• Title, Summary, Keyword: lactic acid bacteria

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Characterization of airag collected in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia with emphasis on isolated lactic acid bacteria

  • Choi, Suk-Ho
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.58 no.3
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    • pp.10.1-10.10
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    • 2016
  • Background: Airag, alcoholic sour-tasting beverage, has been traditionally prepared by Mongolian nomads who naturally ferment fresh mares' milk. Biochemical and microbiological compositions of airag samples collected in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia and physiological characteristics of isolated lactic acid bacteria were investigated. Methods: Protein composition and biochemical composition were determined using sodium dodecyl sulfate-gel electrophoresis and high performance liquid chromatography, respectively. Lactic acid bacteria were identified based on nucleotide sequence of 16S rRNA gene. Carbohydrate fermentation, acid survival, bile resistance and acid production in skim milk culture were determined. Results: Equine whey proteins were present in airag samples more than caseins. The airag samples contained 0.10-3.36 % lactose, 1.44-2.33 % ethyl alcohol, 1.08-1.62 % lactic acid and 0.12-0.22 % acetic acid. Lactobacillus (L.) helveticus were major lactic acid bacteria consisting of 9 isolates among total 18 isolates of lactic acid bacteria. L. helveticus survived strongly in PBS, pH 3.0 but did not grow in MRS broth containing 0.1 % oxgall. A couple of L. helveticus isolates lowered pH of skim milk culture to less than 4.0 and produced acid up to more than 1.0 %. Conclusion: Highly variable biochemical compositions of the airag samples indicated inconsistent quality due to natural fermentation. Airag with low lactose content should be favorable for nutrition, considering that mares' milk with high lactose content has strong laxative effect. The isolates of L. helveticus which produced acid actively in skim milk culture might have a major role in production of airag.

Transformation of Ginsenosides to Compound K(IH-901) by Lactic Acid Bacteria of Human Intestine

  • Bae, Eun-Ah;Kim, Na-Young;Han, Myung-Joo;Choo, Min-Kyung;Kim, Dong-Hyun
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.9-14
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    • 2003
  • When ginsenosides Rbl, Rb2, and Rc were anaerobically incubated with commercial and human intestinal lactic acid bacteria, most commercial lactic acid bacteria did not metabolize these ginsenosides to compound K. However, lactic acid bacteria, B. minimum KK-1, Bifidobacterium cholerium KK-2, and B. cuniculi K-513, isolated from human intestinal microflora transformed these ginsensosides to compound K. When the bacterial mixtures of commercial lactic acid bacteria were incubated with these ginsenosides, these compounds were not transfformed to compound K. However, when Bzfidobacterium KK-1 and KX-2 were miked, these ginsenosides were synergistically transformed to compound K. When water extract of ginseng was incubated with these mixed bifidobacteria, compound K was potently produced. Therefore, it is suggested that, if ginseng with these mixed bifidobacteria is fermented, compound K-enforced ginseng materials could be produced that show cytotoxicity against tumor cell lines.

Immunomodulatory Effects of Lactic Acid Bacteria and Bioactive Peptides Derived from Milk (유산균과 유단백질 유래 Peptide의 면역 조절 기능 연구 동향)

  • Kim, Cherl-Hyun
    • Journal of Dairy Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.37-43
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    • 2009
  • The mammalian immune system comprises a complex array of cells and molecules that interact to provide protection from pathogenic microorganisms. The beneficial role played by lactic acid bacteria and milk-derived peptides in humans, including their effect on the immune system, has been extensively reported. Lactic acid bacteria and milk-derived peptides, which are present in dairy products, are frequently used as nutraceuticals to improve some biological functions in the host. Activation of the systemic and secretory immune response by lactic acid bacteria and milk-derived peptides requires many complex interactions among the various constituents of the intestinal ecosystem. Thus, the aim of this review was to examine in detail the immunological potential of lactic acid bacteria and milk-derived peptides.

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Effect of Kimchi ingredients on the growth of pathogenic and lactic acid bacteria (김치부재료의 유산균 증식 및 유해균 억제효과)

  • Kang, Sun-Yi;Han, Myung-Joo
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.838-843
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    • 2005
  • When ingredients of Kimchi were mixed and stored in $18^{\circ}C$, lactic acid bacteria, such as Leuconostoc mesenteroides and Lactobacillus plantarum, were selectively grown up. Herefore, to understand why lactic acid bacteria were selectively cultured in Kimchi, antibacterial activities of Kimchi ingredients against some pathogens and Kinlchi lactic acid bacteria were investigated. Kimchi mixed with all ingredients significantly inhibited the growth of all tested pathogens: S. typhimurium, S. sonnei, and E. coli. Kimchi without green onion, garlic or ginger inhibited the growth of S. typhimurium, but did not E. coli and S. sonnei. However, Kimchi without red pepper powder did not inhibit the growth of all tested pathogens. All ingredients of Kimchi did not inhibit the growth of L. plantarum and L. mesenteroides. These results suggest that Kimchi ingredients can synergistically inhibit the growth of pathogens and Kimchi may be a selective medium for lactic acid bacteria.

The Effect of Composition of Flour Brew on Growth and Activity of Lactic Acid Bacteria (제빵에서 밀가루 Brew의 조성이 젖산균의 생육에 미치는 영향)

  • 조남지
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.683-688
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    • 1998
  • This study was conducted to develop optimal composition of flour brew in order to economically utilize flour brew inoculated by lactic acid bacteria as a starter(mother sponge) in bread-making. Two flour brews were prepared ; one with flour and water, the other with flour, water and NaCl. Various nutrients were added to both flour brews and Lactobacilli deMan Rogosa and Sharpe (MRS) broth to investigate the effect of them on growth and activities of Streptococcus thermophilus, Lactobacillus brevis and their mixed culture in flour brews to be tested with incubation at 37$^{\circ}C$. The growth of Streptococcus thermophilus, Lactobacillus brevis and their mixed culture was stimulated by addition of NaCl with 0.85% concentratin and more by mixed culture than by single lactic acid bacteria, resulting in 3 hrs reduction in cultivation and more by mixed culture than by single lactic acid bacteria, resulting in 3 hrs reduction in cultivation time. the addition of 3% glucose to flour brew with NaCl was observed to enhance acid productioni by mixed culture. Yeast extract greatly affected growth and activities of mixed culture of lactic acid bacteria in flour brew with NaCl and its optimum level of this additive in flour brew with NaCl was approximately 1.0%. The optimal composition of flour brew for mixed culture of lactic acid bacteria was suggested as follows; flour 100g, water 300g, NaCl 3.46g, glucose 12.48g, yeast extract 3.46g.

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Effect of addition of lactic acid bacteria on fermentation quality of Miscanthus sinnensis silage

  • Choi, Ki-Choon;Srigopalram, Srisesharam;Ilavenil, Soundharrajan;Kuppusamy, Palaniselvam;Park, Hyung-Su;Kim, Ji Hye;Yoon, Yong Hee;Kim, Young Jin;Jung, Jeong Sung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.284-284
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    • 2017
  • The aim of the study is to investigate the effect of new lactic acid bacteria as an additive for improving the quality of the Miscanthus sinnensis silage fermentation. The percentage of crude protein (CP), acid detergent fiber (ADF), and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) in lactic acid bacteria (LAB) inoculated silage showed similar to the control. The pH of Miscanthus sinnensis (MS) silage in the treatment of LAB inoculation significantly decreased as compared to control (p<0.05). The content of lactic acid in the treatment of LAB inoculation significantly increased (p<0.05) as compared to control, but, the content of acetic acid was reduced in the treatment of LAB inoculation. Also, numbers of the lactic acid bacteria population were higher in LAB-treated silage as compared to control (p<0.05). The present study suggested that an addition of lactic acid bacteria significantly improved the quality fermentation in Miscanthus sinnensis silage.

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Identification and characteristics of Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Nuruk (누룩으로부터 젖산세균의 분리 및 특성)

  • 이정훈
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.359-365
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    • 2000
  • Three lactic acid bacteria (C-1 K-3 and T-1 strain) were isolated from Nuruk and characterized subsequently. They were useful strains for production of lactic acid and their growth was inhibited at 10% ethanol pH 4 These strains were identified as lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis NR C-1 Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. mesenterides NR K-3 and pediococcus pentosaceus NR T-1 respectively by morphological physiological and biochemical characterization Lac lactis subsp lactis NR C-1 showed the highest lactic acid productivity. Leu measenteroides subsp mesenteroides NR K-3 showed stable lactic acid productivity and its growth was inhibited at pH 4. P pentosaceus NR T-1 had lower lactic acid productivity than the other two bacteria but it could not grow at 10% ethanol pH 4 The lactic acid productivity of these three strains in MRS broth were higher than that in Skim milk media the optimum pH and temperature for the lactic acid production of the three strains were 30-32$^{\circ}C$ and pH 6.0∼6.8 Glucose was the optimal carbon souorce for the lactic acid production. In terms of antagonism lac lactis subsp lactis NR c-1 showed somewhat inhibitory efects against some Gram positive rod and cocci such as Lactobacillus brevis and Streptococcus mitis. And Leu mesenteroides subsp mesenteroides NR K-3 showed the inhibitory effects against Streptococcus mitis but P. pentosaceus NR T-1 didn't show any inhibitory effects against tested strains.

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Isolation of Cholesterol-Lowering Lactic Acid Bacteria from Pig and Human Feces

  • Ryu Hye Myung;Kim Sang Gyo;Kim Su Won;Choi Ju Yun;Nam Jin Sik;Yoo Min
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.539-543
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    • 2005
  • Elevated level of serum cholesterol in humans is a risk factor correlated with the development of coronary heart disease. We have screened lactic acid bacteria from pig and human feces for the development of probiotics which have an anti-cholesterol effect. We have used special media to isolate only lactic acid bacteria and they were subjected to the experiments such as oxgal test, carbohydrate fermentation test. Results from the acid tolerance test and growth test in the presence of oxgal demonstrated that some strains would likely survive in thuman stomach, where acidity is high, and in small intestine, where bile fluid is present. In conclusion, we were able to screen lactic acid bacteria which were tolerant against bile acid and supposed to be prominent to lower the cholesterol level in human serum.

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Agar Medium for Screening of Urease-Producing Lactic Acid Bacteria (Urease 생산 젖산균의 탐색을 위한 한천 배지)

  • 서인영;이정준;나석환;백영진;신명수
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.288-292
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    • 1993
  • An agar medium(HY) was developed to detect the urease-producing lactic acid bacteria. HY medium was prepared with the addition of tryptone, glucose and tween 80 to the supernatant of autoclaved skim milk and yeast extract mixture. There was no difference in eumeration of lactic acid bacteria between the HY and commercial media, such as M17, MRS and BCP agar. The urease activity of Streptococcus salivarius subsp. thermophilus was detected on the HY agar medium contained urea by the color change of bromocresol purple as the pH indicator, but not on the commerical agar media. Furthermore, it was succeeded to screen the urease activity of bacteria in skim milk used as a raw material in dairy product manufacture. Therefore, HY medium was proved to be suitable for the screening of urease-producing lactic acid bacteria.

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Additive Effects of Green Tea on Fermented Juice of Epiphytic Lactic Acid Bacteria (FJLB) and the Fermentative Quality of Rhodesgrass Silage

  • Burrenok, Smerjai;Tamaki, Masanobu;Kawamoto, Yasuhiro;Nakada, Tadashi
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.920-924
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    • 2007
  • Two experiments were carried out on a laboratory scale. The first involved a study of the effect of green tea on characteristics of fermented juice of epiphytic lactic acid bacteria (FJLB). FJLB was treated with 50 g/L of green tea products as follows: new shoot powder (FJLB+N), leaf powder (FJLB+L), commercial powder (FJLB+P), sterilized new shoot powder (FJLB+SN), sterilized leaf powder (FJLB+SL) or sterilized commercial powder (FJLB+SP). FJLB without any additive was also prepared (Untreated FJLB). After incubation, the number of microorganisms in FJLB were studied. Subsequently, these FJLB were applied at 10 ml/kg to chopped rhodesgrass to study their effects on fermentation. Compared with untreated FJLB, the addition of green tea increased (p<0.05) lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and also aerobic bacteria counts in FJLB. At 60 d of ensiling, all the FJLB treated silages were well preserved, pH and butyric acid content were lower (p<0.001) and lactic acid was higher (p<0.001) than that of the control. Lactic acid content was significantly higher (p<0.001) with treated FJLB than with untreated FJLB. FJLB treated with sterilized green tea decreased (p<0.001) the pH and the lactic acid content was higher (p<0.001) than that in the unsterilized green tea silages.