• Title, Summary, Keyword: knowledge structure

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Structuralist view of Knowledge and the Structure of Knowledge in Mathematics (지식에 대한 구조주의적 관점과 수학에서의 '지식의 구조')

  • 임재훈
    • Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.365-380
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    • 1998
  • Structualist view distinguishes structure(reality) from phenomenon(appearance). Phenomenon is the outside aspect of structure and structure is the inside aspect of phenomenon. From the structualist view, the knowledge could e divided into two parts, the appearance of knowledge(the outside aspect of knowledge)and the structure of knowledge(the inside aspect of knowledge). Structualist view advices teachers to understand knowledge more totally from the inside-outside viewpoint, and not to teach mere the one aspect of knowledge, especially the outside aspect of knowledge, that is, the written expressions in textbook, but to teach the inside and outside aspects fo knowledge totally. In the history of mathematics education, the attempts to teach the structure of knowledge were flourishing in the period of discipline-centered curriculum. 'New Math movement' represents the attempts. The advocators of New Math, however, did not succeed sufficiently to understand the inside-outside view which the term the structure of knowledge represents, and failed to make mathematics teachers to understand the view well. Their attention was put on to introduce the modern mathematics to school math rather than to understand the educational and epistemological perspective which the term the structure of knowledge represents. To teach the structure of knowledge, mathematics teacher should be able to understand mathematical knowledge more totally from the inside-outside viewpoint. Especially, s/he should not regard the outside aspect of mathematical knowledge written in textbook as the totality of knowledge, but inquire into the inside aspect of mathematical knowledge from the outside aspect of mathematical knowledge.

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The Structure of Knowledge Reconsidered : Integrated Knowledge (지식의 구조 재음미 : 통합적 지식)

  • AHN, Hyo-Il
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.361-372
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the cause of new curriculum which has always problems even though it is revised repeatedly and to propose an fundamental alternatives to solve these problems. In this study, the cause of these problems considered the wrong point grasping the knowledge of curriculum contents. In other words, the knowledge of curriculum contents is understood as the point of utility rather than the curriculum are constructed as the form reflecting nature of knowledge. According to do this, Bruner's structure of knowledge is of help. The structure of knowledge which is well known existing is understood as manifest aspect but from now on, we have to be concerned about tacit aspect. In this case, the structure of knowledge has characteristics as an integrated knowledge.

A Study on the Database Structure for Utilizing Classical Literature Knowledge (고문헌 지식활용을 위한 DB구조에 관한 고찰)

  • Woo, Dong-Hyun;Kim, Ki-Wook;Lee, Byung-Wook
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.89-104
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this research is to build a database structure that can be useful for evidence-based medical practices by constructing the knowledge related to oriental medicine in the classical literature knowledge in a form that can utilize new forms of information technology. As a method, "database" is used as a keyword to search published studies in the field of oriental medicine, research is conducted on classic literature knowledge, and studies describing the contents of the data structure are found and analyzed. In conclusion, the original text DB for the preservation of the original texts and the presentation of the supporting texts should include 'Contents Text', 'Tree Structure', 'Herbal Structure', 'Medicine Manufacture', and 'Disease Structure' tables. In order to search, calculate, and automatically extract expressions written in the original text of the old literature, the tool DB should include 'Unit List', 'Capacity Notation List', 'CUI', 'LUI', and 'SUI' tables. In addition, In order to manage integrated knowledge such as herbal, medicine, acupuncture, disease, and literature, and to implement a search function such as comparison of similarity of control composition, the knowledge DB must contain 'dose-controlled medicine name', 'dose-controlled medicine composition', 'relational knowledge', 'knowledge structure', and 'computational knowledge' tables.

A Study on the Knowledge Organizing System of Research Papers Based on Semantic Relation of the Knowledge Structure (연구문헌의 지식구조를 반영하는 의미기반의 지식조직체계에 관한 연구)

  • Ko, Young-Man;Song, In-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.145-170
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this paper is to suggest a pilot model of knowledge organizing system which reflects the knowledge structure of research papers, using a case analysis on the "Korean Research Memory" of the National Research Foundation of Korea. In this paper, knowledge structure of the research papers in humanities and social science is described and the function of the "Korean Research Memory" for scholarly sense-making is analysed. In order to suggest the pilot model of the knowledge organizing system, the study also analysed the relation between indexed keyword and knowledge structure of research papers in the Korean Research Memory. As a result, this paper suggests 24 axioms and 11 inference rules for an ontology based on semantic relation of the knowledge structure.

Interaction Effect of Network Structure and Knowledge Search on Knowledge Diffusion (지식 전파에 있어 네트워크 구조와 지식 탐색의 상호작용)

  • Park, Chulsoon
    • Korean Management Science Review
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.81-96
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    • 2015
  • This paper models knowledge diffusion on an inter-organizational network. Based on literatures related to knowledge diffusion, the model considers critical factors that affect diffusion behavior including nodal property, relational property, and environmental property. We examine the relationships among network structure, knowledge search, and diffusion performance. Through a massive simulation runs based on the agent-based model, we find that the average path length of a network decreases a firm's cumulative knowledge stock, whereas the clustering coefficient of a firm has no significant relationship with the firm's knowledge. We also find that there is an interaction effect of network structure and the range of knowledge search on knowledge diffusion. Specifically, in a network of a larger average path length (APL) the marginal effect of search conduct is significantly greater than in that of a smaller APL.

Governance Structure for Knowledge Transfer in Global Business Process Outsourcing (글로벌 프로세스 소싱에서의 효과적인 지식이전을 위한 거버넌스 구조 연구)

  • Kim, Gyeung-Min
    • Information Systems Review
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2007
  • The structure chosen to govern knowledge transfer in Inter Organizational Relationship(IOR) is often argued to be critical to the success of IOR. However, little research is done on the effective governance structure for knowledge transfer in global Business Process Outsourcing(BPO). The objective of this study is to explore the effective governance structure for knowledge transfer in IT intensive global BPO. Ground theory building methodology is used for this study. First, a generic framework on governance structure for knowledge transfer is derived from extant literature. The framework consists of potentially important constructs to study the governance mechanism for knowledge transfer. For the governance mechanism, this study focused on hierarchy/market structure, formal/informal control mechanisms and information systems. For knowledge type, the study focuses on sensitive knowledge, codifiable knowledge and non codifiable knowledge. This framework is applied to case analyses of two firms to explore effective governance mechanism to transfer each type of knowledge. As results of this study, pertinent propositions for future academic inquiry are derived.

Teachers' Knowledge Base and The Structure of Mathematical Knowledge for Effective Mathematics Teaching (효과적인 수학 교수를 위한 교사 지식 기반 영역과 수학적 지식 구조)

  • Kim, Young-Ok
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.595-608
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to address the teachers' knowledge bases for effective mathematics teaching and especially to provide the various definitions and the structures of mathematics knowledge which is the most important one of the knowledge bases. The conceptual understanding about teachers' knowledge bases for effective mathematics teaching and the structure of mathematics knowledge may be used in evaluating effective mathematics teaching and teachers as well as in developing a new conceptual framework for the structure of mathematical knowledge.

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An Empirical Study on Success Factors of Knowledge Management in Korean Firms : Focus on Comparison by Company Size and Industry Type (지식경영의 성공요인에 관한 실증적 연구: 기업규모 및 업종별 비교를 중심으로)

  • SUH, DOWON;Lee, Deog-Ro;Kim, Chan-Jung
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.69-96
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to find success factors of knowledge management in Korean firms, confirm them empirically, and verify their relative importance in terms of company size and industry type. The major studies on the knowledge management were deliberately selected and interpretively analyzed to find the success factors of Korean firms. As a result of the analysis, five success factors(top management's will, evaluation reward, organizational culture, knowledge management system, organizational structure) have been found. The empirical researches to make certain whether the above five factors derived are actually true or not have been separately performed by using questionnaire method. Based on the data collected, it is found that all five factors are significant. The degree of relative importance among the success factors of knowledge management in Korean firms has been found as: (i)top management's will, (ii)organizational culture, (iii)evaluation-reward, (iv)knowledge management system, (v)organizational structure. In company size, large firm's degree of relative importance among the success factors are: (i)top management's will, (ii)organizational culture, (iii)evaluation-reward, (iv)knowledge management system, (v) organizational structure. And medium-small firm's degree of relative importance among the success factors of knowledge management in Korean firms has been found as: (i)top management's will, (ii)organizational culture, (iii) evaluation-reward, (iv)knowledge management system, (v)organizational structure. Finally, in type of industry, manufactural firm's degree of relative importance among the success factors of knowledge management in Korean firms has been found as: (i)top management's will, (ii)organizational culture, (iii)evaluation-reward, (iv)knowledge management system, (v)organizational structure. And non-manufactural firm's degree of relative importance among the success factors of knowledge management in Korean firms are: (i)top management's will, (ii)organizational culture, (iii)evaluation-reward, (iv)knowledge management system, (v)organizational structure.

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The Structure Model of Service Performance Influence in Knowledge Based Service Business

  • Ahn, Yeon S.
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.23 no.12
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    • pp.195-201
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    • 2018
  • This study is attempted to demonstrate the structure of the influencing factors on the performance of services of knowledge based service firms. In the model presented, the structure is that service performance in knowledge-based services are affected by the strategic utilization of knowledge resources and service orientation factors of the service organization. And the service performance are also affected in which the systemization of service processes and customer satisfaction play a mediating role. As an analysis result of examining 148 practitioners engaged in the knowledge service industry, it is necessary to increase the satisfaction of external customers in order to improve service performance in a knowledge-based service organizations. This can be achieved by increasing the satisfaction of internal customers. In addition, for this structure to be successful, the service production process to be provided to the customer must be enhanced. The service production process has been found to be an important factor influencing the internal customer satisfaction and service delivery process, especially in the use of knowledge resource, and customer oriented service among service orientation factors.