• Title, Summary, Keyword: isoflavone

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버섯균사체 배양물로부터 면역증진 기능성 소재 개발

  • Kim, Jeong-Ok
    • Food preservation and processing industry
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.11-13
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    • 2007
  • This study relates to low and medium molecular weight isoflavone-${\beta}$-D-glucan produced by submerged liquid culture of Agaricus blazei, a method of producing the isoflavone-B-D-glucan using autolysis enzyme of Agaricus blazei mycelia, and use of the isoflavone-B-D-glucan for anti-cancer and immunoenhancing effect. In acordance with one aspect of the present study, it deals with a method of producing isoflavone-${\beta}$-D-glucan, which comprises the followings; 1) culturing and separating mushroom mycelia, 2) producing low-medium molecular weight isoflavone-${\beta}$-D-glucan from high molecular weight one. The cytotoxicity on human cnacer cell line (Caco-2, MCF-7), the expression of Cyclin D, Bcl-2, Bax protein, p21 protein, p53 protein in MCF-7 cells assessed by SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting, and other immuno related factor such as TNF-a and IL-1B activities were examined. Structural identification of isoflavone-${\beta}$-D-glucan which shoed cytotoxicity against cancer cell and immunoenhancing effects was carried by separation with DEAE-cellulose column chromatography, TLC, HPLC, IR, NMR, Clinical test for the cancer patients (n=119) for 6 month was carried out, and immunoenhancing factors(NK cell number, ratio of T4/T8) were checked. We concluded the identified isoflavone-${\beta}$-D-glucan has immuno enhancing effects and could be useful for cancer chemoprevention.

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Physiological Function of Isoflavones and Their Genetic and Environmental Variations in Soybean (콩 Isoflavone의 생리활성 기능과 함량 변이)

  • Kim Yong-Ho;Kim Seok-Dong;Hong Eun-Hi;Ahn Wan-Sik
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.41 no.spc1
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    • pp.25-45
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    • 1996
  • Soyfoods have potential roles in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases, most notably cancer, osteoporosis, and heart disease. There is evidence that carcinogenesis are supressed by isolated soybean derived products in vivo such as a protease inhibitor, phytic acid, saponins and isoflavones. It is believed that supplementation of human diets with soybean products markedly reduces human cancer mortality rates. Especially, recent papers recognize the potential benefit of soybean isoflavone components for reducing the risk of various cancers. Isoflavones exhibit a multitude of medicinal effects that influence cell growth and regulation, which may have potential value in the prevention and treatment of cancer. In addition to potential biological effects, soybean isoflavones have the important physiological functions such as the induction of Bradyrizobium japonicum nod genes and the responses of soybean tissues to infection by Phytophthora megasperma as well as biochemical activities such as antifungal and antibacterial actions. Genistin, daidzin, glycitin and their aglycone (genistein, daidzein, glycitein) are the principal isoflavones found in soybean. Malonyl and acetyl forms have also been detected but they are thermally unstable and are usually transformed during the processing in glucoside form. Most soy products, with the exception of soy sauce, alcohol-extracted soy protein concentrate, and soy protein isolate, have total isoflavone concentrations similar to those in the whole soybean. Soybean-containing diets inhibit mammary tumorigenesis in animal models of breast cancer, therefore, it is possible that dietary isoflavones are an important factor accounting for the lower incidence and mortality from breast cancer. Of the total soybean seed isoflavones, $80\~90\%$ were located in cotyledons, with the remainder in the hypocotyls. The hypocotyls had a higher concentrations of isoflavones on a weight basis compared with cotyledons. Isoflavone contents were influenced by genetics, crop years, and growth locations. The effect of crop year had a greater impact on the isoflavone contents than that of location. The climate condition might be the attribution factor to variation in isoflavone contents. Also, while the isoflavone content of cotyledons exhibited large variations in response to high temperature during seed development, hypocotyls showed high concentration in isoflavone content. So, it is concluded that one of the factors affecting isoflavone content in soybean seeds is temperature during seed development. High temperature, especially in maturity stage, causes lower isoflavone content in soybean seed. It is also suggested that there may exist a different mechanism to maintain isoflavone contents between cotyledon and seed hypocotyls. In a conclusion, soy foods may be able to have a significant beneficial impact on public health.

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Cloning and Characterization of Isoflavone synthase from Lespedeza bicolor (싸리에서 isoflavone synthase 유전자의 분리 및 생화학적 특성)

  • Kim, Bong-Gyu
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.53 no.1
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    • pp.60-64
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    • 2010
  • None of genes from Lespedeza bicolor involved in isoflavonoid biosynthesis have been biochemically characterized. An isoflavone synthase from Lespedeza bicolor was cloned. To verify its catalytic activity, a fusion protein of LbIFS with P450 reductase from rice was made. Using this construct, production of isoflavone from flavanone was confirmed.

콩 및 콩제품중의 isoflavone 특성

  • Kim, Seong-Ran
    • Bulletin of Food Technology
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.3-19
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    • 1999
  • 콩의 isoflavone은 항상화, 항암활성 및 에스트로겐 유사활성을 지녀 골다공증, 심혈관질환 예방 등에 효과적이라는 연구결과가 발표되면서 isoflavone 함량 증가가 중요한 과제로 대두되고 있다. 따라서 콩이용식품인 두유, 두부, 콩나물, 된장 등의 섭취를 늘리는 한편 소비자들이 보다 간편하게 콩의 우수한 생리활성 성분을 섭취할 수 있도록 기호성이 우수한 콩 가공제품을 개발하고 다양한 식품소재로 활용하는 연구가 필요하다. 본 고에서는 고품질 콩 육성 및 콩 가공제품 개발에 활용하고자 국내산 콩과 콩제품에 함유되어 있는 isoflavone의 함량과 조성 및 그 특성을 비교하였으며 일본의 간식용 콩제품 개발 동향을 조사하였다.

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The Effect of Isoflavone Supplement on Plasma Lipids & Antioxidant Status in Hypercholesterolemic Postmenopausal Women (고지혈증인 폐경 후 여성에서 이소플라본 보충이 혈청 지질 농도 및 항산화능에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jong-Ho;Kim, Eun-Mi;Chae, Ji-Sook;Jang, Yang-Soo;Lee, Jin-Hee;Lee, Geun
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.36 no.6
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    • pp.603-612
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    • 2003
  • Postmenopausal women are at an increased risk of developing coronary artery disease. This is due to primarily dyslipidemia accompanying the loss of estrogen secretion. Soy isoflavones are known to have weak estrogenic effects. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether isoflavone supplement improves the risk of cardiovascular disease in hypercholesterolemic postmenopausal women. Subjects consisted of 39 Korean postmenopausal women with hypercholesterolemia (total cholesterol $\geq$ 200 mg/㎗ or LDL cholesterol $\geq$ 130 mg/㎗). Subjects were divided into 2 groups; placebo group (PG), isoflavone supplement group (IG). During 12 weeks, subjects were given placebo and 80mg isoflavone daily. Anthropometric measurement, blood sample analysis and dietary intake measurement were taken at baseline and after 12 weeks. After 12 weeks, systolic blood pressure was decreased significantly (p < 0.01) and plasma HDL cholesterol level was increased significantly (p < 0.05) in IG. But there were no significant changes in plasma total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels after isoflavone supplementation. There was a negative correlation between initial plasma HDL cholesterol level and the extent of plasma HDL cholesterol reduction in IG (r=-0.572, p=0.012). Atherogenic index (AI), total-/LDL- cholesterol ratio and LDL/HDL cholesterol ratio were improved significantly after isoflavone supplementation. In subjects whose initial plasma LDL cholesterol level were above 160 mg/㎗, plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) level were decreased and total antioxidant status (TAS) were increased significantly after isoflavone supplement (p < 0.05). However there were no significant changes in flow-mediated dilator (FMD), the marker of endothelium-dependent vasodilation and nitroglycerine-mediated dilator (NMD), the marker of endothelium-independent vasodilation and the extent of DNA damage after isoflavone supplement. In conclusion, these results indicate that isoflavone supplement may decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease via improving blood pressure, HDL cholesterol level and AI in hypercholesterolemic postmenopausal women. Futhermore, in case of subjects with elevated LDL cholesterol level, isoflavone supplementation may have more antiatherogenic effects via improving antioxidant status.

Effects of Soy Protein on Bone Mineral Content and Bone Mineral Density in Growing Male Rats (콩단백질이 성장기 수컷흰쥐에서 골함량과 골밀도에 미치는 영향)

  • 최미자
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.409-413
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to determine to which differences in the source of protein (soy vs casein) and of isoflavones in soy protein are responsible for differential effects of bone mineral density and bone mineral content. Thirty 21-d-old Sprague-Dawley young rats were divided into 3 groups: the control group was find a casein-based diet, the soy concentrate group was fed soy protein with totally reduced isoflavones content (isoflavone 0.07 mg/g protein), and soy isolate group was fed with a higher isoflavone content (isoflavone 3.4 mg/g protein) than normal. The animal was scanned to determine the BMD and BMC using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA, Lunar Corporation, Madison, WI). The soy concentrate group had significantly higher total body calcium/weight and total mineral content/weight than the casein group. The soy isolate group had significantly greater total bone mineral density/weight, spine bone mineral density/weight, and femoral bone mineral density (in g/$\textrm{cm}^2$ than the control and soy concentrate group. The findings of this study suggest that soy protein and isoflavones in soy protein are beneficial for bone-formation in growing male rats. Therefore exposure to these soy protein and isoflavones early in life may have long-term health benefits for bone diseases such as osteoporosis.

Changes in the Accumulation of Isoflavonoids in Soybeans by Stress (Stress에 의한 대두의 Isoflavonoid 화합물 축적변화)

  • Kim, Jin Tae;Kim, Jang Eok
    • Current Research on Agriculture and Life Sciences
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    • v.12
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    • pp.9-22
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    • 1994
  • The changes of the time-dependent accumulation of isoflavone aglycones(daidzein, genistein) and their glucosides(daidzin, genistin) by various stress-inducing treatment on cotyledon of soybeans(Dankyungkong and Paldalkong) were investigated. Levels of isoflavone aglycones and their glucosides in soybeans treated with UDP-glucose, $MgSO_4$ and $HgCl_2$ and infected with phytopathogen appeared to be higher than those of treatment with distilled water. When compared with data for control, the levels of isoflavone glucosides in citrate-treated soybeans were increased but those of their aglycones did not appear appreciable differences. In Paldalkong treated with UDP-glucose, $MgSO_4$ and $HgCl_2$ the levels of isoflavone aglycones and their glucosides were higher than in Dankyungkong. In particular, the accumulation of daidzein in Paldalkong was significantly higher than in Dankyungkong. By infection with Botrytis cinerea, the maximum amount of accumulation of daidzein in two cultivar did not to be a large different, but accumulation time appeared more rapidly in Paldalkong than Dankyungkong. The accumulation amount of daidzein and genistein in Dankyungkong treated with elicitors appeared to be similar at initial stage, but the level of daidzein after 48hours appeared to be higher than that of genistein. In Paldalkong, the level of daidzein was higher than that of genistein at all stage. The level of daidzein in soybeans infected with phytopathogen appeared to be higher than that of genestein.

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Studies on Physiological Properties of Isoflavone from Soybean and Its Processing Properties (콩 함유 이소플라본의 생리활성과 가공적성)

  • Han, Jin-Suk;Ha, Tae-Youl;Kim, Sung-Ran
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.35 no.10
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    • pp.1427-1433
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    • 2006
  • The antioxidant activity, nitrite scavenging effect, and angiotensine I-converting enzyme inhibiting activity of solvent extracts of soybean isoflavone were investigated. Also anticarcinogenic activities of them were examined by MTT assay using human cancer cell line. Isoflavone aglycones showed relatively high antioxidant activity in order of glycitein, genistein, and daidzein. Methanol extract of soybean actively scavenged free radicals and was shown excellent nitrite scavenging effect. Glycitein and methanol extract of soybean inhibited the growth of human cancer cell such as stomach carcinoma (SNU-1) and colon carcinoma (SNU-C4) effectively. Genistein, daidzein and methanol extracts of soybean inhibited the growth of cancer cell such as stomach carcinoma (SNU-1), but had weak activities to colon carcinoma (SNU-C4). To applicate the soybean isoflavone as an enhancer for food quality and processibility, the stabilities on heat and pH of isolated isoflavone, isoflavone in soybean flour and isoflavone concentrate of soybean were investigated. Stability of isoflavone concentrate of soybean was decreased in pH extreme (below 3, above 8) during sterilization, but isoflavone in soybean flour showed higher stability in all pH range. All kinds of isoflavone tested in this study were very stable during the heat treatment.

Variation of Isoflavone and Saponin During Maturity in Black Soybean (검정콩의 등숙기간 중 Isoflavone과 Saponin 함량변이)

  • Yi, Eun-Seob;Kim, Hee-Dong;Chae, Jae-Cheon;Kim, Yong-Ho
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.53 no.1
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    • pp.34-41
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    • 2008
  • This study was conducted to investigate antioxidant component content during maturity for judgement of optimum harvest time in black soybean. For high-functional black soybean production, accumulation pattern of isoflavone and saponin contents and anti oxidative activity according to maturity stage were investigated. Varieties used in this experiment were Ilpumgemojeongkong and heukcheongkong, which are the recommended black soybean in Korea. Isoflavone and saponin contents during maturity period in black soybean was the highest at $6{\sim}7$ days earlier than general harvesting time. It was indicated that optimum harvesting time for high quality soybean were $3{\sim}7$ days earlier than harvesting time for higher yield. As a result of investigation about accumulation pattern of antioxidant components by maturity stages in seed, total isoflavone content was the highest at 61 DAF in Ilpumgeomjeongkong and at 77 DAF in Heukcheongkong. Contents of total saponin were the highest at 61 DAF and at 71 DAF, respectively. In case of leaf, total isoflavone content was the highest at 55 DAF in Ilpumgeomjeongkong and Heukcheongkong. Contents of total saponin were the highest at 18 DAF and at $55{\sim}71$ DAF, respectively. It showed that black soybean's leaf could be developed as a new health food material, owing to high contents of antioxidant components and biological activity and it's suitable harvest time was at $R_7$.

Change in the Expression of Occludin, a Gene for Blood-Brain Barrier by Phytoestrogens in Hippocampus of Rat Model for Menopause (폐경기모델 백서 해마에서 식물성 에스트로젠에 의한 뇌-혈액장벽 유전자 occludin 발현의 변화)

  • Kang, Han-Seung;Jung, Kyung-Ah;Kang, Hee-Jung;Kim, Da-Hye;Ahn, Hae-Sun;Om, Ae-Sun;Gye, Myung-Chan
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.166-171
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    • 2006
  • To elucidate the effect of phytoestrogens on the prevention of neurodegenerative disease in postmenopausal women, the expression of occludin which build up the blood-brain barrier was examined in hippocampus following oral administration of estrogen (E2), genistein, diadzein or combination of genistein and diadzein in ovariectomized (OVX) female rats. E2 significantly increased occludin mRNA level in OVX rat hippocampus, suggesting that estrogen is a physiological regulator for structural integrity of the blood-brain barrier in hippocampus. Following isoflavone diet for 4 weeks, there was significant increase in occludin mRNA level in hippocampus, suggesting that isoflavone diet may be effective for protection of structural integrity of blood-brain barrier in hippocampus from degenerative changes in estrogen deficiency.