• Title, Summary, Keyword: knowledge

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Knowledge and Organization: Perspectives of Knowledge Market and Knowledge Community (지식과 조직: 지식시장과 지식공동체 관점)

  • Chung, Myung-Ho
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.47-64
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    • 2000
  • As the Knowledge Economy grows bigger, studies and practices of knowledge management flourish in almost every organizations. Yet, the studies of fundamental relationships between knowledge and organization have not been sufficiently developed. It is partly because current knowledge management mainly focus on the technical aspects of the theme. This paper tries to find the possible organizing principles and theoretical foundations of knowledge-intensive organizations through the perspective of knowledge market and knowledge community. Based on the differentiation of "knowledge" and "knowing", the author draws several propositions about knowledge creation and knowledge use. Then, the author relates these propositions to the design and implementation of two theoretical models of organizations, i. e. knowledge market and knowledge community. Major claims are: 1) Knowledge use and knowledge creation process are conceptually separable, so that different conceptual models (market & community) need to be applied. 2) Since knowledge use and creation should be integrated, organizations in the Knowledge Economy should be the efficient knowledge market and, at the same time, knowledge community with care and cooperations. 3) The network of independent small KIFs(knowledge-intensive firms) could be considered as the possible organizational model of the future.

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Semi-automated knowledge map enabling referential navigation among knowledge (지식 간의 상호참조적 네비게이션이 가능한 프로세스 기반 반자동화 지식지도)

  • Yoo, Keedong
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2012
  • A knowledge map is a network-typed diagram visualizing all kinds of knowledge that influences each other to solve a problem. A knowledge map determines the structure of knowledge categorizing and archiving by defining the relationship of referential navigation among knowledge. Since tremendous and increasing number of knowledge needs to be included in a knowledge map, a knowledge map must be organized automatically by considering the contents and relationships of knowledge. This paper suggests the concept and prototype of a semi-automated knowledge map which automatically maps new piece of knowledge onto a manually provided draft map. The prototype knowledge map is based on the recursive programming to make a knowledge map automatically determine the location of the newly-entered knowledge by considering the referential relationship between knowledge. The proposed knowledge enables the knowledge network to expand autonomously by automatically including and storing knowledge. Also, it can improve the accuracy and applicability of knowledge for problem-solving, because the relationship of referential navigation among knowledge can be efficiently and effectively expressed.

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The relationship between knowledge hiding and knowledge sharing : Through determinants of knowledge hiding and knowledge sharing (지식은폐와 지식공유의 영향요인과 관계에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, GaHee;Kwag, Sunhwa
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.129-157
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    • 2017
  • Knowledge is important to both individuals and organizations. Individuals can have the opportunity to have bargaining power within their organisations by having knowledge of know-how and ideas. Having ample knowledge of the organization can bring about advantages in securing competitive advantage. Organization wants to encourage employees to share knowledge. Despite the efforts to enhance knowledge sharing, often the effort failed. Employees are unwilling to share their knowledge or hide their knowledge. The purpose of this study is to clarify the relationship between knowledge hiding and knowledge sharing based on exploring the influence factors of knowledge hiding and knowledge sharing. As a result, the influence factors of knowledge hiding and knowledge sharing were different. The influences of knowledge hiding influenced knowledge hiding only and did not affect knowledge sharing. This implies that knowledge hiding and knowledge sharing do not exist on a single line but exist independently of each other, such as 'Herzberg's two-factor theory'. This study suggests that knowledge hiding is a field of interest as well as knowledge sharing. In practice, it is suggested that the concept of promoting knowledge sharing is not a way to reduce knowledge hiding, so the two concepts should be managed separately.

An Empirical Study on the Knowledge Sharing in a Financial Institute (금융기관 조직구성원의 지식공유에 대한 실증 연구)

  • Seol, Hyun-Do
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.97-122
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationships between knowledge sharing antecedents and knowledge sharing intention in a financial institute and knowledge sharing behavior, knowledge sharing behavior and knowledge sharing performance. This paper first reviews the influencing factors of knowledge sharing and presents the research framework on knowledge sharing with categorized four factors such as structural factors, relational factors, personal and task characteristics. Based on a research framework, survey analysis was conducted with financial institution members. This paper examined the relationship between antecedents of knowledge sharing and knowledge sharing intention, knowledge sharing intention and knowledge sharing behavior. Also it analyzed the relationship between knowledge sharing behavior and the knowledge sharing performance. As a result, the paper suggested that the knowledge sharing intention consist of two dimensions. The first is voluntary knowledge sharing intention. The second is solicited knowledge sharing intention. The former has a significant positive relationship with the innovativeness, communication, personal creative propensity and perception of the knowledge sharing. The later has a significant positive relationship with the task interdependence but has a significant negative relationship with the knowledge sharing evaluation system. Knowledge sharing intention has a significant positive relationship with the knowledge sharing behavior. Also knowledge sharing behavior has a significant positive relationship with the knowledge sharing performance. Finally, the implications and limitations of the study are discussed.

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A Study on the Needs Level for a Demand Estimation Model in Knowledge Administration Activities (지식행정 활동의 수요예측 모형을 위한 요구수준 진단)

  • Kim, Gu
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.23-47
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    • 2005
  • This study is performed the multinomial logistic regression with the officials needs level about a component of knowledge administration for drawing a demand estimation model in the knowledge administration activities. This study is not that an activity and domain of knowledge administration is to apply and to operate uniformly it in public sector, one is suggested an application with a demand diagnose of knowledge administration in order to saw a course of the knowledge administration programs to suit a function and role of public administration. A result of this study is that an activity and domain of the knowledge administration is different from a component of it namely, knowledge creating, knowledge organizing, knowledge sharing and distribution, knowledge utility, and knowledge store. And the officials individual characteristics, administration agency, a kind of business, and a function and role of work are different from demand of knowledge administration. Also, the practical use of KMS (knowledge management system) is not so high in public sector. Accordingly, the tools of knowledge administration will deliberate on a consolidation with the existing system in the device.

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Autonomous Knowledge Acquisition Methodology using Knowledge Workers' Context Information : Focused on the Acquisition of Dialogue-Based Knowledge for the Next Generation Knowledge Management Systems (지식근로자의 상황정보를 이용한 자율적 지식획득 방법론 : 대화형 지식의 획득을 위한 차세대형 지식경영시스템)

  • Yoo, Keedong
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.65-75
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    • 2008
  • Knowledge workers' workload to register knowledge can cause quality defects in the quality as well as the quantity of knowledge that must be accumulated in a knowledge management system(KMS). To enhance the availability of a KMS by acquiring more quality-guaranteed knowledge, autonomous knowledge acquisition which outdoes the automated acquisition must be initiated. Adopting the capabilities of context-awareness and inference in the field of context-aware computing, this paper intends to autonomously identify and acquire knowledge from knowledge workers' daily lives. Based on knowledge workers' context information, such as location, identification, schedule, etc, a methodology to monitor, sense, and gather knowledge that resides in their ordinary discussions is proposed. Also, a prototype systems of the context-based knowledge acquisition system(CKAS), which autonomously dictates, analyzes, and stores dialogue-based knowledge is introduced to prove the validity of the proposed concepts. This paper's methodology and prototype system can support relieving knowledge workers' burden to manually register knowledge, and hence provide a way to accomplish the goal of knowledge management, efficient and effective management of qualified knowledge.

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A Study on the Consumer Knowledge Measurement of Apparel Product (의류 상품에 대한 소비자 지식의 척도에 관한 연구)

  • 이지연;박재옥
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.27 no.11
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    • pp.1307-1317
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    • 2003
  • The level of consumer knowledge has been gradually increased with the growth of living standard of consumer and the development of communication technology. The purpose of this study was to investigate the structure and measure of consumer knowledge and to find out relationship between objective knowledge and subjective knowledge. The subjects of this study were female adults from theirs twenties to theirs forties who lived in Seoul, Kyunggi or Incheon areas and Quota sampling method was used age and areas. The data were obtained from 603 questionnaires. Data were statistically analyzed using SPSS 10 and major statistical methods are mean, frequency, Pearson correlation coefficient, and Cronbach's $\alpha$ coefficient. The results are as follows: 1. Objective knowledge consisted of the product knowledge, brand knowledge, purchase knowledge and usage knowledge, and subjective knowledge consisted of experience and self-evaluation knowledge. 2. Consumer knowledge was related to the subjective knowledge and objective knowledge. But, there was relatively a low relationship between subjective knowledge and objective knowledge of apparel.

Empirical study of the intention of knowledge hiding and knowledge transfer -A comparative analysis of front-line workers and office workers in a public enterprise- (지식은폐의도와 지식전이의도의 영향요인에 관한 실증분석 -공기업 현장근로자와 사무실근로자의 비교분석-)

  • Kim, Nam Yeol;Jeon, Hyeon Gyu;Kim, Min Yong
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.37-62
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    • 2017
  • Most of the managers know that knowledge sharing has to be precede to create knowledge which has competitive advantage of organizations. Until now the study on knowledge management placed emphasis on knowledge creation and knowledge sharing but there is few study on knowledge hiding. This study investigates the factors implicate on knowledge hiding intention and knowledge transfer intention of front-line workers and office workers and the implication on job performance of knowledge hiding intention and knowledge transfer intention. We collected sample data from 100 front-line workers and 250 office workers and verified hypotheses using Multiple Linear Regression. The result described that factors affect active and passive knowledge hiding intentions and factors affect knowledge hiding intentions of front-line workers and office workers are different.

Understanding Knowledge Sharing in Virtual Communities through Knowledge Seeking Behavior (가상공동체에서 지식탐색을 통한 지식공유에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jae Kyung
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.71-86
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    • 2014
  • This study investigated knowledge browsing behavior as the factor affecting the increase of knowledge sharing intention. To conduct this study in the specific context of knowledge seeking and sharing behavior of virtual community members, literature on knowledge seeking behavior, meta-knowledge, and knowledge sharing intention was reviewed. Structural Equation Modeling was conducted to analyze survey data to test the research model of this study. The result showed that knowledge browsing have positive effects on creating of virtual community members' subject knowledge and meta-knowledge, which, in turn, affected positively their knowledge sharing intention. One of the main contributions of this study is that knowledge seeking behavior influence one's knowledge sharing intention in a virtual community. Organization managers should consider knowledge seeking behavior as not only a self-interested, consuming activity, but also a productive one through its function of constructing subject knowledge and meta-knowledge.

Analyzing the Effects of Knowledge Intensity on the Relationships between Knowledge Sourcing Strategies and Firm Performance (지식집중화 정도가 지식소싱 전략과 기업성과 간의 관계에 미치는 효과 분석)

  • Choi, Byounggu;Lee, Jae-Nam
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 2015
  • Although the interaction effects of knowledge sourcing strategies vary depending on environmental conditions such as knowledge intensity, most prior empirical research have failed to prove the effects of environmental conditions on the relationship between knowledge sourcing strategies and firm performance. In order to fill this gap, this study examines how knowledge intensity affects the relationship between knowledge sourcing strategies and firm performance. The results of this study indicate the interaction effects of knowledge sourcing strategies in high knowledge intensity environment are different from the effects in low knowledge intensity environment. This study expands knowledge management research by identifying the effects of knowledge intensity on the relationship between knowledge sourcing strategies and firm performance. Furthermore, it offers valuable practical guidelines for managers in selecting successful combinations of knowledge sourcing strategies with the consideration of knowledge intensity.