• Title/Summary/Keyword: insoluble dietary fiber

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Effects of Heat Treatments on the Dietary Fiber Contents of Rice, Brown Rice, Yellow Soybean, and Black Soybean. (가열처리에 의한 백미, 현미, 노란콩 및 검정콩의 식이섬유 함량 변화)

  • 서우경;김영아
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.20-25
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    • 1995
  • The effects of cooking on the dietary fiber content in rice, brown rice, yellow soybean and black soybean were investigated. The dietary fiber contents were analyzed by Prosky's method(AOAC method) after boiling, microwave heating and autoclaving of the sample. It was showed that the different cooking methods resulted in different effects on the insoluble dietary fiber contents. Except yellow soybean, cooking time had little effect on insoluble dietary fiber contets in the other samples. The contents of soluble dietary fiber were generally increased by cooking. Increased cooking time reduced the content of soluble dietary fiber in brown rice but increased in rice. However, no significant differences caused by cooking time were observed for soluble dietary fiber in black soybean. The effects of cooking method on the total dietary fiber contents were similar to those of insoluble dietary fiber. The reasons for this might be that the main fraction of total dietary fiber was insoluble forms and the content of total dietary fiber was calculated as the sum of insoluble and soluble dietary fiber content.

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Antimutagenic Effect of Insoluble Dietary Fibers from Some Green Yellow Vegatagles and Soybean by Binding the Carcinogens (녹황색채소류 및 대두에서 분리한 불용성 식이섬유의 항돌연변이 효과)

  • Lee, Seon-Mi;Rhee, Sook-Hee;Park, Kun-Young;Rh-ew, Tae-Hyong;Kim, Byeong-Gee;Chung, Hae-Young
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.26-32
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    • 1995
  • The antimutagenic effects of insoluble dietary fibers(IDF) extracted from some green-yellow vegetables(kale, carrot, spinach, broccoli and soybean sprout) and soybean by binding the carcinogens of MeIQ (2-amino-3,4- dimethyl-imidazo(4,5-f) quinoline) and Trp-P-2(3-amino-1-methyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b] indole) in Salmonella tylhimirium TA100 and TA98 were studied. All of the insoluble dietary fiber samples which binded MeIQ exhibited high antimutagenic effects by removing the mutagen. Among the samples, IDFs from kale and soybean showed strong binding capacity fo the carcinogen and revealed about 90% of the antimutagenic activity. the IDF samples showed somewhat lower binding capacity to the Trp-p-2. The lignin which extracted from kale, soybean and carrot, and the cellulose strongly removed the mutagenicity of MeIQ by the binding. Among the samples, the level of lignin in kale revealed the highest(about 10%), and it seemed that the higher content of lignin in kale is one of the reasons to increase its antimutagenic effect.

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Effects of Addition of Green Tea Powder and Angelica Keiskei Powder on the Quality Characteristics of Yukwa (녹차가루 및 신선초가루 첨가가 유과의 품질 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • 김향숙;김순남
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.246-254
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    • 2001
  • Effects of added green tea powder and Angelica keiskei powder on the quality characteristics of Yukwa were examined for the purpose of improving functioanality and variety of Yukwa, and usage of green tea Powder and Angelica keiskei. Dietary fiber contents of green tea powder were 5.2% soluble dietary fiber, 22% insoluble dietary fiber, while Angelica keiskei contained 28.9% soluble dietary fiber, 29.6% insoluble dietary fiber. Expansion rate of yukwa was 3,675% for control and the rates were slightly decreased as the addition level increased. Although Yukwas added 6% green tea and angelica keiskei powder were harder than the others when determined by rheometer, sensory evaluation results showed that hardness and mouthfeel were soft without any significant difference among the control and experimental samples. And internal structure of 4 and 6% green tea powder and those added angelica keiskei at three levels were evaluated by sensory panel as moderately compact. Overall acceptability of yukwa added 2% green tea Powder was the best of all while yukwas added angelica keiskei at three levels were evaluated as good. The results of peroxide value and TBA value showed that green tea powder had stronger antioxidative property than angelica keiskei. In conclusion addition of green tea powder by 2% level and angelica keiskei powder up to 4% would give us beneficial effects in the aspects of functionality and storage life of yukwa without any detrimental effects on the quality characteristics of it.

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Insoluble Dietary Fiber from Pear Pomace Can Prevent High-Fat Diet-Induced Obesity in Rats Mainly by Improving the Structure of the Gut Microbiota

  • Chang, Shimin;Cui, Xingtian;Guo, Mingzhang;Tian, Yiling;Xu, Wentao;Huang, Kunlun;Zhang, Yuxing
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.856-867
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    • 2017
  • Supplement of dietary fibers (DF) is regarded as one of the most effective way to prevent and relieve chronic diseases caused by long-term intake of a high-fat diet in the current society. The health benefits of soluble dietary fibers (SDF) have been widely researched and applied, whereas the insoluble dietary fibers (IDF), which represent a higher proportion in plant food, were mistakenly thought to have effects only in fecal bulking. In this article, we proved the anti-obesity and glucose homeostasis improvement effects of IDF from pear pomace at first, and then the mechanisms responsible for these effects were analyzed. The preliminary study by real-time PCR and ELISA showed that this kind of IDF caused more changes in the gut microbiota compared with in satiety hormone or in hepatic metabolism. Further analysis of the gut microbiota by high-throughput amplicon sequencing showed IDF from pear pomace obviously improved the structure of the gut microbiota. Specifically, it promoted the growth of Bacteroidetes and inhibited the growth of Firmicutes. These results are coincident with previous hypothesis that the ratio of Bacteroidetes/Firmicutes is negatively related with obesity. In conclusion, our results demonstrated IDF from pear pomace could prevent high-fat diet-induced obesity in rats mainly by improving the structure of the gut microbiota.

Elimination of Fenitrothion Residues during Dietary Fiber and Bioflavonoid Preparations from Mandarin Orange Peels (밀감과피로부터 식이섬유와 Bioflavonoid 정제 중 Fenitrothion 잔류분의 제거)

  • Kim, Yoon-Kyung;Lee, Mi-Gyung;Lee, Su-Rae
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.223-229
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    • 1997
  • This study was undertaken in order to elucidate the elimination of fenitrothion residues during the dietary fiber and bioflavonoid preparations from mandarin orange peels. Dietary fibers were prepared from contaminated mandarin orange peels through homogenization, enzyme treatment, ethanol precipitation, acetone washing and air drying, at the yields of 17.4% total dietary fiber, 13.1% insoluble dietary fiber and 1.7% soluble dietary fiber. The removal rate of fenitrothion residues at 13 and 0.5 ppm levels in orange peels was 98.4% and 91.9% in total dietary fiber, 99.7% and 97.1% in insoluble dietary fiber, 100% and 99.6% in soluble dietary fiber, respectively. When bioflavonoid was prepared from contaminated mandarin orange peels through homogenization, soaking, ethanol precipitation, hexane and butanol extractions, the removal rate of fenitrothion residues was 92.7% in intermediate extract and 100% in final extract.

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RAPID PREDICTION OF ENERGY CONTENT IN CEREAL FOOD PRODUCTS WITH NIRS.

  • Kays, Sandra E.;Barton, Franklin E.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Near Infrared Spectroscopy Conference
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    • pp.1511-1511
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    • 2001
  • Energy content, expressed as calories per gram, is an important part of the evaluation and marketing of foods in developed countries. Currently accepted methods of measurement of energy by U.S. food labeling legislation include measurement of gross calories by bomb calorimetry with an adjustment for undigested protein and by calculation using specific factors for the energy values of protein, carbohydrate less the amount of insoluble dietary fiber, and total fat. The ability of NIRS to predict the energy value of diverse, processed and unprocessed cereal food products was investigated. NIR spectra of cereal products were obtained with an NIR Systems monochromator and the wavelength range used for analysis was 1104-2494 nm. Gross energy of the foods was measured by oxygen bomb calorimetry (Parr Manual No. 120) and expressed as calories per gram (CPGI, range 4.05-5.49 cal/g). Energy value was adjusted for undigested protein (CPG2, range 3.99-5.38 cal/g) and undigested protein and insoluble dietary fiber (CPG3, range 2.42-5.35 cal/g). Using a multivariate analysis software package (ISI International, Inc.) partial least squares models were developed for the prediction of energy content. The standard error of cross validation and multiple coefficient of determination for CPGI using modified partial least squares regression (n=127) was 0.060 cal/g and 0.95, respectively, and the standard error of performance, coefficient of determination, bias and slope using an independent validation set (n=59) were 0.057 cal/g, 0.98, -0.027 cal/g and 1.05 respectively. The PLS loading for factor 1 (Pearson correlation coefficient 0.92) had significant absorption peaks correlated to C-H stretch groups in lipid at 1722/1764 nm and 2304/2346 nm and O-H groups in carbohydrate at 1434 and 2076 nm. Thus the model appeared to be predominantly influenced by lipid and carbohydrate. Models for CPG2 and CPG3 showed similar trends with standard errors of performance, using the independent validation set, of 0.058 and 0.088 cal/g, respectively, and coefficients of determination of 0.96. Thus NIRS provides a rapid and efficient method of predicting energy content of diverse cereal foods.

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Changes in the Contents and Composition of Dietary Fiber during the Growth of Soybean Sprout (콩나물 성장중에 식이섬유 함량과 조성의 변화)

  • 이꽃임
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.29 no.10
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    • pp.1142-1149
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    • 1996
  • This study was conducted to determine changes in th contents and composition of dietary fiber during the growth of soybean sprout. Soybean was soaked in water at $25^{\circ}C$ for 2hrs and cultivated at 2$0^{\circ}C$ for 7 days under dark condition. The soybean sprouts were divided into cotyledon and axis and sampled every 24hrs. The analysis methodlogies used were Van Soest's NDF, AOAC's ADF and lignin and Prosky's IDF, SDF, TDF. The weight of 100 sprouts increased gradually from 20.26g to 90.12g during the growth periods. The weight increased to 344.9% of the original weight. The germination rate was 100% after soaking at $25^{\circ}C$ for 2hrs. Root length increased gradualy from 0.6cm at 1st day to 17.2cm at 7th day. The crude ash and crude fat contents showed no significant change in the cotyledon and axis. The crude protein contents increased in the cotyledon and axis, whereas the total carbohydrate content didn't have general tendency. The insoluble dietary fiber(IDF), soluble dietary fiber(SDF) and total dietary fiber(TDF) contents of cotyledon were no significantly different from 20.01%, 1.45%, 21.46% at 1st day to 22.75%, 2.07%, 24.82% at 7th day on dry basis. In axis those contents increased from 23.19%, 1.97%, 25.16% at 1st day to 32.78%, 3.02%, 35.80% at 7th day, respectively. The neutral detergent fiber(NDF) contents of cotyledon and axis increased from 4.35% to 6.39% and from 6.44% to 26.60% respectively on dry basis. The acid detergent fiber (ADF) contents of cotyledon and axis increased from 2.84% to 4.91% and from 2.5% to 4.7%, but there were no significantly different in the hemicellulose and lignin contents on dry basis. The hemicellulose and lignin contents of axis increased with culture periods from 1.70% to 4.41% and from 0.20% to 2.11%, respectively. The cellulose contents increased from 4.54% to 20.35% on dry basis.

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Edible Basis and Ingredient Analysis of Song-gi Used for Pyeon of Jong-ga Ancestral Ritual Food (종가 제례음식 편(䭏)에 사용하는 송기(松肌)의 식용 근거와 성분 분석)

  • Lee, Chang-Hyeon;Kim, Young;Kang, Min-Sook;Lee, Young-Eun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.311-322
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    • 2017
  • This study examined the traditional edible basis and ingredients of Song-gi used for Pyeon of Jong-ga ancestral ritual food. Through an investigation of references, a case study, and ingredient analysis for traditional edible basis of Song-gi, the nutritional value and availability as food material were reviewed. Among the 4 kinds of pine trees from 4,705 types of edible materials usable as food listed in the ${\ll}$Korea Food Standards Codex${\gg}$, 'Pinus radiata D. Don', in which the husk is acknowledged as an edible food, was applied in this study. This study processed the Song-gi following the method of jong-ga and divided into pine inner bark (PIB) and pine inner bark powder (PIBP) to analyze the general composition and dietary fiber. The main composition of PIB was carbohydrate, in which the content was 88.7% per 100 g. The content of dietary fiber was 73.7% per 100 g and the insoluble dietary fiber reached 92.3% in total dietary fiber. In conclusion, the edibility of Song-gi, which has a considerable amount of insoluble dietary fiber caused constipation because it absorbed the moisture in the intestine due to the lack of nutrients but may be developed as a functional food that helps the digestive activation of the intestine and improve the health of the intestine if taken with balanced nutrition.

Properties on the Quality Characteristics of Bread Added with Angelica keiskei Koidz Flour (신선초가루를 첨가한 식빵의 품질 특성)

  • 최옥자;김용두;강성구;정현숙;고무석;이홍철
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.118-125
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    • 1999
  • Effects of adding of Angelica keiskei Koidz flour on the quality characteristics of bread were inves tigated. The content of total dietary fiber was 31.89% in flour of Angelica keiskei Koidz leaf and 43.37 % in that of stem. The content of insoluble dietary fiber increased by blanching, but those of soluble dietary fiber and insoluble dietary fiber increased by steeping in NaCl solution. In the results of sensory evaluation of Angelica keiskei Koidz flour, leaf steeped in NaCl solution and blanched stem showed good overall preference. With the addition of Angelica keiskei Koidz flour, water binding capacity and loaf weight increased, while the loaf volume decreased. The loaf volume of bread added with leaf steeped in NaCl solution and blanched stem were higher than those added with natural Angelica keiskei Koidz flour. The lightness and redness values decreased with the increase of Angelica keiskei Koidz flour content in bread but yellowness values increased. In the texture analyzer measurement for bread added with Angelica keiskei Koidz flour, hardness and springiness somewhat increased, while cohesiveness, gumminess and chewiness decreased. As the results of sensory evaluation of bread added with Angelica keiskei Koidz flour, the score of the breads added with 5% leaf steeped in NaCl solution and 5%, 10% blanched stem were somewhat lower than those of control bread. In terms of rate of addition of Angelica keiskei Koidz flour, the bread added with leaf at 5% level, natural stem at 5% level and stem by blanching at 5%, 10% level had good overall preference.

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Quality Characteristics of Kongnamulguk with Commercial Soy Sprouts (시판 콩나물로 제조한 콩나물 국의 품질 특성)

  • Shon, Hee-Kyung;Kim, Yong-Ho;Lee, Kyong-Ae
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.1147-1158
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    • 2009
  • The physicochemical and sensory characteristics of Kongnamulguk with commercial film-packed soy sprouts from domestic cultivars were investigated. The color determination showed that the solid part of Kongnamulguk had a light green color and did not change even when cooking for 9 minutes. The solid part of Kongnamulguk was much higher in insoluble dietary fiber than soluble dietary fiber. Soluble and insoluble dietary fiber of the soy sprout tended to increase upon cooking. The acceptability of the solid part of Kongnamulguk was negatively correlated with a bean odor and flavor, and a grassy odor and flavor, but positively correlated with a nutty odor and flavor. In addition, the acceptability of the liquid of Kongnamulguk was negatively correlated with a bean odor, a grassy and bitter flavor, while it was positively correlated with a sweet flavor. These results suggest that soy sprout with a less bean odor and flavor would be highly acceptable, so it would probably be suitable for Kongnamulguk.