• Title, Summary, Keyword: isoflavone

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Dose Respone Relationship of Isoflavone Supplementation on Plasma Lipid Profiles and Total Antioxidant Status in Perimenopausal and postmenopausal Women (이소플라본 섭취 수준이 주폐경기와 폐경 후 여성의 혈청 내 지질 패턴과 Total Antioxidant Status에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, yoon;Yoon, Sun;Lee, Min-June;Lee, Soo-Kyung;Lee, Byung-Suk
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.322-329
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    • 2001
  • There is growing evidence that soy isoflavones play beneficial role in the prevention of cardiovascular disease. However, current data are not sufficient to determine the effective dose of isoflavone on improving plasma lipid profiles and total antioxidant capacity in Korean menopausal women. In the present study, 24 perimenopausal and 23 postmenopausal women were divided into 3 groups and were given soy isoflavone supplements of 100, 150, 200mg/day for 12weeks. Blood samples were taken before and after 6, 12weeks of soy isoflavone supplementation for analysis of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglyceride and total antioxidant status(TAS). In the perimenopausal women, serum total cholesterol level decreased significantly in all three groups after 12weeks of isoflavone supplementation(p< 0.05). However, serum LDL cholesterol level significantly lowered only in 150 and 200mg groups, and serum triglyceride level decreased significantly in 200mg group(p<0.05). In the postmenopausal women, the 150mg isoflavone supplementation group demonstrated significant effects on lowering serum total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol levels and raising HDL cholesterol level after 12weeks of isoflavone supplementation(p<0.05). Two hundred mg isoflavone supplementation group had a significantly higher TAS than other groups in both perimenopausal and postmenopausal women. (Korean J Nutrition 34(3) : 322∼329, 2001)

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Effect of Soy Isoflavone Supplementation on the Bone Mineral Density and Antioxidant Enzyme Activity in Postmenopausal Women (일부 폐경 후 여성에서 골밀도와 항산화효소 활성에 대한 대두 이소플라본 보충 효과)

  • Lee, Haeng-Shin;Lee, Da-Hong;Kim, Mi-Hyun;Sung, Chung-Ja
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.39 no.8
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    • pp.801-807
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    • 2006
  • To elucidate the effect of soy isoflavone supplementation on bone mineral density and antioxidant enzyme activity in 60 postmenopausal women residing in Iksan area were recruited. There were 31 participants in the treatment group and 29 in the control group. The treatment group consumed isoflavone extract capsules daily (which contained 90 mg of soy isoflavones) for 12 weeks. The study compared before and after isoflavone intake in the following areas. Physical examination, diet survey, bone mineral density (BMD) and antioxidant enzyme activity (superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), catalase (CAT) and total antioxidant capacity (TA)). The average age of the treatment group was 64.6 years and that of the control group was 66.5 years. There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of height, weight and body mass index. Both groups maintained a regular diet pattern in terms of their average daily nutrient intake. There were no significant differences between the treatment group (23.3 mg) and the control group (24.0 mg) in terms of daily isoflavone intake based on diet. Isoflavone supplementation of 12 weeks did not resulted in any significant changes in BMD or parameters of antioxidant enzyme activity, implying the necessity of more intensive intervention for a substantial change. In conclusion, this study revealed that antioxidant enzyme activity holds a significant relationship with the bone mineral density in postmenopausal women and further systematic research on dose and period of isoflavone supplementation is needed to clearify the positive effect of isoflavone on BMD and/or blood antioxidant capacity in postmenopausal women.

Isolation, Identification, and Characterization of Pichia guilliermondii K123-1 and Candida fermentati SI, Producing Isoflavone β-Glycosidase to Hydrolyze Isoflavone Glycoside Efficiently, from the Korean Traditional Soybean Paste

  • Kim, Won-Chan;So, Jai-Hyun;Kim, Sang-In;Shin, Jae-Ho;Song, Kyung-Sik;Yu, Choon-Bal;Kho, Yung-Hee;Rhee, In-Koo
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.163-169
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    • 2009
  • A total of 155 microbial strains were isolated from the Korean traditional soybean paste based on their morphological features on the growth of agar plate. Among the isolated strains, a total of 28 strains were capable of hydrolyzing isoflavone glycoside to isoflavone aglycone efficiently in the soybean paste. Finally, two strains, K123-1 and SI, were selected because of their resistance to 15% NaCl and ability to convert isoflavone glycoside to isoflavone aglycone efficiently during the fermentation of soybean paste. The isolated strains K123-1 and SI were identified to be Pichia guilliermondii and Candida fermentati, respectively, using the partial 26S rDNA sequence analysis and phylogenic analysis. Pichia guilliermondii K123-1 and Candida fermentati SI converted daidzin to daidzein up to 96% and 95%, respectively, and genistin to genistein up to 92% when soybean pastes were fermented at $30^{\circ}C$ for 20 days with a single isolated strain. Pichia guilliermondii K123-1 and Candida fermentati SI were able to grow in the presence of 15% NaCl on both liquid medium and agar plate. We think that Pichia guilliermondii K123-1 and Candida fermentati SI might be one of good candidates for making functional soybean paste because they are isolated from the Korean traditional soybean paste and have a good ability to convert isoflavone glycosides to isoflavone aglycones and a high salt tolerance.

Changes in Isoflavone and Oligosaccharides of Soybeans during Germination (콩의 발아 중 이소플라본과 올리고당의 변화)

  • Kim, Joo-Sook;Kim, Jong-Goon;Kim, Woo-Jung
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.294-298
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    • 2004
  • Three Korean soybean varieties, Dawon, Taekwang, and Myeongiju-namul were investigated for changes in isoflavone and oligosaccharides contents, and dry weight during germination. Soybeans were soaked for 10 hr in water, followed by 8 days germination at $20^{\circ}C$ under dark condition, Highest isoflavone content measured was Myeongju-namul (1.228 mg/g), followed by Taekwang (0.671 mg/g) and Dawon (0.661 mg/g). Total isoflavone content generally increased during initial germination and decreased thereafter. Maximal increase in isoflavone was 20-50%, particularly in aglycone type such as daidzein and genistein. Raffinose and stachyose contents decreased rapidly during germination, while that of sucrose showed relatively slow decrease. Dry weights of soybeans steadly decreased.

Isoflavone Contents and Antioxidative Effects of Soybeans, Soybean Curd and their By-Products (콩, 두부 및 두부부산물중의 Isoflavone함량 및 항산화효과)

  • 배은아;권태완;문갑순
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.371-375
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    • 1997
  • The content of genistein and daidzein which were known to be major antioxidative compounds in soybeans were detected by $C_{18}$ reverse phase HPLC. Most of isoflavones in soybeans were detected in the methanol extract but much less amount of isoflavones in the water extract. Among the four different kind of soybeans, the isoflavone content was highest in brown soybean, followed by yellow, small black and black soybean, in the order. These isoflavones were known to be soluble in hot water, which means transfer of isoflavone content was highest in brown soybean, followed by yellow, small black and black soybean, in the order. These isoflavones were known to be soluble in hot water, which means transfer of isoflavones in soy curd into whey during soy curd processing. To identify the change of isoflavone content during processing of soybean curd, soybean curd were made from yellow, brown and black soybean and isoflavone content were determined in each soybean curd, curd residue and whey. Most of soflavones were remained in the whey, it means most of useful antioxidative compounds were wasted. Thus, it is necessary to develop new technology to collect these isoflavones lost during soybean curd processing.

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Effects of soybean isoflavone extract on the plasma lipid profiles and antioxidant enzyme activity in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

  • Shim, Jee-Youn;Kim, Yoo-Jung;Lee, Hye-Sung
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.218-226
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    • 2008
  • The present study evaluated the effects of various dosages of soybean isoflavone extract on lipid profiles, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant activities in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. The one normal control group was fed an AIN-76-based experimental diet and four diabetic groups were fed the same diet, supplemented with four different levels of soybean isoflavone extract for seven weeks. The daily dosages of pure isoflavone for four diabetic groups were set to be 0 mg (diabetic control), 0.5 mg (ISO-I), 3.0 mg (ISO-II) and 30.0 mg (ISO-III) per kilogram of body weight, respectively. The plasma total cholesterol levels and the TBA-reactive substances contents in the liver and kidney were significantly lowered in ISO-II and ISO-III groups compared to those in the diabetic control group. The levels of plasma HDL-cholesterol, plasma vitamin A and hepatic superoxide dismutase were significantly increased in those two groups compared with the diabetic control group. The present study demonstrated the possibility that the diets supplemented with 3.0 mg and 30.0 mg of soybean isoflavone extract may have beneficial effects on the plasma lipids, tissue lipid peroxidation and partly on antioxidant system in diabetic animals and there were no significant differences between the ISO-II and ISO-III groups. The results suggest that the effective daily dosage level of isoflavone for improving lipid metabolism in diabetic rats may be above 3.0 mg per kilogram body weight.

Nutrient Intake and Effects of Isoflavone Supplementation on Bone Mineral Density in Female College Students with Osteopenia (골감소증 여대생의 영양소 섭취실태와 이소플라본 보충이 골밀도에 미치는 영향)

  • Ro, Hee-Kyung;Jeong, Eun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.801-811
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    • 2008
  • The principal objective of this study was to assess the effects of soy isoflavone supplementation on bone mineral density in 36 female college students with osteopenia for 12 weeks. The subjects were divided into three groups on the basis of bone mineral density. The experimental groups were provided supplements of either 80 mg of isoflavone (Iso-80) or 40 mg of isoflavone (Iso-40). To the placebo group, 40 mg of powdered glutinous rice was administered. It was determined that many subjects with osteopenia evidenced lower levels of activity as compared to the control group. Isoflavone supplementation was more effective in controlling total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol than was observed in the placebo group. We noted no significant differences in serum osteocalcin concentration between Iso-40 and the placebo group, but significant differences in osteocalcin concentration were detected between Iso-80 and the placebo group. Bone quality indices (BQI) were correlated positively with mineral content, lean body mass, muscular mass, and blood components including albumin, Ca, Mg, ALPase, and osteocalcin. Both Iso-40 and Iso-80 supplementation for 12 weeks significantly increased protein and mineral content in the body. As lower intakes of Ca and folate were noted in the subjects, emphasis should be given to adequate intakes of these nutrients in the subjects. In conclusion, 12 week isoflavone supplementation in young females with osteopenia exerted positive effects on bone mineral density and bone turnover markers.

he Correlation of Usual Dietary Isoflavone Intake and Serum Osteocalcin (여대생의 대두제품을 이용한 이소플라본섭취 및 혈중 Osteocalcin과의 상관성)

  • 안홍석;박윤신
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.38-46
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    • 2004
  • Few studies have conducted the bone health benefits of usual dietary isoflavone intake in Korean college-student women. To elucidate this benefitial effects and correlations between dietary isoflavone and nutrients intake and bone formation marker (ALPase, osteocalcin), questionnaires, anthropometric measurements, serum mineral (Ca, P, Mg) concentrations were analyzed. Fifty three subjects were used in this study. The average age, height, body weight, BMI, body fat content and triceps skinfold thickness were 21.43 year, 161.07 cm, 52.81 kg, 20.48 kg/$m^2$, 20.72% and 17.59 mm respectively. Soy food intake frequencies were soybean > soybean curd > soypaste stew > soybean milk. The average calorie, protein and Ca intake were 1766.21 $\pm62.54 kcal\;66.45\pm2.00 g\;and\; 549.62 \pm 27.55 mg$ respectively. Serum ALPase activity and osteocalcin concentration were 115.74$\pm3.6u/L$ and 7.15 ng/$m\\ell$ respectively. Usual dietary isoflavone intake was positively related to calory, protein, Ca, P intake and serum Ca, Mg concentration. Serum osteocalcin concentration was negatively correlated with isoflavone intake ($r^2$=0.28, p < 0.05). In these results, usual dietary isoflavone can support an additive effect to bone health and Ca nutrition.

Effects of Soy Isoflavone Intake on Urinary and Fecal Isoflavone Excretion in Rats

  • Nam, Hae-Kyung;Kim, Sun-Hee
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.17-22
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    • 2004
  • This study was undertaken to determine the bioavailability of isoflavones in weanling Sprague-Dawley rats by providing diets containing different levels of soy isoflavones for 6 weeks: 0.025% (low isoflavone intake; LI), 0.125% (medium isoflavone intake; MI), and 0.25% (high isoflavone intake; HI). The subsequent fecal and urinary excretion of daidzein and genistein was then measured. As the levels of dietary isoflavones increased, the amount of food intakes significantly decreased, and weight gain was slower in female rats. In male rats, there was no significant difference in weight gains related to dietary intakes. Urinary excretion of daidzein and genistein was significantly higher in the MI and HI groups in both male and female rats than the control and LI groups. The recovery % of daidzein and genistein in the urine was significantly lower in the MI and HI groups. Fecal daidzein increased as dietary isoflavone intakes increased in female rats; however, in male rats the increase was significant only in the HI group. The recovery % of daidzein and genistein in the feces of female rats was not significantly different among the four groups. When dietary isoflavones were increased from 0.025% to 0.25%, the amounts of daidzein and genistein excreted in the urine and feces increased; however, the low recovery rate of both daidzein and genistein in the urine implies an increased bioavailability of isoflavones. We also observed sex-related differences in the urinary and fecal recovery of isoflavone intakes.

Immuno enhancing and chemopreventing agent from mushroom mycelial culture (버섯균사체 배양물로부터 면역증진 기능성 소재 개발)

  • Kim, Jeong-Ok
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Postharvest Science and Technology of Agricultural Products Conference
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    • pp.27-31
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    • 2007
  • This study relates to low and medium molecular weight isoflavone-${\beta}$-D-glucan produced by submerged liquid culture of Agaricus blazei, a method of producing the isoflavone-B-D-glucan using autolysis enzyme of Agaricus blazei mycelia, and use of the isoflavone-B-D-glucan for anti-cancer and immunoenhancing effect. In acordance with one aspect of the present study, it deals with a method of producing isoflavone-${\beta}$-D-glucan, which comprises the followings; 1) culturing and separating mushroom mycelia, 2) producing low-medium molecular weight isoflavone-${\beta}$-D-glucan from high molecular weight one. The cytotoxicity on human cnacer cell line (Caco-2, MCF-7), the expression of Cyclin D, Bcl-2, Bax protein, p21 protein, p53 protein in MCF-7 cells assessed by SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting, and other immuno related factors such as TNF-${\alpha}$ and IL-1B activities were examined. Structural identification of isoflavone-${\beta}$-D-glucan which showed cytotoxicity against cancer cell and immunoenhancing effects was carried by separation with DEAE-cellulose column chromatography, TLC, HPLC, IR, NMR. Clinical test for the cancer patients (n=119) for 6 month was carried out, and immunoenhancing factors (NK. cell number, ratio of T4/T8) were checked. We concluded the identified isoflavone-${\beta}$-D-glucan has immuno enhancing effects and could be useful for cancer chemoprevention.

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