• Title, Summary, Keyword: lactic acid bacteria

Search Result 2,170, Processing Time 0.039 seconds

Characteristics of Cabbage Juice Fermented by Lactic Acid Bacteria from Kimchi (김치유래 Lactic acid bacteria에 의한 양배추 즙의 발효특성)

  • Im, Hye Eun;Oh, Yu Ri;Kim, Na Young;Han, Myung Joo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
    • /
    • v.28 no.4
    • /
    • pp.401-408
    • /
    • 2013
  • The objective of this study was to determine the quality characteristics of cabbage juice fermented by lactic acid bacteria from Kimchi (Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Lactobacillus sakei SL1103, Lactobacillus plantarum LS5, and mixed starter). Cabbage juice was inoculated with lactic acid bacteria and fermented at 30 for 72 hrs. Changes in lactic acid bacteria number, pH, titratable acidity, Brix, and color during fermentation were analyzed. After fermentation for 24 hrs, cabbage juice fermented by mixed starter showed the highest number of lactic acid bacteria (9.45 log CFU/mL). The pH of all cabbage juice also decreased to 3.88~4.19 sharply, while cabbage juice fermented by Lac. sakei SL1103 showed the highest Brix ($8.38^{\circ}Bx$). Cabbage juice fermented by mixed starter showed the highest L value (56.83). In the sensory evaluation, cabbage juice fermented by a mixed starter (Leu. mesenteroides, Lac. sakei SL1103, and Lac. plantarum LS5) showed the highest preferences in taste, flavor, and overall acceptability. Therefore, cabbage juice fermented by mixed starter (Leu. mesenteroides, Lac. sakei SL1103 and Lac. plantarum LS5) has the highest potential for the development of fermented cabbage juice as an excellent bioactive functional food.

Anti-Obesity Effects of Lactic Acid Bacteria-Fermented Dioscoreae Rhizoma Powder on High Fat Diet-Fed Animal Model (고지방식이에 의한 비만 동물모델에서 유산균 마분말의 항비만 효과)

  • Park, Young Mi;Oh, Hong Geun;Kang, Yang Gyu;Kim, Young Pill;Sin, Hong Sig;Jang, Seung Hwan;Kim, Hee Jeong;Lee, Sang Wang;Lee, Hak Yong
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.29 no.3
    • /
    • pp.267-272
    • /
    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the antiobesity effects of lactic acid bacteria-fermented Dioscoreae Rhizoma powder (LDR) in Sprague-Dawley rats with high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity. Rats were divided into 5 groups: normal diet group, control (high fat diet-vehicle) group, 0.4 g/kg LDR (high fat diet + 0.4 g/kg lactic acid bacteria-fermented Dioscoreae Rhizoma powder) group, 1 g/kg LDR (high fat diet + lactic acid bacteria-fermented Dioscoreae Rhizoma powder) group, 2.5g/kg LDR (high fat diet + lactic acid bacteria-fermented Dioscoreae Rhizoma powder) group. Our results indicate that LDR administration has effects on decreasing of body weight, fat weight, blood parameters and adipocyte size in the obesity animals. In addition, verified that fat degeneration and ballooning degeneration were alleviated in the experimental group fed on a high fat diet combined with LDR groups. These results indicate that lactic acid bacteria-fermented Dioscoreae Rhizoma powder may reduce elevating body weight and lipid accumulation in rat fed a high fat diet, suggesting its usefulness as a functional food for reducing body fat and obesity.

Catabolic Enzyme Activities and Physiological Functionalities of Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Korean Traditional Meju (재래식 메주에서 분리한 유산균들의 각종 효소활성 및 기능성)

  • Jeong, Ji-Kang;Zheng, Yanfei;Choi, Hye-Sun;Han, Gwi-Jung;Park, Kun-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.39 no.12
    • /
    • pp.1854-1859
    • /
    • 2010
  • Three kinds of Korean traditional Meju were selected and the counts of microorganisms in these Meju were determined. The counts of total aerobic bacteria, lactic acid bacteria and yeasts and molds were 107~108, 106~108 and 107~108 cfu/g, respectively in three Meju and lactic acid bacteria were important microorganisms in the fermentation of Meju. Therefore, we isolated three kinds of dominant lactic acid bacteria from these Meju. They were identified as Leuconostoc mesenteroides (98%, Lm-SMm), Lactobacillus plantarum (99%, Lp-SMm) and Lactococcus lactis (98%, Ll-GAm). Then, enzyme activities and physiological functionalities of three lactic acid bacteria were investigated. Protease, lipase and $\alpha$-amylase activities were detected in three lactic acid bacteria, Ll-GAm showed relatively higher activities than other two lactic acid bacteria. Lm-SMm, Lp-SMm and Ll-GAm showed 45, 48 and 60% of antioxidative activity to 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryhydrazyl (DPPH), and exhibited 45, 67 and 70% of inhibitory effects in HT-29 human colon cancer cells, respectively. These results indicate that three lactic acid bacteria isolated from traditional Meju, especially Ll-GAm are applicable to Meju preparation for soybean paste industry.

Cholesterol-Lowering Effect and Anticancer Activity of Kimchi and Kimchi Ingredients (김치와 김치재료의 콜레스테롤 저하 및 항암효과)

  • 이재준;정영기
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.9 no.6
    • /
    • pp.743-752
    • /
    • 1999
  • The purpose of the paper is to explore the current knowledge on the nutritional evaluation, cholesterol-lowering effect and antitumor activity of kimchi and its ingredients(Korean cabbage, garlic, red pepper powder, ginger and onion). Kimchi contains high contents of nutrients such as vitamins(ascorbic acid, $\beta$-carotene and vitamin B complex), minerals(calcium, potassium, iron and phosphorous), essential amino acids and dietary fiber. Kimch also contains high levels of lactic acid bacteria, allicin, capsaicin, organic acid, phenol compounds, flavonoid and sulfur compounds. The dietary fiber and lactic acid bacteria isolated from kimchi are effective in improving intestinal microflora of human. Isoluble dietary fiber shows anticancer activity, but soluble dietary fiber shows hypocholesterolemic effect. Lactic acid bacteria isolated from kimchi acts as a hypocholesterolemic or anticancer agent. A major ingredient of kimchi is mainly cruciferous and allium family vegetables, which were also reported to prevent cancer and atherosclerosis. It is suggested that kimchi is important not only as one of the traditional fermented Korean food but also as therapeutic agent for carcinogenesis and hypercholesterolemic state.

  • PDF

Effect of Lactic Acid Bacteria on D- and L-Lactic Acid Contents of Kimchi

  • Jin, Qing;Yoon, Hyang-Sik;Han, Nam-Soo;Lee, Jun-Soo;Han, Jin-Soo
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.15 no.6
    • /
    • pp.948-953
    • /
    • 2006
  • The D-form of lactic acid is frequently detected in fermented foods, and an excessive dietary intake of D-lactic acid may induce metabolic stress in both infants and patients. This work was carried out to determine the prevailing microorganisms relevant to the accumulation of D-lactic acid in kimchi. Leuconostoc (Leuc.) mesenteroides and Leuc. citreum primarily synthesized D-lactate with a small quantity of L-form. Leuc. gelidum and Leuc. inhae evidenced patterns similar to this. Lactobacillus (Lb.) plantarum and Lb. brevis were shown to convert glucose into a balanced mixture of D-/L-lactic acid, whereas Lb. casei principally synthesized L-lactic acid and a very small quantity of D-lactic acid. When kimchi was incubated at 8 or $22^{\circ}C$, D-lactic acid was over-produced than L-form. Leuconostoc was determined as the primary producer between the initial to mid-phase of fermentation and Lb. plantarum or Lb. brevis seemed to boost D-lactic acid content during later stage of acid accumulation.

Studies on the Function of Lactic Acid Bacteria and Related Yeasts in Probiotics: A Review (프로바이오틱스 중 유산균 및 관련 효모의 기능에 관한 연구 고찰)

  • Yoon, Jin A;Shin, Kyung-Ok
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.30 no.3
    • /
    • pp.395-404
    • /
    • 2017
  • Probiotics may be defined as microbial agents that can benefit humans and have been used primarily by mankind in fermented foods. A representative of probiotics is lactic acid bacteria (LAB), which has received attention recently due to its perceived health benefits. We reviewed research papers about Bifidobacerium and Lactobacillus, which are two of the most known of the LAB. Bifidobacerium alleviates diarrhea from various causes by improving intestinal microflora, and it has been reported that it reduces Helicobacter pylori bacteria known as the cause of gastric ulcer and stomach cancer. Bifidobacerium has also reported to be effective on immunization and allergy, reduce blood cholesterol, cancer, lactose intolerance. Lactobacillus alleviates diarrhea but has not fully demonstrated its effectiveness relative to other health issues. Several lactic acid bacteria and yeast are expected to act as probiotics, so, in the future, more research on the health benefits of lactic acid bacteria is needed.

Selection of Mixed Lactic Acid Bacteria for Optimal Sponge Fermentation of Soda Cracker (소다 크레커의 최적 스폰지 발효를 위한 혼합젖산균의 선별)

  • Kim, Sang-Yong;Lee, Byung-Don;Kim, Jung-Min;Lim, Dong-Joon;Kim, Woo-Jung;Oh, Deok-Kun
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.29 no.1
    • /
    • pp.150-155
    • /
    • 1997
  • The twenty strains of Lactobacillus genus were tested for the optimal sponge fermentation of soda cracker. The six strains such as L. brevis, L. delbrueckii, L. fermentum, L. leichmanii, L. plantarum and L. sanfrancisco were selected because these strains did not smell off-flavor and showed the high value of TTA (total titrable acidity) after the fermentation. The selected strains consisted of the five strains of L. brevis, L. delbrueckii, L. fermentum, L. leichmanii and L. plantarum that mainly inhabited soda clacker and L. sanfrancisco that existed in San Francisco bread. The lactic acid bacteria were inoculated to the medium containing 10% wheat flour and then pH, TTA, acetic acid and lactic acid were measured during the sponge fermentation. The four strains of L. brevis, L. delbrueckii, L. fermentum and L. plantarum were used for the mixed lactic acid bacteria of sponge fermentation because the TTAs of L. brevis, L. fermentum and L. plantarum were higher than those of other lactic acid bacteria and L. delbrueckii rapidly produced organic acids and a large amount of acetic acid. Among the combination of L. brevis, L. fermentum, L. delbrueckii and L. plantarum, the mixed lactic acid bacteria of L. brevis, L. fermentum and L. plantarum showed the highest TTA, the lowest pH and the largest amount of acetic acid. Therefore, the mixed lactic acid bacteria of L. brevis, L. fermentum and L. plantarum were used for optimal sponge fermentation of soda cracker.

  • PDF

Physicochemical Properties and Antioxidative Activity of Lactic Acid Bacteria Fermented Rhodiola sachalinensis using Adsorption Process (흡착 공정을 활용한 홍경천(Rhodiola sachalinensis) 유산균 발효물의 이화학적 특성 및 항산화 활성)

  • Sung, Su-Kyung;Rhee, Young-Kyung;Cho, Chang-Won;Lee, Young-Chul;Kim, Young-Chan;Hong, Hee-Do
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.25 no.4
    • /
    • pp.779-786
    • /
    • 2012
  • Rhodiola sachalinensis fermentates by lactic acid bacteria were prepared using the adsorption process, and were investigated for changes of the main compounds and anti-oxidative activities during the adsorption and fermentation process. While the R. sachalinensis extract (RSE), which did not go through the adsorption process, showed little change in pH during fermentation and a significant reduction in the number of lactic acid bacteria, the pre-preparatory adsorption process was found to be helpful for promoting fermentation and for maintenance of bacterial numbers. The contents of total phenolic compounds mostly decreased during the adsorption process, but showed an increasing tendency to rebound during the fermentation process. The contents of salidroside and p-tyrosol in the RSE were 1153.3 mg% and 185.0 mg% respectively, and they did not significantly change after treatment with acid clay or bentonite as adsorbents, which were 1093.0 and 190.5 mg% by acid clay, and 882.2 and 157.3 mg% by bentonite. When the extract was fermented after treatment with acid clay or bentonite, the salidroside contents were decreased by 282.7 and 505.0 mg% respectively, but the p-tyrosol contents were increased by 714.0 and 522.4 mg% respectively. Compared to the DPPH radical scavenging activity of the RSE (66.8%) at the conc. of 0.1%, that of the fermented RSE, which went through adsorption process with acid clay or bentonite, was significantly increased to 79.4 and 72.7% respectively at the same concentration (p<0.05). Though fermentation by lactic acid bacteria was suppressed in the RSE, the results suggested that the adsorption process may promote fermentation without any change in the content of major active compounds. It is expected that fermentation by lactic acid bacteria could improve the antioxidant activity and various associated functionalities of R. sachalinensis.

Changes of Index Microorganisms and Lactic Acid Bacteria of Korean Fermented Vegetables (Kimchi) during the Ripening and Fermentation-Part 1 (김치의 숙성 및 발효중 오염지표미생물과 유산균의 변화-제1보)

  • Kim, Jong-Gyu;Yoon, Joon-Sik
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
    • /
    • v.31 no.1
    • /
    • pp.79-85
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study was undertaken to investigate the changes of index microorganisms and lactic acid bacteria of traditional Korean fermented vegetables (kimchi) during the ripening and fermentation period. A type of kimchi, baechoo-kimchi, was prepared and stored at $10^{\circ}C$ for 8 days. The numbers of the total aerobic bacteria, psychrotrophilic bacteria, coliform bacteria, and Escherichia coli in the kimchi and also in raw materials of the kimchi (Chinese cabbage, green onion, ginger, garlic, and red pepper) were counted using appropriate media. The highest number of aerobic bacteria was detected from ginger, then red pepper, then garlic, then Chinese cabbage, and lowest number from green onion. The highest number of psychrotrophilic bacteria was detected from red pepper, then Chinese cabbage, then garlic, then ginger, and the lowest number from green onion. Coliforms and E. coli were not detected from all of the raw materials of kimchi. Total aerobic bacteria and lactic acid bacteria of the kimchi showed gradually increasing during ripening and fermentation. The number of psychrotrophilic bacteria showed a similar level in the kimchi. Coliform bacteria were detected at the 3rd, 4th, and 5th day of the kimchi fermentation period, although they were not detected from the raw materials of the kimchi. However, the bacteria were not detected in the kimchi after 6 days. E. coli was not detected in all kimchi samples. The pH value of the kimchi gradually decreased, and acidity increased over fermentation period. This study indicates that there was contamination of coliform bacteria during the process of kimchi preparation, and lactic acid bacteria proliferated in the kimchi during fermentation inhibited the growth of coliforms. More research is needed to evaluate the inhibitory effects of each raw materials of kimchi.

Storage-life and Palatability Extension of Betula platyphylla Sap Using Lactic Acid Bacteria Fermentation (유산균 발효를 이용한 자작나무 수액의 저장성 및 기호성 증진 기술)

  • Kim, Jong-Ho;Lee, Woon-Jong;Cho, Youn-Won;Kim, Kwang-Yup
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.38 no.6
    • /
    • pp.787-794
    • /
    • 2009
  • In this study, a new method for extending storage-life and palatability of Betula platyphylla sap by applying lactic acid bacteria fermentation was developed. The fluids of saps were filtered through 0.22 ${\mu}m$ membrane filter and each fermented by 8 different lactic acid bacteria which are Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus brevis, Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Leuconostoc lactis, Lactococcus lactis, Pediocossus pentosaceus, Pediococcus dextrinicus, Streptococcus thermophilus. All the tested lactic acid bacteria except P. dextrinicus grew fast up to $10^6{\sim}10^7cfu/mL$ levels and lowered pH down to about pH 4 levels in 48 hours in both saps. The produced organic acids and lowered pH level inhibited the growth of spoilage microorganisms almost completely for 2 weeks during storage at room temperature. Addition of xylitol in the saps before fermentation accelerated the growth of lactic acid bacteria and increased the sweetness and overall taste of final product. The filtration process did not affect the mineral compositions of Betula platyphylla saps. Also the compositions and amounts of minerals showed very minor differences before and after fermentation in Betula platyphylla saps inoculated with L. acidophilus. By applying lactic acid fermentation to extend storage-life of tree saps instead of heat treatment, it was possible to keep natural minerals in active forms without any modifications.