• 제목, 요약, 키워드: lectin

검색결과 353건 처리시간 0.054초

Partial Purification of Lectin from Mycoparasitic Species of Trichoderma

  • Singh, Tanuja;Saikia, Ratul;Arora, Dilip K.
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.301-309
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    • 2005
  • Trichoderma species/isolates exhibited varied degree of agglutination on sclerotial (Sc) and hyphal (Hy) surface of Macrophomina phaseolina. The agglutination efficiencies on Sc and Hy ranged from $11\;to\;57\%$. Isolates of T. harzianum (Th) and T. viride (Tv) showed greater agglutination on Sc ($23-57\%$) and Hy ($16-47\%$). Different enzymes (trypsin, pepsin, proteinase k, a-chymotrypsin, lyticase and glucosidase) and inhibitors (tunicamycin, cycloheximide, brefeldin A, sodium azide, dithiothreitol and SDS) reduced the agglutination potential of conidia of Th-23/98 and Tv-25/98; however, the extent of response varied greatly in different treatments. Different fractions of Th-23/98 and Tv-25/98 exhibited haemagglutinating reaction with human blood group A, B, AB and O. Haemagglutinating activity was inhibited by different sugars and glycoproteins tested. Crude haemagglutinating protein from outer cell wall protein fraction of Th-23/98 and Tv-25/98 were eluted on Sephadex G-100 column. Initially Th-23/98 and Tv-25/98 exhibited two peaks showing no agglutination activity; however, lectin activity was detected in the third peak. Similar to crude lectin, the purified lectin also exhibited haemagglutinating activity with different erythrocyte source. SDS-PAGE analysis of partially purified lectin revealed single band with an estimated molecular mass of 55 and 52 kDa in Th-23/98 and Tv-25/98, respectively. Trypsin, chymotrypsin and b-1,3-glucanase totally inhibited lectin activity. Similarly, various pH also affected the haemagglutinating activity of Th-23/98 and Tv-25/98. From the present observations, it can be concluded that the recognition/attachment of mycoparasite (T. harzianum and T. viride) to the host surface (M. phaseolina) may be most likely due to lectin-carbohydrate interaction.

Studies on the Preparation of Radioactive iodine Labelled Concanavalin-A, Lectin Extracted from Korean Native Plant “Banha”, and Their Conjugation Products and the Hemagglutination Tests of These Labelled Compounds in Vitro.

  • Kim, You-Sun;Park, Kyung-Bae
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 1978
  • Concanavalin-A, 한국산 반하(半夏)로부터 주출된 Lectin 및 이들과 tyrosine 또는 5-iodo-6-aminouracil을 결합시킨 화합물들을 각각 방사성 요오드-125로 표지 하였으며 표지된 화합물들을 사용하여 생체외부 시험법으로 혈액응고 시험을 실시하였다. 표지반응에 관하여 표지수율과 함께 그 실험조건을 보고하였으며 Lectin과 여러 아미노산계통 화합물들과의 결합반응성을 논의하였다. 암세포에 대한 혈액응고 시험결과를 보고하였으며 이들 표지화합물들의 임상적 실용전망에 관하여서도 논의하였다.

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해양 패류 렉틴성분 연구 (V) - 반지락조개의 렉틴성분 분리정제에 관한 연구 (Studies on Lectins From Marine Shells (V) - Isolation and Purification of Letin from Tapes philippinarum.)

  • 정시련;김장환;전경희
    • 약학회지
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.52-59
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    • 1987
  • The result of the screening of lectins on 28 species of marine shell fishes(mollusks) showed that 10 species (Tapes philippinarum, Cyclosunetta menstrualis, Neptunea arthritica cumingii, Omphalius pfeifferi carpenteri, Chlorostoma argyrostoma turbinatum, Chiorostoma argyrostoma lischkei, Semisulcosira corea, Neptunea polycosta, Babylonica japonica, Noverita didyma) were present hemagglutinating properties to human A, B, and O group, and animal blood erythrocytes. A new lectin from Tapes philippinarum. was isolated and partially characterized. The lectin was purified by (NH$_4$)$_2$SO$_4$ precipitation and ion exchange chromatography on DE 53 column. Six fractions were obtained from DE 53 column by salt gradient elution but only 0.3M, and 0.4M NaCl fraction had strong lectin activity. On its 0.3M NaCl fraction, purity was identified by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. This lectin was inhibited by N-acetyl-D-galactosamine. It seems that two kinds of lectin react as antigen by immunochemical studies.

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해양동물 눈알고둥으로부터 새로운 렉틴 성분의 분리 및 정제 (Purification and Characterization of A New Lectin from Marine Animal Lunella coronata coreensis)

  • 소명숙;서영아;전경희;정시련
    • 약학회지
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.241-249
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    • 1992
  • The whole body extract of Lunella coronata coreensis agglutinated nonspecifically human and other animal erythrocytes. A new lectin was purified by the following procedures: 0.15 M NaCl extraction, salt fractionation, gel filtration, anionic and cationic ion exchange column chromatographies. Through these purification procedures, specific activity of LCC-I was increased from 276 to 9714.3 units/mg, And on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, LCC-I exhibited one major band. A molecular weight of LCC-I was assumed to be 20,000 by sodium dodesyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The purified lectin was relatively stable at various pH and heat. Among the tested sugars, lactose and lactulose inhibited lectin activity at a concentration of 6.25 mM, respectively.

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표고버섯 렉틴의 림프구 자극 분열 및 암 세포 응집 효과 (Mitotic Stimulation and Cancer Cell Agglutination of the Lectin from Lentinus edodes)

  • 문익재;정시련;전경희
    • 약학회지
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.260-267
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    • 1995
  • A lectin from the edible mushroom, Lentinus edodes, was purified through physiological saline extraction, ammonium sulfate fractionation and column chromatographies. On polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, 0.05M fraction from hydroxyapatite column exhibited adjacent four sharp bands. The partially purified lectin agglutinated the erythrocytes of rabbit, mouse and rat, but not agglutinated human erythrocytes. The lectin's mitogenic effects were tested by its application to human and murine splenic lymphocytes. The results showed that the 0.05M fraction from hydroxyapatite was mitogenic, and the optimal dose of Lentinus edodes lectin was slightly lower than Con A by the culture with murine splenic and human peripheral lymphocytes. Meanwhile, its ability to agglutinate transformed cells was tested by its administration to continuous cell lines L1210 and HeLa cells. The leetin was found to be an agglutinin of tumor cell lines tested by L1210 and HeLa cells.

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Immuno Activation of Lectin-Conjugated Praecoxin A on IL-6, IL-12 Expression

  • Joo, Seong-Soo;Chang, Jae-Kwon;Park, Jeong-Hwan;Kang, Hee-Chul;Lee, Do-Ik
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.954-963
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    • 2002
  • Lectin-conjugated praecoxin A is a compound, which is combined Wheat Germ Agglutinin (WGA) Lectin with praecoxin A and also known to have an anti-tumor activity. In our lab, in order to investigate its immune reaction other than the anti-tumor activity ever known, we examined cytokines such as IL-6 and IL-12 through their mRNA expressions, which are generally secreted by macrophage both in vivo and in vitro. To analyze, we used RT-PCR for total RNAs of macrophages. As a result, we obtained that both in vitro and in vivo, lectin-conjugated praecoxin A showed an interesting increase on IL-6 and IL-12 even though it may be little hard to say the conjugated form is absolutely more effective than that of lectin or praecoxin A alone for immune response activities. Those results suggest that the conjugated form may give an additional opportunity in a future therapeutic use over its immuno activation properties.

택사(Alismatis Rhizoma) Hemagglutinating Protein의 정제와 특성 (Purification and Characterization of Hemagglutinating Protein from Rhizome of Alisma orientale)

  • 박종옥;김경순;선우근옥
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.587-593
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    • 1995
  • 택사로부터 황산암모늄 분별 침전, DEAE-cellulose ion exchange chromatography, Sephadex G-150 chromatography 등의 방법을 이용하여 렉틴을 분리, 정제하였다. 정제한 렉틴의 분자량은 gel filtration법에 의해 측정한 결과 90,500 dalton이었으며, SDS polyacrylamide gel 전기영동을 실시한 결과 subunit 분자량은 각각 42,000, 27,000, 22,500 dalton으로 나타나므로 택사 렉틴이 heterotrimer임을 알았다. 정제된 택사 렉틴은 사람 적혈구의 경우 모든 혈액형에 대하여 응집현상을 나타내었으며 돼지, 쥐 및 개 등의 적혈구에 대해서도 모두 응집현상이 나타나 혈구 비특이성임을 보여주었다. 또한 이 렉틴은 sialic acid, glucose, ribose, sucrose, lactose, galactose 등 당에 의해서, 그리고 $Hg^{2+},\;Fe^{2+},\;Cu^{2+}$ 이온 등에 의해 적혈구 응집력이 저해되었다.

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Preparation of Alginate/Chitosan Microcapsules and Enteric Coated Granules of Mistletoe Lectin

  • Lyu, Su-Yun;Kwon, Young-Ju;Joo, Hye-Jin;Park, Won-Bong
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.118-126
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    • 2004
  • The aqueous extract of European mistletoe (Viscum album, L.) has been used in cancer therapy. The purified mistletoe lectins, main components of mistletoe, have demonstrated cytotoxic and immune-system-stimulating activities. Korean mistletoe (Viscum album L. coloratum), a subspecies of European mistletoe, has also been reported to possess anticancer and immunological activities. A galactose- and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine-specific lectin (Viscum album L. coloratum agglutinin, VCA) with Mr 60 kDa was isolated from Korean mistletoe. Mistletoe preparations have been given subcutaneously due to the low stability of lectin in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. In the present study, we investigated the possibility of alginate/chitosan microcapsules as a tool for oral delivery of mistletoe lectin. In addition, our strategy has been to develop a system composed of stabilizing cores (granules), which contain mistletoe lectin, extract or powder, coated by a biodegradable polymer wall. Our results indicated that successful incorporation of VCA into alginate/chitosan microcapsules has been achieved and that the alginate/chitosan microcapsule protected the VCA from degradation at acidic pH values. And coating the VCA with polyacrylic polymers, Eudragit, produced outstanding results with ideal release profiles and only minimal losses of cytotoxicity after manufacturing step. The granules prepared with extract or whole plant produced the best results due to the stability in the extract or whole plant during manufacturing process.

Maackia fauriei 유래 렉틴에 대한 IgY 항체의 생성 및 분리 (Production and Isolation of IgY Antibody Raised Against a Lectin Obtained from Maackia fauriei)

  • 정영윤;정의차;이현정;김하형
    • 약학회지
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.6-10
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    • 2005
  • Immunoglobulin Y (IgY) obtained from chicken as the immunization host brings several advantages to antibody production, such as improved yield, lower cost, longer stability and higher specificity than mammalian immunoglobulin. In the present study, we attempted to produce IgY against a sialic acid-binding lectin, Maackia fauriei agglutinin (MFA), from egg yolk of white Leghorn hens. For the isolation of IgY from egg yolk, we applied a water dilution method. The weekly yield of IgY was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, with a final yield of anti-MFA IgY from total IgY of approximately $1\%$. The yielded IgY were used to prepare IgY-affinity column conjugated with CNBr-activated Sepharose 4B, which resulted in the lectin being successfully purified in a single step from Maackia fauriei. This purified lectin exhibited the same hemagglutination activity as lectin purified using conventional purification methods.

실험토끼 상악동염이 상피세포 표면의 미세구조변화와 Sialic acid의 분포에 미치는 영향 (The Effect of Acute Sinusitis on the Ultrastructure and Sialic Acid Distribution on the Sinus Mucosa Cell Surface of the Rabbit)

  • 김수진;이은정
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.163-170
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    • 2002
  • 분비세포와 점막고유층 점액분비세포로부터 분비된 점액으로 덮여있으며, 비점막 및 하기도를 보호하는 생체방어기능을 갖고 있는 실험토끼의 비점막에 상악동염이 유발되었을 때 점막 분비세포 수적 증가와 분비물질의 변화를 규명하기 위하여 전자현미경으로 미세구조적 특성을 관찰하였다. 또한 점막 당단백질 말단기인 sialic acid의 염증시 분포양상을 알아보고자 sialic acid에 특이적으로 반응하는 lectin인 WGA를 황금입자가 표지된 lectin WGA 복합체를 반응시키고 투과전자현미경으로 관찰하였다. 그 결과 염증이 없는 실험 토끼들의 정상 상악동 점막상피세포는 균일한 높이의 섬모를 갖는 상피 세포층에 부분적으로 분비세포가 관찰되었다. 분비세포는 전자밀도가 높은 과립과 전자밀도가 낮은 과립을 포함하고 있는 것이 관찰되었다. 상악동염을 유발시킨 실험 토끼들의 점막상피세포는 상피 세포층이 비후되었으며 분비세포 수가 증가하였고 부분적으로 섬모가 소실되었다. 이러한 변화는 상피세포 표면에 세균의 부착을 막는 일차적인 방어체제인 점액의 증가로 화농성의 분비물이 생성되어 섬모의 기능을 손상시키는 것으로 확인되었다. Lectin WGA 반응에서 정상 섬모세포의 섬모와 분비세포의 전자밀도가 낮은 과립에 sialic acid를 포함하고 있는 것으로 확인되었다. 상악동염이 유발된 실험토끼의 점액에 lectin WGA 반응 결과 섬모세포의 섬모와 분비세포의 전자밀도가 낮은 과립에서 sialic acid의 분포가 급격히 증가하는 것으로 관찰되었다. 따라서 점막에 염증이 유발되면 분비세포와 점막의 분비세포의 증식으로 sialic acid를 포함한 sialogylcoconjugate의 과다분비가 유발되며 이는 분비세포가 염증으로 인해 생체가 외부자극에 나타내는 급격한 방어기전으로 생각되었다.