• Title, Summary, Keyword: instrumentation

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Instrumentation Failure after Partial Corpectomy with Instrumentation of a Metastatic Spine

  • Park, Sung Bae;Kim, Ki Jeong;Han, Sanghyun;Oh, Sohee;Kim, Chi Heon;Chung, Chun Kee
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.61 no.3
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    • pp.415-423
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    • 2018
  • Objective : To identify the perioperative factors associated with instrument failure in patients undergoing a partial corpectomy with instrumentation (PCI) for spinal metastasis. Methods : We assessed the one hundred twenty-four patients with who underwent PCI for a metastatic spine from 1987 to 2011. Outcome measure was the risk factor related to implantation failure. The preoperative factors analyzed were age, sex, ambulation, American Spinal Injury Association grade, bone mineral density, use of steroid, primary tumor site, number of vertebrae with metastasis, extra-bone metastasis, preoperative adjuvant chemotherapy, and preoperative spinal radiotherapy. The intraoperative factors were the number of fixed vertebrae, fixation in osteolytic vertebrae, bone grafting, and type of surgical approach. The postoperative factors included postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy and spinal radiotherapy. This study was supported by the National Research Foundation grant funded by government. There were no study-specific biases related to conflicts of interest. Results : There were 15 instrumentation failures (15/124, 12.1%). Preoperative ambulatory status and primary tumor site were not significantly related to the development of implant failure. There were no significant associations between insertion of a bone graft into the partial corpectomy site and instrumentation failure. The preoperative and operative factors analyzed were not significantly related to instrumentation failure. In univariable and multivariable analyses, postoperative spinal radiotherapy was the only significant variable related to instrumentation failure (p=0.049 and 0.050, respectively). Conclusion : When performing PCI in patients with spinal metastasis followed by postoperative spinal radiotherapy, the surgeon may consider the possibility of instrumentation failure and find other strategies for augmentation than the use of a bone graft for fusion.

Age-dependent root canal instrumentation techniques: a comprehensive narrative review

  • Solomonov, Michael;Kim, Hyeon-Cheol;Hadad, Avi;Levy, Dan Henry;Itzhak, Joe Ben;Levinson, Oleg;Azizi, Hadas
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.21.1-21.12
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    • 2020
  • The aim of this article was to review age-dependent clinical recommendations for appropriate root canal instrumentation techniques. A comprehensive narrative review of canal morphology, the structural characteristics of dentin, and endodontic outcomes at different ages was undertaken instead of a systematic review. An electronic literature search was carried out, including the Medline (Ovid), PubMed, and Web of Science databases. The searches used controlled vocabulary and free-text terms, as follows: 'age-related root canal treatment,' 'age-related instrumentation,' 'age-related chemo-mechanical preparation,' 'age-related endodontic clinical recommendations,' 'root canal instrumentation at different ages,' 'geriatric root canal treatment,' and 'pediatric root canal treatment.' Due to the lack of literature with practical age-based clinical recommendations for an appropriate root canal instrumentation technique, a narrative review was conducted to suggest a clinical algorithm for choosing the most appropriate instrumentation technique during root canal treatment. Based on the evidence found through the narrative review, an age-related clinical algorithm for choosing appropriate instrumentation during root canal treatment was proposed. Age affects the morphology of the root canal system and the structural characteristics of dentin. The clinician's awareness of root canal morphology and dentin characteristics can influence the choice of instruments for root canal treatment.

Volumetric 3D Display System Based on Rotating Dot-Matrix LEDs

  • Lin, Yuanfang;Liu, Xu;Zhang, Xiaojie;Yao, Yi;Liu, Xiangdong
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.440-441
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    • 2004
  • A volumetric three-dimensional (3D) display system was presented, which utilizes a rotating two-dimensional (2D) display panel of light emitting diodes (LEDs) to generate more than 10 million volume pixels (voxels) within a cylindrical volume of 165 mm in height and 292 mm in diameter. Due to persistence of vision, momentarily addressed voxel information is perceived and fused into a 3D image. Important cues for depth perception, such as binocular parallax, accommodation, convergence and motion parallax are satisfied automatically and naturally, thus it is suitable for individual or group viewing, without the need for any special visual aids.

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A modified Genetic Algorithm using SVM for PID Gain Optimization

  • Cho, Byung-Sun;Han, So-Hee;Son, Sung-Han;Kim, Jin-Su;Park, Kang-Bak;Tsuji, Teruo
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.686-689
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    • 2004
  • Genetic algorithm is well known for stochastic searching method in imitating natural phenomena. In recent times, studies have been conducted in improving conventional evolutionary computation speed and promoting precision. This paper presents an approach to optimize PID controller gains with the application of modified Genetic Algorithm using Support Vector Machine (SVMGA). That is, we aim to explore optimum parameters of PID controller using SVMGA. Simulation results are given to compare to those of tuning methods, based on Simple Genetic Algorithm and Ziegler-Nicholas tuning method.

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Design of Virtual Instrumentation System based on XML (XML 기반의 Virtual Instrumentation 시스템 설계)

  • Song Min-Gyu;Byun Do-Young;Roh Duk-Gyoo;Oh Se-Jin;Lee Bo-Ahn
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.230-233
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    • 2004
  • CAMAC, PLC, DAQ나 GPIB와 같은 여러 인스트루먼트 인터페이스의 통합은 산업전반에 걸쳐서 널리 활용되고 있으며 이를 통하여 작업 효율 및 성능을 향상시킬 수 있다. 이를 지원하는 기술에는 여러 가지가 있지만 그 중에서 Virtual Instrumentation이 개발의 신속성 및 사용의 용이성 측면에서 타 기술을 압도하고 있는 추세이다. Virtual Instrumentation을 통한 시스템 통합에 있어서 현재 적용되고 있는 새로운 기술로서 XML을 들 수 있는데 이는 사용자와 인스트루먼트간의 통신뿐만 아니라 해당 정보 공유에 있어서 탁월한 기능을 제공한다. 본 논문에서는 이를 위하여 Virtual Instrumentation 시스템 설계에 있어서 XML 기술을 적용하고자 하면 이를 통하여 한층 진보된 시스템 설계를 제안하고자 한다.

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Laser Scanning Instrumentation Technique for Movement of Excavation (Laser Scanning을 활용한 지반굴착 및 주변 구조물 거동관측)

  • Cho, Seong-Ha;You, Kwang-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.165-173
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    • 2005
  • Generally, the instrumentation scheme for urban excavation projects consist of a series of tools such as inclinometer piezometer, loadcell, tiltmeter etc. Because almost every equipments are placed along several typical lines, it is impossible to evaluate the whole behavior of structures and adjacent buildings simultaneously. With laser scanning technique developed for surveying, all visible structures are scanned in the form of 3D digital data in a time schedule as planned. It can be analysed effectively the movements for all area affected by excavation even the spots in where no instrumentation tools. Although there are some parts to be refined such as scanning error, proper analysing software, it gives many advantages for realistic instrumentation works in the near future.

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16 channel Loadcell measurement system development. (16 채널 로드셀 계측시스템 개발)

  • Jarng, Soon-Suck;Kim, Kyung-Suk;Won, Yong-Ill;Kim, Dae-Gon
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.1055-1058
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    • 2005
  • The present paper designed a weight measuring instrumentation system in which data conversion and a series of signal processing were totally equipped. 16 loadcell are incoming sensors and each output of the loadcell was amplified and filtered for proper analog signal processing. Several measuring instrumentation OP amps and general purposed OP amps were used. 12 bits A/D converters converted analog signals to digital bits and a PIC microprocessor controlled the 16 channels of loadcell. RF RS232 modules were used for wireless communication between the PIC microprocessor and an ethernet host for a remote sensor monitoring system development.

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Design of Programmable Logic Controller and I/O Expansions

  • Gulpanich, Suphan;Numsomran, Ajin;Roengruen, Prapas;Kongratana, Viriya;Tirasesth, Kitti
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1107-1111
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    • 2005
  • This paper presents a design of Programmable logic Controllers which are well known for a long time that can be applied to be a controller for an automatic machine in industries. However, most of them have been imported from oversea country. This research focuses on the development of PLC by KMITL staff. This PLC system is consists of CPU unit, Digital I/O RTU unit, ANALOG RTU unit. The implementation of the CPU scan time and I/O refresh are principle to PLC. In this article, there are many benefits to industries especially in order to support SME that can use local technology. Therefore, we can apply this research to the manufacturing process in Thailand for the future.

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