• Title, Summary, Keyword: living arrangement

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A Study on the Married Daughters' Caregiving Strss and the Influential Variables (기혼여성(며느리, 딸)의 노부모 부양스트레스와 영향변인에 관한 연구)

  • 이신숙
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.57-71
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of this research was to study the variables related to the stress and to provide the way of establishing better relationship between aged parents and adult offsprings and the way of effective care-giving. In order to achieve this purpose a survey was conducted by interview using questionaire. The collected data were analyzed by using frequency percentage mean standard deviation factor analysis Pearson's correlation analysis, ANOVA, and stepwise regression analysis. The results of this research were as follows: First The total points of daughter-in-laws' caregicing stress was 38.5 and daughter's caregiving stress was 27.3. Second There were meaningful differences according to living arrangement daughters-in-law age, old mothers' health status. And there were significant. interaction effects among variables of living arrangement and daughters-in-law' age, living arrangement and birth order birth order and old mothers' health status. living arrangement and daughters-in-law' age and old mothers' health status. Third There were meaningful differences according to living arrangement daughter's age. And there were significant interaction effects among variables of living arrangement and daughter's age, daughter's age and birth order, living arrangement and daughter's age and old mothers' health status, living arrangement and birth order and old mothers' health status. Fourth Among daughters-in-law' variables living arrangement age, old mothers' health status have influence on the care-giving stress. Among daughter's variables living arrangement, age, birth order have influence on the care-giving stress.

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Transition in Living Arrangement and Life Satisfaction in Old Age (노년기 거주형태 변화와 삶의 만족도)

  • Baik, Ok Mi
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.301-308
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    • 2018
  • This study examined the relationship between transition in living arrangement and life satisfaction outcomes among older adults in Korea. This study utilized the secondary data of 2 waves(2005-2011) of a Korean Retirement and Income Study from the National Pension Research Institute. This study categorized living arrangement transition over time into 16 categories and used generalized the estimation equation(GEE) modeling to examine the relationship between living arrangement transition group membership and life satisfaction. The results showed that transition in living arrangement in old age was partly and significantly associated with life satisfaction in later life. In particular, the best living arrangement type in older adults in terms of life satisfaction was the coresidence with spouse compared with residence alone or residence with their children. The group of residence with their children was not related to higer satisfaction. More research is needed to explore the mechanism behind older people's trajectory in transition in living arrangement.

Life Satisfaction and Depression according to Living Arrangement in Elderly (거주형태가 노인의 생활만족도와 우울감에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Yeon-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.400-410
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between the living arrangement, life satisfaction and depression in the elderly. Method: The subjects consisted of 371 elderly who has at least one adult child classifying two groups(living with children and not living with children). The data were collected by a structured questionnaire that included general characteristics, Geriatric Leisure Activity Scale, Geriatric Life Satisfaction Scale, Geriatric Depression Scale, from March to December, 2004. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS program including descriptive statistics, ${\chi}^2-test$, t-test, Pearson Correlation Coefficient and Hierarchical Regression. Result: In hierarchical regression, the elders who live with their children showed more life satisfaction than elders who lived by themselves. However, living arrangement showed no effect on the level of depression of the elderly parents. Significant leisure activity interaction effect was found on the depression among the elderly: The elderly with no leisure activity reported lower levels of depression when they lived with their adult child. Conclusion: It is necessary to explore further the various relationship among living arrangement and life satisfaction of the elderly, their preferences and expectations regarding inter-generational obligations and living arrangements.

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Living Arrangement and Psychological Loneliness of Rural Elderly in Korea (농촌노인의 독거 .동거 가구형태가 심리적 고독감에 미치는 영향)

  • 양순미;홍숙자
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.129-139
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    • 2003
  • Living arrangement is considered an important variable in discussing loneliness and the psychological state of the elderly. From this point of view, this study aimed at Identifying the effects of living arrangements, sociodemographic variables, social activities, and social psychological variables on the psychological loneliness of the rural elderly. Though hierarchical regression analyses. the predictors of loneliness among the rural elderly were identified as single/co-residence living arrangement(r=.49), sense of well-being based on respects for others' perspectives (r: -.22), needs for remarriage (r=.22), and work hours during off- farming season (r: -.19). The effects of living arrangement remained strong and were not influenced by the addition of sociodemographic variables, social activity variable, and social psychological variables. The feeling of loneliness of the elderly who were living alone was higher than among the elderly who were living with someone else. This finding suggests that the loneliness of the rural elderly derives primarily from the lack of family Interaction. Therefore, it is recommended that social welfare policies for the rural elderly be designed to improve their family and social interactions.

Factors Affecting Transitions in Living Arrangements among Elders in Korea (노년기 거주형태의 변화와 영향요인에 관한 종단연구)

  • Yoon, Hyun-Sook;Yoon, Ji-Young;Gim, Yeong-Ja
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.64 no.1
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    • pp.249-271
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    • 2012
  • This research examines the degree and the patterns of living arrangement transitions and analyzes the factors affecting transitions in living arrangement among elders in Korea. Data came from four-wave panel study of Hallym Aging Research Institute. The first wave was conducted in 2003, and each successive wave occurred exactly 2 years after. Respondents who were aged 60 and over, and had at least one living child were selected for this research. The baseline consisted of 1,907 respondents(2003), then became 985 for the fourth transition interval (2009). A total of 825 who participated both in 2003 and 2009 were used. Binomial logit regression analyses were used to analyze the effects of demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, physical health, cognitive function, psychological well-being, and cultural attitudes toward elder care on transitions in living arrangements. Results show that 29.82% of the elders made transitions in living arrangements from 2003 to 2009, indicating remarkably unstable living situation over this time period. The ratio of living alone is increased from 17.6% to 19.6%, in contrast with decreased ratio of living with married children from 30.5% to 25.2%, and that of living with unmarried children from 19.9% to 13.7%. Factors affecting transitions in living arrangement were different according to types of living arrangement. Elders living with married children were more likely to be older, widowed and to have higher level of psychological well-being and more traditional attitude toward elder care. Elders living alone were more likely to be women, widowed, and to have more chronic diseases and lower level of psychological well-being.

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Characteristics Related to Preferences on Living Arrangement and Residence of the Elderly (노후의 부양유형과 주거 선호에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Kwak, In-Suk;Hong, Sung-Hee
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.17-38
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    • 2009
  • Preferences on living arrangement and residence of the elderly depend on various changing factors as they get old. Among those factors, predictable and crucial factors are the condition of their health and spouse. Thus, this study is focused on living arrangement and the residential preference of the elderly according to their health and existence of a spouse. A sample of 500 elderly aged over 65 is analyzed by $x^2$ test, and multiple logistic regression. The results could be summarized as follows; First, 45.2% of the elderly who participated in this survey prefer 'living apart from their children but living close by'. And 19.8% of the elderly want to 'live with their children'. Second, the elderly with a spouse and the elderly who live apart from their children tend to prefer living independently. Third, the elderly with good health living in single-family houses and the elderly with high self-esteem tend to prefer the residential facilities for the elderly. Fourth, the elderly with health problems who have generous allowances and live in a city tend to prefer the residential facilities for the elderly. Fifth, factors such as gender, age, condition of health, allowances, living regions, type of house, self-esteem influence residential preferences of the elderly without a spouse. Older men with more allowances, in good health, living in row house and apartment, in a mid-size city tend to prefer living in the residential facilities for the elderly.

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Comparison of Health Habits, Perceived Stress, Depression, and Suicidal Thinking by Gender between Elders Living Alone and Those Living with Others (남녀별 독거노인과 동거노인의 건강습관, 스트레스, 우울, 자살생각 비교)

  • Kim, Young-Ju
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.333-344
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify differences in health habits, perceived stress, depression, and suicidal thinking by gender for elderly people who are living alone and elderly people who are living with others. Method: The study participants were 4,051 people aged 65 years and over who were surveyed in the Third Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2005. The relationship among outcomes and living arrangement by gender in elders was assessed using multiple logistic regression while controlling for sociodemographic characteristics. Results: Older men living alone were less likely to have breakfast and more likely to perceive stress and think of suicide than older men living with family or others. On the other hand, older women who live alone were less likely to perceive stress than older women who live with others. Age, educational level, income, and number of diseases were significantly associated with each individual outcome. Conclusion: This study showed that living alone has a significant impact on physical health habits and psychological health of elderly people, especially for older men. Therefore, living arrangement should be considered in developing a health promotion program for elders as well as age, gender, education, and income.

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Preferred Living Arrangement of the Elderly refering to the possible provision of Housing services (주거 서비스 제공 가능성에 따른 도시 노인의 주거 선호 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Yeunsook;Kim, Mi Sun;Lee, Jung Wha
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.99-106
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    • 2007
  • Recently, there had been considerable changes in our society in terms of the level where elderly people can experience the potential in their quality of life and demand for better life. Therefore, new alternative for elderly housing responding the physical, psychological and social demand of the contemporary elderly. For this, there needs to find out preference of the elderly on their living environment. The purpose of this study is to find out the elderly preference on living arrangement via small group workshop, to propose a sustainable housing option. The workshop allowed step by step responses along with additional information about living arrangement possibility. The findings were, most participants wanted to "age in place" when they are still healthy. And some in care facility is inferior later life period. For later cases, when they were given information on various elderly housing, their preference changed from mostly elderly facility type to ordinary housing. They were intended to stay in current housing when convenient services and digital technology services are available in their house.

A Study on Living Arrangement Type of the Elderly -Focused on Seo-San Area in Choong-Nam Province- (老人家口의 同別居 類型에 關한 硏究 - 충남 서산 지역의 경우를 중심으로 -)

  • 이인수;장세철
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.69-77
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    • 1998
  • This study has been performed to analyze living arrangement in later life. In this study, 276 Koreans aged 60 or more were interviewed for their current household structure. The results are drawn as follows: 1. Of all the households with at least one person aged 60 or more, those living in three generations account for the largest proportion, 39.9 percent. For the regional difference, the rate was slightly higher in urban areas than in rural areas. 2. 48.7% of the subjects living in owned homes were households with elderly only, but only 23% of those living in rented homes are elderly only. Overall, the rate of elderly-only households becomes the highest for those living in owned single structure homes. This result indicates that the elderly with higher economic status are more likely to live without children than others. 3. As for birth order, those who grew up as the first child are most likely to live in elderly-only households, while others are in three generation homes. 4. The elderly with few children are more likely to live independently than those with many children, not because they are without dependable children, but because spend less resource for childbearing and therefore are more independent. 5. Overall in this, it is supported that socioeconomic status and independability are more influential factors on living arrangement of the elderly than regional or emotional factors.

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A Study on Evaluation of living room by Furniture Usage ( Part I ) - Thoughts of Furniture Usage and Evaluation of the deweller - (가구사용에 따른 거실공간 평가에 관한 연구 ( I ) - 가구사용 의식 및 거주자 평가 -)

  • 이명옥
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 1991
  • This Paper focuses on discusing how to select, arrange and evaluate furniture and how to estimate the space of the living room.In this Paper, the size of the living room was manipulated in 3 . ways;66-95.7m2, 99-128.7 m2 and more of 132 m2.The major findings are as follows:1) The subjects in the larger size select or arrange furniture more diversely and show the higher satisfactory level for the arrangement of furniture than those in the smaller ,size do.2) The subjects in the smaller size shows the conflict between their plan for the furniture \ulcorner arrangement and their evaluation for the arranged furniture.3) The variables affecting the estimation of the living room are the arrangement, the color, the number and tile design of furniture.4) Five dimensions(activity, evaluation luxry, plenty and openness)are extracted by factor analysis.

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