• Title, Summary, Keyword: land-use

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Class Knowledge-oriented Automatic Land Use and Land Cover Change Detection

  • Jixian, Zhang;Yu, Zeng;Guijun, Yang
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.47-49
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    • 2003
  • Automatic land use and land cover change (LUCC) detection via remotely sensed imagery has a wide application in the area of LUCC research, nature resource and environment monitoring and protection. Under the condition that one time (T1) data is existed land use and land cover maps, and another time (T2) data is remotely sensed imagery, how to detect change automatically is still an unresolved issue. This paper developed a land use and land cover class knowledge guided method for automatic change detection under this situation. Firstly, the land use and land cover map in T1 and remote sensing images in T2 were registered and superimposed precisely. Secondly, the remotely sensed knowledge database of all land use and land cover classes was constructed based on the unchanged parcels in T1 map. Thirdly, guided by T1 land use and land cover map, feature statistics for each parcel or pixel in RS images were extracted. Finally, land use and land cover changes were found and the change class was recognized through the automatic matching between the knowledge database of remote sensing information of land use & land cover classes and the extracted statistics in that parcel or pixel. Experimental results and some actual applications show the efficiency of this method.

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Evaluation of a Land Use Change Matrix in the IPCC's Land Use, Land Use Change, and Forestry Area Sector Using National Spatial Information

  • Park, Jeongmook;Yim, Jongsu;Lee, Jungsoo
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.295-304
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    • 2017
  • This study compared and analyzed the construction of a land use change matrix for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's (IPCC) land use, land use change, and forestry area (LULUCF). We used National Forest Inventory (NFI) permanent sample plots (with a sample intensity of 4 km) and permanent sample plots with 500 m sampling intensity. The land use change matrix was formed using the point sampling method, Level-2 Land Cover Maps, and forest aerial photographs (3rd and 4th series). The land use change matrix using the land cover map indicated that the annual change in area was the highest for forests and cropland; the cropland area decreased over time. We evaluated the uncertainty of the land use change matrix. Our results indicated that the forest land use, which had the most sampling, had the lowest uncertainty, while the grassland and wetlands had the highest uncertainty and the least sampling. The uncertainty was higher for the 4 km sampling intensity than for the 500 m sampling intensity, which indicates the importance of selecting the appropriate sample size when constructing a national land use change matrix.

Analysis of land use change for advancing national greenhouse gas inventory using land cover map: focus on Sejong City

  • Park, Seong-Jin;Lee, Chul-Woo;Kim, Seong-Heon;Oh, Taek-Keun
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.933-940
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    • 2020
  • Land-use change matrix data is important for calculating the LULUCF (land use, land use change and forestry) sector of the national greenhouse gas inventory. In this study, land cover changes in 2004 and 2019 were compared using the Wall-to-Wall technique with a land cover map of Sejong City from the Ministry of Environment. Sejong City was classified into six land use classes according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) guidelines: Forest land, crop land, grassland, wetland, settlement and other land. The coordinate system of the land cover maps of 2004 and 2019 were harmonized and the land use was reclassified. The results indicate that during the 15 years from 2004 to 2019 forestlands and croplands decreased from 50.4% (234.2 ㎢) and 34.6% (161.0 ㎢) to 43.4% (201.7 ㎢) and 20.7% (96.2 ㎢), respectively, while Settlement and Other land area increased significantly from 8.9% (41.1 ㎢) and 1.4% (6.9 ㎢) to 35.6% (119.0 ㎢) and 6.5% (30.3 ㎢). 79.㎢ of cropland area (96.2 ㎢) in 2019 was maintained as cropland, and 8.8 ㎢, 1.7 ㎢, 0.5 ㎢, 5.4 ㎢, and 0.4 ㎢ were converted from forestland, grassland, wetland, and settlement, respectively. This research, however, is subject to several limitations. The uncertainty of the land use change matrix when using the wall-to-wall technique depends on the accuracy of the utilized land cover map. Also, the land cover maps have different resolutions and different classification criteria for each production period. Despite these limitations, creating a land use change matrix using the Wall-to-Wall technique with a Land cover map has great advantages of saving time and money.

Land-use Mapping and Change Detection in Northern Cheongju Region (청주 북부지역의 토지이용 매핑과 변화탐지)

  • Na, Sang-Il;Park, Jong-Hwa;Shin, Hyoung-Sup
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.50 no.3
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    • pp.61-69
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    • 2008
  • Land-use in northern Cheongju region is changing rapidly because of the increased interactions of human activities with the environment as population increases. Land-use change detection is considered essential for monitoring the growth of an urban complex. The analysis was undertaken mainly on the basis of the multi-temporal Landsat images (1991, 1992 and 2000) and DEM data in a post-classification analysis with GIS to map land-use distribution and to analyse factors influencing the land-use changes for Cheongju city. The area of each land-use category was also calculated for monitoring land-use changes. Land-use statistics revealed that substantial land-use changes have taken place and that the built-up areas have expanded by about $17.57km^2$ (11.47%) over the study period (1991 - 2000). This study illustrated an increasing trend of urban and barren lands areas with a decreasing trend of agricultural and forest areas. Land-use changes from one category to others have been clearly represented by the NDVI composite images, which were found suitable for delineating the development of urban areas and land use changes in northern Cheongju region. Rapid economic developments together with the increasing population were noted to be the major factors influencing rapid land use changes. Urban expansion has replaced urban and barren lands.

An Empirical Study on Urban Land Use Changing Patterns with the Rapid Urban Expansion (급속한 도시팽창과정에서 도시토지이용변동의 실증적 연구)

  • 김지열;강병기
    • Journal of the Korean Regional Science Association
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.31-50
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    • 1992
  • The aim of this paper is to define major factors influencing land development of each of major uses (residential, commercial, industrial) in the process of rapid urban expansion. The main hypothesis of this study is that land use changing patterns are directed by supply side of land managed to public policies rather than demand side. The graphic analysis is applied to relationships between urban growth and land development process of each use and between land development project managed to public policies and land development process. Public and land development projects and zonning protection seem to be major roles of land supply and main determinants of urban spatial structure. Location factors for land development of each uses are selected in 23 variables. Factor analysis is applied to test correlation between variables in 1971 and 1981. Factor structure between two years is similar, but progressive processing of functional separation is derived such as intensive land use is grouped, different location between residential and industrial use is deep. Dependent variables are standardized to logarithm of land development of each use per unit vacant land in two periods, between 1971 and 1980 year and between 1981 year. Correlation analysis between 6 dependent variables and 23 location factors in each years are applied. Major factors of each use are selected in criteria such as high correlation with dependent variables, low correlation between independent variables and common application in two periods. As the result, major factors for residential land development are Land Readjustment Project (LRP), percent of total zoned area in residential zone, residential floor space density per available area, percent of total area in industrial use; for commercial development is distance to CBD, percent of total area in commercial use, residential floor space density per available area in each year, and volumn rate of industrial use; for industrial use is percent of total area of industrial use is percent of total area of industrial use, Industrial Estate Project (IES), LRP, and distance from CBD. Land development pattern of each use between two periods are slightly different. So 6 equation is derived from appling backward method of regession. Adjusted multiple R squares of all is more than 0.5 and those equation is statistically significant and valuable to assist urban land use forecasting.

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A Probability Mapping for Land Cover Change Prediction using CLUE Model (토지피복변화 예측을 위한 CLUE 모델의 확률지도 생성)

  • Oh, Yun-Gyeong;Choi, Jin-Yong;Bae, Seung-Jong;Yoo, Seung-Hwan;Lee, Sang-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.47-55
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    • 2010
  • Land cover and land use change data are important in many studies including climate change and hydrological studies. Although the various theories and models have been developed, it is difficult to identify the driving factors of the land use change because land use change is related to policy options and natural and socio-economic conditions. This study is to attempt to simulate the land cover change using the CLUE model based on a statistical analysis of land-use change. CLUE model has dynamic modeling tools from the competition among land use change in between driving force and land use, so that this model depends on statistical relations between land use change and driving factors. In this study, Yongin, Icheon and Anseong were selected for the study areas, and binary logistic regression and factor analysis were performed verifying with ROC curve. Land cover probability map was also prepared to compare with the land cover data and higher probability areas are well matched with the present land cover demonstrating CLUE model applicability.

Cause of Land-use on the Parking Difficulties in the Planned Residential Area -Case Study of GyoDong 2 Land development District in GangNeung City- (계획개발된 단독주택지구의 주차문제에 대한 토지이용 원인 -강릉 교동2택지개발사업지구를 대상으로-)

  • Lim, Dong-Il
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.496-506
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    • 2013
  • This paper aims to suggest the problems of land-use plan which causes the lack of parking space and to study the improvement of the problems. The land-use plan and the parking plan of the Gyo-dong 2 land development project are examined and the land use and the parking conditions are surveyed. The major cause of parking problem is not to have planned land use realistically. Because of the non-realistic land use plan, the parking demands are underestimated and it has resulted in decreasing the supply of parking space. In addition, the land use and parking managements have been negligent since the land development. In order to improve the parking problem, the change of land use should be considered in land use plan. And actual land use and parking plans should be made and land use management which considers the change of parking demands should be practiced.

The Development of a National-scale Land use /Land cover Change Detection System in Taiwan

  • Chen, Chi-Farn;Wang, Ann-Chiang;Chang, Li-Yu;chang, Ching-Yueh;Lee, Pei-Shan;cheng, Chao-Yao
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.567-569
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    • 2003
  • Because of the limited land resources, an efficient land use management to reach the sustainable development policy has become an urgent call in Taiwan. A long-term project entitled 'National land use monitoring program-the establishment of a land use change detection system' has been jointly conducted by both National Central University and Ministry of Interior since year of 2001. The main aim of the project is to use the remote sensing images to detect the land use changes on a national scale. This plan has been put into practice and indeed provides an effective assistance for land management.

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Spatial and Temporal Analysis of Land-use Changes Associated with Past Mining in the Kitakyushu District, Japan

  • Rhee, Sungsu;Ling, Marisa Mei;Park, Junboum
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.40-49
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    • 2013
  • In the beginning of $20^{th}$ century, the coal mining industry had an important role in Japan at which two-thirds of the coal product came from the Kitakyushu-Chikuho District (KCD). As a consequence of mining activities, land-use condition in this district showed notable changes. This paper presented a study of land-use changes in coal mining area by characterizing land-use pattern transition over the last 100 years. In order to carry out the rigorous analysis of land-use, a series of land-use maps over the last 100 years was developed using geographic information systems (GIS). The historic topographic map and another available old data were used to investigate the long-term changes of land-use associated with past mining within the GIS platform. The results showed that the utilization of a series of developed land-use maps successfully indicated the difference of land-use pattern in the KCD before and after the peak of mining activities. The general findings from land-use analysis described that forest and farm lands were lost and turned into abandoned sites in the last 100 years.

Effectiveness of Rural Land Use Control by the National Land Use and Planning Act (국토계획법에 의한 농촌 토지 이용관리의 실효성 평가)

  • Park, Si-Hyun;Hwang, Han-Cheol;Hwang, Yeon-Su
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.77-89
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    • 2012
  • In 2003, "The National Land Use and Planning Act" (NLUP Act) was enacted unifying two old laws; "The Urban Planning Act" enacted in 1962 and "The National Land Use and Management Act" enacted in 1972. One of main reasons of unifying two acts was to extend urban planning-based development systems to rural areas for preventing uncontrolled urban sprawl in rural areas and enhancing or settlling plan-based land use system in rural areas. This paper is conducted with the following specific objectives: i) to critically review the contents of NLUP Act in terms of rational rural land use planning; ii) to evaluate plan-based land use practices in rural area by NLUP Act; iii) to appraise performance level for prevention against unplanned development activities in rural areas by NLUP Act. To accomplish these objectives, we surveyed actural state of rural land use and development system by the new act in two case study areas. Ansung city in Gyeongi province as an urban sprawl region and Hamyang county in Gyeongnam Province as a remote rural area. Study results ascertained that the new act can not effectively control rural land use and not prevent over-use of agricultural land in the positive and effective ways because of followering three points.