• Title, Summary, Keyword: lard

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Effect of Lard and Corn oil on Serum total Cholesterol Content and Liver Thiobarbituric acid Value in Mice treated with Ethanol (Lard와 Corn oil이 Ethanol로 처리한 Mouse의 혈청 총 Cholesterol함량 및 간 Thiobarbituric acid치에 미치는 영향)

  • 백정희
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.5-11
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    • 1980
  • The study carried out to clarify the effects of lard and corn oil on serum total cholesterol content and liver thiobarbituric acid (TBA) value in ethanol (Et-OH) fed mice. Results obtained from the present study were a follows: 1. serum total cholesterol content was considerably increased by 25% Et-OH administration in mice. In case of 25% Et-OH plus Lard group and Lard group both group were also increased significantly to compare with normal value of mice but 25% Et-OH plus lard group was shown very higher value rather than that of Lard group and Lard group was found similar tendency to compare with the 25% Et-OH plus saline group except to after the 1 day. 2. serum total cholestrol content of 25% Et-OH plus Corn oil group and corn oil group were also increased significantly to compare with normal value, but the 25% Et-Oh plus Corn oil group slightly higher level than that of Corn oil group except to after the 3 days. 3. Lard group was also very similar tendency to compare with the corn oil group except to the 3 days. 4. liver TBA value was increased by 25% Et-OH fed mice. 25% Et-OH plus Lard group and Lard group were also increased significantly to compare with liver TBA value in normal mice, but 25% Et-OH plus Lard group was found higher value rather than that of lard group and 25% Et-OH group (Control). Lard group was similar to that of Control group except to after the 1 day. And 25% Et-OH plus Corn oil group was considerably increased rather than that of Control group, and liver TBA value of the above group was similar to that of 25% Et-OH plus Lard group except to after the 3 days. Corn oil group was shown lower value than that of lard group, but it was no significant.

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Effect of Ginseng Extract on Enzyme activities of Rats Fed Lard and Alcohol (Lard와 Alcohol을 섭취시킨 흰쥐 혈청중의 효소활성에 인삼추출물이 미치는 영향)

  • 변부형;김석환
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.268-273
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    • 1998
  • The present study has been undertaken to investigate the effects of ginseng extract on the activities of several enzymes in serum of rats fed lard and alcohol. Thirty-five males of Sprague-Dawley strains weighed about 130 g were divided into 7 groups, each group receiving a different diet for 10 weeks; i.e. basal diet plus 15% lard, basal diet plus 5% alcohol, basal diet plus 5% ginseng extract, basal diet plus 15% lard and 5% ginseng extract. Determinations were carried out on the net weight gain, food efficiency ratio, weight of organs, and AST, ALT, lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase activities in serum of rats. The results obtained were as follows:Rats given feed containing lard and alcohol showed significant decrease in net weight gain, but ginseng extract caused an increase in food efficiency ratio. Lard supplementation caused an increase in the weight of liver, kidney, spleen, but another groups did not. AST, ALT, ALP, LDH of serum were significantly increased in lard and alcohol containing group but ginseng extract feeding decreased enzyme activities compared to lard and alcohol containing group. The above results suggest that ginseng extract would prevent the metabolic disease of liver by preventing hyperlipemia caused by high fat diet.

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The Effect of Plantaginis Semen on Serum and Hepatic Lipid Metabolism in Fed High and Low Fat Diets (차전자수침액이 흰쥐의 체내 지질대사에 미치는 영향)

  • 조수열;김명주
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.517-522
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    • 1995
  • The present study has been undertaken to investigate the effect of plantaginis semen extract on lipid composition and activities of several enzymes in lard administrated rats. Forth male rats of Sprague-Dawley strain with average weight of 130$\pm$10g were divided into four groups[basal diet(BD)], basal+plantaginis semen(BP), basal+lard(BL) and basal+plantaginis semen+lard(BLP). Lard administrated groups showed increase in weight gain and that of BLP group significantly increased. Feed intake showed no significant differences with lard administration. The weights of liver, kidney and heart of the rat were not affected by plantagins semen and lard administration. Serum and liver triglyceride and cholesterol contents significantly increased compared to BD group but significantly decreased by the addition of plantaginis semen extract(BLP group). Serum and liver phsophlipids decreased in lard administrated group but effectively restored by administration of plantaginis semen extract. HDL-cholesterol content significantly decreased in lard-fed group and somewhat increased in plantaginis semen extract group. Serum aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase activities significantly increased in lard fed group but addition of plntginis semen extract significantly decreased the enzyme activities compared with that of lard administrated group.

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Effects of Photooxidation and Chlorophyll Photosensitization on the Formation of Volatile Compounds in Lard Model Systems

  • Lee, Jae-Hwan;Min, David B.
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.413-418
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    • 2009
  • Effects of chlorophyll and visible light exposure on the volatile formations and headspace oxygen content were studied in lard model systems at $55^{\circ}C$. Samples with or without addition of chlorophyll under light underwent photosensization or photooxidation, respectively. Total volatiles (TI) in lard with 5 ppm chlorophyll photosensization were 19 times higher than those in visible light photooxidized samples for 48 hr while TI in lard with chlorophyll in the dark were not significantly different from those in photooxidized samples (p>0.05). Headspace oxygen content in photosensitized lard decreased from 21 to 15% for 48 hr but that in photooxidized lard or that in lard with chlorophyll in the dark did not change significantly (p>0.05), which indicates that lard system used in this study is a photosensitizer-free model system and the presence of chlorophyll accelerated the lipid oxidation only under visible light. Oxidation mechanisms of photooxidation with or without presence of photosensitizers under visible light were not the same based on the difference of oxidized volatile profiles and headspace oxygen depletion.

Effects of Ginseng Extract on Serum Lipid Composition in Rats Fed Lard and Alcohol (인삼추출물 포화지방산 Lard와 Alcohol을 먹인 흰쥐 혈청 지질성분에 미치는 영향)

  • 변부형
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.195-200
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    • 1999
  • The present study has been undertaken to investigate the effects of crude ginseng extract added to food on the lipid composition in serum of rats fed lard and alcohol. Thirty-five males of Sprague-Dawley strains weighed about 130 g were divided into 7 group, each group receiving a different diet for 10 weeks ; i.e. basal diet plus 15% lard, basal diet plus 5% alcohol, basal diet plus 0.5% crude ginseng extract, basal diet plus 15% lard and 0.5% crude ginseng extract. Determinations were carried out on the net weight gain, food efficiency ratio, weight of organs, triglyceride, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, free cholesterol. The results obtained were as follows : 1. Rats given feed containing lard and alcohol showed significant decrease in net weight gain, but crude ginseng extract caused an increase in food efficiency ratio. 2. Lard supplementation group showed increase in the weight of liver, kidney, spleen, but another groups did not. 3. The contents ratio of triglyceride, total cholesterol in serum of lard-fed group showed significant increase compared to controls and but the simultaneous supplementation of crude ginseng extract and lard decreased significantly than those of lard-fed group. 4. The contents of free-cholesterol and ester cholesterol in serum of the simultaneous supplementation of crude ginseng extract group decreased as compared with the lard single fed group. 5. Crude ginseng extract single-fed groups. 6. The ratio of contents of VLDL, LDL-cholesterol in serum was significantly high in the only lard containing group and alcohol group, the crude ginseng extract supplemented group was showed lower tendency than only lard and alcohol group. The above results suggest that crude ginseng extract would prevent the metabolic disease by improving hyperlipoidemia.

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Effect of Garlic on Enzyme Activities of Rats Fed Lard and Alcohol (마늘성분이 Lard와 Alcohol을 섭취한 흰쥐 혈청중의 효소활성에 미치는 영향)

  • 변부형;김석환;정혜광;김부여;남철현;노병의
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.163-168
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    • 1995
  • The present study has been undertaken to investigate the effects of garlic added to food on the activities of several enzymes in serum of rats fed lard and alcohol. Thirty-five males of Sprague-Dawley strains weighed about 130g were divided into 7 groups, each group receiving a different diet for 10 weeks; i.e. basal diet plus 15% lard, basal diet plus 5% alcohol, basal diet plus 0.5% garlic, basal diet plus 15% lard and 0.5% garlic. Determinations were carried out in the net weight gain, food efficiency ratio, weight of organs, and AST, ALT, lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase activities in serum of rats. The results obtained were as follows; Rats given feed containing lard and alcohol showed significant decrease in net weight gain, but garlic caused an increased in food efficiency ratio. Lard supplementation caused an increase in the weight of liver, kidney, spleen, but another groups did not, AST, ALT, ALP, LDH of serum were significantly increased in lard and alcohol containing group but garlic feeding decreased enzyme activities compared to lard and alcohol containing group. The above results suggest that garlic would prevent the metabolic disease of liver by improving hyperlipemia caused by high fat diet.

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Preparation of Diacylglycerol from Lard by Enzymatic Glycerolysis and Its Compositional Characteristics

  • Diao, Xiaoqin;Guan, Haining;Kong, Baohua;Zhao, Xinxin
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.813-822
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    • 2017
  • The aim of this study was to prepare diacylglycerol (DAG) by enzymatic glycerolysis of lard. The effects of reaction parameters such as lipase type, reaction temperature, enzyme amount, substrate molar ratio (lard/glycerol), reaction time, and magnetic stirring speed were investigated. Lipozyme RMIM was found to be a more active biocatalyst than Novozym 435, and the optimal reaction conditions were 14:100 (W/W) of enzyme to lard substrate ratio, 1:1 of lard to glycerol molar ratio, and 500 rpm magnetic stirring speed. The reaction mixture was first incubated at $65^{\circ}C$ for 2 h and then transferred to $45^{\circ}C$ for 8 h. At the optimum reaction conditions, the conversion rate of triacylglycerol (TAG) and the content of DAG in the reaction mixture reached 76.26% and 61.76%, respectively, and the DAG content in purified glycerolized lard was 82.03% by molecular distillation. The distribution of fatty acids and Fourier transform infrared spectra in glycerolized lard samples were similar to those in lard samples. The results revealed that enzymatic glycerolysis and molecular distillation can be used to prepare more highly purified DAG from lard.

Fractionation with acetone or hexane to reduce the saturation level of lard (아세톤 또는 헥산을 이용한 분별조건에 따른 돈지의 포화도 저감화 연구)

  • Lee, Koo;Lee, Kyoung-Su;Shin, Jung-Ah;Lee, Yong-Hwa;Lee, Ki-Teak
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.377-386
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    • 2012
  • To reduce the saturation level of lard, solvent fractionation with hexane and acetone was carried out. The fatty acid compositions of lard were 1.5% myristic acid, 26.0% palmitic acid, 2.2%, palmitoleic acid, 12.1% stearic acid, 44.7% oleic acid, and 12.7% linoleic acid. Lard was fractionated by various conditions such as different fractionation temperatures (-15, 5, 10, $15^{\circ}C$), solvent ratios (1:1, 1:3, 1:5, 1:10, lard : solvent, w/v), and fractionation time (3, 6, 24 hr). At $-15^{\circ}C$, acetone was better for reducing the content (11.2%) of saturated fatty acids (SFA) than hexane (10.8%) when the 1:5 solvent ratio was used at 24 hr. Triacylglycerol (TAG) profiles were analyzed by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography based on the partition number (PN) of TAG molecules. The PN of major TAG species in lard were 46 (24.4%), 48 (55.7%), and 50 (19.9%). However, after fractionation (1:5, $5^{\circ}C$ and 24 hr), TAG species with a PN of 46 (34.2%), 48 (54.4%), and 50 (6.9%) were major components in acetone-fractionated lard (liquid part), while TAG species with a PN of 46 (26.0%), 48 (50.3%), and 50 (19.0%) were in hexane-fractionated lard, suggesting that fractionation with acetone resulted in maximal reduction of saturation level in lard.

Flavor Pattern and Sensory Properties of Meat Flavor Based on Maillard Reaction Products with Supercritical Fluid Extracted Lard Fractions (초임계 추출 Lard를 이용한 Maillard 반응생성물 유래 육류향미제의 향기패턴 및 관능적 특성)

  • Moon, Ji-Hye;Choi, In-Wook;Choi, Hee-Don;Kim, Yoon-Sook
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.644-651
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    • 2012
  • We have investigated the effect of lard fraction extracted with supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-$CO_2$) on the flavor enhancement of maillard reaction product (MRP) based meat flavors. MRP based meat flavors were prepared with low glutamic acid (Glu) hydrolyzed wheat gluten (NaCl concentration: 7.61%(w/v)), ribose, cysteine, garlic juice powder, protease-digested Lentinus edodes powder and lard fractions extracted with SC-$CO_2$. Lard was extracted with SC-$CO_2$ at each of three temperatures (40, 60, and $80^{\circ}C$) and at each of four pressures (30, 40, 50, and 60 MPa). Obtained lard SC-$CO_2$ fractions and MRP based meat flavors with those fractions were analyzed for their total yield, aroma pattern by SMart nose system, and sensorial properties. The extraction yield had no difference as temperature increased from $40^{\circ}C$ to $60^{\circ}C$ and even decreased at $80^{\circ}C$. However, increase in pressure level at $40^{\circ}C$ drastically increased the extraction yield. The aroma patterns of raw lard and lard SC-$CO_2$ fractions with 30 MPa were significantly discriminated from those of SC-$CO_2$ lard fractions extracted with higher pressure by SMart nose system. Aroma pattern of MRP based meat flavors with higher pressure extracted lard fractions also showed significant difference through pattern analysis by the SMart nose system. The MRP based meat flavor with lard SC-$CO_2$ fractions at 50 and 60 MPa were described as less sulfuric, less pungent, and more balanced in roasted meat and sweet attributes from sensory evaluation.

Separation of Lipid-Soluble Component to Decrease Thermal Oxidation of Lard from Spinach (Spinacia oleracea)

  • Hwang, A-Reum;Kim, Moon-Jung;Choe, Eun-Ok
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.220-226
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    • 2006
  • Component having antioxidant activity on lard during heating was separated from hexane extract of spinach, and its characteristic chemical structure was speculated through nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, and Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometry. Lard was heated with hexane-, ethyl ether-, ethyl acetate-, or ethanol extract of spinach at $180^{\circ}C$ for 20 hr. Hexane extract of spinach, having highest antioxidant activity on lard during heating, was fractionated by silicic acid column chromatography (SACC), and SACC fractions having higher antioxidant activity on lard during heating were further separated by thin layer chromatography (TLC). Isolated compound from SACC fractions of hexane extract of spinach by TLC had sugar moieties and benzene ring along with hydroxy, carbonyl, and alkyl groups in the structure.