• Title, Summary, Keyword: integral abutment

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Behavior of Pile Foundation of Skewed Plate Girder Bridge with Integral Abutment (일체교대식 판형교의 사각변화에 따른 파일기초 거동분석)

  • 서혜선;이성우
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.389-396
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    • 1998
  • One solution to prevent deterioration due to expansion joint and to extend lifetime of short span bridges, is jointless integral abutment bridge. To understand behavior of pile foundation of skewed plate girder bridge with integral abutment, finite element analysis was performed for the model of different skew angle from 90。 to 50。. Comparison of stresses at pile and abutment was made for each case. It is found that effect of temperature change is major factor to influence the behavior of skewed integral abutment bridge.

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Analytical Investigation on the Behavior of Simple Span Integral Abutment Bridge (단경간 일체식교대 교량의 거동에 대한 해석적 연구)

  • 홍정희;정재호;박종면;유성근;윤순종
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.99-106
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    • 2002
  • This paper presents an analytical investigation on the behavior of simple span integral abutment bridge. An integral abutment bridge is a simple span or multiple span continuous deck type bridge having the deck integral with the abutment wall. Although the temperature variation and earth pressure are the major attributor to the total stress in integral abutment bridge, the superstructure has been designed by modeling it as a simple or continuous beam In order to investigate the effect of temperature change and earth pressure on the superstructure of integral bridge, the simple span integral bridge is modeled as a plane frame element. Performing frame analysis, the variations of bending moment and axial force of superstructure due to the various loading combination are investigated with respect to the flexural rigidity of piles, and the bending moment and axial force obtained by frame analysis are compared with the maximum bending moment obtained by conventional design method and initial prestressing force respectively.

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Spring Modeling for the Passive Earth Pressure Acting on the Integral Abutment Bridge (일체식교대 교량에 작용하는 수동토압의 스프링 모델링)

  • 정재호;홍정희;유성근;윤순종
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.420-427
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    • 2002
  • In this paper, a simplified structural spring model of integral abutment bridge is proposed to account for the passive earth pressure due to the change of temperature. The magnitude of earth pressure acting on integral bridge abutment mainly depends on the amount and shape of displacement of abutment according to the thermal expansion of superstructure. The proposed simplified model is developed based on the possible displacement shape of integral abutment bridge. Performing the direct stiffness method, the analysis is done by using the proposed method and the results of new model is compared with those of conventional design approach. The study show that it may be possible to obtain more rational and economical design values for integral abutment bridge by applying the proposed design method.

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A Study on Utilization and Application of Integral Abutment PC Beam Bridge (PC Beam을 이용한 일체식교대 교량의 실용화 연구)

  • 이재혁;박종면;유성근;정경자
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.769-776
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    • 1997
  • An integral abutment bridge refers to a jointless bridge with capped-pile stub type abutment. It has been used for more than 50 years in the United States and Canada. This paper briefly describes design and utilization of the PC beam integral abutment bridge which is adapted for Korea and shows its excellent performance compared with that of a jointed bridge. This study introduces the characteristics of structural behaviors of the integral bridge and also mentions about its attributes and limitations.

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Analysis of Structural Behavior for Abutment Integral Approach Slabs (교대일체식 접속슬래브의 구조적 거동 분석)

  • Nam, Young-Kug;Lee, Heung-Su
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.1-2
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    • 2009
  • Abutment Integral Approach Slabs are proposed to improve road traveling performance of bridge approaches and evaluated analysis application possibility of approach slabs in abutment integral approach slabs as comparing between Abutment Integral Approach Slabs and approach slabs in general bridges.

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Retrofitting of steel pile-abutment connections of integral bridges using CFRP

  • Mirrezaei, Seyed Saeed;Barghian, Majid;Ghaffarzadeh, Hossein;Farzam, Masood
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.59 no.2
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    • pp.209-226
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    • 2016
  • Integral bridges are typically designed with flexible foundations that include one row of piles. The construction of integral bridges solves difficulties due to the maintenance of expansion joints and bearings during serviceability. It causes integral bridges to become more economic comparing with conventional bridges. Research has been focused not only to enhance the seismic performance of newly designed bridges, but also to develop retrofit strategies for existing ones. The local performance of the pile to abutment connection will have a major effect on the performance of the structure and the embedment length of pile inside the abutment has a key role to provide shear and flexural resistance of pile-abutment connections. In this paper, a simple method was developed to estimate the initial value of embedment length of the pile for retrofitting of specimens. Four specimens of pile-abutment connections were constructed with different embedment lengths of pile inside the abutment to evaluate their performances. The results of the experimentation in conjunction with numerical and analytical studies showed that retrofitting pile-abutment connections with CFRP wraps increased the strength of the connection up to 86%. Also, designed connections with the proposed method had sufficient resistance against lateral load.

Fragility evaluation of integral abutment bridge including soil structure interaction effects

  • Sunil, J.C.;Atop, Lego;Anjan, Dutta
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.201-213
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    • 2021
  • Contrast to the conventional jointed bridge design, integral abutment bridges (IABs) offer some marked advantages like reduced maintenance and enhanced service life of the structure due to elimination of joints in the deck and monolithic construction practices. However, the force transfer mechanism during seismic and thermal movements is a topic of interest owing to rigid connection between superstructure and substructure (piers and abutments). This study attempts to model an existing IAB by including the abutment backfill interaction and soil-foundation interaction effects using Winkler foundation assumption to determine its seismic response. Keeping in view the significance of abutment behavior in an IAB, the probability of damage to the abutment is evaluated using fragility function. Incremental Dynamic Analysis (IDA) approach is used in this regard, wherein, nonlinear time history analyses are conducted on the numerical model using a selected suite of ground motions with increasing intensities until damage to abutment. It is concluded from the fragility analysis results that for a MCE level earthquake in the location of integral bridge, the probability of complete damage to the abutment is minimal.

Experimental Study on Behaviors of Pile-Abutment Joint in Integral Abutment Bridge (일체식 교대 교량의 파일-교대 연결부 거동에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Kim, Sang-Hyo;Yoon, Ji-Hyun;Ahn, Jin-Hee;Lee, Sang-Woo
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.29 no.6A
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    • pp.651-659
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    • 2009
  • This study dealt with the behavior of pile-abutment joints in integral abutment bridges. Two types of pile-abutment joints were proposed to strengthen its rigid action. One was fabricated with transverse rebars which penetrated the H-pile in the abutment. The other was composed of stud shear connectors on the flanges of the H-pile. Three half scaled pile-abutment joint specimens were fabricated and loading tests were performed to evaluate the behavior of proposed joints. The results showed that the initial stiffness in elastic region of all specimens was sufficient to be applied for the integral abutment bridges. However, the performances of the proposed joints were shown to be more effective in rigid action compared to the joints types suggested by the Integral Bridge Design Guideline. The results from stiffness, strength, rotation and crack propagation tests supported this matter.

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A Parametric Study on the Behavior of Integral Abutment rSC Beam Bridge (일체식교대 PSC빔 교량의 거동에 관한 매개변수 해석)

  • 홍정희;정재호;유성근;박종면;윤순종
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.412-419
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    • 2002
  • This paper presents a parametric study on the behavior of integral abutment PSC beam bridge. An integral abutment bridge is a simple span or multiple span continuous deck type bridge having the deck integral with the abutment wall. The rational structural model and design load combinations accounting for each construction stage are proposed. It can be used for defining the effect of earth pressure and temperature change in the design process including for determining maximum flexural responses. The bending moment at each response location due to the design load combination is investigated according to the change of flexural rigidity of piles and abutment height. The flexural responses of proposed model are computed for the cases of applying the Rankine passive earth pressure and the earth pressure based on the soil-structure interaction respectively, and the results are discussed.

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Effect of superstructure-abutment continuity on live load distribution in integral abutment bridge girders

  • Dicleli, Murat;Erhan, Semih
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.635-662
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    • 2010
  • In this study, the effect of superstructure-abutment continuity on the distribution of live load effects among the girders of integral abutment bridges (IABs) is investigated. For this purpose, two and three dimensional finite element models of several single-span, symmetrical integral abutment and simply supported (jointed) bridges (SSBs) are built and analyzed. In the analyses, the effect of various superstructure properties such as span length, number of design lanes, girder size and spacing as well as slab thickness are considered. The results from the analyses of two and three dimensional finite element models are then used to calculate the live load distribution factors (LLDFs) for the girders of IABs and SSBs as a function of the above mentioned parameters. LLDFs for the girders are also calculated using the AASHTO formulae developed for SSBs. Comparison of the analyses results revealed that the superstructure-abutment continuity in IABs produces a better distribution of live load effects among the girders compared to SSBs. The continuity effects become more predominant for short span IABs. Furthermore, AASHTO live load distribution formulae developed for SSBs lead to conservative estimates of live load girder moments and shears for short-span IABs.