• Title, Summary, Keyword: korea welfare panel study

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Factors of Welfare Recognition toward Health Insurance and Health Care: Using 2013 Korea Welfare Panel Study (건강보험 및 보건의료에 대한 복지인식에 영향을 주는 요인: 2013년 한국복지패널 자료를 이용하여)

  • Park, Young-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.115-126
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    • 2015
  • Objectives : This research was performed to investigate the characteristics and determination factors of health care policy satisfaction and welfare recognition for health insurance & health care financing. Methods : The utilized data were 4,174 cases who responded to a welfare recognition survey in the 8th wave of the Korea Welfare Panel Study (2013). The statistical methodology used in this study is the multiple regression model. Results : The significant affecting factors of health care policy satisfaction were age, education, household income, welfare attitudes, and health status. Medical utilization & private medical insurance were not related to health care policy satisfaction. The affecting factors of health insurance reinforcement were age, health status, welfare attitudes. The affecting factors of health care financing expansion were age, economic activity type, medical utilization, welfare attitudes. The affecting factors of welfare attitudes were age, economic activity type, household income, health insurance, and health status. Conclusions : Health care policy satisfaction, health insurance reinforcement, and health care financing expansion were all affected by age and welfare attitude; but this was not the case for private health insurance. This study recommended that the Korean government provide active planning for reinforcement of health insurance and publicity of the health care system in order to accord with the prospects of people.

Longitudinal Study on the Equity of National Health Insurance Contribution of the self-employed (건강보험 지역가입자의 보험료 부담 형평성 종단분석)

  • Rhee, Okjin;Moon, Yongpil;Park, Hyunshik
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.309-332
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    • 2016
  • This research attempts to calculate the vertical equity of National Health Insurance Contribution of locally provided policy holders by abilities to pay. Also, this longitudinal study examined the influence of abilities to pay and demographic characteristics on the health insurance premium. Using data from the Korea Welfare Panel Study, this study followed the self-employed households who continued to participate in the survey from 2011 to 2015. Kakwani's index of progressivity was measured as a measure of vertical equity and panel regression analysis was conducted by STATA program. The results of this research are as follows. First, from 2011 to 2015, the values of kakwani's index were negative according to composite income, which meant some levels of regressiveness of contribution. Secondly, panel regression analysis showed that the lowest household of composite income had a significantly negative effect on premiums, which also meant regressiveness. Based on the results, the author suggested political discussions on reorganizing the system of imposing the National Health Insurance contribution.

The Current State and Determinants of Korean Baby-Boomers' Welfare Consciousness

  • Lee, Hyoung-Ha
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.193-200
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted in order to assess the effect of variables influencing Korean baby-boomers' welfare consciousness. For this purpose, data from the $8^{th}$ supplementary survey of the Korea Welfare Panel in 2013 were analyzed. The subjects of analysis were 2,035 people who were born between 1955 and 1965 whose welfare panel data did not have missing values for the variables of the research model. According to the results of analysis, first, when the descriptive statistics of the major variables were analyzed, those showing a relatively high mean score among the sub-factors of the baby-boomers' welfare consciousness were 'expansion of expenditure for public assistance' (mean 3.65, SD .557), 'expansion of expenditure for social insurance' (mean 3.53, SD .646), and 'expansion of expenditure for social services' (mean 3.26, SD .424). The mean score of the baby-boomers' overall welfare consciousness was relatively high as 3.45 (SD .428), advocating the expansion of welfare expenditure. Second, the independent variables influencing the baby-boomers' welfare consciousness was found to have explanatory power of 12.9%. In the results of regression analysis, variables found to have a significant effect were gender (B=.100, t=2.573, p<.01), personal responsibility for poverty (B=-.151, t=-3.635, p<.01), social responsibility for poverty (B=.149, t=3.437, p<.001), and recipient's laziness (B=.251, t=6.578, p<.001). Based on these results were discussed major relevant policies.

A Study of Husband's Problem Drinking on the Wife's Problem Drinking -Focused on the mediating Effect of Spouse Abuse- (남성가구주의 음주가 배우자 음주에 미치는 영향 -배우자 폭력의 매개효과-)

  • Yoon, Myeong-Sook;Cho, Hye-Chung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.64 no.2
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    • pp.111-131
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    • 2012
  • Research has consistently reported a strong association between spouse abuse and problem drinking. The primary aim of this study was to examine the role of spouse abuse as mediator between the husband's problem and wife's problem drinking. Data from 1st year Korea Welfare Panel were used for the analysis. Subjects in this study consisted of 3,284 male household who aged between 19 years old and 64 years old. The statistical significance was tested by SPSS 18.0, AMOS 18.0. The findings of the study were as follows: First, husband's problem drinking were significantly affected to the wife's problem drinking. Second, there was a strong association between husband's problem drinking and spouse abuse. Third, spouse abuse worked as mediators between the husband's problem and wife's problem drinking. Based upon these findings we suggest to develop an integrated substance abuse-domestic violence treatment program. The implications and limitations of these findings were discussed, and directions for future studies were also proposed.

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Comparison of the Welfare Attitudes determination between livelihood Recipients and Non-Recipients: Focusing on Sociological Analysis (국민기초생활보장 수급자와 비수급자의 복지태도(결정)에 관한 비교: 사회학적 해석 중심으로)

  • Eom, Joo-Ran;Moon, Jae-Woo
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.7
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    • pp.297-308
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to compare and examine the understanding of the mutual relationship between the welfare attitude of the recipients and the non-recipients of the National Basic Livelihood Security. For this purpose, data from the Korea Welfare Panel Study 2016 (11th) were used and the data were analyzed by using difference analysis (DID) and structural equation AMOS after matching propensity scores (PSM) to 382 adults. The main results are as follows: First, Welfare attitudes were not significantly different for the National Basic Livelihood Security than the non- recipients. Second, Positive program welfare policy had a significant effect on welfare attitude for both the recipients and non-recipients of the National Basic Livelihood Security. Third, The value recognition government trust and social awareness did not have a significant effect on both the recipients of the National Basic Livelihood Security and the non-recipients. The results of this study provide basic data the establishment of policy directions to improve the quality of life of members of society.

Attitude toward the Increasing Role of Private Health Insurance (민간의료보험 활성화에 대한 인식과 그에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Park, Ki-Hong;Kwon, Soon-Man
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.62-80
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the factors influencing the attitude toward the increasing role of private health insurance(PHI). In the Korea Welfare Panel Data 2007, a sample of 1,675 (adjusted by weight value: 1,607) respondents on an opinion on promoting PHI was used in the study. With independent variables including socio-demographic characteristics, health status, health-related behavior, and opinions on welfare service, ordered-probit model was used to analyze the attitude toward PHI. Negative opinion on the increasing role of PHI were responded by 54.6%(n=877) of the respondents, whereas 22.2%(n=373) were positive and 23.2%(n=357) were neutral. Old people, the better off, those with worse self-assessed health status, and those having an experience of health examination tend to have the positive attitude toward the increasing role of PHI. Women, those with chronic diseases or disorders and those who do not agree that comprehensive welfare benefits reduce work incentive showed negative attitude toward PHI. When comparing the needs for PHI before and after medical utilization, ex-ante need tends to strengthen the tendency to support private health insurance. This study will contribute to the discussion on the optimal mix of public and private health insurance in Korea by a better recognition of attitude toward PHI and health care system.

The Longitudinal Relation between Stressors and Depression of Men in Baby Boom Generation (베이비붐 세대 남성의 스트레스 요인과 우울의 종단적 인과관계)

  • Sung, Jun Mo
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.64 no.4
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    • pp.285-310
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    • 2012
  • This study examined the causal relationship of between stressors and depression using the wave 1~4 of Korean Welfare Panel Study by social stress theory. According to the result, the level of depression and depressed group was decreased in the course of time. As a panel regression analysis, Factors affecting the reduction of depression was upward of the income hierarchy, increase the satisfaction of family and social relationships, and residential satisfaction. Based on the results, the author suggested that social work policies and intervention direction should decrease social stress factors with causality to depression of the men in baby boom generation.

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A Study on Relationship between Media Environment and Adolescent Cyber-Delinquency : Focused on X-rated Media Commitment (매체환경과 청소년 사이버비행과의 관계에 대한 연구 : 성인매체몰입을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Chang-Moon;Moon, Jin-Young;Park, Ju-Won
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.365-379
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate what factors affect cyber-delinquency after examining the previous research focusing on the general strain theory and the delinquency opportunity theory in the existing studies. And as adolescents move from middle school to high school, this study is intended to analyze what factors affect cyber-delinquency from a longitudinal perspective using KCYPS(Korea Child and Youth Panel Survey) elementary 4th grade fourth and seventh data. The adolescence cyber-delinquency probability of occurrence were analyzed through the panel logit fixed-effect model using STATA. And then the cyber-delinquency frequency of adolescents were analyzed through the panel tobit random-effect model. As a result of analyzing the factors affecting cyber-delinquency frequency, Adult media commitment, computer use time, and cell phone dependency increased cyber-delinquency frequency. On the other hand, among the parenting attitudes, the attitude of supervising attentively and adolescents' age-increasing decreased cyber-delinquency frequency.

The Effect of Employment Status of People with Disabilities on Family Relationship Satisfaction: Focusing on Mediating Effects of Asset and Depression (장애인 가구원의 취업여부가 가족관계만족도에 미치는 영향: 자산수준과 우울감의 매개효과 검증)

  • Kim, Ja Young;Han, Chang Keun
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.5-31
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    • 2017
  • This study investigates paths among factors influencing family relationship satisfaction of person with disability using path analysis and the 11th panel data of KoWePS(Korean Welfare Panel Study). While key independent variables include employment status, assets and depression are mediators. The result of this study are as follows: First, employment status, assets, and depression are found to have direct effect on family relationship satisfaction. Second, assets are found to have direct effect on depression. Third, we found full mediating effect of assets between employment status and depression. Fourth, we found not full but partial mediating effect of depression between assets and family relationship satisfaction. Finally, we found multiple partial mediating effects of employment status and family relationship satisfaction. The findings proposed that economic education as well as asset management targeting the disabled are required and very helpful to support their family relationship satisfaction. Based on the results of this study, we need to think about the disabled-oriented asset-building programs.This study investigates paths among factors influencing family relationship satisfaction of person with disability using path analysis and the 11th panel data of KoWePS(Korean Welfare Panel Study). While key independent variables include employment status, assets and depression are mediators. The result of this study are as follows: First, employment status, assets, and depression are found to have direct effect on family relationship satisfaction. Second, assets are found to have direct effect on depression. Third, we found full mediating effect of assets between employment status and depression. Fourth, we found not full but partial mediating effect of depression between assets and family relationship satisfaction. Finally, we found multiple partial mediating effects of employment status and family relationship satisfaction. The findings proposed that economic education as well as asset management targeting the disabled are required and very helpful to support their family relationship satisfaction. Based on the results of this study, we need to think about the disabled-oriented asset-building programs.

The Effect of Catastrophic Health Expenditure on the Transition to and Persistence of Poverty in South Korea: Analysis of the Korea Welfare Panel Study Data, 2007-2012 (재난적 의료비 지출이 빈곤화 및 빈곤 지속에 미치는 영향: 복지패널 2007-2012년 자료 분석)

  • Song, Eun-Cheol;Shin, Young-Jeon
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.242-253
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    • 2014
  • Background: The low benefit coverage rate of South Korea's health security system causes catastrophic health expenditure. And catastrophic health expenditure can be the cause of the transition to and persistence of poverty. This study was conducted to ascertain the effect of catastrophic health expenditure on the transition to and persistence of poverty, using 6 years of the Korea Welfare Panel Study Data. Methods: This study was conducted among the 22,528 households that participated in the Korea Welfare Panel Study, 2007-2012. Catastrophic health expenditure was defined as equal to or exceeds thresholds (10%, 20%, 30%, and 40%) of household's capacity to pay. The effect of catastrophic health expenditure on the transition to and persistence of poverty was ascertained via multivariate logistic regression. Results: Four-point-seven percent to 20.6% of the households are facing catastrophic health expenditure. Rates of the transition to (relative risk [RR], 18.6 to 30.2) and persistence of (RR, 74.8 to 76.0) poverty of households facing catastrophic health expenditure was higher than households not facing catastrophic health expenditure. Even after adjusting the characteristics of the household and the household head, catastrophic health expenditure was found to affect transition to (odds ratio [OR], 2.11 to 3.04) and persistence of (OR, 1.53 to 1.70) poverty. Conclusion: To prevent catastrophic health expenditure and transition to and persistence of poverty resulting from catastrophic health expenditure, the reinforcement of South Korea's health security system including the benefit coverage enhancement is required.