• Title, Summary, Keyword: junction box

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A Study on the Productivity Improvement used by the Air Stick Feeder and the Fiber Sensors in Surface Mount Technology (표면 실장 기술에서의 에어 스틱 피더와 파이버 센서를 이용한 생산성 향상에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Min;Kim, Chi-Su
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.2146-2150
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    • 2015
  • The surface mount technology is used, as mounting relay using Chip Mounter that is inserted into the junction box, etc. car and small components such as 0402 and 0603 Chip. In this study we developed stick tube for supplying the relay that cause problems as components is heavy and suggested the technology using fiber sensors to eliminate missing insertions or improper insertions because of small components. And we show to result of the experiment how to increased the productivity.

Analysis on the Fire Accident of Vehicle Due to Damage of the Vehicle's Electrical Components (차량 전장부품 손상으로 인한 차량화재 사고사례 분석)

  • Park, Nam-Kyu;Kim, Jin-Pyo;Nam, Jung-Woo;Sa, Seung-Hun;Song, Jae-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.32-38
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, we analyzed the vehicle fire accidents due to damage of vehicle's electrical components, which is applied to a vehicle. In recent development of electrical components technology, approximately 40% of vehicle manufacturing parts have applied electronic circuit technology. Phenomenon such deterioration of insulating performance or electric breakdown on the vehicle's electrical components and printed circuit boards(PCBs) resulted from moisture, contamination and aging due to repetitive operations, lead to the vehicle fire. Therefore, the application of electrical components with adequate electric capacity for vehicle and usage of molding techniques using a non-combustible materials to shut off the oxygen should be applied in order to prevent vehicle fire due to damage of the electrical components and PCBs.

Heat Spreading Properties of CVD Diamond Coated Al Heat Sink (CVD 다이아몬드가 코팅된 알루미늄 방열판의 방열 특성)

  • Yoon, Min Young;Im, Jong Hwan;Kang, Chan Hyoung
    • Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.297-302
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    • 2015
  • Nanocrystalline diamond(NCD) coated aluminium plates were prepared and applied as heat sinks for LED modules. NCD films were deposited on 1 mm thick Al plates for times of 2 - 10 h in a microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition reactor. Deposition parameters were the microwave power of 1.2 kW, the working pressure of 90 Torr, the $CH_4/Ar$ gas ratio of 2/200 sccm. In order to enhance diamond nucleation, DC bias voltage of -90 V was applied to the substrate during deposition without external heating. NCD film was identified by X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. The Al plates with about 300 nm thick NCD film were attached to LED modules and thermal analysis was carried out using Thermal Transient Tester (T3ster) in a still air box. Thermal resistance of the module with NCD/Al plate was 3.88 K/W while that with Al plate was 5.55 K/W. The smaller the thermal resistance, the better the heat emission. From structure function analysis, the differences between junction and ambient temperatures were $12.1^{\circ}C$ for NCD/Al plate and $15.5^{\circ}C$ for Al plate. The hot spot size of infrared images was larger on NCD/Al than Al plate for a given period of LED operation. In conclusion, NCD coated Al plate exhibited better thermal spreading performance than conventional Al heat sink.

A Study on the Optimization of Polysilicon Solar Cell Structure (다결정 실리콘 태양전지 구조 최적화에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jae-Hyeong;Jung, Hak-Ki;Jung, Dong-Su;Lee, Jong-In
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.702-705
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    • 2011
  • Poly-Si wafers with resistivity of 1 [${\Omega}$-cm[ and thickness of 50 [${\mu}m$] were used as a starting material. Various efficiency influencing parameters such as rear surface recombination velocity and minority carrier diffusion length in the base region, front surface recombination velocity, junction depth and doping concentration in the Emitter layer, BSF thickness and doping concentration were investigated. Optimized cell parameters were given as rear surface recombination of 1000 [cm/sec], minority carrier diffusion length in the base region 50 [${\mu}m$], front surface recombination velocity 100 [cm/sec], sheet resistivity of emitter layer 100 [${\Omega}/{\Box}$], BSF thickness 0.5 [${\mu}m$], doping concentration $5{\times}10^{19}\;cm^{-3}$. Among the investigated variables, we learn that a diffusion length of base layer acts as a key factor to achieve conversion efficiency higher than 19.8 %. Further details of simulation parameters and their effects to cell characteristics are discussed in this paper.

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Development of a CAN-based Real-time Simulator for Car Body Control

  • Kang, Ki-Ho;Seong, Sang-Man
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.444-448
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    • 2005
  • This paper presents a developing procedure of the CAN-based real-time simulator for car body control, aiming at replacing the actual W/H (Wiring Harness) and J/B(Junction Box) couple eventually. The CAN protocol, as one kind of field-bus communication, defines the lowest 2 layers of the ISO/OSI standard, namely, the physical layer(PL) and the data link layer(DLL), for which the CSMA/NBA protocol is generally adopted. For CPU, two PIC18Fxx8x's are used because of their built-in integration of CAN controller, large internal FLASH memory (48K or 64K), and their costs. To control J/B's and actuators, 2 controller boards are separately implemented, between which CAN lines communicate through CAN transceivers MCP255. A power motor for washing windshield, 1 door lock motor, and 6 blink lamps are chosen for actuators of the simulator for the first stage. For the software architecture, a polling method is used for the fast global response time despite its slow individual response time. To improve the individual response time and to escape from some eventual trapped-function loops, High/Low ports of the CPU are simply used, which increases the stability of the actuator modules. The experimental test shows generally satisfactory results in normal transmitting / receiving function and message trace function. This simulator based on CAN shows a promising usefulness of lighter, more reliable and intelligent distributed body control approach than the conventional W/H and J/B couple. Another advantage of this approach lies in the distributed control itself, which gives better performance in hard real-time computing than centralized one, and in the ability of integrating different modules through CAN.

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Fabrications and Analysis of Schottky Diode of Silicon Carbide Substrate with novel Junction Electric Field Limited Ring (새로운 전계 제한테 구조를 갖는 탄화규소 기판의 쇼트키 다이오드의 제작과 특성 분석)

  • Cheong Hui-Jong;Han Dae-Hyun;Lee Yong-Jae
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.10 no.7
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    • pp.1281-1286
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    • 2006
  • We have used the silicon-carbide(4H-SiC) instead of conventional silicon materials to develope of the planar junction barrier schottky rectifier for ultra high breakdown voltage(1,200 V grade). The substrate size is 2 inch wafer, Its concentration is $3*10^{18}/cm^{3}$ of $n^{+}-$type, thickness of epitaxial layer $12{\mu}m$ conentration is $5*10^{15}cm^{-3}$ of n-type. The fabticated devices are junction barrier schottky rectifier, The guard ring for improvement of breakdown voltage is designed by the box-like impurity of boron, the width and space of guard ring was designed by variation. The contact metals to rectify were used by the $Ni(3,000\:{\AA})/Au(2,000\:{\AA})$. As a results, the on-state voltage is 1.26 V, on-state resistance is $45m{\Omega}/cm^{3}$, maximum value of improved reverse breakdown voltage is 1180V, reverse leakage current density is $2.26*10^{-5}A/CM^{3}$. We had improved the measureme nt results of the electrical parameters.

The Electrical Characteristics of Shading Effect in Photovoltaic Module (PV모듈에서 그림자에 의한 전기적 특성)

  • Kim, Seung-Tae;Kang, Gi-Hwan;Park, Ji-Hong;Ahn, Hyung-Keun;Yu, Gwon-Jong;Han, Deuk-Young
    • 한국태양에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.257-262
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    • 2008
  • In this paper, we study the electric characteristics of shading effects in photovoltaic module in case of outdoor operation. When fabricating PV module, solar cells are connected serially to obtain the high voltage because of its low open circuit voltage. And total current is determined by lowest current among solar cells. When the shading happens on PV module's surface, the current of shaded solar cell determine the total current flow. Because of this, generally by-pass diode is installed on junction box. The bypass diode operate when revered and shaded solar cell's voltage is over 0.6 voltage. The reverse-biased solar cell gives reduced maximum power of PV module and might give negative effect on durability. So, adequate by-pass installation and selection is needed.

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Characterization of Photovoltaic Module Encapsulant According to UV Irradiation Dose (자외선 조사량에 따른 태양전지 모듈 봉지재의 특성 분석)

  • Lee, Song-Eun;Bae, Joon-Hak;Shin, Jae-Won;Jeon, Chan-Wook
    • Current Photovoltaic Research
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.81-85
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    • 2018
  • The photovoltaic modules installed in the actual field are affected by various external environments and the electrical performance output value is generally lowered compared to initial output value. The most of photovoltaic modules consists of low iron glass, encapsulant (EVA), back sheet, frame and junction box assembly based on the solar cells. In this paper, the characteristics of encapsulant which is an important constituent material of photovoltaic module were verified by maximum power determination, electro luminescence images, yellowness index measurement, and gel content measurement after ultraviolet (UV) irradiation exposure. The most commonly installed 72 cells crystalline photovoltaic modules were tested after various UV exposure of 0, 15, 30, and $60kWh/m^2$ and compared with the reference module. After UV exposure of $15kWh/m^2$, which is the current international test condition, a small amount of change was observed in yellowness index and electroluminescence, while a gell content rapidly increased. At a cumulative dose of $60kWh/m^2$, which will be a new international test condition in the near future, however, the yellowness index increased sharply and showed the greatest output power drop.

Spray 방법을 이용한 결정질 태양전지 Emitter 확산의 최적화 연구

  • Song, Gyu-Wan;Jang, Ju-Yeon;Lee, Jun-Sin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.406-406
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    • 2011
  • 결정질 태양전지에서 도핑(Doping)은 반도체(Semiconductor)의 PN 접합(Junction)을 형성하는 중요한 역할을 한다. 도핑은 반도체에 불순물(Dopant)을 주입하는 공정으로 고온에서 진행되며 온도는 중요한 변수(Parameter)로 작용한다. 본 연구에서는 여러 가지 에미터(emitter)층 형성방법 중에 가장 저가이면서 공정과정이 간단하며 대면적 도핑이 용의한 Spray 방법을 통해 효과적인 에미터 층 형성의 최적화를 위해 DI water에 각각 1%, 3%, 5% 7%로 희석된 H3PO4용액 으로 850$^{\circ}C$에서 열처리 시간을 가변해 가며 최적화된 면저항과 표면농도 특성을 분석하였다. 도핑소스가 웨이퍼(wafer) 각각의 표면에 흡착시킨 후 오븐에 넣어 150$^{\circ}C$에서 5분간 건조시킨 후 퍼니스(furance)에 넣어 시간을 가변해 가며 도핑시켰다. Spray 방식은 기존의 방식보다 저렴하고 In-line 공정에 적합하며 대용량으로 전환이 쉽다는 많은 장점을 가지고 있다. 도핑시 먼저 spray를 이용하여 웨이퍼 표면에 균일하게 용액을 흡착시킨 후 오븐에서 150$^{\circ}C$에서 5분간 건조 후 furnace에 넣어 850$^{\circ}C$에서 시간을 가변 해가며 실험하였다. H3PO4용액의 비율이 1%일 때는 2분 이상 열처리를 하였을 때 60${\Omega}/{\Box}$ 이하로 내려가지 않았다. 이는 최초 표면농도가 낮아 더 이상 확산되지 않음을 의미한다. 또한 H3PO4의 비율이 3% 이상일 때는 열처리 시간이 1분 이하일 때 면저항의 변화가 거의 없었으나 2분 이상일 때는 시간에 따라서 점차 낮아졌으며 균일도 역시 좋아졌다. 이는 H3PO4의 비율이 3% 이상일 때는 표면농도가 높아서 1분 이하의 열처리 시간에서는 확산해 들어가는 양이 거의 같음을 알 수 있었다.

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Injection mold development applying starting mold material, urethane resin(TSR-755) (우레탄레진(TSR-755)을 적용한 시작형 사출금형 연구)

  • Kim, Kwang-Hee;Kim, Jeong-Sik
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.10
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    • pp.4392-4397
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    • 2012
  • In this study, we used the commercial package (Unigraphics) to construct a junction box cable car when laser plastic parts have been processed using urethane resin(TSR-755) as a starting mold material. After construction, we carried out the filing, packing, cooling, and deforming analyzation using Injection Molding Analysis (Simpoe-Mold) to determine the gate positioning and automatic cooling cycle through the examination. The results show that inserting into the injection mold after processing ceramic has reduced the time of thermal conductivity of molding and cooling; and quick selection of gates and cooling lines could possibly cause an improvement of productivity.