yoga training. However, changes in lean body mass, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride level during the intervention period were not different between the yoga group and the control group. Conclusion: The 8-week dynamic yoga program could be adopted to prevent cardiovascular diseases in middle-aged post-menopausal women by promoting body composition & blood lipids.

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Evaluation of Interfering Substances in Routine Chemistry Tests Using Toshiba TBA-C8000 Chemistry Analyzer

  • Park, Jum Gi;Joo, Kyeng Woong
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.6-11
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    • 2011
  • In clinical chemistry tests, the interfering substances such as hemoglobin, lipid, bilirubin, and drugs, etc. can cause the changes of test results performed by spectrophotometrical methods. We evaluated the effects of interfering substances on the test results by adding interfering substances on the samples in the 19 kinds of clinical chemistry tests such as aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, lactate dehydrogenase, gamma-glutamyltransferase, total protein, albumin, glucose, total cholesterol, total bilirubin, triglyceride, uric acid, calcium, inorganic phosphours, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, and C-reactive protein using newly implemented automatic chemical analyzer Toshiba TBA-C8000 under the direction of CLSI EP07-A guideline. Hemolytic samples show increased concentration of total protein, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and lactate dehydrogenase and reduced concentration of total bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase by interfering effect. Hyperlipemic samples show increased concentration of total protein and alkaline phosphatase and reduced concentration of low density lipoprotein cholesterol. The samples with conjugated bilirubinemia show increased concentration of inorganic phosphours, otherwise the samples with unconjugated bilirubinemia show no interference or allowable range in the test result.

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The Association between Total Body Fat and Serum Lipids Concentrations in College Students (대학생에서 혈액 지질 수준과 체지방과의 관련성)

  • Lee, Jun-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.233-238
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between body fat content and serum lipids in college students. A total of 61 (15 males and 46 females) students of W university in Iksan, between June 2015 and July 2015, were enrolled for analysis. The relationship of serum lipid with BMI, and body fat percent measured by impedance fat meter (InBody 520) was analyzed. The study population was divided into three groups according to the InBody 520's guideline. Group I accounted for 26.7% of men and 10.9% of women. Weight and BMI were significantly different among the three groups in men and women (p<0.05); whereas height was not. In men, serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, and hemoglobin were significantly different between the three groups (p<0.05). Conversely, in women, serum total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, and alanine transferase were significantly different between the three groups (p<0.05). However, there were no differences in other variables between the three groups. BMI was significantly different among three groups in both men and women (p<0.05). In men and women, body fat percent was correlated with BMI, weight, total cholesterol, and low density lipoprotein cholesterol. Multiple regression analysis on total cholesterol indicates that body fat percent, BMI, and hemoglobin were not significantly independent variables in men and women. This study showed that body fat percent was significantly associated with other obesity markers and serum lipids.

Physiological Role of a Multigrain Diet in Metabolic Regulations of Lipid and Antioxidant Profiles in Hypercholesteremic Rats -Multigrain diet in hyperlipemia-

  • Vasant, Rupal A.;Patel, Namrata D.;Karn, Sanjay S.;Narasimhacharya, Amaravadi V.R.L.
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.34-40
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: The objective of the present study was to investigate the lipid and the antioxidant regulatory potential of a multigrain diet in laboratory animals with reference to lipid profiles, tissue lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status. Methods: Two types of diets, with or without addition of cholesterol, were used in the study - a commercial diet and a formulated multigrain diet (with Sorghum vulgare, Avena sativa, Pennisetum typhoideum, Oryza sativa, Eleusine coracana and Zea mays grains). After a 10-week period of feeding the diets to albino rats the plasma, liver and fecal lipid profiles and the hepatic and renal antioxidant status of the animals that were fed the commercial and the formulated diets (with and without cholesterol addition) were assessed. Results: The commercial diet supplemented with cholesterol elevated the levels of plasma total lipids, total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C), as well as the atherogenic index (AI). The high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) content and the antioxidant profiles (total ascorbic acid, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase reduced glutathione) declined along with increases in lipid peroxidation. The formulated diet (with and without addition of cholesterol) was found to be more efficient than the commercial diet in controlling plasma, hepatic and fecal lipid profiles, as well as hepatic and renal lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status, than of the hypercholesteremic animals. Conclusion: The multigrain diet used in the present study is effective in countering the hyperlipidemia and oxidative stress caused by high cholesterol intake.

Comparative effects of corn-based diet and phase-fed cassava-based diet on growth rate, carcass characteristics and lipid profile of meat-type ducks

  • Saree, Saowalak;Bunchasak, Chaiyapoom;Rakangtong, Choawit;Sakdee, Jessada;Krutthai, Nuttawut;Poeikhampha, Theerawit
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.843-848
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    • 2017
  • Objective: This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of a corn- or cassava- based diet on the production of meat-type ducks. Methods: Four hundred day-old ducks were used in this experiment. They were divided into five groups with each group replicated eight times. The ducks fed the corn-based diets served as the control group. The four other groups comprised different treatments, with each one given the cassava-based diet based on phase-feeding. Three treatments were fed the cassava-based diet from 16, 28, and 35 d; respectively up to 42 d of age and the other group was fed the cassava-based diet from 1 to 42 d of age. Results: The results indicated that ducks on either the corn- or cassava-based diets were similar in growth during 1 to 9 d of age. However, toward 35 to 42 d, the cassava-diet produced a higher weight gain (p<0.05). The cassava-based diet was better than the corn-based diet at increasing the outer and inner breast weights at 28, 35, or 42 d (p<0.05). In contrast, the corn-based diet was better at increasing abdominal fat (p<0.05). The two diets did not differ in their effects on the serum triglyceride, cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, very-low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and liver cholesterol. The corn-based diet, however, caused a highly significantly greater level of liver triglyceride (p<0.01). Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that both the cassava- and corn- based diets are similar in their effect on meat-type ducks during the starter stage but toward the finisher stage, the cassava-based diet has a better influence on weight gain and carcass characteristics.

Estrogen Receptor Is Activated by Korean Red Ginseng In Vitro but Not In Vivo

  • Shim, Myeong-Kuk;Lee, Young-Joo
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.169-175
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    • 2012
  • Ginseng has been used as a traditional medicine for treatment of many diseases and for general health maintenance in people of all ages. Ginseng is also used to ameliorate menopausal systems. We investigated the estrogenic activity of Korean red ginseng (KRG) in a transient transfection system, using estrogen receptor (ER) and estrogen-responsive luciferase plasmids in MCF-7 cells. The extract activated both ER${\alpha}$ and ER${\beta}$. KRG modulated the mRNA levels of estrogen-responsive genes such as pS2 and ESR1 and decreased the protein level of ER${\alpha}$. In order to examine in vivo estrogenic activity of KRG, sixteen female Sprague-Dawley rats separated into four groups were studied for nine weeks: non-ovariectomized (OVX) rats treated with olive oil, OVX rats treated with olive oil, OVX rats treated with 17-${\beta}$-estradiol (E2) in olive oil, and OVX rats treated with KRG extract in olive oil. The experiments were repeated for three times and the data of twelve rats were combined. Body weight of OVX rats was greater than that of sham-operated control rats and was decreased by E2 treatment. Uterine weight increased after E2 treatment compared to OVX rats. However, no difference in body or uterine weight was observed with KRG intake. KRG induced reductions in total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol/total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol/total cholesterol, and low density lipoprotein cholesterol/high density lipoprotein cholesterol, but not to the same degree as did E2 intake. These results show that KRG does contain estrogenic activity as manifested by in vitro study but the activity is not strong enough to elicit physiological responses.