• Title, Summary, Keyword: lipid accumulation

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Effect of Platycodi radix and Platycodi radix Saponin on Liver Lipid in Rats on a Fed High Fat Diet (길경과 길경 Saponin이 고지방식이 섭취 흰쥐의 간장조직에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Mu-Hui;Son, Gyu-Mok;Bae, Man-Jong
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.222-229
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    • 1995
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of the Platycodi radix powder (PRP) and Platycodi radix saponin(PRS) on the reduction of lipid status In rats fed on high fat diet for 6 weeks after which lipid contents were measured in liver. And also by carrying out the histological examination throughout light microscope to observe the effects of fat accumulation reduction. The results obtained from this study are as fellows. In the levels of total lipid in liver, PRS Group significantly decreased compared with Contred Group, but PRP Group was not significantly changed. The content of triglyceride was tended to be slightly decreased in the PRP and PRS groups compared to the control group, which was not significant. It was observed from photomicrographs of hepatic tissue in rats that the PRP and PRS groups inhibits the lipid accumulation induced by high fat diets.

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Pear pomace ethanol extract improves insulin resistance through enhancement of insulin signaling pathway without lipid accumulation

  • You, Mi-Kyoung;Kim, Hwa-Jin;Rhyu, Jin;Kim, Hyeon-A
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.198-205
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    • 2017
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The anti-diabetic activity of pear through inhibition of ${\alpha}-glucosidase$ has been demonstrated. However, little has been reported about the effect of pear on insulin signaling pathway in obesity. The aims of this study are to establish pear pomace 50% ethanol extract (PPE)-induced improvement of insulin sensitivity and characterize its action mechanism in 3T3-L1 cells and high-fat diet (HFD)-fed C57BL/6 mice. MATERIALS/METHODS: Lipid accumulation, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) secretion and glucose uptake were measure in 3T3-L1 cells. Mice were fed HFD (60% kcal from fat) and orally ingested PPE once daily for 8 weeks and body weight, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and serum lipids were measured. The expression of proteins involved in insulin signaling pathway was evaluated by western blot assay in 3T3-L1 cells and adipose tissue of mice. RESULTS: In 3T3-L1 cells, without affecting cell viability and lipid accumulation, PPE inhibited MCP-1 secretion, improved glucose uptake, and increased protein expression of phosphorylated insulin receptor substrate 1 [p-IRS-1, ($Tyr^{632})$)], p-Akt, and glucose transporter type 4 (GLUT4). Additionally, in HFD-fed mice, PPE reduced body weight, HOMA-IR, and serum lipids including triglyceride and LDL-cholesterol. Furthermore, in adipose tissue, PPE up-regulated GLUT4 expression and expression ratio of p-IRS-1 ($Tyr^{632})/IRS$, whereas, down-regulated p-IRS-1 ($Ser^{307})/IRS$. CONCLUSIONS: Our results collectively show that PPE improves glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 cells and insulin sensitivity in mice fed a HFD through stimulation of the insulin signaling pathway. Furthermore, PPE-induced improvement of insulin sensitivity was not accompanied with lipid accumulation.

Effects of Pueraria lobata Root Ethanol Extract on Adipogenesis and Lipogenesis During 3T3-L1 Differentiation into Adipocytes

  • Lee, Chae Myoung;Yoon, Mi Sook;Kim, Young Chul
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.191-201
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    • 2015
  • We evaluated the inhibitory effect of Pueraria lobata root ethanol extract (PLREE) on lipid accumulation during 3T3-L1 differentiation to adipocytes by measuring the intracellular expression of adipogenic, lipogenic, and lipolytic markers and lipid accumulation. The total polyphenol and flavonoid content of PLREE were 47 and 29 mg/g, respectively. The electron donating capacity of PLREE at $1,000{\mu}g/mL$ was 48.8%. Treatment of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes with 100, 250, or $500{\mu}g/mL$ PLREE for 8 days dose-dependently promoted the differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells. In contrast, the lipid content of PLREE-treated cells was significantly reduced by 7.8% (p < 0.05), 35.6% (p < 0.001), and 42.2% (p < 0.001) following treatment with 100, 250, and $500{\mu}g/mL$ PLREE, respectively, as compared to differentiated control cells. PLREE upregulated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ${\gamma}$ mRNA and protein, and sterol regulator element-binding protein-1c mRNA levels, but did not affect CCAAT/enhancer binding-protein ${\beta}$ and ${\alpha}$ mRNA levels. PLREE also downregulated acetyl-CoA carboxylase mRNA and protein, fatty acid synthase (FAS) protein, and leptin mRNA levels, but did not affect FAS mRNA expression. PLREE upregulated adipose triglyceride lipase mRNA and protein expression, and hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) protein expression, but did not affect HSL mRNA expression. In conclusion, we found that PLREE enhanced adipogenesis, but reduced lipogenesis, resulting in decreased lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 cells.

Inhibitory Effect of Triticum aestivum Ethanol Extract on Lipid Accumulation in 3T3-L1 Preadipocytes (3T3-L1 세포에서 소맥엽 에탄올추출물의 지질생성 억제효과)

  • Lee, Sun-Hee;Xin, Mingjie;Luyen, Bui Thi Thuy;Cha, Ji-Yun;Im, Ji-Young;Kwon, Se-Uk;Lim, Sung-Won;Suh, Joo-Won;Kim, Young-Ho;Kim, Dae-Ki;Lee, Young-Mi
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.55 no.6
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    • pp.478-484
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    • 2011
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is known to be frequently associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes. We examined the effects of EtOH extracts from Triticum aestivum on lipid accumulation during the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes to screening the candidate materials in preventing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. The lipid level in adipocytes was determined by Oil Red O staining. The treatment of 50% ethanol, but not water and 100% ethanol extracts, from Triticum aestivum at concentration of 0.5 $mg/ml$ inhibited lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 cells, revealing no cell toxicity. Thus, the fractions of $CH_2Cl_2$, EtOAc and BuOH were separated from 50% EtOH extract to characterize anti-adipogenic effect. The $CH_2Cl_2$ fraction at concentration of $50{\mu}g/ml$ effectively inhibited the lipid accumulation in the adipocytes compared to those of EtOAc and BuOH at concentration of $50{\mu}g/ml$. The intracellular triglyceride accumulation also was significantly reduced by treatment of $CH_2Cl_2$ fraction in concentration-dependent manner. Western blot analysis showed that the $CH_2Cl_2$ fraction attenuated the intracelluar level of fatty acid synthase(FAS) accompanied by attenuated expression of Peroxidase proliferator-activated receptor ${\gamma}$ ($PPAR{\gamma}$) adipogenic transcription factor. These results suggest that $CH_2Cl_2$ fraction from 50% EtOH extract of Triticum aestivum may has the potent anti-adipogenic effects by inhibiting the transactivation of $PPAR{\gamma}$.

Antioxidative Activities and Inhibitory Effects on Lipid Accumulation of Extracts from Different Parts of Morus alba and Cudrania tricuspidata (뽕나무(Morus alba)와 꾸지뽕나무(Cudrania tricuspidata)의 부위에 따른 항산화 활성 및 3T3-L1세포 지방축적 억제 효과)

  • Kim, Gun-Hee;Kim, Eunhyang
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.138-147
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    • 2019
  • In this study, we examined antioxidative effects and the anti-adipogenesis effect of different parts of Cudrania tricuspidata (C), and Morus alba (M). Total polyphenol contents were highest in M-root ($34.56{\pm}0.045mg\;GAE/g$), and there was no significant difference, between C-root and M-leaf. Total flavonoid contents of C-root were highest ($23.07{\pm}0.004mg\;QE/g$). To examine antioxidant activities of C and M extracts, DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activity, and FRAP assay, was used. Results show that antioxidant activities of C and M extracts increased, in a dose-dependent manner. Adipocytes are generated by preadipocyte differentiation, during adipogenesis. Matured adipocytes accumulate in abnormal and cause obesity. We investigated effects of leaf and root extracts of C and M, on lipid accumulation, in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Changes in cell morphology, and degrees of lipid accumulation in adipocytes, were evaluated by Oil Red O staining. Root extracts of C and M, reduced lipid content in a dose-dependent manner. Therefore, root extracts of C and M, may be good candidates for managing obesity.

Effect of pH on Lipid Accumulation and Fatty Acid Composition of Molds (pH가 곰팡이의 지질 축적과 지방산 조성에 미치는 영향)

  • Son, Byung-Hyo;Lee, Yung-Geun
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.31-34
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    • 1987
  • Effect of initial PH on the lipid accumulation and fatty acid composition of some species of mold were investigated. The maximum lipid content content produced by Aspergillus niger var. macrosporus was 17.5% at PH 3.5, by Aspergillus fumigatus 23.5% at PH 3.5 by Penicillium spinulosum 12.0% at PH 4.0 and by Penicillium notatum 7.3% at PH 4.0. The major fatty acids were palmitic, stearic, oleic and linoleic acid in all experimental molds. At PH from 4.5 to 6.0, the proportion of linoleic acid was increased and those of palmitic and oleic acid were decreased with rising in PH, therefore, degree of lipid unsaturation was increased in all experimental molds.

Morphological Changes in Adipose and Liver Tissues by 17$\beta$-estradiol in Female Ovariectomized C57BL/6J Mice

  • Jeong, Sun-Hyo;Choi, Hyung-Kyu;Yoon, Mi-Chung
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.99-104
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    • 2007
  • To determine whether 17$\beta$-estradiol induces the morphological changes in adipose and liver tissues, we measured the effects of 17$\beta$-estradiol on adipose tissue mass, adipocyte histology and hepatic lipid accumulation in female ovariectomized (OVX) C57BL/6J mice. Compared to vehicle-treated control mice, 17$\beta$-estradiol-treated mice decreased adipose tissue mass and the size of adipocytes, and concomitantly increased the number of adipocytes in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, the administration of 17$\beta$-estradiol resulted in reduced hepatic lipid accumulation in a dose-dependent manner. These results suggest that estrogen may regulate adipocyte development and lipid metabolism in female OVX C57BL/6J mice.

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1,8-cineole protected human lipoproteins from modification by oxidation and glycation and exhibited serum lipid-lowering and anti-inflammatory activity in zebrafish

  • Cho, Kyung-Hyun
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.45 no.10
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    • pp.565-570
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    • 2012
  • We recently reported that a water extract of laurel or turmeric, 1,8-cineole enriched fractions, showed hypolipidemic activity in the zebrafish model. Therefore, the present study investigated the cineole's anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities in lipoprotein metabolism in vitro and in vivo. Cineole had inhibitory effects on cupric ion-mediated oxidation of lipoproteins in general, while simultaneously enhancing ferric ion removal ability in high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Hypercholesterolemia was induced in zebrafish using cholesterol-feeding treatment, 4% cholesterol, for 3 weeks. After feeding with or without the addition of cineole, the results revealed that cineole possessed lipid-lowering and anti-inflammatory activities in hypercholesterolemic zebrafish. In addition, serum amyloid A and interleukin-6 levels were lowered and lipid accumulation was decreased in the liver. Conclusively, 1,8-cineole was found to have anti-oxidant activities in lipoprotein metabolism both in vitro and in vivo with simultaneous reduction of lipid accumulation in the liver of zebrafish.

Sexually Dimorphic Control of Obesity and Skeletal Muscle Lipid Metabolism by Fenofibrate

  • Lim, Hyesook;Lee, Hyunghee;Yoon, Michung
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.17-24
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    • 2013
  • Animals show a sexual dimorphism in metabolic responses. We investigated to verify whether the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ${\alpha}$ ($PPAR{\alpha}$) agonist fenofibrate regulates obesity and skeletal muscle lipid metabolism with sexual dimorphism and to determine the changes in skeletal muscle expression of $PPAR{\alpha}$ target genes. After both sexes of C57BL/6J mice received a high fat diet with or without fenofibrate for 7 weeks, we examined the effects of fenofibrate on not only body weight, adipose tissue mass, and skeletal muscle lipid accumulation, but also the mRNA expression of $PPAR{\alpha}$-related genes in skeletal muscle. Male mice given a fenofibrate-supplemented high fat diet showed decreased body weight gain and adipose tissue mass compared with mice fed a high fat diet alone, whereas fenofibrate did not reduce them in high fat diet-fed female mice. Lipid accumulation in skeletal muscle was inhibited by fenofibrate in male mice, but not in female mice. Gene expression analysis revealed that fenofibrate increased the mRNA levels of $PPAR{\alpha}$ target enzymes only in male mice. Therefore, our results suggest that sex-dependence differences in obesity and intramuscular lipid levels under fenofibrate treatment could be due in part to the differences in skeletal muscle $PPAR{\alpha}$ activation between male and female mice.

Optimal Culturing and Enhancement of Lipid Accumulation in a Microalga Botryococcus braunii (미세조류 Botryococcus braunii의 배양조건 최적화 및 지질축적 향상)

  • Kwon, Sung-Hyun;Lee, Eun-Mi;Cho, Dae-Chul
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.21 no.7
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    • pp.779-785
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    • 2012
  • Several tests and experimental work have been done for identifying the best growth conditions and accumulated amount of lipid moiety in B. braunii, a microalga(UTEX 572) in terms of media composition. The specific growth rate was found to be the highest at 0.15 g/L-day when the phosphorus concentration was doubled with the other ingredients at the normal level. Experiments for varied media compositions revealed that the accumulation of lipid was the highest at 48% (dry cell weight based) in the nitrogen deficient medium and its corresponding specific growth rate was comparative to that in the normal BG 11 medium. In the bubble column experiments, carbon dioxide containing air produced four times more cell mass than air only. Light and glucose addition also enhanced cell mass with maximum, 1.8 g/L and accordingly 42% of lipid composition, which turned out to be a better strategy for higher lipid-producing microalgal culture.