• Title/Summary/Keyword: insoluble dietary fiber

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Physicochemical Properties of Supremo Coffee according to Grinding and Brewing Conditions (분쇄도 및 로스팅 조건이 수프리모 커피의 이화학적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Rhan-Kee;Min, Kwan-Sik;Kang, Myung-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.89-96
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    • 2015
  • Supremo coffee was light and dark brewed and grinded using different beans sizes. We determined physicochemical properties of Supremo coffee in the form of moisture, crude fat, crude protein, and crude ash contents. Moisture content was higher in beans of the dark brew than the light brew. Carbohydrate content was lower in the dark brew. However, crude fat, crude protein, and crude ash contents were higher in the dark brew. pH level was higher in beans of the dark. L value (brightness) decreased in the dark brew. a value (red coloring) and b value (yellow coloring) were both increased in the light brew and decreased in the dark brew. Stronger brewing resulted in lower a and b values. The contents of Ca, Fe, K, Na, and P were measured, and the results showed that K content was the highest. Total dietary fiber content was significantly higher than all other brewing parameters. Soluble dietary fiber content was 4.25 g/100 g in the dark brew and week grinding while insoluble dietary fiber was 63.49 g/100 g in the light brew and week grinding, which was the highest. Fatty acid composition was not significantly different according to brewing and grinding conditions. Supremo coffee contained acetic acid, propionic acid, oxalic acid, citric acid, and fumaric acid. In particular, contents of acetic acid and fumaric acid were highest. These results suggest that physicochemical properties of Supremo coffee are affected by different brewing and grinding conditions.

Physicochemical components and antioxidant activity of Sparassis crispa mixture fermented by lactic acid bacteria (유산균 발효 꽃송이버섯 혼합물의 이화학적 성분과 항산화 활성)

  • Lee, Jae-Joon;Son, Hye-Young;Choi, Young-Min;Cho, Jae-Han;Min, Jung-Kee;Oh, Hee-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.361-368
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    • 2016
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the nutritional composition and antioxidant activity of a mixture of rice bran and bodies of Sparassis crispa fermented with lactic acid bacteria (LAB). LAB-fermented S. crispa mixture had higher water, crude lipid and crude ash content than that of S. crispa. Insoluble dietary fiber contents of the dried powder of S. crispa and LAB-fermented S. crispa mixture were 46.13% and 33.46%, respectively. ${\beta}$-glucan was higher in dried S. crispa (38.03%) than in LAB-fermented S. crispa mixture (5.44%). Dried S. crispa contained mainly fructose and glucose instead of containing sucrose in LAB-fermented S. crispa mixture. No significant differences in the total polyphenol contents were found in between dried S. crispa and LAB-fermented S. crispa mixture. Total flavonoid content was significantly higher in LAB-fermented S. crispa mixture than in dried S. crispa. No significant differences were found in the DPPH radical scavenging activity and in the antioxidant index between dried S. crispa and LAB-fermented S. crispa mixture. Finally, ABTS radical scavenging activity of LAB-fermented S. crispa mixture was significantly higher than that of dried S. crispa. These results may provide the basic data for future studies for a better understanding of the biological activities of LAB-fermented S. crispa mixture.

Nutritional Characteristics and Some Bioactive Components Contents of Sophorae fructus (괴각(槐角)의 식품영양학적 접근 및 몇 가지 생리활성물질 함량 분석)

  • Choi, Young-Su;Shin, Eon-Hwan;Park, Sung-Jin;Kim, Jong-Dai
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.37 no.9
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    • pp.1154-1161
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to determine the possibility of using Sophorae fructus as natural health food source. To accomplish this purpose, the contents of general and antioxidative nutrients of Sophora fructus were measured. The contents of carbohydrate, crude protein, crude lipid and ash are 75.9%, 16.4%, 2.41%, and 5.2%, respectively, while the calories of Sophora fructus was 337.3 kcal. Total dietary fiber was 15.07% of total carbohydrates. The percentages of water soluble dietary fiber to insoluble dietary fiber were 1.09% and 10.36%, respectively. The protein was composed of a total of 18 different kinds of amino acids. The contents of essential and non-essential amino acids were 2,310.91 mg and 5,218.52 mg. The K was the largest mineral followed by Ca, P and Mg, which means Sophorae fructus is alkali material. The contents of saturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated fatty acids were 24.94%, 32.40%, and 32.86%, respectively. Therefore, the amount of the total unsaturated fatty acid was higher than that of any other plant. The content of vitamin C in Sophorae fructus was higher than that of any other plant, which suggests that it could increase blood elasticity. The content of rutin, which is responsible for capillary vessel permeability, was 1.78%. The contents of water soluble antioxidative materials in 1 mL of water-extracted Sophorae fructus were $4.95\;{\mu}g$ which is comparable to 1,560.96 mmol of vitamin C in antioxidant effect. The general nutrients and other antioxidatant bioactive materials in Sophorae fructus were also potential materials for good health food. It is expected that a follow up study on Sophorae fructus through developing processed food and evaluation of their functional properties would provide useful information as a source of medicinal foods.