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The Effects of Low-Intensity Ultrasound and Laser on Healing of Bone Fracture (저강도 레이저와 초음파의 동시 적용이 골절 치유 촉진에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Hyun-Kee
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.331-372
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of study was to evaluate effects of low-intensity ultrasound and laser on healing of bone fracture. Twenty fracture patient were selected for this study(fourteen males, six females. mean aged 44.8) fracture area was humerus, tibia, forearm bones. The obtain result are as follows. 1. The result of this study were following that pain score was significantly reduced pre intervention compared with post intervention in male(P<.001). 2. The result of this study were following that pain score was significantly reduced pre intervention compared with post intervention in female(P<.001). 1. The result of this study were following that pain score was not appeared reduced pre intervention compared with post intervention in male and female(P<.001). 4. The result of this study were following that pain score was not appeared pre intervention compared with post intervention in male between age(P<.001). 5. The result of this study were following that pain score was not appeared pre intervention compared with post intervention in female between age (P<.001). 6. The result of this study were following that radiologic score was significantly reduced pre intervention compared with post intervention in male(P<.001). 7. The result of this study were following that radiologic score was significantly reduced pre intervention compared with post intervention in female(P<.001). 8. The result of this study were following that radiologic score was not appeared reduced pre intervention compared with post intervention in male and female(P<.001). 9. The result of this study were following that radiologic score was not appeared pre intervention compared with post intervention in male between ages(P<.001). 10. The result of this study were following that radiologic score was not appeared pre intervention compared with post intervention in female between ages(P<.001). 11. The result of this study were following that healing on fracture area was observed that reduced pre intervention compared with post intervention

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The Metaanalysis of Trends and Contents of Child Nursing Intervention Research (아동의 간호중재 연구현황 및 간호중재 효과에 대한 메타 분석)

  • Kim Eun Ju;Cho Kyung Mi
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.119-131
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the trends and contents of intervention towards children using meta analysis, to support the basis for using in the field and research method about nursing intervention. We used 27 materials which was reported from 1970 to August, 1999 : dissertation study and Korean Nurses' Academic society Journals, the Journal of Korean Academic society of Adult Nursing, The Korea Journal of Maternal and Child Health Nursing. The types of intervention we used came from 3 different researchers. Snyder showed cognitive, movement, social sensory intervention. McCloskey & Bulechek categorized as the following : self-care assistance, acute care management, life-style alteration, health promotion, life support intervention, Craft & Denehy classified psychosocial intervention and biophysiological intervention. Some findings are summarized as follow : Out of the 27 researches sensory intervention had the most in there thesis, recently cognitive intervention research has a tendency to increase. 18 researches has acute care management in there theses, and health promotion was found the least. Out of the 27 thesis 15 thesis was classified as biophysiological intervention and 12 had psychosocial. 27 thesis had 11 types of interventions which originally was categorized by Snyder, therefore sensory intervention thesis had the most. 11 types of intervention which originally was classified by McClosky & Bulechek, teaching and information had the most out of acute care management. Out of 27 thesis, 14 had dealt with newborns, especially newborns with sensory intervention. Therefore school age and above had cognitive intervention which was used for teaching and information. Infants, preschool, schoolage children received acute care management the most, health promotion intervention was used towards adolescences. Depending on the characteristics of dependent variables, it was analysed using meta however 17 thesis are possible except primary experimental research. Mean effect size comparison by Snyder classification, cognitive intervention was the largest mean(1.51), sensory intervention was larger(0.71) also, movement intervention was in the middle(0.56) as shown. Comparison done by McClosky & Bulechek, the intervention leading to life style alteration was the largest mean(1.97), teaching was used the most. Comparison by Craft & Denehy classification, psychosocial intervention was larger(1.15) than biophysiological intervention (0.67). The result of nursing intervention through age classification, the largest weighted mean effect size in the research was towards infants and neonates. The research which was focused on nursing intervention, has important meaning in nursing practice and knowledge development. When we know that children's nursing intervention is necessary and overcome our biased view, efficiency of children's nursing intervention are increased and professionalized. Therefore results will be important basic data to guide a development of child nursing intervention & classification.

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Intervention Development Stages in Health Promotion Planning Models: PRECEDE-PROCEED and Intervention Mapping (건강증진 기획모형의 중재기획 단계 비교: PRECEDE-PROCEED와 Intervention Mapping)

  • Yoo, Seung-Hyun;Kim, Hye-Kyeong
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.141-149
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    • 2010
  • Objectives: This paper aims to compare the intervention development steps of the revised PRECEDE-PROCEED model and the Intervention Mapping model. Methods: Concepts and structure of the intervention development step of each model are reviewed with examples. Results: The revised PRECEDE-PROCEED model and the Intervention Mapping model share characteristics in intervention development in employing PRECEDE assessments, applying a social ecological framework and behavior theories for intervention building, emphasizing multi-interventions at multiple levels, and involving stakeholders and existing resources in intervention development. A detailed explanation of the intervention alignment and matrix building is provided with illustration of examples. Conclusion: Intervention development should not be done compartmentally but in line with other steps in a planning model to sustain the program logic. For successful application of planning models for intervention development, solid understanding of the models and behavior theories are required. Multisectoral collaboration is also critical for the successful application.

Attitude of Infant and Toddler′s Mother towards Massage Intervention (마사지 중재에 대한 영유아 어머니의 태도)

  • Jung Hyang-Mi
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.20-31
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to understand and analyze the subjective structure of attitude, opinion of infant and todder's mother, regarding the massage intervention in order to yield fundamental data for the activation scheme of the massage intervention. This research was based on a Q-Methodological approach. According to the results of this study, there were four categories of mothers' opinion about the massage intervention. The first type accepts the wholistic effect of massage intervention very positively that it improves infant's health in various aspects: prevention of diseases, promotion of the growth, settlement of sentiments, etc. The second type describes the effect of the intervention in the emotional aspect, such that the intimacy plays a very significant role in the intervention. The third type explains the complementary effect of the intervention that it eases symptoms rather than actually cures diseases. The fourth type emphasizes the healing effect of the intervention that it is required to go through professional training to utilize the effect. For example, a Kyongrak massage is very effective for curing diseases. In consideration of various types of massage intervention, it is very necessary to have a specialty for the massage intervention and develop unique mothers education programs depending upon different applications of the massage intervention in order to reorganize and activate the massage intervention as a nursing intervention for infant and toddlers.

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Effectiveness of Nutrition Intervention : Systematic Review & Meta-Analysis (임상영양서비스의 효과성 평가 : 체계적 검토와 메타분석을 통하여)

  • 이해영;김현아;양일선;남정모;박은철
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.81-89
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    • 2004
  • A systematic review and meta-analysis of the literatures was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of nutrition intervention by dietitian. The 31 studies that were all randomized controlled trials, were identified from computerized search of published researches on MEDLINE, Embase database until January, 2003 and review of reference lists. The main search terms were the combination “dietitian”, “dietary intervention”, “nutrition intervention” or “nutritional intervention” and “effectiveness”. The subgroup analysis was performed by the publication year, quality score, type of disease, content of intervention, intervention provider, type of intervention (nutritional counseling and education/nutrilion counseling and education + diet modification), method of intervention (individual/group/individual + group) and follow-up period. Two reviewers independently selected trials for inclusion, assessed the quality and extracted the data. The meta-analysis of 31 studies based on the random effect model showed that the medical nutrition therapy was significantly effective in treating the diseases (effect size 0.1715 : 95% confidence interval 0.0938-0.2491). This study showed the clear evidence of the effectiveness of nutrition intervention through the meta-analysis. So the nutrition intervention by dietitian should be recommended and recognized as the effective therapy of treating the diseases. Also the nutrition intervention should be conducted regularly to maintain the effectiveness of the nutrition intervention. The nutrition intervention was significantly effective in treating the diseases on the random effect model (effect size 0.1715 : 95% confidence interval 0.0938-0.2491).

The Current Domestic Study Trends Based on Intervention Strategies of Behavior Problems for the Children with EBD (정서.행동장애아의 행동문제 중재중심 국내연구 동향)

  • Seo, Eun-Jung
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.647-664
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of the study was to analyze trends of the previous interventions based studies in Korea to improve behavior problems of the children with EBD in order to suggest the research development and trends of future behavior intervention program as their behavior coping strategies. Therefore, it was analyzed 50 papers related to interventions of behaviors problems, published at the professional EBD journal from 2005 to 2009. The result suggested effective intervention factors, strategies, program & intervention trends, based on the results by factors. Previous researches in the study was comparatively analyzed by factors, such as the number, gender, age, and grade of subjects, and strategies, deliever, place of the intervention. The result of the study was analyzed the Previous researches based on the research subjects, research methods(subjects, research design, intervention delievers, intervention places, and intervention periods) and the type of intervention strategies included research procedures. The study results provided the foundation of the future intervention methods and the related program developments.

The Effect of Early Intervention and Rehabilitation in the Expression of Aquaporin-4; and Ultrastructure Changes on Rat's Offspring's Damaged Brain Caused by Intrauterine Infection

  • Kumar, Rajesh;Li, Xiaojie;Kong, Xiangying
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.58 no.1
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    • pp.14-21
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    • 2015
  • Objective : To study the effect of early intervention and rehabilitation in the expression of aquaporin-4 and ultrastructure changes on cerebral palsy pups model induced by intrauterine infection. Methods : 20 pregnant Wistar rats were consecutively injected with lipopolysaccharide intraperitoneally. 60 Pups born from lipopolysaccharide group were randomly divided into intervention group (n=30) and non-intervention group (n=30); intervention group further divided into early intervention and rehabilitation group (n=10), acupuncture group (n=10) and consolidate group (n=10). Another 5 pregnant rats were injected with normal saline intraperitoneally; 30 pups born from the normal saline group were taken as control group. The intervention group received early intervention, rehabilitation and acupuncture treatment. The motor functions of all pups were assessed via suspension test and modified BBB locomotor score. Aquaporin-4 expression in brain tissue was studied through immunohistochemical and western-blot analysis. Ultrastructure changes in damaged brain and control group were studied electron-microscopically. Results : The scores of suspension test and modified BBB locomotor test were significantly higher in the control group than the intervention and non intervention group (p<0.01); higher in the intervention group than the non-intervention group (p<0.01). The expression of Aquaporin-4 was lower in intervention and non intervention group than in the control group (p<0.01); also lower in non-intervention group than the intervention group (p<0.01). Marked changes were observed in ultrastructure of cortex and hippocampus CAI in brain damaged group. Conclusion : Early intervention and rehabilitation training can improve the motor function in offspring with brain injury and reduce the expression of aquaporin-4 in damaged brain.

A Study on Working Attitude by Family Nursing Intervention (가족간호중재에 따른 근로자의 업무수행 태도)

  • Kim, Yang Ja
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.4
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    • pp.39-47
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    • 1995
  • In order to investigate the effects of family nursing intervention on workers' working attitude, the questionnaire survey was carried out on 31 workers who had experienced family nursing intervention and 31 workers who did not have experienced family nursing intervention. The structured questionnaire was constituted of 3 parts of the workers' working attitude, job satisfaction, interpersonal relationship and creativeness. The results were as follows ; 1. Mean score of working attitude for post-intervention was significantly higher in the intervention group(3.48) than in the control group(3.03). However, there was no significant difference that for pre-intervention between two groups. 2. Mean scores of the job satisfaction, interpersonal relationship and creativeness were significantly higher in the intervention group(4.12, 3.58, 4.06) than in control group(3.49, 3.09, 3.34) 3. The major contributing factor to the effect of family nursing intervention was sex(18.2%) and followed by nursing intervention(13.2%) in general. The major contributing factors were sex and working evaluation records in post-intervention in job satisfaction(15.1%), and nursing intervention and sex in creativeness (39.2%).

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The Effect of Supportive Nursing Intervention on Patient's Response of Anxiety during Emergency Room Staying (지지적 간호중재가 응급실 환자의 불안반응에 미치는 효과)

  • Yoon Jung Won;Park Young Sook;Park Chung Ja
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.100-113
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of supportive nursing intervention on patient's response of anxiety in emergency room as the suspected experimental research sequentially designed for the unequal control group. This study collected the data from 100 patients including 50 patients of experimental group and 50 patients of control group in emergency room of the only one university hospital from July 12. to September 30, 1999. This study used questionnaires that Kim, Jung Taek and Shin. Dong Kyun revised the measurement of STAI(State-Trait Anxiety Inventory) of Spielberger(1972) to measure their anxiety with using physical. spiritual. and informative support of the supportive nursing intervention, and measured blood pressure. pulse and respiration by physiological response of anxiety. After then. this study analyzed the frequency and percentage by using SPSS 7.5 program, $x^2-test$, t-test and ANCOVA. The results are as follows: First hypothesis : the point of STAI of experimental group who received the supportive nursing intervention during emergency room staying will be lower than that of control group without the supportive nursing intervention(F=22.943, p=.000). Second hypothesis : the sistolic blood pressure of experimental group who received the supportive nursing intervention during emergency room staying will be lower than that of control group without the supportive nursing intervention(F=42.603. p=.000). Third hypothesis. the diastolic blood pressure of experimental group who received the supportive nursing intervention during emergency room staying will be lower than that of control group without the supportive nursing intervention(F= 18.482, p=.000). Fourth hypothesis: the pulse of experimental group who received the supportive nursing intervention during emergency room staying will be lower than that of control group without the supportive nursing intervention. Fifth hypothesis : The respiration of experimental group who received the supportive nursing intervention during emergency room staying will be lower than that of control group without the supportive nursing intervention. In the above-mentioned result. the supportive nursing intervention was considered to be useful intervention that raised the effect on patient's response of anxiety during emergency room staying.

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Study on the Effects of the Nursing Intervention Program for Perimenstrual Discomfort of the Female University Students (일부 여대생의 월경전후기 불편감에 대한 간호중재 프로그램 효과 검증에 관한 연구)

  • 홍경자;박영숙;김정은;김혜원
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.821-831
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    • 1998
  • Management of perimenstrual discomfort could be an effective strategy for women's health promotion. This study was designed to develop and test the nursing intervention program for the reduction of the perimenstrual discomfort. The data were collected from a group of 76 female university students (34 in the intervention group, 42 in the control group) during November 20, 1997 and March 10, 1998. Measurements were taken concerning perimenstrual discomfort, self care behavior, and perimenstrual discomfort from both groups, at pre and post intervention. Intervention program involved education, support, counseling, and relaxation training, via individual and group levels over a twelve-week period. Listed are the summarized results : 1. The intervention group had more knowledge con corning perimenstrual discomfort(t=2.290, p=.025), self care behavior(t=3.198, p=.000), and lower perimenstrual discomfort score (t=-4.446, p=.000) than the control group at post intervention. 2. The intervention group showed an enhancement on the knowledge on perimenstrual discomport (t=2.35, p=.025), and decreased the perimenstrual discomfort score(t=-7.36, p=.000). However change of self care behavior was not significant during the intervention. According to this study a developed nursing intervention program is effective for reduction of the perimenstrual discomfort. For a future research, it is necessary that experiments concerning menstruation, and a correlational study of perimenstrual discomfort and stress ill be performed.

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