• Title, Summary, Keyword: kenyaite

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Preparation of Kenyaite/epoxy Nanocomposite from Pulverization of Kenyaite (분쇄된 Kenyaite를 이용한 Kenyaite/epoxy 나노복합체 제조)

  • Joo, Eul-Rea;Jeong, Soon-Yong;Oh, Seong-Geun;Kwon, Oh-Yun
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.48-53
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    • 2007
  • Pulverization characteristics of H-kenyaite in vibration mill and exfoliation property in epoxy of pulverized H-kenyaite was investigated by using XRD, SEM, TEM. and particle size analyzer. Pulverization was conducted for 0.5~5 h. The particle morphology of sample pulverized for 1 h preserved plate-shape. However, this plate-shape disappeared in the sample pulverized for 3 h. The XRD pattern of sample pulverized for 1 h showed the characteristic peak of H-kenyaite. However, the peak disappeared in samples pulverized above 3 h, indicating severe destruction of H-kenyaite structure. TEM analysis for the kenyaite/epoxy nanocomposites exhibited only gallery expansion of 3~5 nm in non-pulverized sample, but dramatical large expansion of 5~10 nm in the samples pulverized during 1 h. This results confirm that the pulverization of wide plates composed of H-kenyaite particle have largely affect on the formation of an exfoliated kenyaite-polymer nanocomposite.

Direct synthesis of Na-kenyaite from amorphous silica (무정형 실리카로부터 Na-kenyaite의 직접합성)

  • 권오윤;박경원;백우현
    • Journal of the Korean Crystal Growth and Crystal Technology
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.70-73
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    • 1999
  • Amorphous silica was hydrothermally reacted for 48~120h at $170~180^{\circ}C$ in molar ratios of $SiO_{2}/(NaOH+Na_{2}CO_{3})=2~20\;and\;H_{2}O/(NaOH+Na_{2}CO_{3})=200~250$. Na-kenyaite nuclei were formed directly from amorphous silica without formation of Na-magadiite nuclei in wide range with $SiO_{2}/(NaOH+Na_{2}CO_{3})=3~20$. Above $SiO_{2}/(NaOH+Na_{2}CO_{3})=10$, Na-kenyaite always produced with a residual amorphous silica. Well-crystallized Na-kenyaite without residual amorphous silica were obtained in the range of $SiO_{2}/(NaOH+Na_{2}CO_{3})=3~10$. Morphology of Na-kenyaite exhibited that a large spherical and loosely packed aggregates changed into the smaller and individual platelets according to increase of reaction time.

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Silica-Pillared H-kenyaites: Interlamellar Base Catalyzed-Reaction of Tetraethlorthosilicate in Water Suspension

  • 권오윤;최상원
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.69-75
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    • 1999
  • The silica-pillared H-kenyaites were prepared by interlarmellar base-catalyzed reaction of tetraethylorthosilicate [TEOS, Si(OC2H5)4] intercalated into the interlayer of H-kenyaite. The intercalation of TEOS was conducted by the octylamine preswelling process, resulting in a dramatic increase in gallery height to 24.7 Å. The interlamellar hydrolysis of octylamine-TEOS/H-kenyaite paste were conducted between 10 min and 40 min in 0.00%, 0.05% and 0.10% NH3-water solution respectively, and resulting in siloxane-pillared H-kenyajte with gallery height of 28.2-31.8 Å. The calcination of samples at 538 ℃ resulted in silica-pillared H-kenyaites with a large surface areas between 411 m2/g and 885 m2/g, depending on the aging time and NH3 concentration. Samples with optimum specific surface areas and well ordered-basal spacing were obtained by reaction between 10 min and 40 min in pure water and 0.05% NH3-water solution. Mesoporous samples with narrow pore size distribution were also prepared by reaction for 10-40 min in 0.05% NH3 solution. Rapid interlamellar reaction of TEOS in pure water showed that intercalated octylamine itself could act as a base catalyst during interlamellar polycondensation of TEOS.

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Synthesis of Nano-Clay and The Application for Nanocomposite (나노클레이의 합성 및 나노복합재로의 응용)

  • Jeong Soon-Yong;Jeong Eon-Il
    • Journal of Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.122-130
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    • 2005
  • Layered silicate was synthesized at hydrothermal condition from silica adding to various materials. Nano-clay was synthesized by intercaltion of various amine compounds into synthetic layered silicate. The products were analysed by XRD, SEM, and FT-IR in order to examine the condition of synthesis and intercalation. From the results, it was confirmed that kaolinite was synthesized from precipitated silica and gibbsite at $220^{\circ}C$ during 10 days, and hetorite was synthesized from silica sol at $100^{\circ}C$ during 48 h. Na-Magadiite was synthesized from silica gel at $150^{\circ}C$ during 72 h, and Na-kenyaite was synthesized from silica gel at $160^{\circ}C$ during 84 h. Nano-clay was prepared using synthetic layered silicate intercalated with various amine compounds. Kenyaite was easily intercalated by various organic compounds, and has the highest basal-spacing value among other layered silicates. Basal-spacing was changed according to the length of alkyl chain of amine comopounds. Polymer can be easily intercalated by dispersion with large space of interlayer. Finally, epoxy/nano-clay nanocomposite can be easily prepared.

Preparation of Layered Carbon Using Layered Silicate Template (층상 실리케이트 주형을 이용한 층상 카본의 합성)

  • Jeong, Eun-Il;Jeong, Soon-Yong;Kwon, Oh-Yun
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.68-73
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    • 2005
  • Porous layered carbon was prepared by interlayer pyrolysis of pyrolysis fuel oil (PFO) using layered silicate template and successive dissolution of template. Particle morphology was plate type with d-spacing of 0.78~0.82 nm and constant interlayer space. Specific surface area was $30{\sim}576m^2/g$ depending upon template type, mixing ratios, pyrolysis temperature and pyrolysis time.

Catalyst Carriers Preparation and Investigation of Catalytic Activities for Partial Oxidation of Methane to Hydrogen over Ru Impregnated on SPK and SPM Catalysts (메탄의 부분산화반응으로부터 수소제조를 위한 촉매담체(SPK, SPM) 제조 및 Ru 담지 촉매의 활성도 조사)

  • Seo, Ho Joon;Fan, Shijian;Kim, Yong Sung;Jung, Do Sung;Kang, Ung Il;Cho, Yeong Bok;Kim, Sang Chai;Kwon, Oh-Yun;Sunwoo, Chang Shin;Yu, Eui Yeon
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.581-584
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    • 2008
  • The catalyst carriers of the mesoporous layer compounds were prepared to carry out the partial oxidation of methane(POM) to hydrogen. The catalytic activities of POM to hydrogen were investigated over Ru(3)/SPK and Ru(3)/SPM catalyst in a fixed bed flow reactor under atmosphere. In addition, the catalysts and carriers were characterized by BET, TEM, TPR. The BET surface areas of the silica-pillared $H^+-kenyaite$(SPK) and the silica-pillared $H^+-magadite$(SPM) were $760m^2/g$ and $810m^2/g$, repectively, and the average pore sizes were 3.0 nm and 2.6 nm, repectively. The nitrogen adsorption isotherms were type IV with developed hysteresis. The TEM showed that the mesoporous layer compounds were formed well. The Ru(3)/SPK and the Ru(3)/SPM catalyst were obtained high hydrogen yields(90%, 87%), and were kept constant high hydrogen yields even about 60 hours at 973 K, $CH_4/O_2=2$, $1.25{\times}10^{-5}g-Cat.hr/ml$. The TPR peaks of Ru(3)/SPK and the Ru(3)/SPM catalyst showed the similar reducibilities around 453 K and 413 K. It could be suggested that SPK and SPM had the physicochemical properties as oxidation catalyst carries from these analysis data.

Partial Oxidation of Methane to $H_2$ Over Pd/Ti-SPK and Pd/Zr-SPK Catalysts and Characterization (Pd/Ti-SPK과 Pd/Zr-SPK 촉매상에서 수소 생산을 위한 메탄의 부분산화반응과 촉매의 특성화)

  • Seo, Ho-Joon;Kang, Ung-Il
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.648-652
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    • 2010
  • Catalytic activities of the partial oxidation of methane (POM) to hydrogen were investigated over Pd(5)/Ti-SPK and Pd(5)/Zr-SPK in a fixed bed flow reactor (FBFR) under atmosphere, and the catalysts were characterized by BET, XPS, XRD. The BET surface areas, pore volume and pore width of Horvath-Kawaze, micro pore area and volume of t-plot of Pd(5)/Ti-SPK and Pd(5)/Zr-SPK were $284m^2/g$, $0.233cm^3/g$, 3.9 nm, $30m^2/g$, $0.015cm^3/g$ and $396m^2/g$, $0.324cm^3/g$, 3.7nm, $119m^2/g$, $0.055cm^3/g$, repectively. The nitrogen adsorption isotherms were type IV with hysteresis. XPS showed that Si 2p and O 1s core electronlevels of Ti-SPK and Zr-SPK substituted Ti and Zr shifted to slightly lower binding energies than SPK. The oxidation states of Pd on the surface of catalysts were $Pd^0$ and $Pd^{+2}$. XRD patterns showed that crystal structures of fresh catalyst changed amorphous into crystal phase after reaction. The conversion and selectivity of POM to hydrogen over Pd(5)/Ti-SPK and Pd(5)/Zr-SPK were 77, 84% and 78, 72%, respectively, at 973 K, $CH_4/O_2$ = 2, GHSV = $8.4{\times}10^4mL/g_{cat}{\cdot}h$ and were kept constant even after 3 days in stream. These results confirm superior activity, thermal stability, and physicochemical properties of catalyst in POM to hydrogen.