• Title, Summary, Keyword: ion exchange resin capsule

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Development of Mixed-bed Ion Exchange Resin Capsule for Water Quality Monitoring (수질 중 질소와 인 모니터링을 위한 혼합이온교환수지 캡슐의 개발)

  • Park, Chang-Jin;Kim, Dong-Kuk;Ok, Yong-Sik;Ryu, Kyung-Ryul;Lee, Ju-Young;Zhang, Yong-Seon;Yang, Jae-E
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.344-350
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to develop and assess the applicability of mixed-bed ion exchange resin capsules for water quality monitoring in small agricultural watershed. Recoveries of resin capsules for inorganic N and P ranged from 96 to 102%. The net activation energies and pseudo-thermodynamic parameters, such as ${\Delta}G^{o\ddag},\;{\Delta}H^{o\ddag},\;and\;{\Delta}S^{o\ddag}$ for ion adsorption by resin capsules, exhibited relatively low values, indicating the process might be governed by chemical reactions such as diffusion. However, those values increased with temperature coinciding with the theory. The reaction reached pseudo-equilibrium within 24 hours for $NH_4-N\;and\;NO_3-N$, and only 8 hours for $PO_4-P$, respectively. The selectivity of resin capsules were in the order of $NO_3\;^-\;>\;NH_4\;^+\;>\;PO_4\;^{3-}$, coinciding with that of encapsulated Amberlite IRN-150 resin. At the initial state of equilibrium, the resin adsorption quantity was linearly proportional to the mass of ions in the streams, but the rate of movement leveled off, following Langmuir-type sorption isotherm. The overall results demonstrated that the resin capsule system was suitable for water quality monitoring in small agricultural watershed, judging from the reaction mechanism(s) of the resin capsule and the significance of model in field calibration.

Fate of Nitrogen and Phosphorous in Hydroponic Waste Solution Applied to the Upland Soils (시설하우스 폐양액의 토양 처리에 따른 질소 및 인의 이동)

  • Yang, Jae-E.;Park, Chang-Jin;Yoo, Kyung-Yoal;Kim, Kyung-Hee;Ok, Yong-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.132-138
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    • 2005
  • Objective of this research was to evaluate the fate of nitrogen and phosphorous in hydroponic waste solution from the plastic film house cultivation applied to the upland soil by column leaching and field experiment. The pH and EC of leachate were decreased by the reaction with the upland soil in the column leaching experiment. The EC and concentrations of $H^+,\;K^+,\;and\;{NH_4}^+$ of leachate were decreased as the column length (soil depth) was increased. But these were increased as the amounts of the hydroponic waste solution were increased field experiment growing red pepper (Capsicum annum L.) to monitor the nutrients movement using ion exchange resin capsule demonstrated that the nutrient concentration of soil solution was increased in the orders of $PO_4-P. Nitrate concentration of resin capsule inserted into the soil was relatively higher than other nutrients $(NH_4-N\;and\;PO_4-P)$ at the 45 cm of soil depth. The overall results demonstrated that the hydroponic waste solution could be recycled as plant nutrients to enhance fertility of soils. But nitrate leaching was a major factor for safe use of the hydroponic waste solution in soil.