• Title, Summary, Keyword: lipid accumulation

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Effect of Cell-Wall Broken Spores of Ganoderma lucidum(Leyss. ex.Fr.) Karst on the Lipid Accumulation and Body Weight Reduction in C57BL/6J Mice fed High-Fat Diet (파벽(破壁) 영지포자가 고지방식이 섭취 마우스의 지방축적 및 체중감량에 미치는 영향)

  • Pak, Kum-Ju;Kang, Jung Il;Kim, Tae-Seok;Lee, Sang-Yun;Yeo, Ik-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.346-353
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    • 2014
  • This study was performed to investigate the effects of cell-wall broken spores of Ganoderma lucidum on the lipid accumulation and body weight reduction in C57BL/6J mice. Six-week-old C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into 5 groups and assigned to one of these groups; normal chew diet(Nor) group, high-fat diet(HFD) group, HFD plus spores of Ganoderma lucidum 800 mg/kg/day (HFD + GS/B) group, HFD plus cell-wall broken spores of Ganoderma lucidum 400 mg/kg/day (HFD + BGS/A) group and finally HFD plus cell-wall broken spores of Ganoderma lucidum 800mg/kg/day (HFD + BGS/B). The experimental groups which were treated oral co-administration with cell-wall broken(or original) spores of Ganoderma lucidum and HFD significantly attenuated accumulative body weight gain, compared with HFD group. Administration of these experimental materials also resulted in significant reduction not only the serum levels of total cholesterol, homocysteine but also the lipid accumulation in liver tissue. But in the almost of results the cell-wall broken spores of Ganoderma lucidum were evaluated superior than the original one. These results indicate that cell-wall broken spores of Ganoderma lucidum may inhibit the lipid accumulation in blood as well as liver tissue. Therefore it may be a valuable candidate for the therapy preventing obese induced hyperlipidemic symptoms.

Effects of Multiple Stress Factors Including Iron Supply on Cell Growth and Lipid Accumulation in Marine Microalga Dunaliella tertiolecta (해양 미세조류 Dunaliella tertiolecta에서 철 공급을 포함한 다중스트레스 인자가 세포성장 및 지질생산에 미치는 영향)

  • Rizwan, Muhammad;Mujtaba, Ghulam;Lee, Kisay
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.306-312
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    • 2017
  • Changes in the cell growth and lipid accumulation of marine microalga Dunaliella tertiolecta were investigated in response to the combination of different stress factors including the variation of iron supply as a primary stress factor and different options in light irradiation and $CO_2$ supply as a secondary stress factor. High or limited Fe conditions could act as a stress for lipid synthesis. As a secondary stress factor, non-$CO_2$ condition was good for lipid accumulation, but the overall cell growth was sacrificed significantly after a long-time cultivation. Dark condition as a secondary stress factor also favored lipid accumulation and the extent of cell density reduction at the early period in the dark was small compared to other stress conditions. The two-stage cultivation strategy was necessary to maximize lipid production because tendencies of the cell growth and lipid content were not identical under the chosen stress condition. The first stage was for preparing a high cell density under the normal growth-favoring condition and the second stage was the stress condition to induce lipid accumulation in a short time. The short-term (12 h) incubation under the 5X Fe (3.25 mg/L) and dark conditions resulted in the best lipid productivity of 1.44 g/L/d providing 2 g/L inoculum at the second stage.

The Degree of Lipid Oxidation of Rat Liver Fed Peroxidized Lipid and Its Effects on Anti-Oxidative System (과산화지질의 투여가 흰쥐 간의 산화와 항산화계에 미치는 영향)

  • 권명자;전영수;송영옥
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.899-907
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    • 1994
  • Accumulation of peroxidized lipid, fed or injected in the body of rats was investigated and the effect of peroxidized lipid on the antioxidative system was studied also. Three groups each having six of Sprague-dawley rats were raised for 8 weeks. the peroxide value(POV) of diet fed to the control and the peroxidized group was 5.47 and 22.14meq/kg , respectively. Injected group was given the control diet and peroxidized linoleic acid(POV 31.81meq/kg) was injected into the peritoneal area three times a week. The POV, MDA, and protein carbonyl values of the peroxidized and the injected group (experimental groups) were significantly higher (p<0.05) than those of the control group. Cu, Zn-SOD and M-SOD activity of the experimentla groups increased 1.6 times that of control group at 4 th week. and decreased by 60% of their activityafter 8 weeks of feeding (p<0.05) . Catalase activity, glutathione and Vt, E contents of the experimental groups were significantly lower (p<0.05) than those of the control group during 8 weeks. The accumulation of peroxidcized lipid in liver were ovserved both in the fed or the injected group. The increased of enzyme activity of the experimental group during 4 weeks suggests ianadaptation of antioxidative system to get rid of the peroxidized lipid. Decrease of enzyme activity and glutathione observed as the peroxidized lipid lipid accumulation proceeded further, however, seems to indicate the oxdiative damage of enzyme and protein . Determination of the protein carbonyl content may be used as a method for measuring the oxidative damaging effect of peroxidized lipid.

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Suppression of Lipid Accumulation of Hyulboochucketang in the Hepatic Tissue of Hyperlipidemic Mice by Triton WR-1339 (혈부축어탕이 Triton WR-1339에 의한 고지혈증 유발 생쥐 간조직내 지질 축적 억제에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Ho-Hyun;Bang, Hyui-Jeng;Gang, Yun-Ho;Park, In-Sick;Ahn, Sang-Hyun;Kim, Jin-Tack;Lee, Hai-Poong
    • Journal of Oriental Physiology
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.215-224
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    • 1999
  • After Triton WR-1339 (TX; 600mg/kg) intraperitoneal injection, hepatic tissues of ICR mice were intragastric injected with Hyulboochucketang extract(HCE; 3.3ml/kg/day) were observed to investigate the suppressive effect of lipid accumulation that evoke by the antihyperlipidemic effect of HCE. These hepatic tissues were fixed in fromol-calcium solution and were cryocut. These tissues stained by H&E for general morphology, sudan black B for lipid and perchloric acid-naphthoquinone(PAN) method for cholesterol. After TX treatment, the increase of hepatocyte having meshlike cytoplasm(HHMC) were shown in all hepatic lobules and the hepatic plates were disappeared in the aggregative region of HHMC. The number of blue black colored lipid drop and dark green colored asterisk shaped cholesterol particle in hepatic cytoplasm were increased and the size of lipid drop and cholesterol particle were enlarged. But, in HCE-treated mice, the HHCM were disappeared and hapatic plate were rearranged. The number of lipid drop and cholesterol particle were decreased than TX-treated mice and the size of lipid drop and cholesterol particle were diminished. As results indicated that the HCE work on the suppression of lipid accumulation in hepatic tissue of hyperlipidemic mice caused by disturbance of lipid metabolism.

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The Relationship of Abdominal Obesity and Lipid Profiles by Computed Tomography in Adult Women (전산화 단층촬영을 이용한 성인여성의 복부비만과 지질대사지표와의 연관성)

  • Kim, Mi-Young
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.33-39
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    • 2008
  • Abdominal obesity, especially, visceral obesity is thought to be a risk factor of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, coronary artery disease. Based on previous studies visceral fat accumulation is highly related to these diseases compared to subcutaneous fat accumulation. The purpose of this study was to see the relation between abdominal obesity and lipid profiles in adult women. The included subjects were 25 adult women(BMI > $23\;kg/m^2$), who visited the obesity clinic in a general hospital from April 2006 to September 2007. Blood pressure, fasting glucose and lipid profiles were measured. The abdominal fat distribution had been assessed by CT scan at the level of L4-L5. From bivariate analyses, the visceral fat accumulation showed negative correlations with TC and TC/HDL. The BMI, total abdominal fat and Visceral fat/Subcutaneous fat ratio showed significant correlations with visceral fat accumulation. From linear regression analyses of all the study subjects, TC, TG and HDL were found to be determinants of the visceral fat accumulation($R^2\;=\;0.474$).

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The Influence of Saturated Fats, ${\alpha}-linolenic$ Acid, EPA and DHA on the Lipid Hydroperoxide Level and Fatty Acid Composition in Liver Microsomes and in Plasma Lipid of Rabbits

  • Nam, Hyun-Keun
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.55-61
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    • 1990
  • To investigate the influence of saturated fats, ${\alpha}-linolenic$ acid, EPA and DHA on the lipid hydroperoxide concentration and fatty acid composition in liver microsomes and in plasma lipid of rabbits, the animals were fed on the perilla oil rich ${\alpha}-linolenic$ acid or sardine oil rich EPA and DHA diet for four weeks Were examined. The fatty acid composition of plasma lipid and liver microsomes of rabbits fed on the perilla oil diet was an accumulation of arachidonic acid(AA) 20:4 n-6, eicosapentaenoic acid(EPA) 20:5 n-3, and docosahexaenoic acid(DHA) 22:6 n-3, The fatty acid composition of plasma lipid and liver microsomes of rabbits fed on the sardine oil was an accumulation of ${\alpha}-linolenic$ acid(LNA) 18:3 n-3, and arachidonic acid(AA) 20:4. The p/s ratio of rabbits fed on the perilla oil diet changed from 7.4 to 2.27 for plasma lipid and 2.47 for liver microsomes. The concentration of lipid hydroperoxide was 3.48 nmol MDA/ml and 4.35 nmol MDA/ml for plasma lipid and liver microsomes, respectively, in perilla oil diet. The lipid hydroperoxide liver was 4.22 nmol MDA/ml and 67 nmol MDA/ml for plasma lipid and liver microsornes in sardine oil diet.

Fumigaclavine C attenuates adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and ameliorates lipid accumulation in high-fat diet-induced obese mice

  • Yu, Wan-Guo;He, Yun;Chen, Yun-Fang;Gao, Xiao-Yao;Ning, Wan-E;Liu, Chun-You;Tang, Ting-Fan;Liu, Quan;Huang, Xiao-Cheng
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.161-169
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    • 2019
  • Fumigaclavine C (FC), an active indole alkaloid, is obtained from endophytic Aspergillus terreus (strain No. FC118) by the root of Rhizophora stylosa (Rhizophoraceae). This study is designed to evaluate whether FC has anti-adipogenic effects in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and whether it ameliorates lipid accumulation in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice. FC notably increased the levels of glycerol in the culture supernatants and markedly reduced lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. FC differentially inhibited the expressions of adipogenesis-related genes, including the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor proteins, CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins, and sterol regulatory element-binding proteins. FC markedly reduced the expressions of lipid synthesis-related genes, such as the fatty acid binding protein, lipoprotein lipase, and fatty acid synthase. Furthermore, FC significantly increased the expressions of lipolysis-related genes, such as the hormone-sensitive lipase, Aquaporin-7, and adipose triglyceride lipase. In HFD-induced obese mice, intraperitoneal injections of FC decreased both the body weight and visceral adipose tissue weight. FC administration significantly reduced lipid accumulation. Moreover, FC could dose-dependently and differentially regulate the expressions of lipid metabolism-related transcription factors. All these data indicated that FC exhibited anti-obesity effects through modulating adipogenesis and lipolysis.

Inhibitory Effects of Allium sacculiferum Max. Methanol Extracts on ROS Production and Lipid Accumulation during Differentiation of 3T3-L1 Cells (참산부추(Allium sacculiferum Max.) 메탄올 추출물의 지방세포 내 ROS 생성 및 지질 축적 억제 효능)

  • Choi, Hye-Young;Kim, Gun-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.822-828
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    • 2014
  • Allium sacculiferum Max. (ASM) is a perennial plant of the Liliaceae family and grows over the entire regions of Korea. Obesity is a serious health problem worldwide and has currently become a prevalent chronic disease. Adipocytes produced by preadipocyte differentiation during adipogenesis and adipocytes combined with abnormal accumulation cause obesity. Recently, intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) were shown to accelerate lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 cells. In this study, we investigated the effects of ASM methanol extracts on ROS production and lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Our results indicate that the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity of ASM methanol extracts increased in a dose-dependent manner. ASM methanol extracts suppressed ROS production and lipid accumulation during adipogenesis. In addition, ASM methanol extracts inhibited the mRNA expression of both pro-oxidant enzymes such as glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase as well as the transcription factors, including sterol regulatory element-binding proteins 1c, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ${\gamma}$, and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein ${\alpha}$. Our results suggest that ASM methanol extracts inhibit ROS production and lipid accumulation by controlling ROS regulatory genes and adipogenic transcription factors. Thus, ASM has potent natural antioxidant, anti-adipogenic properties and have potential in the development of a potent anti-obesity agent.

Effects of Piperine on Insulin Resistance and Lipid Accumulation in Palmitate-treated HepG2 Cells (Palmitate처리된 인간 간세포주 HepG2 세포에서 piperine의 지질 축적과 인슐린 저항성 기전에 대한 연구)

  • Jung, Hee Jin;Bang, EunJin;Jeong, Seong Ho;Kim, Byeong Moo;Chung, Hae Young
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.29 no.9
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    • pp.964-971
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    • 2019
  • Hepatic lipid accumulation and insulin resistance increases in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Piperine is a major compound found in black pepper (Piper nigrum) and long pepper (P. longum). Piperine has been used in fine chemical for its anti-cancer, anti-obesity, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. However, the signaling-based mechanism of piperine and its role as an inhibitor of lipogenesis and insulin resistance in human hepatocyte cells remains ill-defined. In the present study, we explored the effects of piperine on lipid accumulation and insulin resistance, and explored the potential underlying molecular mechanisms in palmitate-treated HepG2 cells. Piperine treatment resulted in a significant reduction of triglyceride content. Furthermore, piperine treatment decreased palmitate-treated intracellular lipid deposition by inhibiting the lipogenic target genes, sterol-regulatory-element-binding protein 1c (SREBP-1c) and fatty acid synthase (FAS); whereas the expression of carnitine palmitoyl transferase (CPT-1) and phosphorylation of acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase (ACC) gene involved in fatty acid oxidation was increased. Moreover, piperine also inhibited the phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 (Ser307). Piperine treatment modulated palmitate-treated lipid accumulation and insulin resistance in HepG2 cells with concomitant reduction of lipogenic target genes, such as SREBP-1 and FAS, and induction of CPT-1-ACC and phosphorylation of IRS-1 (Tyr632)-Akt pathways. Therefore, piperine represents a promising treatment for the prevention of lipid accumulation and insulin resistance.

Comparison with various mulberry leaves' and fruit's extract in lipid accumulation inhibitory effect at adipocyte model

  • Kim, Hyun-bok;Lim, Jung Dae;Kim, Ae-Jung;Kim, Yong-Soon;Kwon, O-Chul
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2017
  • In relation to the global increase trend of obesity population, there is a demand for the development of foods having high functional activity by mass-extracting anti-obesity active substances using mulberry product such as leaf and fruit. Therefore, we evaluated the antiobesity efficacy according to varieties by using the mulberry leaves and fruit extracts. At the same time, high active varieties were selected. For this purpose, the effects of the extracts of the mulberry leaf and fruit on 3T3-L1 adipocyte differentiation were examined. As a result, in the case of mulberry leaves, the lipid accumulation inhibitory rate of 'Cheongolppong' was higher than that of the control at $500{\mu}g/ml$ treatment. And in the case of the extract of mulberry fruit, 'Daesim' showed the highest lipid accumulation inhibitory rate compared with the control at 50 times of diluted extract.