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Seasonal Occurrence and Chemial Control Effects of Eriococcus largerstroemiae Kuwana on Persimmon Trees (감나무의 주머니깍지벌레에 대한 발생생태 및 화학적 방제효과)

  • 권태영;박소득;박선도;최부술;권용정
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.295-299
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    • 1995
  • This study was conducted to find the control methods, status of overwintering and seasonal occurrence of Erioccoccus largerstroemiae on persimmon trees in Ch'ondo area, Kyongbuk province in Korea. Usually, overwintering eggs were sheltered in bark, among them the rate of alive eggs was 28.7%. The activiation of garpe-myrtle scale showed from late April, and they have three generations per year. The first occurrence of larval stage of Erioccoccus largerstroemiae starts from late June to early July, the second occurrence begins from middle August to late August, and from late June to early July, the second occurrence begins from middle August to late August, and from middle September to late September is the third, thus, three peaks of occurrence revealed in early July middle August, and late September respectively. Average number of eggs conceived in female adult was 229.3. Spray effect of chemical control showed as follows; lime sulfur with tow applications of pesticides (late June, late August) at 97.8%, machine oil with tow applications of pesticides (late June, late August) at 96.8%. And during the growing period, the spray results using three applications of pesticide only (late June, late August, amid September) showed 77.2% in field condition.

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Effects of Late Sea-breeze on Ozone Distributions in the Coastal Urban Area (연안도시지역 해풍지연이 오존분포에 미치는 영향)

  • 오인보;김유근;황미경
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.345-360
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    • 2004
  • The late sea-breeze and its impacts on ozone distributions were investigated during April to September from 1998 to 2002, in the Busan metropolitan area (including surrounding areas) using the surface ozone concentrations (obtained at 9 monitoring sites), local meteorological variables (obtained near the shore), together with synoptic data. The urban scale ozone concentration was also simulated using the MM5/UAM-V to better understand the role of late sea-breeze in Busan. The results from observation study showed that most of the late sea-breeze occurred when weak offshore synoptic flow (northwesterly) suppressed development of sea - breeze, and the ozone concentration level and frequencies exceeding ozone standard increased with the onset time of sea breeze. We also found that the late sea-breeze clearly induces relatively weak wind speed and high temperature during the daytime As a result it enhances the photochemical ozone accumulation and delays the occurrence time of the averaged maximum ozone concentrations. The results of simulation for high ozone episode (24 August, 2001) by MM5/UAM -V revealed that the late sea-breeze interacted with weak offshore synoptic wind can contribute significantly to high ozone concentration in the coastal urban area. The simulated horizontal and vertical distribution of ozone concentration indicated that ozone can be accumulated over the sea under stagnant condition and return to the land in the late afternoon with the sea breeze, suggesting both the relationship between late sea-breeze and recirculation and the importance of late sea -breeze effects influencing severe ozone pollution in Busan.

Phonological variability with consonant inventory size in late-talkers and normal children (말 늦은 아동과 일반 아동의 자음 목록 크기에 따른 음운변이성)

  • Kim, Hyejin;Lee, Ran;Lee, Eunju
    • Phonetics and Speech Sciences
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.175-181
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    • 2015
  • This study aims to compare the differences between 'consonant inventory size' and 'phonological variability' in order to examine the phonological development and characteristics of the late-talkers and typically developing expressive language agematched children and to consider the correlations between them. The study participants included fifteen late-talkers and fifteen typically developing expressive language age-matched children(TED group). The results are as follows. First, as regards consonant inventory size, there was a significant difference between late-talkers and TED group. The late-talkers' consonant inventory size was less than TED group. Second, as regards phonological variability, there was a significant difference between late-talkers and TED group. The late-talkers' phonological variability was higher than TED group. Third, in the case of late-talkers, there was no significant correlation between consonant inventory size and phonological variability; however in the case of TED group, there was a significant negative correlation between consonant inventory size and phonological variability. Therefore, phonological ability should be considered in evaluation and intervention of late-talkers.

Risk Factors for Late Embryonic Mortality in Dairy Cows

  • Kim, Soo-Young;Jeong, Jae-Kwan;Lee, Soo-Chan;Kang, Hyun-Gu;Kim, Ill-Hwa
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.82-86
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    • 2017
  • We determined the risk factors for late embryonic mortality in dairy cows. We diagnosed pregnancy at 31 days and then confirmed the diagnosis at 45 days after artificial insemination (AI) via ultrasonography. The presence of an embryo with a heartbeat was the criterion for a positive pregnancy diagnosis. A diagnosis of late embryonic mortality was made when there was no positive sign of pregnancy in cows previously diagnosed as pregnant. The overall incidence of late embryonic mortality among 3,695 pregnancies was 6.9%. Logistic regression analysis revealed that herd size, AI month, synchronization protocol, and postpartum disease were important risk factors for late embryonic mortality. Herd size > 100 (odds ratio [OR]: 0.66, p < 0.05) and 50-100 lactating cows (OR: 0.63, p < 0.01) had lower risks of late embryonic mortality than herd size < 50 lactating cows. Cows inseminated during May-July had a higher risk (OR: 1.49, p < 0.05) of late embryonic mortality than cows inseminated during February-April. Cows inseminated after estrus following $PGF_{2{\alpha}}$ treatment also had a higher risk (OR: 1.77, p < 0.001) of late embryonic mortality than cows inseminated following natural estrus. Lastly, cows with postpartum disease tended to have a higher risk (OR: 1.26, p < 0.1) of late embryonic mortality than cows without postpartum disease. In conclusion, late embryonic mortality associated with the herd size, AI month, synchronization protocol, and postpartum disease in dairy cows.

Vesicoureteral Reflux and Renal Scarring in Children with Acute Pyelonephritis: the Role of Late 6-month Dimercaptosuccinic Acid Renal Scan

  • Oh, Kyeong Eun;Yim, Hyung Eun;Yoo, Kee Hwan
    • Childhood Kidney Diseases
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.98-106
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical utility of late 6-month dimercapto-succinic acid (DMSA) renal scan in predicting vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and long-lasting renal scars in children with first acute pyelonephritis (APN). Methods: A retrospective case study of children admitted with APN from January 2010 to July 2017 was performed. The study included patients with voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) and acute and late 6-month DMSA scan. We analyzed the clinical, laboratory and imaging findings of patients with and without late cortical defects at 6 months and those with or without VUR. Results: Among 145 children with APN, 50 (34.5%) had cortical defects on the late DMSA renal scan and 60 (41.4%) showed VUR. Thirteen of 38 (34.2%) children undergoing 18-month DMSA renal scan showed a long-lasting renal scars. Compared with children without late cortical defects, patients with late 6-month cortical defects had a higher incidence of VUR and long-lasting renal scars, and relapse of UTI (all P<0.05). In a multivariable analysis, both high-grade VUR and relapse of UTI were independently correlated with the presence of late 6-month cortical defects (P<0.05). Late cortical defects and relapse of UTI were also associated with the presence of VUR (P<0.05). Only the late 6-mo cortical defects was an independent predictor of long-lasting renal scars in children with APN (P<0.05). Conclusion: An abnormal late 6-month DMSA renal scan may be useful in identifying VUR and long-lasting renal scars in children diagnosed with APN.

The abundant presence of nonpolyadenylated SV40 late 19S spliced RNA in the nucleus of monkey cell (Poly A tail을 결핍한 Simian virus 40 spliced RNA의 세포내 분포)

  • ;Mertz, Janet
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.106-112
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    • 1988
  • We have examined the structures and cellular distributions of the SV40 late RNAs present in monkey cells at late times after infection. One particular RNA species, spliced at residue 373(373-RNA), was found to be as abundant as the major late 16S RNAs. This result was unexpected since previous reports showed that the molecular ratio of the 373-spliced 19S RNA to 16S RNA is approximately 0.1 among either cytoplasmic polyadenylated or polysomal viral RNAs. Both sedimentation and electrophoretic analysis indicated that the 373-RNA was approximately 16S to 19S in size. Therefore, it was not a splicing intermediate or the product of premature termination of transcription within the late leader region. Whereas most SV40 late 16S RNA is polyadenylated and located in the cytoplasm, the majority of 373-RNA was found to lack poly A, and be located in the nucleus.

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An Exploratory Study on Late Parenthood (늦부모됨에 관한 탐색적 고찰)

  • Kim, Yong-Mi
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.167-178
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate various assects of late parenthood among Korean parents, including motivation, emotional response, advantages and disadvantages of late parenthood, intimacy, and effects on child. Subjects were IS mothers who gave birth after 35 years old for both mother and father. The study was conducted by means of a questionnaire and an in-depth interview. The most significant reason for late parenthood was found to be a son preference. brothers of the only could expressed very special emotional responses toward the child, compared to those who gave a birth to the second or the third child after 35. Respondents identified advantages and disadvantages of late parenthood in terms of child rare attitudes, maturity, financial conditions, and physical strength. However, most of the respondents would not recommend late parenthood to others. Directions for future research were given in terms of subjects of study, such as parents from rural area, working class, and wide range of ages.

Behavioural and Electrophysiological Correlates of Aided Performance in Individuals with Late Onset Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder: A Review

  • Mathai, Jijo Pottakkal
    • Journal of Audiology & Otology
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.171-177
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    • 2018
  • Hearing aids are one of the rehabilitative options for individuals with late onset auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD). There is a growing body of evidence that supports the effectiveness of hearing aids among these individuals. The objective of the study was to review the behavioural and electrophysiological factors that determine the effectiveness of amplification in individuals with late onset ANSD. An intensive search was carried out using the PubMed, SpringerLink and Google Scholar databases using the following keywords: auditory neuropathy, late onset ANSD, hearing aids and amplification. There were both retrospective and experimental research studies that showed aided improvement in individuals with late onset ANSD. The aided improvement in these studies has been attributed to preserved neural synchrony. Hence, it was concluded that, hearing aids are effective in improving speech perception in a sub-group of individuals with late onset ANSD. Measures that evaluate neural synchrony are promising tools to identify the sub-group of such individuals. Speech identification scores at higher sensation levels and cortical potentials are the two clinical measures that indicate aided performance in individuals with late onset ANSD.

Study on the Characteristics of Height Growth by PHV Age -Using longitudinal data of age 7 to 18- (PHV 연령별 신장 발육의 특징에 관한 연구 -7~18세의 종단적 자료를 이용하여-)

  • Park, Ju-Mi;Kim, Myung
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.74-86
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    • 1991
  • This study tried to clear the characteristics of height growth pattern depending on Peak Height Velocity age in early, average and late groups. And in it, height growth tendency of girl students in age 7 to 18 years old was compared and investigated in order to know influencing factors, menarcheal age relation. The samples were senior girl students at high school in Seoul. Longitudinal data and survey data were collected in August, 1990. The results could be summarized as follows: 1. On distance curve, the height growth line in early group tended to be the highest and in late group the lowest. On the other hand, on velocity curve late group showed the highest peak and early group showed the lowest peak. In late group, velocity curve was too steep. Of course, these early, average and late groups were classified by PHV age. 2. In these three groups, late group showed the most growth amount per year. However, on distance curve, early group showed higher line than late group. Perhaps this means that peak growth amount in late group might have an effect on mean. 3. Growth amount of adolescence spurt age in these three groups was 6.86cm at age 9(early group), 7.27cm at l1(average group) and 7.65cm at 13(late group). In early group, because. PHV age came too early, it was difficult to find exact adolescence spurt period. In early group, the adolescence spurt period is considered to come at about age 7 to 9. In average group, at 9 to 11 and at 12 to 13 in late group. Especially, spurt of late group was remarkable. 4. When the growth amount of PA, before PA and after PA was compared, growth amount of PA in all three groups was about 20%. In early group, growth amount of APV tended to be large and in late group, that of APV tended to be large and in late group, that of BPV was large. In average group, growth amount of BPV was larger than that of APV. 5. For the purpose of comparing total height growth amount of these groups at age 18, the height growth was assumed to be over. And then, the difference of three groups was studied but it's not significant. 6. Although the difference between height growth and family environment, dietary habits, exercise, disease history in these three groups was investigated, only the income was significant. The significance of all the other factors was not approved. 7. When menarcheal age was compared with PA, generally we know menarche appeared after 1∼2 years of PHV age. But in case of early group, the difference between PHV age and menarcheal age was 5.34 years. In average group, 2.45 years and 0.82 years in late group.

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PALYNOLOGICAL ASSEMBLAGES FROM LATE CRETACEOUS TO TERTIARY DEPOSITS OF KACHI-I WELL, BLOCK II, YELLOW SEA BASIN, KOREA

  • YI Sangheon
    • 한국석유지질학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 1997
  • Thirty one samples from Late Cretaceous and Tertiary interval sections (468-783m) of the Kachi-I Well in Block II, Yellow Sea Basin, have been analysed for their terrestrially derived palynofloras. The systematic study of the palynomorphs recovered has yielded one hundred and fifty-five taxa; forty-three species of spores belonging to twenty-eight genera, seventy-seven pollen assignable to forty-three genera, and twenty-seven species assignable to fifteen genera and eight fungal remains. The results of both qualitative and quantitative analysis propose a succession of eight terrestrial palynomorph associations. Seven associations are erected in Late Maastrichtian and one in Early to Middle Miocene. Age determinations are on the basis of palynomorph taxa alone for the all associations. The Late Cretaceous/Tertiary unconformity is recognised at between 603 and 613m, based on the palynological data. The sedimentary basin during the Late Cretaceous seem to be lowland shallow marginal lacustrine with stagnant, mesotrophic conditions. On the other hand, the basin during the Early-Middle Miocene is considered to have been characterised by lowland swamp areas. The palaeoclimatic conditions during the Late Cretaceous are considered to be humid tropical to subtropical, while during the Early to Middle Miocene they are considered to be warm temperate with humid conditions. A comparison of palynomorph assemblages between the present study and the previous studies of Late Cretaceous in Circum-Pacific Northern Hemisphere is made, These assemblages reveal that lower sections (612-783m) of the Kachi-I well belong to the Late Cretaceous Aquilapollenites province of Herngreen and Chlonova (1981) and Srivastava (1981, 1994).

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