• 제목, 요약, 키워드: intrinsic motivation

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문제중심학습에서 내재적 동기와 학습 성과의 관계 (The relationship between intrinsic motivation and learning outcomes in problem-based learning)

  • 김혜령
    • 한국간호교육학회지
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.238-247
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between intrinsic motivation and learning outcomes of nursing college students who took the Fundamentals of nursing as a problem-based learning method. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we identified the intrinsic motivations of 114 nursing students who completed problem-based learning using the Intrinsic Motivation Inventory. The t-test was conducted to identify differences according to intrinsic motivation, and correlation analysis was performed to confirm the relationship between intrinsic motivation and learning outcomes. Results: The group with higher intrinsic motivation showed higher scores in all domains of self-assessed learning outcomes than the lower group. It was the 'Relatedness with an instructor' that showed the highest correlation with the learning outcomes in the domains of intrinsic motivation. Conclusion: Problem-based learning is an effective learning method for cultivating the competencies needed for nurses. The intrinsic motivation of students is an important factor in the performance of problem-based learning. For the efficiency of problem-based learning, efforts should be made to develop and apply autonomy-supportive interventions that can enhance intrinsic motivation.

중국 서비스 종업원의 내재적 동기와 종업원 창의성, 직무성과 : 동료지원의 조절적 매개모형 (Bridging Service Employee's Intrinsic Motivation and Job Performance : A Moderated Mediation Model)

  • 강성호;허원무
    • 유통과학연구
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.71-81
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    • 2018
  • Purpose - Our research aims to investigate the mediating effect of employee creativity on the relationship between intrinsic motivation and job performance using relationship using Chinese department salespeople samples. Another objective of this study is to be clear boundary conditions that strengthen or weaken the effects of intrinsic motivation on work outcomes (i.e., employee creativity and job performance). Drawing on JD-R theory, we suggest that the two types of coworker support play differential moderating roles in the intrinsic motivation, employee creativity relationship by increasing or decreasing job resources and demands in different ways. Research design, data, and methodology - This empirical study data were collected from gathered from a sample of full time salespeople in China. A total of 550 questionnaires were distributed and 300 responses were collected, indicating a response rate of 84.0%. Working with a sample of 300 salespeople working in a department store in China. SPSS 18.0, Process 2.16 Macro, and M-Plus 8.0 software were used in the data analysis. Descriptive statistics were used to evaluate the distribution of the employee profiles and correlations between variables. M-Plus 8.0 software was used to test the model fit, validity and reliability of the variables. Finally, all research hypotheses was estimated by SPSS Macro 2.16. Results - To test our research hypotheses, we employed an analytical strategy suggested by Hayes (2013; 2015) and Shrout and Bolger (2002). In this study, we tested the relationship between intrinsic motivation and job performance throughout employee creativity. Results showed intrinsic motivation and job performance was partially mediated by employee creativity. The positive relationship between intrinsic motivation and employee creativity when coworker emotional support was high than when it was low. In contrast, the positive association between intrinsic motivation and employee creativity was stronger when coworker instrumental support was low than when it was high. Coworker emotional and instrumental support further moderated the indirect effect of intrinsic motivation on job performance through employee creativity. Conclusions - This study extends the conceptual model and empirical researches in coworker supports literature by representing a fundamental mechanism of how salespeople's intrinsic motivation and job performance throughout employee creativity.

The Impact of the Hotel Employees' Psychological Safety and Intrinsic Motivation on Creative Process Engagement

  • Kim, Ji-Eun;Kim, Mi-Kyung
    • 한국조리학회지
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.57-69
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    • 2017
  • In this quantitative research, it was enhanced to understand the impact of intrinsic motivation on creative process engagement by examining the significant role of psychological safety on intrinsic motivation. These relationships were examined by targeting the employees working full-time for five star deluxe hotels. Total number of 230 responses had been collected out of 250 cases requested and he number of 213 cases was used for the final analysis. The data were analyzed using structural equation modeling with SPSS 19.0 and AMOS 7 software program. The results suggested that psychological safety is significantly associated with intrinsic motivation. Furthermore, the hotel employees' problem identification, information searching & coding, and idea generation are affected by intrinsic motivation. That is, intrinsic motivation plays a significant role for each sub-factors of creative process engagement in the hotel industry. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are established and related suggestion for formulating marketing strategy is well discussed.

변혁적 리더십이 외식기업 조리사의 내재적 동기와 창의성에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 - CJ푸드빌을 중심으로 - (The Study on Effect of Transformational Leadership on Cook's Intrinsic Motivation and Creativity in Foodservice Firm - Focused on CJ Foodville -)

  • 전현모;권나경
    • 한국조리학회지
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.63-76
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    • 2017
  • The study intended to investigate the relationship between transformational leadership and creativity of cooks with transformational leadership as antecedent variable. Transformational leadership has been assessed positively in variable studies as a leadership to improve employee's creativity. The authors also tried to explore structural relationships among transformational leadership, intrinsic motivation, and creativity by identifying the meditating role of intrinsic motivation in the relationship between transformational leadership and creativity of cooks. The study subject was CJ FOODVILLE, which is a representative company with its size, sales, and recognition as a domestic restaurant business. A survey was conducted with employees who were working as a cook in restaurants operated by CJ FOODVILLE in metropolitan areas. The results of the study showed that charisma and intellectual stimulation of transformational leadership positively influenced intrinsic motivation, but inspirational motivation and individualized consideration did not significantly influence intrinsic motivation. In addition, the four elements of transformational leadership did not significantly affect creativity. The findings of the study show that intrinsic motivation played a role as a mediation among charisma, intellectual stimulation, and creativity of transformational leadership. Therefore, the findings of the study suggested intrinsic motivation as an important factor affecting creativity of cooks.

내·외동기, 자기효능감, 창의성의 관계 (Relationships among Intrinsic-Extrinsic Motivation, Self-Efficacy, and Creativity)

  • 성은현
    • 아동학회지
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.183-193
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    • 2006
  • Tests of intrinsic-extrinsic motivation, self-efficacy, and creativity were administered to 75 college students. Results were analyzed by Pearson's correlation, partial correlation and Barron and Kenny's(1986) model. The main results were that (1) creativity was positively correlated with intrinsic motivation and negatively correlated with extrinsic motivation. (2) Self-efficacy played an important mediating role in the relationship between extrinsic motivation and creativity, but not in the relationship between intrinsic motivation and creativity, suggesting that extrinsic motivation negatively affects creativity because it lowers self-efficacy, which is intimately related with creativity. (3) The negative effect of extrinsic motivation on creativity was explained by such sub-factors of self-efficacy as self-confidence and preference for difficult tasks, but not by self-regulatory efficacy.

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수학 내재적 동기 수준에 따른 교사와 부모의 성취압력이 수학 학업성취에 미치는 영향 (The Influence of Accomplishing Pressure of Teachers and Parents on Academic Achievement in accordance with the Moderating Effect of Intrinsic Motivation in Mathematics)

  • 김보경;정희선
    • 한국학교수학회논문집
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.217-238
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    • 2016
  • 본 연구에서는 중학교 2학년의 수학 학업성취도에 대한 교사와 부모의 성취압력과 수학 내재적 동기의 영향력과 조절효과를 검증하였다. 연구 결과, 수학 내재적 동기의 수준에 따라, 수학 내재적 동기가 높은 집단에서 교사의 성취압력은 수학 학업성취도에 부적인 영향을 미치는 반면, 수학 내재적 동기 중 하집단에서는 교사의 성취압력이 수학 학업성취도에 정적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 부모의 성취압력은 수학 내재적 동기가 높은 집단과 낮은 집단 모두 수학 학업성취도에 정적인 영향을 미치고, 특히 수학 내재적 동기가 중 상인집단이 하집단에 비해 수학 학업성취도에 더 큰 효과를 나타냈다. 이러한 연구 결과를 바탕으로 교사와 부모의 성취압력을 통해 수학 학업성취도를 높일 수 있는 방안이 논의되었으며, 후속 연구를 위한 연구의 제한점을 제시하였다.

임파워링 리더십이 내재적 동기부여와 역할 내 행동에 미치는 영향 (The Effects of Empowering Leadership on Intrinsic Motivation and In-role Behavior)

  • 황상규
    • 대한안전경영과학회지
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.261-271
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    • 2017
  • The paper examines how empowering leadership and intrinsic motivation contributed to explaining in-role behavior. In order to verify the relationships and mediating effect, data were collected from 414 individuals in employees working in small and medium-sized firms at Jinju, Changwon, Gimhae, Busan City to test theoretical model and its hypotheses. All data collected from the survey were analyzed using with SPSS 18.0. This study reports findings as follows: first, the relationship between the empowering leadership and the intrinsic motivation is positively related. Second, there was also a positive correlation between the intrinsic motivation and the in-role behavior. Third, the relationship between the empowering leadership and the in-role behavior is positively related. Finally, the intrinsic motivation played as a partial mediator on the relationship between empowering leadership and in-role behavior. Based on these findings, the implications and the limitations of the study were presented including some directions for future studies.

서번트 리더십(Servant Leadership)과 내적 동기간의 관계 및 그 효과성에 관한 연구 -서비스업체를 중심으로- (A Study on the Effectiveness and Relationship Between Servant Leadership and Intrinsic Motivation -The Focus of Service Enterprises-)

  • 장준호
    • 벤처창업연구
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.61-84
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    • 2011
  • 본 연구는 서번트 리더십과 성과 간의 다양한 연구에도 불구하고, 양자 간의 관계를 체계적으로 설명하기 위한 메커니즘에 대한 연구는 상대적으로 부족한 점에 착안하여 설계되었다. 따라서 서번트 리더십이 조직유효성에 미치는 효과가 부하의 내적 동기에 의해 설명되어질 수 있는지를 실증적으로 분석하는 것이 본 연구의 주된 목적이다. 이를 위해 이론연구에 기초한 가설설정과 함께 경험 자료를 통한 실증분석이 이루어졌다. 서비스 기업에 종사하는 근로자 214명의 설문자료를 통해 실증 분석한 결과, 상사의 경청행동이 부하의 내적 동기에 정(+)의 효과를 지니는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 부하의 내적 동기는 직무만족과 조직몰입에 긍정적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 밝혀졌다. 하지만, 상사의 공감행동과 봉사행동은 부하의 내적 동기에 유의한 영향력이 없는 것으로 검증되었다. 마지막으로 부하의 내적 동기의 매개효과를 분석한 결과, 서번트 리더십과 조직유효성 간의 관계에서 부하의 내적 동기가 부분 및 완전 매개 역할을 하는 것으로 나타났다. 이는 심리적 과정 및 메카니즘이 리더십연구에 중요함을 시사하고 있다. 연구결과에 대한 실무적 시사점과 한계점, 향후 연구방향에 대해 구체적으로 제시하였다.

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중학생의 또래애착이 자존감과 내재적 학습동기 간 관계에 미치는 매개효과 (Mediating Effect of Middle School's Peer Attachment on Relation between Self-esteem and Intrinsic Learning Motivation)

  • 유계환
    • 한국콘텐츠학회논문지
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.263-273
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    • 2020
  • 본 연구의 목적은 중학생의 또래애착이 자존감과 내재적 학습 동기 사이에서 매개효과가 있는지를 확인하는 것이다. 이를 위해 본 연구에서는 전라남도 S시 소재의 남녀 중학생 457명(남학생 225명, 여학생 232명)을 대상으로 자존감, 또래애착, 내재적 학습동기의 수준을 측정하여 자료를 수집하였다. 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 중학생의 자존감과 또래애착, 내재적 학습동기 사이의 상관은 모두 유의하게 나타났다. 자존감은 또래애착과 내재적 학습동기에 유의한 영향을 주었으며, 또래애착도 내재적 학습동기에 유의한 영향을 주었다. 한편 또래애착은 자존감과 내재적 학습동기 사이에서 부분매개효과가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 또래애착의 매개효과는 학년에 따른 다른 양상을 보였다. 본 연구를 통해서 중학생들의 자존감은 또래애착에 영향을 주며, 자존감의 영향을 받은 또래애착은 내재적 학습동기에 영향을 줄 수 있음을 확인하였다. 또한 본 연구의 시사점과 제한점에 대하여 논의하였다.

자기 개발 훈련이 일선 간호 관리자의 인간 관계와 내재적 모티베이션에 미치는 영향 (The Effects of Self Development Training on the Human Relationship and Intrinsic Motivation of the First-Line Nurse Managers)

  • 고명숙
    • 대한간호학회지
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.130-137
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Self-Development training on the Human Relationship and Intrinsic Motivation for first-line nurse managers. Method: This was an empirical study on the Human Relationship and Intrinsic Motivation of Self Development Training. The researcher developed a new Self-Development Training Program, and the two-hour long training session was performed twice a week for each group. The program was performed for 4 session in two weeks. The subjects consisted with 24 nurse managers from C University Hospital in Seoul, Korea. The subjects were divided into two groups for the training. Two weeks before and 4 weeks after the training, subjects completed questionnaires that measured Human Relationship and Intrinsic Motivation. Analysis was completed by using SPSS PC 10.0 for percentile, mean, standard deviation and paired t-test. Result: The results of this study showed that Self-Development Training Program resulted in a significant effects on the Human Relationship. But the Intrinsic Motivation was not significantly affected by the program. Conclusion: This Self-Development training program had a positive effect on the Human Relationship and Intrinsic Motivation.