• Title, Summary, Keyword: liguleless

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Isolation and Characterization of a Ds-tagged liguleless Mutant in Rice (Oryza sativa. L)

  • Ahn, Byung-Ohg;Ji, Sang-Hye;Yun, Doh-Won;Ji, Hyeon-So;Park, Yong-Hwan;Park, Sung-Han;Lee, Gi-Hwan;Suh, Seok-Cheol;Lee, Myung-Chul
    • Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.237-242
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    • 2008
  • A liguleless mutant, which showed complete loss of lamina joint region at the junction between leaf blade and leaf sheath, was isolated from a Ds insertional mutants derived from the source cultivar, Dongjin. This mutant could not affect other developmental patterns like phyllotaxis. Southern blot analysis, using GUS as a probe, revealed that the liguleless mutant contained three Ds copies transposed in the rice genome. Among the four genomic sequences flanking the Ds, one was mapped in the intergenic region (31661640 - 31661759), and the other two predicted a protein kinase domain (12098980 - 12098667) as an original insertion site within a starter line used for massive production of Ds insertional mutant lines. Another predicted and inserted in first exon of liguleless 1 protein (OsLG1) that was mapped in coding region (LOC_Os04g56170) of chromosome 4. RT-PCR revealed that the OsLG1 gene was not expressed liguleless mutants. Structure analysis of OsLG1 protein revealed that it predicted transcription factor with a highly conserved SBP domain consisting of 79 amino acids that overlapped a nuclear localization signal (NLS). RT-PCR revealed that OsLG1 is mainly expressed in vegetative organs.

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Linkage Analysis of the Resistance Genes to Whitebacked Planthopper (Sogatella furcifera Horvath) in Rice (수도의 흰등멸구(Sogatella furcifera Horvath)에 대한 저항성 유전자 연관분석)

  • ;Mun-Hue Heu
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.136-151
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    • 1984
  • The purpose of this study is to find out the linkage relationship of the resistance genes Wbph1 and Wbph2 which are known to be present in the rice cultivar N22 and ARC 10239 respectively, with the genetic markers which are identified as the specific linkage tester. Crosses were made between the resistant parents and the genetic marker stocks and their F$_2$ populations were grown out in the field. The genetic segregations of the marker character were studied and the seeds were harvested individual plant base. These F$_3$ seeds were grown into plant-line base in the greenhouse and their responses to the whitebacked planthopper were tested. Then the linkage relationship between the F$_2$ plant marker character and the F$_3$ resistance responses to the whitebacked planthopper were examined. In the F$_2$ generation of the crosses between the resistant parent N22 and the genetic marker stocks, the genetic markers, such as lg, d-t, g, la, bl and gl, showed the segregation of 3 dominance to 1 recessiveness, and the Bh marker segregated into 9:7 ratio. Another 4 marker genes, such as Cl, gh, Lh and bc, did not show the good fittness to the expected value. In the F$_2$ generation of the crosses between the resistant parent ARC 10239 and the genetic marker stocks, the genetic markers, such as Cl, lg, Pn, g, la, bl and gl, showed the segregation of 3 dominance to 1 recessiveness, and the Bh gene segregation fitted well to the 9:7. The rest 4 genetic markers, such as gh, Lh, nl and be, did not show the good fitness to the expected ratio. The resistance genes Wbphl of N22 and the Wbph2 of ARC 10239 appeared to be single dominant gene each. The Wbphl gene was linked with the marker gene, liguleless (lg) of linkage group II with the recombination value of 36.8%, and with the black hull (Bh) with the value of 35.9%. The Wbph2 gene appeared to be independent of all the markers tested here, such as Cl, lg, Pn, g, Lh, la, nl, bl, bc, gl, Bh, of linkage gtoup I, II, III, IV, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, and XII respectively. That the Wbph2 linkage relations were not investigated was regarded as the causes that the tested marker genes on the chromosome were located with the resistance gene at the distant loci, and of the phenctypic properties of the marker characters. The Wbph2 linkage relations should be reexamined in the cross combinations of linkage group Ⅶ, Ⅷ, Ⅹ and XII including linkage group V which was not tested in this experiment.

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Exclusion of Na+ and ClIons by the central parenchyma in leaf sheaths of rice and the involvement of lamina joint

  • Neang, Sarin;Kano-Nakata, Mana;Yamauchi, Akira;Itani, Tomio;Maekawa, Masahiko;Mitsuya, Shiro
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.237-237
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    • 2017
  • Rice is highly sensitive to salt stress especially in its early growth stage, which thus is one of the major constraints in rice production. In rice plants, salt sensitivity is associated with the accumulation of $Na^+$ in the shoots, especially in the photosynthetic tissues. High salt concentrations in soil cause high $Na^+$ and $Cl^-$ transport to the shoot and preferential accumulation of those ions in older leaves, which decreases $K^+$ in the shoot, photosynthetic activity and grain yield. Salt exclusion capacity at the leaf sheath is therefore considered to be one of the main mechanisms of salt tolerance. In addition, it is suspected that the lamina joint might be involved in the salt transport from leaf sheath to leaf blade. This research aims to determine if leaf sheaths of rice exclude a large amount of $Na^+$ only or other ions such as $K^+$, $Ca^{2+}$, $Mg^{2+}$, and $Cl^-$ as well, to identify tissues in the leaf sheath, which accumulate $Na^+$, and to examine if the lamina joint is involved in the salt exclusion by the leaf sheath. The rice seedlings of salt tolerant genotype FL478 and salt sensitive genotype IR29 were independently treated with NaCl, KCl, $MgCl_2$ and $CaCl_2$, and Taichung 65 and its near-isogenic liguleless line (T65lg) were treated with NaCl. Then, the content of $Na^+$, $K^+$, $Ca^{2+}$, $Mg^{2+}$, and $Cl^-$ ions and their specific location were determined using Atomic Absorption Spectrometer, Ion Chromatograph, and Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy. Results showed that leaf sheaths of FL478 and IR29 accumulated a large amount of $Na^+$, $K^+$, $Ca^{2+}$, $Mg^{2+}$, and $Cl^-$ ons, and thus excluded them from leaf blades when treated with high concentration of each salt. When treated with NaCl, the highest $Na^+$ concentration was found in the basal part of leaf sheaths of both cultivars. Moreover, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy revealed that the central parenchyma cells of the leaf sheath were the site where most Na, Cl, and K were retained under salinity in the salt tolerant genotype FL478. Also, the concentration of $Na^+$, $K^+$ and $Cl^-$ ions in leaf sheaths and leaf blades was comparable between T65 and T65lg, indicating that the lamina joint may not be involved in the exclusion of $Na^+$, $Cl^-$ and $K^+$ by the leaf sheath from the leaf blade under salinity. Therefore, we conclude that the central parenchyma cells of basal part of leaf sheath are the site that plays a physiological role to exclude $Na^+$ in the shoots of rice without the involvement of the lamina joint.

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Trait Variation and Molecular Characterization of Ds insertional rice lines (벼 Ds 삽입변이 계통의 특성변이 및 분자생물학적 특성)

  • Ahn, Byung-Ohg;Kang, Kyung-Ho;Eun, Moo-Yong;Jeon, Yong-Hee;Yun, Doh-Won;Ji, Hyeon-So;Park, Sung-Han;Nam, Min-Hee;Suh, Seok-Cheol;Lee, Myung-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.39-47
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    • 2008
  • The 1,874 rice lines were selected from 3,000 Ds insertional mutant pool by Basta herbicide treatment and were surveyed for trait variation and molecular characteristics of genes knocked out by Ds insertion. Compared with "Donjin", an original japonica cultivar used for transformation, Ds insertion mutant pool showed large variation in major agronomic traits including tiller, panicle, and heading etc. Southern blot analysis demonstrated that these lines on the average had two Ds copies in Donjin genome, resulting in 38.4% of one copy, 32.5% of two copies, 16.7% of three copies, and 11.3% of over four copies. GUS analysis showed that 3.9% of lines (73/1,860) had tissue-specific expression in leaves, nodal parts, floral organs such as stigma and pollen, and roots. Data set obtained from agricultural trait variation and molecular characteristics for individual Ds insertional lines would provide researchers with more information for understanding the function of unknown rice genes controlling economically important traits.