• Title, Summary, Keyword: intrinsic motivation

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Impacts of Intrinsic Motivation and Gender Difference on Video Game Genre Usage: A Multiple Group Comparison Approach (내재적 동기와 성차가 비디오 게임 장르 이용에 미치는 영향: 다중 그룹비교 접근법을 이용한 이론적 모델 검증)

  • Kim, Jung Kyu;Ahn, Jungsun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.67-76
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    • 2013
  • By integrating of intrinsic motivation theory and flow theory, this study sought to investigate the causal linkage among optimal balance of video game player's perceived skill and challenge, flow experience, intrinsic motivation and video game genre usage. A path analysis showed that the different types of video game usage were directly influenced by players' intrinsic motivations, which were also reinforced by players' flow experiences of enjoyment. However, the path model with a multiple group approach provided no strong evidence for gender differences in the relationships between the variables of interest.

The Impact of Transformational Leadership, Servant Leadership, and Followers' Regulatory Focus on Individual Creativity: The Mediation Effect of Intrinsic Motivation (변혁적 리더십 및 서번트 리더십과 조직 구성원의 조절 초점 성향이 개인 창의성에 미치는 영향: 내재적 동기의 매개효과)

  • Kwon, Sang-Jib
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.137-159
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    • 2016
  • Although prior studies suggest that transformational leadership and servant leadership fuel followers' creativity, there is a few study on leadership style and followers' personality interaction. Based on regulatory focus theory, this study believe that interaction impacts of leadership styles and followers' regulatory focus differed in promotion focus and prevention focus employees' creativity. To strengthen causal process and rule out alternative results, this study conducted an experimental study using field employees. Participant were randomly assigned to four conditions (transformational leadership ${\times}$ promotion focus), (transformational leadership ${\times}$ prevention focus), (servant leadership ${\times}$ promotion focus), (servant leadership ${\times}$ prevention focus). The major results of this study suggest that (1) transformational leadership was positively related to promotion focus followers' intrinsic motivation and creativity, and was negatively related to prevention focus followers' intrinsic motivation and creativity. (2) Servant leadership, on the other hand, was positively related to promotion focus and prevention focus followers' motivation and creativity. (3) Intrinsic motivation mediated the relationship between interaction effects of leadership style and follower's regulatory focus style and individual creativity. The results of this study demonstrated a remarkable differential impact based on a simple manipulation inducing feeling or thinking of a responsive situation. This research, measuring interaction impact of leadership and followers' regulatory focus in an experimental context, expands the leadership style and regulatory focus literature and provides future directions on leadership role in personality-related research domains.

Effects of Job Satisfaction Interventions in Reinforcing Intrinsic Motivation for Hospital Nurses: A Meta-Analysis

  • Ko, Jain;Bae, Hye Jin;Kim, Hyun Yong;Kang, Kyung-Ah
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.208-218
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: Nurses' job satisfaction corresponds with personal intrinsic value, and is the strongest predicting turnover and job retention intention. This study identified the effectiveness of job satisfaction interventions related to reinforcing intrinsic motivation (JSI-RIM) for hospital nurses. Methods: This study used four core non-Korean databases (Cochrane Library, CHINHL, EMBASE, PubMed), and five Korean databases to search for RCT and NRCT articles published in English and Korean from inception to June 2019. Meta-analysis was performed using the RevMan 5.3.5 program. Results: Thirteen studies featuring 645 hospital nurses were selected for final analysis. A significant large effect was noted on self-efficacy. The effect size on perceived stress and job satisfaction were moderate; however, the effect on resilience outcomes was not significant. Conclusion: This study generated scientific evidence that would facilitate efficient job adaptation for nurses. Additionally, intrinsic factors, including job identity and meaning of work, need to be included in JSI-RIM.

A Study on the Relationships among Training Motivation Factors, Employees' Training Satisfaction, and Job Satisfaction in Foodservice Operations (외식업 종사자의 훈련동기요인, 교육만족도, 직무만족도 간의 관계에 관한 연구)

  • Joung, Hyun-Woo;Choi, Eun-Kyong;Kim, Hak-Seon
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.165-175
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    • 2012
  • Investment in training by a company can lead to the retention and motivation of its valued staff and promote high self-fulfillment by providing career development. The objectives of this research were (a) to test the perceived satisfaction with a training based on respondents' socio-demographic characteristics, (b) to investigate training motivation factors affecting employees' training satisfaction, (c) to assess how training motivation factors affect the employees' satisfaction, and (d) to indicate the relationship between training satisfaction and the employees' job satisfaction. Additionally, by developing an employees' training motivation model and conducting multiple regression analysis, two types of motivation factors, intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation, were shown to be positively related to employees' training satisfaction. Subsequently, this employees' training satisfaction was a significant determinant factor for improving job satisfaction.

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Investigation of the Relationships Among Extrinsic Motivation, Intrinsic Motivation, and Attitude toward Online Community (내재적 동기와 외재적 동기가 온라인 커뮤니티에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim Jong-Weon;Kim Eun-Jung
    • Journal of the Korea Industrial Information Systems Research
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 2005
  • This study investigates the relationships between extrinsic motivation (perceived usefulness), intrinsic motivation (perceived ease of use and perceived enjoyment), and attitude toward online community. With 252 valid responses, the research hypotheses are tested using by structured equation model. The results show that perceived ease of use affects perceived usefulness and perceived enjoyment, that perceived enjoyment has a positive impact on perceived usefulness and attitude toward online community, and that perceived usefulness positively influences attitude toward online community. The study can help IS managers and professionals plan their courses of action more effectively for users' continuous visits on online community.

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Multi-dimensional Emotional Intelligence Effects on Intrinsic/Extrinsic Motivation and Job Satisfaction: Analysis Using Laborer Perceived Organizational Support

  • Yang, Hoe-Chang;Cho, Hee-Young;Lee, Won-Dong
    • The Journal of Business Economics and Environmental Studies
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.13-18
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    • 2015
  • Purpose - Based on previous studies, this study extends current research and investigates whether the sub-factors of emotional intelligence increase job satisfaction or employee intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and perceived organizational support. Research design, data, and methodology - This study categorizes service employees' (consultants) emotional intelligence into four sub-factors: regulation of emotion, appraisal of emotion, utilization of emotion, and expression of emotion. The study then investigates the sub-factor effects on job satisfaction. A total of 353 valid questionnaires were collected. Results - The results of the path analysis showed that appraisal, utilization, and expression of emotion had a positive effect on intrinsic motivation, and utilization of emotion had a positive effect on extrinsic motivation. Extrinsic motivation had a positive effect on perceived organizational support and job satisfaction, and perceived organizational support had a positive effect on job satisfaction. Conclusion - As consultants' utilization of emotion is rendered as the ability to use emotion to improve performance, the conclusion is that such factors as monetary performance incentives are important in order to boost job satisfaction of the consultants.

The Influence of Female University Students' Cosmetic Purchase Motivation on Cosmetic Attribute Evaluation and Brand Repurchase Intention (여대생의 화장품 구매동기가 화장품 속성평가와 브랜드 재구매의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Hyun-Hee;Ku, Yang-Suk
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.252-261
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of female university students' cosmetic purchase motivation on cosmetic attribute evaluation and brand repurchase intention. Questionnaires data of 202 female university students who had purchase experience of cosmetic product in recent 6 months through off-line were analyzed. The results are as follows. First, situational purchase motivation had a positive impact on extrinsic and economic attributes. Second, intrinsic purchase motivation had a positive impact on extrinsic, utilitarian, aesthetic, and economic attributes. Third, hedonic purchase motivation had a positive impact on extrinsic attribute. Fourth, aesthetic attribute had a positive influence on brand repurchase intention and extrinsic attribute had a negative effect on brand repurchase intention. Therefore, when cosmetic companies dealing with female university students' cosmetic product establish marketing strategies, they need to pay attention to aesthetic attribute evaluation and intrinsic purchase motivation to highten their brand loyalty.

Motivation and Human Resources in Libraries

  • Umeozor, Susan Nnadozie
    • International Journal of Knowledge Content Development & Technology
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.29-40
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    • 2018
  • This paper discussed motivation, some theories of motivation and motivation of library personnel. The most important aspect of any organization is its workforce. Motivation arouses, energizes, influences and sustains behaviour and performance of employees. Motivating factors include extrinsic factors which pertain to the conditions under which a job is performed and intrinsic motivators which contribute to job satisfaction and subsequently increase productivity. Two levels of motivation were identified in the library: the need-factor motivation and the profession-related motivation. Need-factor motivation is well-pronounced in the lower cadre of library staff such as library assistants, clerical staff, and porters who set their priority on economic needs. The profession-related motivation occurs among professionally trained librarians whose motivation hinges self-fulfillment derived from professional growth and development. Other motivating factor in the library is job design which includes job rotation, job enlargement, and job enrichment. Job design specifies the contents or methods of any job in such a way that various requirements of a job can be effectively satisfied. Adequate motivation of library employees lies with the managers because they generally control work distribution, freedom and autonomy, work challenge Remove, staff development and training, and advancement opportunities. The managers are urged to create enabling environment to ensure improved commitment, satisfaction, and productivity of employees in the library.

A Study on Influential Factors of Self-leadership on Start-up Intention (셀프리더십이 창업의지에 미치는 영향 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Yoo, Bong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.1382-1389
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    • 2014
  • As an origin and a starting point of business start-up, this start-up intention is believed to be the driving force of economic growth. Being aware of the importance of the start-up intention, the study looked into cause-and-effect relationships of variables focusing on intermediate roles of start-up self-efficacy and intrinsic motivation in self-leadership and start-up intention of business founders. In order to achieve the research goal, the study conducted both a survey targeting a total of 195 business founders registered at a business incubation center and an empirical analysis on the results of the survey. According to the findings from the analysis, the study first learned that the self-leadership would have a positive effect on the start-up self-efficacy and the intrinsic motivation which eventually proved that the self-leadership is a leading variable of the start-up self-efficacy and the intrinsic motivation. Second, both the start-up self-efficacy and the intrinsic motivation were observed to be positively related to the start-up intention. That finding signified that roles of the start-up self-efficacy and the intrinsic motivation are important to increase the start-up intention. Third, intermediate effects of the start-up self-efficacy and the start-up intention were discovered from the self-leadership and the start-up intention, the main topics of the research. Hence, in order to improve the start-up intention, the importance of the start-up self-efficacy and the intrinsic motivation should be recognized and promoted as well and for this goal to be achieved, the business founders should understand the idea that the self-leadership has to come first than anything else in this case. Based on the results of the research, the study offers theoretical and practical implications.

The Effect of Arousal Seeking Tendency on Physical Education Intrinsic Motivation and Physical Education Attitude of Middle School Students (중학생의 각성추구성향이 체육수업내적동기 및 체육교과태도에 미치는 영향)

  • Nam, In-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.544-553
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    • 2016
  • Subjects consisting of 335 middle school students were analyzed using arousal seeking tendency scales to determine the effect on student's scores on scales for physical education intrinsic motivation and physical education attitude. The data were subjected to frequency analysis, correlation analysis, reliability analysis, exploratory factor analysis, and multiple regression analysis as statistical methods. The results were as follows. In the subscales of arousal seeking tendency, novelty seeking positively influenced interest, efforts, and competence. In the subscales of arousal seeking tendency, novelty seeking positively influenced physical education attitude, but thrill seeking negatively influenced health and fitness only. In the subscales of physical education intrinsic motivation, interest and efforts positively influenced physical education attitude, while both competence and tension partly influenced it. These findings indicate that improving both attitude and intrinsic motivation of middle school students toward physical education would require a method of teaching and learning that encourages students′ novelty seeking in the subscales of arousal seeking tendency.