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The Basic Study of Ecology Status of the Uninhabited Islands of Fishing Village in Namhae-Gun (남해군 어촌지역 무인도 생태현황 기초연구)

  • Kang, Hyun-Kyung;Lee, Soo-Dong;Cho, Hyun-Seo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.81-96
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    • 2009
  • This study has found out the status of the environment ecology(topography structure. land-use, flora, plant community structure, wildbird) in 10 uninhabited islands(i.e. Kei island, Hadon island, Sangdon island, Daewa island, Hwanggang island, Naebi island, Oebi island, Prickly castor-oil tree island, Tongin island, Yuk island), Namhae-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do. Moreover, It has suggested ways of improving the environment ecology status by classifying the type of environment ecology about the degree of use and damage that based on the results of environment ecology survey. According to the results of topography structure survey, the survey site altitude was ranged within 1m$\sim$25m, otherwise, the radient was classified the rock area(.i.e. slope of less than $5^{\circ}$ the dead level) and the slope area where is steep slope. Moreover, there was showed evenly a variety of aspect. Land-use were divided the field(Kei island), dry native grasslands(Hadon island), naturalized grasslands(Sangdon island), Pinus thunbergii community(Dacwa island, Hwanggang island, Naebi island, Yuk island), the rock area(Oebi island, Prickly castor-oil tree island, Tongin island). As the results of flora survey, the number of plant species were 30$\sim$115 species and the naturalized species were found 2$\sim$12 species in each site. The results of plant community structure analysis, The dominant species were Pinus thunbergii and Pinus densiflora were in upper tree layer, furthermore, it were Pinus thunbergii, Eurya japonica, Prunus sargentii, Celtis sinensis, Morus bombycis, ect. in cannopy tree layer. In shrub layer, the dominant species were Rosa multiflora, Rubus crataegifolius, Parthenocissus tricuspidata, etc. The status of wildbird bird, had been found 42 species 938 individuals, especially, there were Bubo bubo kiautschensis(natural monument No. 324) and Haematopus ostralegus osculans(natural monument No. 326). According to these synthetic results, we are able to classify the 5 types of environment ecology such as the natural coast forest that composed of Pinus thunbergii and Pinus densiflora(Daewa island, Hwanggang island, Naebi island, Oebi island, Tongin island, Yuk island), the field in vegetation area(Kei island), vegetation succession area of fallow field type(Hadon island), vegetation damage area by the forest fire and disturbance elements(Prickly castor-oil tree island), dominant naturalized species grassland by grazing cattle(Sangdon island).

Comparative Study on Maternal Health Status With Island and Land Women in A Middle City Area (중도시내(中都市內) 도서(島嶼)와 육지거주부인(陸地居住婦人)의 모성보건실태비교(母性保健實態比較))

  • Kim, Kyu-Chul
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.65-75
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    • 1976
  • To compare the maternal health status between women in island and land, the study was conducted to adjacent land (kukdong) and island (kyonghodong) areas in Yosoo city during April 1976. The results obtained from 174 interviewee in island and 192 in land areas were the same as follow, 1. General characteristics of both area. Age: Land, group 20-29 year of age was the largest. Island, 30-39 year of age was the largest. Education; Low educated group, less than primary grade (land 88.6%, island 93.1%), was predominant in both area. Occupation of herself; agriculture and labor was the main occupation (land 50%, island 82.2%) in both area. Occupation of husband: labor and fishery was general (81.2%) in land, and agriculture and fishery was general (81.6%) in island. Duration of residence; Land, 25.0% being resided here more than 10 years. Island, 64.3% being resided here more than 10 years. 2. Marriage, Pregnancy, and Present children. Average age at marriage; Land, 20.7 years. Island, 20.9 years. Average frequency of pregnancy; Land, 4.4 times. Island, 4.3 times. Wastage of pregnancies: Land, 236 per 1000 pregnancies. Island, 151 per 1000 pregnancies. Wastage occupied by induced abortion; land, 73.5%. island, 60.5%. Number and sex of present children; Land, 3.3 per family, sex ratio 52.4 to 47.6. Island, 3.6 per family, sex ratio 53.3 to 46.7. 3. Prenatal and postnatal care. Prenatal consutation: Land, 16.1% received by doctor or midwife. Island 9.2% received by doctor or midwife. Complications during last pregnancy; Land, 46.6% complained. Island, 51.1% complained. Return to work within 1 week after delivery; Land, 40.6%. Island, 50.6%. 4. Delivery environment Home delivery; Land, 97.4% Island, 97.3%. Delivery attdended by non medical professions at home; Land, 80.2% Island, 93.7%. Solo home delivery; Land, 13.0%, Island, 12.9%. Delivery attended by layman without taking any disinfective preparations; Land, 48.1%, Island, 49.1%. Material mainly used to cut umbilical cord at home; Land, scissors (97.4%). Island, scissora (98.8%). Cord cutting material used without giving any disinfective preparations; Land, 79.9%, Island, 84.0%. Delivery sheets used at home; Cement bag paper (land 50.0%, island, 31.3%). Vinyl sheets (land,17.5%, island, 27.6%). News paper (land, 3.2%. island, 11.7%). No sheets (land 19.5%. island, 12.9%). etc. Maternal Meal; Seaweed soup with rice was the most general in both area. (land 95.3%, island, 91.4%).

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Local Movement of Shorebirds for Roosting between Ganghwa and Yeongjong Island in the West Coast of Korea

  • Kim, Hwa-Chung;Yoo, Jeong-Chil
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.73-77
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    • 2004
  • Movement of shorebirds for roosting was studied to find their response to insufficient roosting area on Ganghwa Island. It was taken from two kinds of aspects of population fluctuation and direct observation of movement from March to October in 2002. Based on the data from their weekly fluctuation and flight observation, shorebirds on Ganghwa Island moved to roosts located far away. Shorebirds feeding at southern Ganghwa Island moved to Yeongjong Island for roosting during the spring tide period. High tide count showed that the number of shorebirds on Yeongjong Island increased strikingly, while the number of birds on Ganghwa Island decreased. As the tide level increased, the number of shorebirds on Ganghwa Island decreased in the fall migrating season (r$_{s}$= -0.81, p<0.001), whereas that on Yeongjong Island was not correlated significantly. Direct observation showed that some of the birds on the upper tidal zone of Ganghwa Island moved directly to the northern mudflat of Yeongjong Island during the flowing tide or dropped by flat zone on Seondu-ri. Insufficient coastal wetlands on Ganghwa Island induced them to move away from the island for roosting place and to endure costly flight energy expenditure. The development of wetlands on the southern Yeongjong Island would make them have no place available to roosts. Therefore this study proposes that shorebird roosts on Ganghwa Island should be created to conserve their habitat.t.

Determinants of Food Management Behavior of Housewives in Island Areas -Comparison between Hansan and Ullung Island- (도서 지역 주부의 식생활 관리 태도에 영향을 미치는 요인 -한산도와 울릉도 지역을 중심으로-)

  • 박영선
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.131-147
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to identify food management behavior of housewives in island areas and to find if the behavior patterns were different between the regions, Hansan and Ullung island. An instalment based on previous researches was designed to measure food management behavior and was administered to 274 housewives in 1994 and 1998. Considering the condition of cooking-equipment possession, the percentage of possession for refrigerator, mix, electric range were significantly higher for households in Hansan Island than their counterparts. For food-budget planning, those in Ullung Island were more likly to plan their budget than those in Hansan Island. Menu planning patterns, considerable factors for food selection as well as cooking, and eating habits between meals were tuned out to be different between Hansan and Ullung areas. The findings of this study suggest that the condition of cooking-equipment possession, food-budget and menu planning, considerable factors for food selection and cooking, eating habits between meals were likely to vary depending on regions. Although housewives in two areas were living in island, they were not necessarily be uniform for all households but were diversified in food management behavior. Half of the respondents in Hansan Island and three-forth of the respondents in Ullung Island reported they had not planned their meal budget. The percentage of those who did not have their planned menu was 52.7∼54.1% in Hansan Island and 37.1∼38.5% in Ullung Island. When purchasing food material, housewives in Hansan Island consider the seasoning food as the most important factor, whereas those in Ullung Island consider family preference as the most important factor

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VULCANOKARST ON CHEJU ISLAND IN SOUTH KOREA

  • Hong, Shyhwan
    • Journal of the speleological society of Korea
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.3-15
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    • 1994
  • Geographically Cheju Island is located in the southmost part of Korea. Cheju Province, the largest. island in Korea, consists of one major island, Cheju, and other minor islands including Chuja Island. The province is located in around 140 km from Mokpo on the north, about 272 km from Pusan. Tsushima Island of Japan on the northeast, and Shanhai of the China across the East China Sea to the west.(omitted)

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A Study on the Mitigation Policies for Urban Heat Island (도시열섬 완화를 위한 제도개선)

  • Suh, Eung Chul
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.17-23
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    • 2007
  • While heat island has been recognized as an unique environmental nuisance in cities, the phenomenon tends to be regarded as an inevitable side effect on urbanization. Recently the nature of the heat island has been disclosed and efforts for the remedy have been discussed in many ways. Some pioneering actions have been taken to mitigate the strength of the heat island's intensity in several countries. After studies for the heat island and speculations on current pilot policies of 3 different countries has been done, mitigation policies for heat island has been suggested as followings. 1. Preservation of natural topography is essential because latent energy consumption(evapotranspiration) from the site is the single most important factor to mitigate the energy surplus caused by urban heat island. 2. Because current national zoning ordinance or building law can not effectively control the site specific local environment, heat island policy should be established or employed at local level. 3. Incentives for the mitigation should be adopted on the process of implementation because environment is public concern. 4. Wind can easily dissipate energy surplus which is the major driving force for heat island. Therefore local wind, the direction and intensity should be sustained and sometimes facilitated fully through policies.

Heat Island Intensity in Seongseo, Daegu, South Korea - a Rural Suburb Containing Large Areas of Water

  • Kim, Ki-Young;Byon, Jae-Young;Kim, Hae-Dong
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.22 no.10
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    • pp.1337-1344
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    • 2013
  • We examined urban heat island intensity in Seongseo, Dae gu, South Korea, where a large area of water is located within the suburb. We found a maximum urban heat island intensity of $4.2^{\circ}C$, which occurred around 7 PM in the summer season. Throughout the remainder of the year, we observed the largest heat island intensity levels during late night hours. In contrast, the winter season displayed the smallest values for heat island intensity. Our results conflicted with heat island intensity values for cities where suburbs did not contain water areas. Generally, cities with suburbs lacking water displayed the largest heat island intensity levels before sunrise in the winter season. We also observed negative urban heat island intensity levels at midday in all seasons except for the summer, which is also in contrast with studies examining suburbs lacking water areas. The heat island intensity value observed in this study ($4.2^{\circ}C$) was relatively large and fell between the averages for, Asia and Europe according to the relationship between urban population and heat island intensity.

Analysis of The Electrical Characteristics of Power MOSFET with Floating Island (플로팅 아일랜드 구조의 전력 MOSFET의 전기적 특성 분석)

  • Kang, Ey Goo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.199-204
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    • 2016
  • This paper was proposed floating island power MOSFET for lowering on state resistance and the proposed device was maintained 600 V breakdown voltage. The electrical field distribution of floating island power MOSFET was dispersed to floating island between P-base and N-drift. Therefore, we designed higher doping concentration of drift region than doping concentration of planar type power MOSFET. And so we obtain the lower on resistance than on resistance of planar type power MOSFET. We needed the higher doping concentration of floating island than doping concentration of drift region and needed width and depth of floating island for formation of floating island region. We obtained the optimal parameters. The depth of floating island was $32{\mu}m$. The doping concentration of floating island was $5{\times}1,012cm^2$. And the width of floating island was $3{\mu}m$. As a result of designing the floating island power MOSFET, we obtained 723 V breakdown voltage and $0.108{\Omega}cm^2$ on resistance. When we compared to planar power MOSFET, the on resistance was lowered 24.5% than its of planar power MOSFET. The proposed device will be used to electrical vehicle and renewable industry.

Reconstruction of Regions Below the Knee Using Island Flaps (섬피판들을 이용한 무릎 이하 부위 재건)

  • Choi, Dong Il;Chung, Chul Hoon;Lee, Jong Wook;Kim, Jin Wang
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.295-302
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The lower leg often has poor vascularity, proximity to bone, and insufficient soft tissue. The island flaps offer a feasible one stage reconstruction and has a remarkable vascularization and high quality results for soft tissue defect with or without bony problems to occur on regions below the knee. So we reported our experience of island flaps with review of the literatures. Methods: We reconstructed 29 cases of soft tissue and 2 cases of bony defect on regions below the knee by using various island flaps at our hospital from December, 1991 to January, 2006. We used 2 fibular osteocutaneous island flaps, 15 reverse sural island flaps, 6 extensor digitorum brevis muscular island flaps, 2 medial plantar island flaps, 5 saphenous island flaps, and a dorsalis pedis island flap. Results: Partial necrosis was developed in 4 out of 15 reverse sural island flaps and 1 out of 5 saphenous island flaps, but they were healed with secondary skin graft. There was partial loss of skin graft on the donor sites in 2 cases. Conclusion: Island flaps are very useful for reconstruction of regions below the knee because island flaps have good vascularity and less risk of infection. Generous flap size, easy operative technique, lower cost, shorter operative time, and minimal morbidity at the donor site are other advantages. We attained satisfactory results.

The Spider Fauna of Geojedo Island, Korea (거제도의 거미상)

  • Joo Pil Kim
    • Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.279-291
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    • 1998
  • To clarify the spider fauna of Geojedo Island, a field survery was conducted in August, 1997. As a result, 92 species belonging to 56 genera of 20 families were collected. Identified spider are composed of 6.60% Palaearctic, 7.70% Holarctic, 2.20% Oriental, 3.30% cosmopolitan species. Spiders of Theridiidae, Araneidae and Salticidae were dominant, 82(90.1%) and 75 species(82.4%) of spiders were found in common with Japan, China, respectively. Faunal similarities between Geojedo island and Deogjeong Archipelago, Chejudo Island, Ulleungdo Island, Chindo Island, Paiklyeongdo Island and Kogeumdo Island are discussed.

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