• Title, Summary, Keyword: liquid analyzer

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Fabrication of the Liquid Analyzer us ing Micro-stereolithography Technology (Micro-stereolithography 기술을 이용한 용액분석 소자 제작)

  • 이영태
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.994-1000
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    • 2001
  • In this paper, using micro-stereolithography technology, I fabricated a liquid analyzer to measure ion concentration of a solution. Micro-stereolithography is a technology to fabricate 3-dimensional structure by applying laser beam on liquid photo-polymer. This technology makes it possible to do preassemble fabrication without any extra assembling step after the process. So, the liquid analyzer could be fabricated at very low cost with very simple process by micro-stereolithography technology. The liquid analyzer consists of a chamber for containing the solution, a pump using piezoelectric effect of PZT disk, a static mixer and a sensor for measuring ion concentration using Pt electrodes.

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Behavior Characteristics of Swirl-Twin Spray with Changing Swirl Angle (선회각도변화에 따른 2유체 선회분무의 거동특성)

  • Kang, Wan-Bong;Cha, Keun-Jong;Kim, Duck-Jool
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.943-948
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    • 2000
  • The Twin-fluid Swirl Nozzles are used in many parts of the industry to produce homogeneous spray. This study is to investigate the effects of outer air swiller and inner water swiller on atomization of liquid.. The experiment was carried out with increasing air-flow rate at constant liquid-flow rate and with changing outer air swiller angle and inner water swiller angle. A Particle Dynamics Analyzer(PDA) was used to measure drop size, mean and ms values of axial velocity, number density and Sauter mean diameter(SMD). The axial mean velocity and SMD of droplets were measured along the center line and radial directions. It was found that the higher air flow-rate resulted in the smaller Sauter mean diameter of liquid spray and the higher axial mean velocity of droplets. This experimental results will be conveniently used for the preliminary design stage of twin-fluid nozzle development.

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Polarimetric Measurement of Jones Matrix of a Twisted Nematic Liquid Crystal Spatial Light Modulator

  • Khos-Ochir, Tsogvoo;Munkhbaatar, Purevdorj;Yang, Byung Kwan;Kim, Hyun Woo;Kim, Jin Seung;Kim, Myung-Whun
    • Journal of the Optical Society of Korea
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.443-448
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    • 2012
  • A polarimetric experimental method was developed to determine the Jones matrix elements of transparent optical materials without sign ambiguity. A set of polarization dependent transmittance data of the samples was measured with polarizer - sample - analyzer system and another set of data was measured with polarizer - sample - quarter-wave plate - analyzer. Two data sets were compared and mathematically analyzed to obtain the correct signs of the elements of the matrix. The Jones matrix elements of a quarter-wave plate were determined to check the validity of the method. The experimentally obtained matrix elements of the quarter-wave plate were consistent with the theoretical expectations. The same method was applied to obtain the Jones matrix elements of a twisted nematic liquid crystal panel.

A Study of Two-Phase Swirl Spray Characteristics on Dual Airblast Velocity Ratio (이중공기공급 속도비에 따른 이류체 선회분무 특성 연구)

  • Kang, S.J.;Oh, J.H.;Song, K.J.;Rho, B.J.
    • Journal of ILASS-Korea
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.27-36
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    • 2000
  • In this study, spray characteristics of a dual airblast atomizer are addressed. Three dimensional characteristics of a dual airblast atomizer with air swirl are measured to provide the significant data. The liquid flow rate was fixed at 0.06 kg/min, and atomizing air was controlled at the liquid-air mass ratio of 4.0. The performance of the spray with co-swirl and counter-swirl flow was investigated at each point in the developed spray region using a three-component phase Doppler particle analyzer. This instrument was also used to evaluate the concentration profiles. The three dimensional mean velocity were investigated of present flow characteristics of the dual airblast atomizer. In addition, drop size distributions, mean droplet size profile, and droplet concentration were analyzed to understand atomization characteristics. This experimental results can be conveniently utilized for the preliminary design of gas turbine engines for aircraft.

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Atomization Characteristics Experiment of Hole Type Nozzle for the Reduction of Harmful Exhausted Gas (유해배기가스 저감을 위한 Hole형 노즐의 미립화 특성실험)

  • Chung, Jin-Do;Yu, Byoung-Gu
    • Journal of ILASS-Korea
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.17-24
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    • 1997
  • A simplified experiment was performed to figure out the atomization characteristics of rice-bran oil which it is highly viscous liquid by applying ultrasonic energy. A spray system, an ultrasonic system, and three kinds of hole-type nozzles(hole diameter: 0.31, 0.34, 0.37mm) were manufactured. To investigate the effects of ultrasonic energy on the atomization of a highly viscous liquid, a phase doppler particle analyzer was used for measurement and calculation of spray droplets data. Nozzle opening pressures were chosen of 3 levels, i.e, 16, 20, and 24MPa. As a result, it could be concluded that the ultrasonic energy was effective to improve the spray atomization when it applied to the fuel by means of 3 different nozzles because of the effects of the liquid fuel cavitation and relaxation between molecules caused by ultrasonic energy. The improvement rate of the spray atomization by the ultrasonic method compared with the conventional spray increased about 15% in the case of hole type nozzles. By increasing of the nozzle opening pressure and decreasing of the hole diameter, the atomization of spray droplets was improved.

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Synthesis and Characterization of Silver Nanofluid Using Pulsed Wire Evaporation Method in Liquid-Gas Mixture (액상/기상중 전기선 폭발법을 이용한 은 나노유체의 제조 및 특성평가에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Chang-Kyu;Lee, Gyoung-Ja;Rhee, Chang-Kyu
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.468-472
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    • 2009
  • The silver nanofluids were synthesized by the pulsed wire evaporation (PWE) method in a liquid-gas mixture. The size and microstructure of nanoparticles in the deionized water were investigated by a particle size analyzer (PSA), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and scanning electron microscope (SEM). Also, the synthesized nanofluids were investigated in order to assess the stability of dispersion of nanofluid by the zetapotential analyzer and dispersion stability analyzer. The results showed that the spherical silver nanoparticle formed in the deionized water and mean particle size was about 50 nm. Also, when explosion times were in the range of 20$\sim$200 times, the absolute value of zeta potential was less than -27 mV and the dispersion stability characteristic of low concentration silver nanofluid was better than the high concentration silver nanofluid by turbiscan.

Spray characteristics of twin-fluid atomization using external-mixing sonic nozzles (외부혼합형 음속노즐을 사용한 2유체 미립화의 분무특성)

  • Park, Byeong-Gyu;Lee, Jun-Sik
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.132-139
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    • 1997
  • Spray characteristics of external mixing sonic twin-fluid atomization nozzles are investigated experimentally. Particle sizes are measured by the Fraunhofer diffraction method using the Malvern particle analyzer, and their radial distributions are obtained using the tomographical transformation technique. The spatial distribution of SMD shows that the drop size increases in the radial direction at a fixed liquid flow rate, and the distribution is getting uniform rapidly as the atomizing gas pressure increases. The SMD decreases as the liquid flow rate increases at a fixed GLR. It is found that the atomization efficiency of the flush type sonic nozzle is superior to that of protrusion type. The effect of laser beam diameter of the particle analyzer on the spatial SMD distribution is minor at present experimental conditions.

Automatic PID Controller Parameter Analyzer

  • Pannil, Pittaya;Julsereewong, Prasit;Ukakimaparn, Prapart;Tirasesth, Kitti
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.288-291
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    • 1999
  • The PID (Proportional-Integral-Derivative) controller is widely used in the industries for more than fifty years with the well known Ziegler-Nichols tuning method and others varieties. However, most of the PID controller being used in the real practice still require trial and error adjustment for each process after the tuning method is done, which is consuming of time and needs the operator experiences to obtain the best results for the controller parameter. In order to reduce the inconvenience in the controller tuning, this paper presents a design of an automatic PID controller parameter analyzer being used as a support instrument in the industrial process control. This analyzer is designed based on the tuning formula of Dahlin to synthesize the PID controller parameter. Using this analyzer, the time to be spent in the trial and error procedures and its complexity can be neglected. Experimental results using PID controller parameter synthesized from this analyzer to the liquid level control plant model and the fluid flow control plant model show that the responses of the controlled systems can be efficiently controlled without any difficulty in mathemathical computation.

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