• Title, Summary, Keyword: knowledge gap

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The Effect of Resource, Mechanism Relatedness and Gap on International Knowledge Transfer (본사 자원과 메커니즘의 유사성과 격차가 합작투자기업의 학습효과에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Hyung Gi
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.41-66
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    • 2010
  • This research examines the effect of the relatedness and the gap between Resources and mechanisms on effectiveness of inter-organizational knowledge transfer. According to the literature, there has been a competing theory between two claims; one is that inter-organizational knowledge transfer will be more effective due to the reduction of the transaction cost as the relatedness increases. And the other is that the mutual complementarity of different organizational characteristics will increase synergy. In total, the relatedness and the gap of the Resource and mechanism makes the inverted U-shaped relationship with the inter-organizational knowledge transfer. As the result of empirical analysis about 109 Korean-based Joint Ventures entered country, it shows that the relatedness of parent company's production Resources, learning mechanisms, and coordination mechanisms made the inverted U-shaped relations with the inter-organizational knowledge transfer and the gap of production Resources and adjustment mechanism formed the same relationship. However, the U-shaped relationship has been established in the relatedness of market Resources, but the gap of market Resources and the learning mechanism was not statistically significant. Through this study, I can draw a best conclusion that the inter-organizational knowledge transfer will be more effective when the relatedness and the gap of management resources and mechanisms is in optimal level. However, when it comes to market Resources, it can be inferred that the result could be the opposite because the partner country's market environment would be different.

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Post Implementation Change Management to Increase Users' Satisfaction on ERP: A Korean Company Case (ERP 도입 후 사용자 만족도 향상을 위한 변화관리 모형에 관한 연구: A사 사례를 중심으로)

  • Shin, Hyun-Sik;Song, Yong-Uk;Kim, Chang-Ki
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.37-71
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    • 2010
  • This article identifies factors affecting successful ERP systems by focusing on the stages after stabilizing ERP systems and overcoming temporary performance dip by introduction of ERP systems, and suggests change management tactics to control those identified factors. We can not expect that every users are familiar with the usage of an ERP system even after they are informed about the expected advantage of the newly implemented ERP system and trained intensively for changed business process and system usage while implementing a new ERP system. Moreover, even after more than six months usage of the system, the users may still have some trouble due to the reason why they have insufficient information about the expected advantage of the system (recognition gap) and insufficient knowledge about the changed usage of the system (knowledge gap). Hence, this article diagnoses by conducting a case study that those recognition and knowledge gap would have a severe bad influence upon the users' trust and satisfaction on ERP systems. This article suggests an appropriate change management tactics to overcome those recognition and knowledge gap by considering the relationship with the efforts for change management before, during, and after the introduction of ERP systems and performing an in-depth analysis on the users' dissatisfaction and request for update during the stages after the stabilization of the ERP systems. This article also shows a corroborative evidence that these efforts of change management consequently contributes to the solution of users' distrust and dissatisfaction. In sum, this article identifies the factors influencing badly on the magnitude and seriousness of knowledge and recognition gap, and suggests a conceptual research model which says that the satisfaction of ERP users could be uplifted by the solution of their knowledge and recognition gap if we keep making efforts on appropriate change management considering those identified factors during the stages after the stabilization of an ERP system.

Gap: A Study on the Influence of New Measurement Method on Consumers' Decision Making

  • Yang, Hoe-Chang;Cho, Hee-Young;Kim, Young-Ei
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.51-56
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    • 2017
  • Purpose - The study verified the effects of consumers' knowledge perception upon word-of-mouth intention and purchase intention of consumers who were exposed to a lot of information, and examined consumer's behavior from multi-dimensional points of view. Research design, data, and methodology - The study conducted the test of difference between consumer's cognition on importance and satisfaction of HMR product by gap of HMR (Home Meal Replacement) product for IPA analysis. The consumer's reliability and words-of-mouth were measured by the questionnaire method with 4 questions according to Likert 7-point scale. Conversion into z-score removed the difference of variables. Results - The causal relation model for importance, satisfaction and gap, not relying upon multi-dimensional scaling and others, could construct causal relation model to give implications. Difference (d) of the products could lessen consumer's reliability to increase consumer's knowledge perception, word-of-mouth intention, knowledge perception, and purchase intention. Therefore, enterprises should make an effort to lessen consumers' complaint for the products and to elevate consumers' reliability. Enterprises also try to give consumers exact information and to promote purchase intention. Conclusions - Difference (d) of consumers' complaint and/or disappointment decreased consumers' reliability to increase knowledge perception. Enterprises should supply consumers with products according to their requirements to minimize the gap and to give them proper information.

Students' Perceptions and Expectation Gap on the Skills and Knowledge of Accounting Graduates

  • ARYANTI, Cornelia;ADHARIANI, Desi
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.7 no.9
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    • pp.649-657
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    • 2020
  • This study aims to describe the perceptions of accounting students and expectations of employers towards the skills and knowledge needed by accounting graduates in Indonesia. Quantitative method using survey is employed to analyze 103 questionnaires from students and 51 questionnaires from employers. The results showed that students' perceived honesty, continuous learning, and work ethics are important skills, while employers stress the importance of work ethics, teamwork, and time management. Knowledge needed by accounting graduates in the perception of students includes financial accounting, financial reporting, and financial statement analysis, whereas employers perceived the importance of financial statement analysis, knowledge of Microsoft Office program, and financial accounting. Further analysis showed that there is an expectation gap between the perceptions of students and the expectations of employers towards skills - not knowledge - needed by accounting graduates. Although investigations of students' perceptions and employers' expectations have been conducted in previous studies, the information should be updated continuously to reflect the current conditions. This study offers the recent perceptions from students and employers to identify the current expectation gap. This study points to the importance of skills development in the university curriculum in order to develop the skillful human resources in accounting and meet the expectations of employers.

Components Constituting the Audit Expectation Gap: The Vietnamese Case

  • DANG, Tuan Anh;NGUYEN, Dung Khanh Ngoc
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.363-373
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    • 2021
  • The present study seeks to investigate the degree of awareness that constitutes the audit gap expectations (AEG) to determine which audit responsibilities can be narrowed or even eliminated. The author had surveyed a sample comprising four groups including auditors, auditees, the financial community, and other interest groups. In this survey, 1400 questionnaires were sent to the respondents, and the total number of responses was 454. The collected data was processed using statistical software SPSS, version 22. The Chi-Square test was used to analyze the effect of professional differences on AEG. The results of this study indicate that AEG cannot be eliminated due to the occupational impact of each survey group (about 46%), but it can be narrowed down to 54%, including a reduction of 11% in the knowledge gap (lack of public knowledge), 13% in the reasonable expectations gap (unqualified audit quality), 30% in the deficient standards gap (limited auditing standards). These results could be attained by improving training, communicating, and adding more responsibilities. This is the first study that provides another method of measuring the contribution of the knowledge gap through professional differences and professional gaps that make up each of the AEG's components.

Basic Study for Analysis of Public Libraries Contribution for Resolving the Gap in Knowledge and Information (공공도서관의 지식정보격차해소 기여도 분석을 위한 기초 연구)

  • Lee, Eun-Chul;Sim, Hyo-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.309-325
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the concept and current status of resolving the gap in knowledge and information provided as a new role of public libraries. We have examined what kind of role public libraries has to play, and have analyzed the relationship of financial independence of public libraries and local autonomous entities, the use of public libraries and the social class vulnerable to knowledge and information by utilizing existing statistical data. Through this, We have presented a basic point in question needed in searching for a way to strengthen the role of public libraries in resolving the gap in knowledge and information..

Optimizing Employment and Learning System Using Big Data and Knowledge Management Based on Deduction Graph

  • Vishkaei, Behzad Maleki;Mahdavi, Iraj;Mahdavi-Amiri, Nezam;Askari, Masoud
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.13-23
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    • 2016
  • In recent years, big data has usefully been deployed by organizations with the aim of getting a better prediction for the future. Moreover, knowledge management systems are being used by organizations to identify and create knowledge. Here, the output from analysis of big data and a knowledge management system are used to develop a new model with the goal of minimizing the cost of implementing new recognized processes including staff training, transferring and employment costs. Strategies are proposed from big data analysis and new processes are defined accordingly. The company requires various skills to execute the proposed processes. Organization's current experts and their skills are known through a pre-established knowledge management system. After a gap analysis, managers can make decisions about the expert arrangement, training programs and employment to bridge the gap and accomplish their goals. Finally, deduction graph is used to analyze the model.

KNOWLEDGE DECOUPLING: AN INSTITUTIONAL APPROACH TO THE GAP BETWEEN CREATION AND UTILIZATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIES (지식창출과 활용의 괴리: 녹색기술인증의 제도론적 분석)

  • Park, Sangchan;Cha, Hyeonjin
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.117-138
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    • 2017
  • While prior work has noted the importance of knowledge creation in gaining competitive advantages, much less is understood about why firms do not actually use what they create. Building upon institutional approaches to organization studies, we offer a new framework to explain the gap between knowledge creation and utilization. We test our framework in an empirical context of sustainable innovation and environmental technologies where ideas of environmental sustainability have recently gained public popularity and shaped how interested audiences make evaluative assessments of firms. In such a context, firms are apt to perceive the social attention toward sustainability to be a normative pressure, which causes them to create new knowledge and develop technologies consistent with the pressure. Using data from the government-initiated certification system for green technologies, our study finds that firms do not always fully implement new environmental technologies they develop in response to the certification program, the situation we refer to as knowledge decoupling. We also examine a set of conditions under which knowledge decoupling becomes more or less amplified. Taken together, our findings show how a firm's knowledge creation and utilization is shaped by its external institutional environment as well as internal learning processes.

Rolling Process Automation For Uniform Thickness of Dough Sheet of Ramen Noddles (라면 면대의 균일한 두께를 위한 압연공정 자동화)

  • Yoo, Dong-Sang;Yoo, Byung-Kook
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
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    • v.26 no.11
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    • pp.97-103
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    • 2012
  • The basic processing unit for instant ramen noodles includes mixing, rolling, boiling, frying, cooling, and packing processes. For uniform thickness of dough sheets in rolling process, the roll-gap in rolling process needs to keep uniform thickness of flour sheets in spite of different kinds of raw materials. In this paper, we have developed a roll gap adjustment system using a PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) with a touch panel and an AC servo-mechanism to make dough sheets with a good gluten starch-network structure and uniform thickness and to contribute to process standardization by transferring from tacit knowledge of skilled workers to explicit knowledge. The developed system can adjust the roll gap in units of 0.01mm and correspond to various product items which have different thickness specification by recalling the presetting values of the desired thickness from database.

An Analysis of the Effect of Cognitive Gaps on Purchasing Behavior Using Association Rules - Foucused on Users of Machine Translation Program (연관성규칙을 이용한 사용자의 인지차이가 구매행동에 미치는 영향 분석 - 기계번역 프로그램 사용자를 중심으로)

  • Lee, In-hye;Cho, Sung-bin
    • Journal of the Korea Management Engineers Society
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.179-195
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    • 2018
  • So far, the evaluation of machine translation has used a numerical approach, but there is evidence that it is not sufficient to reflect the characteristics or behavior of machine translation users(Hutchins, 2007; Wu et al., 2016; Park et al., 2013). Therefore, this study focused on the purpose of use and purchasing behavior of machine translation users. At this time, the indirect comparison method introduced by Morgan and Hunt(1994) was used to measure cognitive gaps and analyze the purchasing behavior of users. According to the analysis of association rules using cognitive gaps, the smaller the cognitive gap, the more positive the purchase behavior. In addition, procedural knowledge derived from language knowledge is activated in situations involving responsibility, and in routine situations, procedural knowledge trained from pragmatic knowledge works.