• Title, Summary, Keyword: lipid accumulation

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TR4 Inhibits LXR-mediated Decrease of Lipid Accumulation in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes

  • Choi, Ho-Jung;Kim, Eung-Seok
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.398-404
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    • 2011
  • TR4 has been suggested to play an important role in lipid metabolism in adipocytes. Although TR4 facilitates lipid accumulation during adipogenesis, the regulatory effect of TR4 on lipid storage in mature adipocytes remains unclear. We showed that TR4 inhibited the LXR agonist GW3965-mediated decrease of lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. A reporter gene analysis revealed that TR4 suppressed LXR${\alpha}$ transcriptional activity, although LXR${\alpha}$ was unable to affect TR4 transcriptional activity. Moreover, adding TR4 resulted in reduced LXR${\alpha}$ binding to the LXR responsive element in a gel shift assay. Additionally, the suppressive effect of GW3965 on perilipin expression and lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes was abolished by TR4 overexpression. Taken together, our data demonstrate that TR4 plays an inhibitory role in LXR${\alpha}$-mediated suppression of lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. This TR4 protective effect is mediated, in part, y blocking the suppressive effect of GW3965 on perilipin gene expression.

Lipid accumulation mediated by adiponectin in C2C12 myogenesis

  • Yin, Changjun;Long, Qinqiang;Lei, Ting;Chen, Xiaodong;Long, Huan;Feng, Bin;Peng, Yin;Wu, Yanling;Yang, Zaiqing
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.42 no.10
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    • pp.667-672
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    • 2009
  • Plasma concentrations of adiponectin have been shown to be decreased in patients with obesity, cardiovascular diseases, hypertension and metabolic syndrome. Recent studies have found that adiponectin reduces lipid accumulation in macrophage foam cells which may impact the development of atherosclerosis. However, it remains unclear whether adiponectin is involved in the process of lipid accumulation during myogenesis. Using C2C12 myoblasts, we investigated the effect of adiponectin on intramyocellular lipid accumulation during myogenesis. The results showed that intracellular lipid accumulation is significantly decreased during C2C12 differentiation, apparently due to increased fatty acid oxidation and decreased fatty acid synthesis during this process. C2C12 cells transiently transfected with adiponectin gene showed reduced lipid accumulation as compared to controls. Further experiments demonstrated that adiponectin can suppress lipid accumulation by increasing fatty acid oxidation during C2C12 myogenesis.

Inhibitory Effects of Lactobacillus plantarum Q180 on Lipid Accumulation in HepG2 Cells

  • Chu, Jaeryang;Joung, Hyunchae;Kim, Byung-Kook;Choi, In-Suk;Park, Tae-Sik
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.738-744
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    • 2019
  • Recently, the prevalence of hyperlipidemia has been increasing, and consequently, the need to identify safe and effective treatments to control this chronic disease has also increased. The beneficial effects of probiotics have been revealed by several studies over the past few years, including their effects on hypertriglyceridemia. However, the mechanisms of action of probiotics are still unclear. The anti-obesity effects of Lactobacillus plantarum Q180 on lipid accumulation have already been demonstrated using an in vitro HepG2 cell model, and therefore, we investigated its efficacy and mechanism of action. Lipid accumulation was induced in HepG2 cells by palmitic acid treatment and then the cells were incubated with L. plantarum Q180 lysate or supernatant to investigate changes in lipid accumulation and expression of lipid metabolism-related genes. The results showed that the L. plantarum Q180-treated group exhibited significantly lower levels of lipid accumulation and mRNA expression of lipid synthesis- and adipogenesis-related genes than the palmitic acid-treated group did. These results indicate that L. plantarum Q180 may contribute to alleviating hypertriglyceridemia by inhibiting lipid synthesis.

Kahweol inhibits lipid accumulation and induces Glucose-uptake through activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)

  • Baek, Jung-Hwan;Kim, Nam-Jun;Song, Jun-Kyu;Chun, Kyung-Hee
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.50 no.11
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    • pp.566-571
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    • 2017
  • Weight loss ${\geq}5$ percent is sufficient to significantly reduce health risks for obese people; therefore, development of novel weight loss compounds with reduced toxicity is urgently required. After screening of natural compounds with anti-adipogenesis properties in 3T3-L1 cells, we determined that kahweol, a coffee-specific diterpene, inhibited adipogenesis. Kahweol reduced lipid accumulation and expression levels of adipogenesis and lipid accumulation-related factors. Levels of phosphorylated AKT and phosphorylated JAK2, that induce lipid accumulation, decreased in kahweol-treated cells. Particularly, kahweol treatment significantly increased AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation. We revealed that depletion of AMPK alleviated reduction in lipid accumulation from kahweol treatment, suggesting that inhibition of lipid accumulation by kahweol is dependent on AMPK activation. We detected more rapid reduction in blood glucose levels in mice administrated kahweol than in control mice. We suggest that kahweol has anti-obesity effects and should be studied further for possible therapeutic applications.

The Korean Traditional Medicine Gyeongshingangjeehwan Reduces Lipid Accumulation in Skeletal Muscle and C2C12 Cells

  • Yoon, Mi-Chung
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.283-289
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    • 2011
  • Our previous study demonstrated that the Korean traditional medicine Gyeongshingangjeehwan (GGEx) activates AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ${\alpha}$ ($PPAR{\alpha}$) critical for fatty acid oxidation in skeletal muscle and C2C12 skeletal muscle cells. Thus, we examined whether GGEx can reduce lipid accumulation in these cells and tissues. After obese and type 2 diabetic Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats were treated with GGEx, we studied the effects of GGEx on skeletal muscle lipid accumulation. The effects of GGEx and/or the AMPK inhibitor compound C on lipid accumulation and expression of AMPK and $PPAR{\alpha}$ were measured in C2C12 skeletal muscle cells. Compared with lean Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka rats, obese OLETF rats had increased triglyceride droplets. However, administration of GGEx to OLETF rats for 8 weeks significantly decreased triglyceride droplets in skeletal muscle. Consistent with the $in$ $vivo$ data, GGEx inhibited lipid accumulation, the degree of which was comparable to Wy14,643, the potent activator of $PPAR{\alpha}$. GGEx also increased skeletal muscle mRNA levels of AMPK${\alpha}1$, AMPK${\alpha}2$, and $PPAR{\alpha}$. However, compound C inhibited these effects in C2C12 cells. These results suggest that GGEx suppresses skeletal muscle lipid accumulation and this process may be mediated by AMPK and $PPAR{\alpha}$ activation.

Rosehip Extract Inhibits Lipid Accumulation in White Adipose Tissue by Suppressing the Expression of Peroxisome Proliferator-activated Receptor Gamma

  • Nagatomo, Akifumi;Nishida, Norihisa;Matsuura, Yoichi;Shibata, Nobuhito
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.85-91
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    • 2013
  • Recent studies have shown that Rosa canina L. and tiliroside, the principal constituent of its seeds, exhibit anti-obesity and anti-diabetic activities via enhancement of fatty acid oxidation in the liver and skeletal muscle. However, the effects of rosehip, the fruit of this plant, extract (RHE), or tiliroside on lipid accumulation in adipocytes have not been analyzed. We investigated the effects of RHE and tiliroside on lipid accumulation and protein expression of key transcription factors in both in vitro and in vivo models. RHE and tiliroside inhibited lipid accumulation in a dose-dependent manner in 3T3-L1 cells. We also analyzed the inhibitory effect of RHE on white adipose tissue (WAT) in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity mice model. Male C57BL/6J mice were fed HFD or HFD supplemented with 1% RHE (HFDRH) for 8 weeks. The HFDRH-fed group gained less body weight and had less visceral fat than the HFD-fed group. Liver weight was significantly lower in the HFDRH-fed group and total hepatic lipid and triglyceride (TG) content was also reduced. A significant reduction in the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR${\gamma}$) was observed in epididymal fat in the HFDRH-fed group, in comparison with controls, through Western blotting. These results suggest that downregulation of PPAR${\gamma}$ expression is involved, at least in part, in the suppressive effect of RHE on lipid accumulation in WAT.

The Effect of Selaginella tamariscina on Inhibition of Pancreatic Lipase and Lipid Accumulation (부처손(Selaginella tamariscina) 추출물의 리파아제 저해 활성 및 지질 축적 억제 효과)

  • Kim, Gun-Hee;Lee, Shin-Young;Lee, Ae-Rang
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.27-32
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    • 2019
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate novel usability as natural anti-obesity supplement of Selaginella tamariscina extract. The total phenol contents and total flavonoid contents were $60.29{\pm}3.11GAE\;mg/g$ and $14.90{\pm}0.34QE\;mg/g$, respectively. To evaluate anti-obesity activity of Selaginella tamariscina extract, pancreatic lipase inhibition activity as well as its inhibition effect of lipid accumulation in adipocytes were conducted by Oil Red O staining and lipolysis assay. The result of pancreatic lipase inhibition activity of S. tamariscina extract showed a wide range between 40 and 73% dose dependently. While the incubation of 3T3-L1 cells with S. tamariscina extract inhibited differentiation of preadipocytes and reduced lipid accumulation, the level of released free glycerol into culturing medium was increased in multiple concentrations. These results showed that S. tamariscina extract inhibit adipogenesis and pancreatic lipase activity. Thus, S. tamariscina extract can be a candidate for regulating lipid accumulation in obesity.

Free fatty acid-induced histone acetyltransferase activity accelerates lipid accumulation in HepG2 cells

  • Chung, Sangwon;Hwang, Jin-Taek;Park, Jae Ho;Choi, Hyo-Kyoung
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.196-204
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    • 2019
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common metabolic disease triggered by epigenetic alterations, including lysine acetylation at histone or non-histone proteins, affecting the stability or transcription of lipogenic genes. Although various natural dietary compounds have anti-lipogenic effects, their effects on the acetylation status and lipid metabolism in the liver have not been thoroughly investigated. MATERIALS/METHODS: Following oleic-palmitic acid (OPA)-induced lipid accumulation in HepG2 cells, the acetylation status of histone and non-histone proteins, HAT activity, and mRNA expression of representative lipogenic genes, including $PPAR{\gamma}$, SREBP-1c, ACLY, and FASN, were evaluated. Furthermore, correlations between lipid accumulation and HAT activity for 22 representative natural food extracts (NExs) were evaluated. RESULTS: Non-histone protein acetylation increased following OPA treatment and the acetylation of histones H3K9, H4K8, and H4K16 was accelerated, accompanied by an increase in HAT activity. OPA-induced increases in the mRNA expression of lipogenic genes were down-regulated by C-646, a p300/CBP-specific inhibitor. Finally, we detected a positive correlation between HAT activity and lipid accumulation (Pearson's correlation coefficient = 0.604) using 22 NExs. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that NExs have novel applications as nutraceutical agents with HAT inhibitor activity for the prevention and treatment of NAFLD.

Role of Proline Accumulation in Response to Toxic Copper in Microcystis aeruginosa

  • Park, So-Hyun;Hong, Jung-Hee
    • Environmental Sciences Bulletin of The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
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    • v.10 no.S_4
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    • pp.189-196
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    • 2001
  • The blue green alga, Microcystis aeruginosa, was found to accumulate proline under the stressful concentration of cupric ions. The changes of proline level in Microcystis aeruginosa in response to copper(Cu) have been monitored and the function of the accumulated proline was studied with respect to its effect on Cu uptake. Exposure of Microcystis aeruginosa elevated concentrations of Cu led to accumulation of fee proline depending on the concentrations of the metal in the external medium. The greater the toxicity or accumulation of the metal, the higher the amount of proline in algal cells were found. When proline was exogenously supplied prior to Cu treatment, the absorption of Cu was markedly reduced. When exogenous proline was supplied after Cu treatment, it resulted in a remarkable desorption of the adsorbed Cu immediately after the addition of proline. Pretreatment of Microcystis aeruginosa with proline counteracted with metal-induced lipid peroxidation. The results of the present study showed a protective elect of proline on metal toxicity through inhibition of lipid peroxidation and suggested that the accumulation of proline may be related to the tolerance mechanism for dealing with Cu stress.

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Extract from Edible Red Seaweed (Gelidium amansii) Inhibits Lipid Accumulation and ROS Production during Differentiation in 3T3-L1 Cells

  • Seo, Min-Jung;Lee, Ok-Hwan;Choi, Hyeon-Son;Lee, Boo-Yong
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.129-135
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    • 2012
  • GPAR{elidium (G.) amansii is a red alga widely distributed in the shallow waters around East Asian countries. We investigated the effect of G. amansii on lipid accumulation and ROS (Reactive Oxygen Species) production in 3T3-L1 cells. G. amansii extracts dose-dependently inhibited lipid formation and ROS generation in cultured cells. Our results showed that anti-adipogenic effect of G. amansii was due to the reduction in mRNA expressions of PPAR${\gamma}$(peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-${\gamma}$) and aP2 (adipocyte protein 2). G. amansii extracts significantly decreased mRNA levels of a ROS-generator, NOX4 (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate hydrogen oxidase 4), and increased the protein levels of antioxidant enzymes including SOD1/2 (superoxide dismutases), Gpx (glutathione peroxidase), and GR (glutathione reductase), which can lead to the reduction of ROS in the cell. In addition, the G. amansii extract enhanced mRNA levels of adiponectin, one of the adipokines secreted from adipocytes, and GLUT4, glucose uptake protein. Taken together, our study shows that G. amansii extract inhibited lipid accumulation and ROS production by controlling adipogenic signals and ROS regulating genes.